GoldenEye 007 (1997 video game)
American box art
|Genre(s)||First-person shooter, stealth|
GoldenEye 007 is a first-person shooter video game developed by Rare and based on the 1995 James Bond film GoldenEye. It was exclusively released for the Nintendo 64 video game console on 25 August 1997. The game features a single-player campaign in which players assume the role of British Secret Intelligence Service agent James Bond as he fights to prevent a criminal syndicate from using a satellite weapon against London to cause a global financial meltdown. The game also includes a split-screen multiplayer mode in which two, three or four players can compete in different types of deathmatch games.
GoldenEye 007 was originally conceived as an on-rails shooter inspired by Sega's Virtua Cop, before being redesigned as a free-roaming shooter. The game received highly positive reviews from the gaming media and sold over eight million copies worldwide, making it the third-best-selling Nintendo 64 game. GoldenEye 007 is considered an important game in the history of first-person shooters for demonstrating the viability of game consoles as platforms for the genre, and for signalling a transition from the then-standard Doom-like approach to a more realistic style. It pioneered features that have since become common in first-person shooters, such as varied mission objectives, a zoomable sniper rifle, stealth elements, and a console multiplayer deathmatch mode.
GoldenEye 007 was followed by a spiritual successor, Perfect Dark, also developed by Rare for the Nintendo 64. A reimagining of the game, also titled GoldenEye 007, was published by Activision and released for the Wii and Nintendo DS in 2010, and later re-released as GoldenEye 007: Reloaded for the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 the following year.
GoldenEye 007 is a first-person shooter that features both single and a multiplayer modes. In the single-player mode, the player takes the role of James Bond through a series of free-roaming 3D levels. Each level requires the player to complete a certain set of objectives – such as collecting or destroying specified items, rescuing hostages, or meeting with friendly NPCs – and then exit the stage. Some gadgets from the James Bond film series are featured in the game and are often used to complete particular mission objectives; for example, in one level the electromagnetic watch from Live and Let Die is used to acquire a jail cell key.
The arsenal of weapons includes pistols, submachine guns, assault rifles, grenades, and throwing knives, among others. Guns have a finite magazine and must be reloaded after a certain number of shots, but the player may acquire and carry as many weapons as can be found in each mission. The player's initial weapon in most missions is James Bond's Walther PPK, called the PP7 in-game. Most of the game's firearms are modelled on real-life counterparts (although their names are altered), while others are based on fictitious devices featured in the Bond films, such as the Golden Gun and Moonraker laser. The weapons vary in characteristics such as rate of fire, degree of penetration and type of ammunition used, and inflict different levels of damage depending on which body part they hit.
Stealth is a significant element of the gameplay: frequent gunfire can alert distant guards, and activated alarms can trigger infinitely-respawning enemies. Therefore, in order to avoid gunfights with numerous opponents, it is advantageous to eliminate soldiers and security cameras before they spot or hear the player. Certain weapons incorporate suppressor or telescopic sight attachments to aid the player in killing enemies discreetly. There are no health-recovery items in the game, although armour vests can be acquired to provide a secondary health bar.
Four save files are available to track the player's progress through the game's twenty missions, each of which may be played on "Agent", "Secret Agent" or "00-Agent" difficulty settings. Higher difficulties increase the challenge by altering factors such as the damage enemies can withstand and inflict, the amount of ammunition available, and the number of objectives that must be completed. Once a mission is completed, the player may either continue progressing through the story or choose to replay a previously completed level. Completing certain missions within particular target times enables the player to unlock bonus cheat options which make various changes to the gameplay. Upon fully completing the game on the hardest difficulty setting, an additional "007" mode is unlocked that allows the player to customize the challenge of any mission by manually adjusting enemies' health, reaction times, aiming accuracy, and the damage they inflict.
