Big Stone County, Minnesota

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Big Stone County, Minnesota
Map of Minnesota highlighting Big Stone County
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded February 20, 1862 (created)
1874 (organized)[1]
Named for Big Stone Lake
Seat Ortonville
Largest city Ortonville
Area
 • Total 528 sq mi (1,368 km2)
 • Land 499 sq mi (1,292 km2)
 • Water 29 sq mi (75 km2), 5.5%
Population
 • (2010) 5,269
 • Density 11/sq mi (4/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.bigstonecounty.org

Big Stone County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,269.[2] Its county seat is Ortonville.[3] The county was formed in 1862 and organized in 1874.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 528 square miles (1,370 km2), of which 499 square miles (1,290 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (5.5%) is water.[4]

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information[5]

Lakes[edit]

Mundweiler Lake - Big Stone Township

Source: United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Ortonville, Minnesota
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
0.6
 
23
1
 
 
0.6
 
27
7
 
 
1.4
 
39
19
 
 
2.6
 
56
32
 
 
2.5
 
69
45
 
 
3.6
 
78
56
 
 
3.9
 
84
60
 
 
2.7
 
82
58
 
 
2.6
 
73
47
 
 
2.2
 
59
34
 
 
1
 
41
21
 
 
0.4
 
25
7
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[7]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Ortonville have ranged from a low of 1 °F (−17 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −44 °F (−42 °C) was recorded in February 1994 and a record high of 108 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1966. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.43 inches (11 mm) in December to 3.85 inches (98 mm) in July.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 24
1880 3,688 15,266.7%
1890 5,722 55.2%
1900 8,731 52.6%
1910 9,367 7.3%
1920 9,766 4.3%
1930 9,838 0.7%
1940 10,447 6.2%
1950 9,607 −8.0%
1960 8,954 −6.8%
1970 7,941 −11.3%
1980 7,716 −2.8%
1990 6,285 −18.5%
2000 5,820 −7.4%
2010 5,269 −9.5%
Est. 2013 5,122 −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the census of 2000,[12] there were 5,820 people, 2,377 households, and 1,611 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 3,171 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.44% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 0.34% from two or more races. 0.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 45.7% were of German, 21.0% Norwegian, 8.0% Swedish and 6.3% Irish ancestry.

There were 2,377 households out of which 29.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.60% were married couples living together, 5.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 30.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 5.30% from 18 to 24, 21.90% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 24.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 94.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,721, and the median income for a family was $37,354. Males had a median income of $27,857 versus $20,123 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,708. About 7.80% of families and 12.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.50% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  5. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 65 - 67. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  6. ^ "United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles". 
  7. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Ortonville, Minnesota". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°26′N 96°25′W / 45.43°N 96.41°W / 45.43; -96.41