Lake of the Woods County, Minnesota

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Lake of the Woods County, Minnesota
Map of Minnesota highlighting Lake of the Woods County
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded January 1, 1923[1]
Named for Lake of the Woods
Seat Baudette
Largest city Baudette
Area
 • Total 1,775.05 sq mi (4,597 km2)
 • Land 1,296.70 sq mi (3,358 km2)
 • Water 478.35 sq mi (1,239 km2), 26.95%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 3,973
 • Density 4/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Lake of the Woods County is a county located in the State of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,045.[2] Its county seat is Baudette.[3] The county contains the Northwest Angle, the northernmost point of the Lower 48 States, and includes the U.S. portion of Lake of the Woods, shared with Canada. The county also includes the exclave of Elm Point. Since Alaska has no counties, Lake of the Woods is the northernmost county in the United States. It is also the only county in the United States with four words in its name.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 4,194
1940 5,975 42.5%
1950 4,955 −17.1%
1960 4,304 −13.1%
1970 3,987 −7.4%
1980 3,764 −5.6%
1990 4,076 8.3%
2000 4,522 10.9%
2010 4,045 −10.5%
Est. 2012 3,973 −1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[2]

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,522 people, 1,903 households, and 1,267 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 3,238 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.21% White/Caucasian, 0.29% Black/African American, 1.13% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.11% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. 0.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26.2% were of Norwegian, 22.3% German, 8.9% Swedish, 5.8% American and 5.0% English ancestry according.

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

There were 1,903 households, out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 5.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 29.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.93. In the county the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 27.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 101.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,861, and the median income for a family was $38,936. Males had a median income of $30,469 versus $24,813 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,976. About 6.70% of families and 9.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.30% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

Lake of the Woods County was named because the lake covers a large portion of the county. Jacques de Noyon, a Frenchman who came from Trois Rivières, (Quebec), explored this area in 1688 and became the first white man to view the lake. He named the lake Lac aux Îles which means "Lake of the Islands" in English.

In 1885 the region of Lake of the Woods got its first settler, Wilhem Zippel, who was a German immigrant and a fisherman. He settled on the south shore of the lake in a place now called Zippel Bay. Shortly after, Alonzo Wheeler settled on a point on the southwest side of the lake which is now called Wheeler's Point.

A terrible wildfire, which has come to be known as the Baudette Fire of 1910, broke out in October of that year, burning 300,000 acres (1,200 km2) and destroying the towns of Spooner, Baudette, Graceton, Pitt, Williams, and Cedar Spur.[5] Lake of the Woods County was founded January 1, 1923, with Baudette as the original county seat. Lake of the Woods County is also known as Minnesota's youngest county. This county was organized on November 28, 1922, when residents voted to separate the northern Townships.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 1,775.05 square miles (4,597.4 km2), of which 1,296.70 square miles (3,358.4 km2) (or 73.05%) is land and 478.35 square miles (1,238.9 km2) (or 26.95%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Neighbors[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Although all the townships are named, as of 2001, there are no township governments. All the townships are officially part of unorganized territory.[citation needed]

Cities Townships Unincorporated

* These townships were created out of Forest Area Township after the 2000 Census.
† Most of Roosevelt is in Roseau County, but according to the 2000 Census, 3 people live on the 0.1 km2 (0 sq mi) that extends into Lake of the Woods.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  5. ^ "The Fire of 1910". Lake of the Woods County Historical Society. Retrieved 2009-06-08. 
  6. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°46′N 94°54′W / 48.77°N 94.90°W / 48.77; -94.90