The multiplayer mode allows two, three or four players to compete against each other in five different types of split screen deathmatch games: Normal, You Only Live Twice, The Living Daylights (Flag Tag), The Man With the Golden Gun, and Licence to Kill. Normal is a basic deathmatch mode in which the main objective is to kill opponents as many times as possible. It can be played as a free-for-all game or in teams. In You Only Live Twice, players only have two lives before they are eliminated from the game, and Licence to Kill is a mode in which players die from a single hit with any weapon. In The Man With the Golden Gun, a single Golden Gun, which is capable of killing opponents with only one shot, is placed in a fixed location on the map; once the Golden Gun is picked up, the only way to re-acquire it is to kill the player holding it. The player with the Golden Gun is unable to pick up body armour while opponents can. In The Living Daylights, a "flag" is placed in a fixed location on the map, and the player who holds it the longest wins. The flag-carrier cannot use weapons but can still collect them to keep opponents from stocking ammunition. Aspects of each gametype can be customised, including the chosen map, class of weapons, and winning condition. As players progress through the single player mode, new maps and characters are unlocked in the multiplayer mode.
GoldenEye 007 closely follows the plot of the movie, though with some minor alterations. The game starts in Arkhangelsk, Soviet Union in 1986, where MI6 has uncovered a secret chemical weapons facility at the Byelomorye Dam. James Bond and fellow 00-agent Alec Trevelyan are sent to infiltrate the facility and plant explosive charges. During the mission, Trevelyan is apparently killed by Colonel Arkady Ourumov, but Bond escapes by commandeering an aeroplane. Five years later, Bond is sent to investigate a satellite control station in Severnaya, Russia, where programmers Natalya Simonova and Boris Grishenko work. Two years after the Severnaya mission, Bond investigates an unscheduled test firing of a missile in Kyrgyzstan, believed to be a cover for the launch of a satellite known as GoldenEye. This space-based weapon works by firing a concentrated electromagnetic pulse at any Earth target to disable any electrical circuit within range. As Bond leaves the silo, he is ambushed by Ourumov and a squad of Soviet troops. He defeats the troops, but Ourumov escapes.
The remainder of the game takes place in 1995. Bond visits Monte Carlo to investigate the frigate La Fayette, where he rescues several hostages and plants a tracker bug on the Eurocopter Tiger helicopter before it is stolen by the Janus crime syndicate. Bond is then sent a second time to Severnaya, but during the mission he is captured and locked up in the bunker's cells along with Natalya Simonova, who has been betrayed to Janus. The two escape the complex seconds before it is destroyed, on the orders of Ourumov, by the GoldenEye satellite's EMP. Bond next travels to Saint Petersburg, where he arranges with ex-KGB agent Valentin Zukovsky to meet the chief of the Janus organisation. This is revealed to be Alec Trevelyan – his execution by Ourumov in the Arkhangelsk facility was faked. Bond and Natalya escape from Trevelyan, but are arrested by the Russian police and taken to the military archives for interrogation. Bond eventually manages to escape the interrogation room, rescue Natalya and communicate with Defence Minister Dimitri Mishkin, who has verified Bond's claim of Ourumov's treachery. Natalya is recaptured by General Ourumov, and Bond gives chase through the streets of St. Petersburg, eventually reaching an arms depot used by Janus. There Bond destroys its weaponry stores and then hitches a ride on Trevelyan's Soviet missile train, where he kills Ourumov and rescues Natalya. However, Alec Trevelyan and his ally Xenia Onatopp escape to their secret base in Cuba.
Natalya accompanies Bond to the Caribbean. Surveying the Cuban jungle aerially, their light aircraft is shot down. Unscathed, Bond and Natalya perform a ground search of the area's heavily guarded jungle terrain, but are ambushed by Xenia, who is quickly killed by Bond. Bond sneaks Natalya into the control centre to disrupt transmissions to the GoldenEye satellite and force it to burn up in the Earth's atmosphere. He then follows the fleeing Trevelyan through a series of flooded caverns, eventually arriving at the antenna of the control centre's radio telescope. Trevelyan attempts to re-align it in a final attempt to restore contact with the GoldenEye, but Bond ultimately destroys machinery vital to controlling the antenna and defeats Trevelyan in a gunfight on a platform above the dish.
