Folkspraak

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Folkspraak
Folkspraak Pan-Germanic Flag.png
Created by Collaborative work
Date 1995-
Users Linguists, small internet-based groups  (date missing)
Purpose
Sources Vocabulary, phonology and grammar from Germanic languages
Official status
Regulated by The Folkspraak Institute
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Folkspraak (also Folksprák and Folksprak) coming from folk ('people') and spraak ('language'), meaning "the language of the people" is an incompletely developed[1] zonal constructed language based on Germanic languages and intended to be easy to learn for any native speaker of a Germanic language,[1] making it suitable to be a sort of lingua franca amongst the Germanic languages community.[2]

The name Folkspraak has also been used in a more general sense to refer to the entire modern Pan-Germanic language collaboration.

Development history[edit]

The project's development takes place mostly online in a Yahoo group, though disagreements about every facet of its grammar and orthography means that there are several different versions or "dialects"[2] Even disagreement on which source languages to use occurs, so that only some developers draw from Frisian, Low German and Norwegian Nynorsk, next to the usual source languages. English, Dutch, German, Danish, Norwegian Bokmål, and Swedish are more common source languages.[2]

Overview[edit]

The idea behind the project is that a speaker of a Germanic language should be able to read and understand Folkspraak in a week and to write it in a month.[1]

The development of the language is similar in its process to Interlingua - to create a word or a grammatical form in Folkspraak samples are taken from all of the Germanic languages and the form common to most of the languages is selected.[1] Reference is also made to previously existing and parallel Germanic zonal constructed languages.

Dialects[edit]

Due to the splits and rifts in Folkspraak, numerous independent projects and dialects have arisen.

Middelspraak[edit]

Middelspraak (also seen as Middelsprake) is a constructed language designed by Ingmar Roerdinkholder, who later became a member of the effort to develop Folkspraak. Middlespraak ended up very similar to Folkspraak, and as such is often considered a dialectal variant. The main differences between the two are in spelling and phonology, Middlespraak being more archaic, and Folkspraak being more contemporarily focused and simple.

Middlespraak is constructed by comparing eight living Germanic languages: English, German, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Low Saxon, Frisian and Norwegian Nynorsk; resulting in an intermediate language between Western and Scandinavian Germanic varieties.

Frenkisch[edit]

Frenkisch is an independent work within Folkspraak. It is developed by David Parke, a conlinguist.

Nordienisk[edit]

Nordienisk is a second independent work within Folkspraak. Its creator is unknown/unrecognized.

Grammar[edit]

Alphabet and pronunciation[edit]

Folkspraak alphabet is identical to the ISO basic Latin alphabet. Double consonants and consonant groups signalize short vowels. The c represents /s/ in front front vowels (e i y eu) and /k/ in any other position. The digraphs th and ph represent the same pronunciation as t and p, respectively. Diacritics are not used.

Morphology[edit]

Folkspraak has no adjectival or verbal variation. Nouns made from adjectives as well as infinitives end in -e as in de andere ('the other') and have ('to have'). There is no distinction between adjectives and adverbs.

There is no grammatical gender or cases except with personal pronouns: si ('she'), hi ('he'), ik ('I'), mi ('me').

The plurals of nouns are made with -e or, if a noun ends with an unstressed syllable, with -s. Mann (man), manne (men), auto (car), autos (cars).

Syntax[edit]

The basic word order is subject–verb–object (SVO). Questions are made by inversion to VSO.

Samples[edit]

The Lord's Prayer in several Folkspraak varieties/dialects:[citation needed]

Dialect Folkspraak Dialect Folksprak Dialect Middelsprake

Ons Fater,
whem leven in der Himmel,
Mai din Name werden helig,
Mai din Konigdom kommen,
Mai din will werden,
in der Erd und in der Himmel.
Geven os distdag ons Brod,
Und forgiv ons sindens,
samme Weg als wi
forgiv dem whem eren
skuld to uns.
Und test os nihte,
men spare os fraum der Sind.

Usser fader,
in de himmel,
wes dain nam helig
dain koningdum schall komme
dain will schall wese dan,
so upann erd als in himmel
Giv us disdag usser brod,
end fergiv us usser schuld,
als wi fergiv dem weh
schuld gegn us
End lad us nit in fersyking
doch mak us fri fron yvel.

User Fader
wae is in de hevel,
din name schal wese helliged,
din rik schal kom,
din wille schal schee,
so up erd as in de hevel.
geve us dis dag user daglig broed
on forgeve us user skuld
as wi forgeve dat
af anderes.
On late us nik wesed forsoeked
doch make us fri fran oevel
fordat dines is de macht on de herlighed
antil in everighed
Amen

Dialect Boksprak
Onser Fader in de hemmen,
Werde heliged din nam,
Kome din rick,
Gescheje din will,
Hu in de hemmen, so up de erd.
Gev ons hidag onser daglik brod.
Ond fergev ons onser schuld,
Hu ok wi fergev dem onser schuldern.
Ond led ons nit in ferseuking,
Aver erleus ons af de yvel.
(Als din er de rick ond de macht
Ond de herlikhed in eeighed.)
Amen.

From Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

All mensklik wesings âre boren frî on' gelîk in werđigheid on' rejte. Đê âre begifted mid ferstand on' gewitt on' skulde behandele êlkên in en gêst av brôđerhêd.[2]

(All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Folkspraak at Langmaker
  2. ^ a b c d Folkspraak at omniglot.com

External links[edit]