GoldenEye 007 was developed by an inexperienced team; eight of its ten developers had never previously worked on video games. David Doak commented in 2004, "Looking back, there are things I'd be wary of attempting now, but as none of the people working on the code, graphics, and game design had worked on a game before, there was this joyful naïveté." Due to the success of Donkey Kong Country, GoldenEye 007 was originally suggested as a 2D side-scrolling platformer for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, but Martin Hollis, the director and producer of the game, proposed "a 3D shooting game" for Nintendo's in-development "Ultra 64" console.
The intention for the first few months of development was for the game to be an on-rails shooter similar to Sega's light gun game Virtua Cop; GoldenEye's gas plant location was modelled by Karl Hilton with a predetermined path in mind. Although GoldenEye is controlled with a pad rather than a light gun, Hollis credited Virtua Cop as an influence on the developers' adoption of features such as gun reloading, position-dependent hit reaction animations, penalties for killing innocent characters, and an alternative aiming system that is activated upon pressing the R button of the Nintendo 64 controller.
The development team visited the studios of the GoldenEye film to collect photographs and blueprints of the sets used in the movie. Silicon Graphics Onyx workstations and Nintendo's NINGEN development software were used to create the geometry for virtual environments based on this reference material. However, many of the missions were extended or modified to allow the player to participate in sequences which the film's James Bond did not. Hilton explained, "We tried to stick to [the reference material] for authenticity but we weren't afraid of adding to it to help the game design. It was very organic." Initially, the designers' priority was purely on the creation of interesting spaces; level design and balance considerations such as the placement of start and exit points, characters and objectives did not begin until this process was complete. According to Martin Hollis, "The benefit of this sloppy unplanned approach was that many of the levels in the game have a realistic and non-linear feel. There are rooms with no direct relevance to the level. There are multiple routes across the level." Hollis also noted that the concept of several varied objectives within each mission was inspired by the multiple tasks in each stage of Super Mario 64, a game whose 3D collision detection system was also influential for Hollis.
Final N64 specifications and development workstations were not initially available to Rare: a modified Sega Saturn controller was used for some early playtesting, and the developers had to estimate what the finalised console's capabilities would be. The final Nintendo 64 hardware could render polygons faster than the SGI Onyx workstations they had been using, but the game's textures had to be cut down by half. Karl Hilton explained one method of improving the game's performance: "A lot of GoldenEye is in black and white. RGB colour textures cost a lot more in terms of processing power. You could do double the resolution if you used greyscale, so a lot was done like that. If I needed a bit of colour, I'd add it in the vertex." At one time, developers planned to implement the reloading of the weapons by the player unplugging and re-inserting the Rumble Pak on the Nintendo 64 controller, though this idea was discarded at Nintendo's behest.
GoldenEye 007 introduced stealth elements not seen in previous FPS games. David Doak, one of the game's programmers, explained how this was implemented: "Whenever you fired a gun, it had a radius test and alerted the non-player characters within that radius. If you fired the same gun again within a certain amount of time, it did a larger radius test and I think there was a third even larger radius after that. It meant if you found one guy and shot him in the head and then didn’t fire again, the timer would reset."
Rather than trying to release the game in tandem with the movie, the Stamper brothers made sure to give the team as much time as they needed. It was developed through two and a half years, the first year of which was spent developing the engine and producing art assets. The game's multiplayer mode was added late in the development process; Martin Hollis described it as "a complete afterthought". According to David Doak, the majority of the work on the multiplayer mode was done by Steve Ellis, who "sat in a room with all the code written for a single-player game and turned GoldenEye into a multiplayer game." The game was released on 25 August 1997, nearly two years after the film. The game's cartridge size was 96 Mb (12 MB). In addition to the Nintendo 64 game, a racing version was in development for the Virtual Boy, but was eventually cancelled before release.
Reception and legacy 
Despite an unsuccessful showing at E3 1997 and low expectations among the gaming media, GoldenEye 007 turned out to be both a critical and a commercial success. It received very high critical praise and sold more than eight million units worldwide, making it the third best selling Nintendo 64 game, behind Super Mario 64 and Mario Kart 64. According to a paper published on the website of the Entertainment Software Association, the game grossed $250 million worldwide. The game has collected numerous awards, including the BAFTA Interactive Entertainment "Games Award" in 1998, and four awards from the Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences: "Console Action Game of the Year", "Console Game of the Year", "Interactive Title of the Year" and "Outstanding Achievement in Software Engineering". Rare was also recognized for its work on the game and won the BAFTA award for "Best UK Developer".
Video game journalists have praised GoldenEye 007 for proving that it is possible to create a "fun" FPS experience on a console in both single-player and multiplayer modes; when the game was released, the FPS was primarily a genre for PC gamers. Journalists noted that the game "opened the genre to a completely new market" and that it was "the first big console FPS that truly got it right." Additionally, the game's use of realistic gameplay, which contrasted with the approaches taken by Doom-clones, and introduction of multiplayer deathmatch on a console are often credited for having revolutionized the genre.
Graphically, the game was praised for its varied and detailed environments; well-animated characters; realistic effects such as glass transparencies, bullet holes and lingering smoke; and for generally maintaining a solid frame rate. The zoomable sniper rifle was praised as one of the game's most impressive and entertaining features, Edge describing it as a "novel twist" and Jeff Gerstmann of GameSpot noting its ability to alleviate the game's distance fog. GoldenEye 007 has subsequently become credited alongside Shiny Entertainment's MDK for pioneering and popularizing the now-standard inclusion of scoped sniper rifles in video games. The game's audio was also well-received: the music was praised for its inclusion of the "James Bond Theme" and "addictive" tunes based on the GoldenEye film's score. The sound effects were said to be "detailed", although some reviewers criticised the omission of character speech. Some later levels begin in lifts and feature transitions from elevator music to full soundtracks, which Gerstmann cited as examples of the music's ability to add ambience to the game, and as an illustration of the game's attention to detail.
The gameplay was praised for its depth. IGN's Doug Perry called GoldenEye 007 an immersive game, which "blends smart strategy gameplay with fast-action gunmanship". Similarly, Greg Sewart of Gaming Age pointed out that players also have "a bit of freedom as to what they want to do in any given situation, and what order the directives are completed in". Reviewers also enjoyed the wide variety of weapons and the multi-objective-based missions, stating that they make the game stay "fresh by never having you do the same thing twice". The controls were praised for their precision and were said to be more intuitive than Acclaim's earlier well-received Nintendo 64 FPS Turok: Dinosaur Hunter. The game's use of context-sensitive hit locations on the enemies added a realism that was previously unseen in video games. Colin of Game Revolution called the gameplay realistic, setting GoldenEye "apart from the pack", but also criticized the campaign for being badly paced. He noted that GoldenEye 007 "takes it for granted that you have already seen the movie". He also added that players may get stuck due to the game's lack of orientation.
At the time, the multiplayer mode was considered the best multiplayer game on the system, "edging Mario Kart 64 by a hair" according to IGN. Edge called it addictive, and praised the originality of some of the scenarios such as You Only Live Twice. The magazine also stated that it set the standard for multiplayer console combat until it was surpassed by the release of Halo: Combat Evolved in 2001. In December 2011, IGN journalists placed the multiplayer mode at 17th in their list of the "Top 100 Video Game Moments", and in 2010 Nintendo Power listed GoldenEye 007 as one of the greatest multiplayer experiences in Nintendo history, stating that it is remembered as one of the finest examples of a first-person shooter. Retrospective commentary on GoldenEye 007 in the years following its release included an October 2011 review by Mark Reece from NintendoLife. Reece gave the game a rating of eight out of ten, commenting that although the game's multiplayer mode stands up well, its graphics, audio and "fiddly" aiming system are dated. He noted that GoldenEye 007's approach to difficulty settings provides good replay value, but is a system rarely used in modern FPS games.
Rowan Kaiser of 1UP.com, who placed the game 53rd on "The 60 Most Influential Games of All Time", pointed out that the game "paved the way for the later popularity of Halo, Call of Duty, and more". Similarly, GamePro, placing it 9th in "The 52 Most Important Video Games of All Time", called it the console killer-app of the 1990s and the best game ever licensed from a film. With its eight million copies sold, GoldenEye 007 was also one of the most significant titles that helped the Nintendo 64 to remain competitive with rival Sony's PlayStation, though it eventually lost much of its market share.
GoldenEye 007 is frequently included in gaming publications' "greatest game" lists. In a January 2000 poll, readers of the long-running British magazine Computer and Video Games voted GoldenEye 007 into first place in a list of "the hundred greatest video games", and it was ranked 5th in a poll the following year. Also that year, the game ranked 16th in Game Informer's list of the "Top 100 Games of All Time". In 2005, a "Best Games of All-Time" contest at GameFAQs placed GoldenEye 007 at 7th, and in a list made by IGN in 2005, the game was ranked 29th, while the Reader's Choice placed it at 7th. Video game review site ScrewAttack rated GoldenEye 007 number one in three separate top ten lists: a June 2008 list of the "Top 10 FPS Games Ever", a June 2009 list of the "Top 10 Movie-Based Games", and an October 2010 list of the "Top 10 Local-Multiplayer Console Games". Edge has featured GoldenEye 007 prominently in three "greatest game" lists: it placed third in a staff-voted poll in 2000; seventeenth in a staff, reader, and gaming industry-voted poll in 2007; and it was also included as one of the publication's "Top 10 shooters" in 2003. In 2011, the game was selected as one of 80 titles from the past 40 years to be placed in the Art of Video Games exhibit in the Smithsonian American Art Museum.
GoldenEye 007 led Rare to begin development of a spiritual successor titled Perfect Dark, also for the Nintendo 64. Using a modified version of the GoldenEye 007 game engine, Perfect Dark made its debut at E3 1998, and was released in 2000 to critical acclaim. Although the game features a setting and storyline unrelated to James Bond, it shares many gameplay features with GoldenEye 007, including a similar control scheme, mission objectives that vary with the difficulty setting, and cheat options unlockable through quick level completions. The game led to the development of the Perfect Dark franchise.
A number of the GoldenEye 007 team left Rare soon after development on Perfect Dark commenced, beginning with Martin Hollis in 1998, who after working on the GameCube at Nintendo of America formed his own company Zoonami in 2000. Other members formed Free Radical Design, and by 2004, four of the team of nine who originally worked on GoldenEye 007 were employed there. Free Radical Design developed the TimeSplitters series of first-person shooters for the PlayStation 2, Nintendo GameCube and Xbox. These games contain several references to GoldenEye 007, including the design of the health-HUD, the nature of the aiming system, and the dam setting of the opening level of TimeSplitters 2.
Meanwhile, the James Bond game license was acquired by Electronic Arts in 1999, which published new games based upon the then-recent James Bond films, Tomorrow Never Dies and The World Is Not Enough, as well as entirely original ones, including 007: Nightfire, 007: Everything or Nothing and GoldenEye: Rogue Agent. However, none of them reached the critical or commercial success of GoldenEye 007. In 2006, the James Bond game license was acquired by Activision, which published additional games in the James Bond video game series, such as 007: Quantum of Solace, James Bond 007: Blood Stone, and a reimagining of the Nintendo 64 game, also titled GoldenEye 007. The reimagining features Daniel Craig as the playable character, modern FPS conventions, entirely new level-layouts, and an online component. It was exclusively released for the Wii and Nintendo DS in 2010 to generally positive reviews, and later re-released as GoldenEye 007: Reloaded for the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 the following year.
An Xbox Live Arcade port of GoldenEye 007 was in development at Rare for several months, and in 2006 Nintendo of America president Reggie Fils-Aime commented that Nintendo was "exploring all the rights issues" involved in bringing GoldenEye 007 to the Wii Virtual Console. However, due to legal issues involving the numerous licence holders with rights to game and to the Bond intellectual property, the game was ultimately not released on either format.
See also 
- Greg Sewart. "GoldenEye 007 Review". Gaming Age. Archived from the original on 6 October 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- "GoldenEye 007 review". Edge. Future plc. 22 July 1997. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- Doug Perry (25 August 1997). "GoldenEye 007 Review". IGN. Archived from the original on 28 January 2007. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- Colin (6 June 2004). "GoldenEye 007 Review". Game Revolution. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- Joe Fielder and Mark Hain. "The GoldenEye 007 Strategy Dossier". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 16 July 2010. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- "The GoldenEye Arms Reference". Rhodes Mill. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- Paul Drury (15 May 2011). "The Making of Goldeneye". NowGamer. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2011.
- GoldenEye 007 instruction manual. Rare. 25 August 1997.
- Rare Ltd.. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 1: Arkangelsk, Part i: Dam. "Background: M16 has confirmed the existence of a secret chemical warfare facility at the Byelomorye dam, USSR."
- Rare Ltd.. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 1: Arkangelsk, Part ii: Facility. "Background: Inside the chemical weapons facility you should quickly and efficiently proceed to the bottling area and place demolition charges on the main gas tanks. / M Briefing: You'll be working with 006 on this assignment, the bottling room is the rendezvous point. / Q Branch: Now listen here, Bond. Be sure to place the mines carefully, otherwise you won't take out all the tanks in the bottling room."
- Rare Ltd.. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 1: Arkangelsk, Part iii: Runway. "M Briefing: 006 knew this was going to be a risky mission. His sacrifice should give you enough time to find an aircraft."
- Rare Ltd.. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 2: Severnaya, Part i: Surface. "Background: A spy satellite has detected increased levels of activity at an old observatory complex near Severnaya (62.08n, 102.58e) in Russia. / M Briefing: Penetrate the base and find out what is going on."
- Rare Ltd.. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 3: Kirghizstan, Part i: Launch Silo No. 4. "Background: MI6 has become concerned that unscheduled test firings from a missile silo in Kirghizstan are being used to cover the launch of GoldenEye weapons satellites. / M Briefing: Infiltrate the silo and ascertain what is being placed into orbit."
- Rare Ltd.. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 4: Monte Carlo, Part i: Frigate. "Background: A demonstration of the Pirate stealth helicopter by the French military has been unexpectedly postponed. Official channels insist that nothing is wrong but unofficially M16 has been asked to help salvage a very tricky hostage situation on board the frigate La Fayette. It seems that a crime syndicate called 'Janus' will stop at nothing in its attempt to hijack the helicopter. / M Briefing: We need you to place a tracker on the Pirate so that we can trace its movements after Janus steals it."
- Rare Ltd.. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 6: St. Petersburg, Part i: Statue Park. "M Briefing: I've arranged contact with an ex-KGB agent, Valentin Zukovsky, in Statue Park, St. Petersburg. He claims he can set up a meeting with Janus."
- Rare Ltd.. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 6: St. Petersburg, Part ii: Military Archives. "Background: Captured by the Russians, Bond must escape their military prison. / M Briefing: Your only chance is to speak directly to Defence Minister Mishkin."
- Rare Ltd.. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 6: St. Petersburg, Part iii: Streets. "Background: After escaping KGB interrogation at the military archives, Natalya has been recaptured by General Ourumov. She is being taken by car to the Janus operations base in St. Petersburg. / M Briefing: Get after them, 007! We can't afford to let the trail go cold and the chances are they'll lead you straight to Trevelyan."
- Rare Ltd.. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 6: St. Petersburg, Part iv: Depot. "Background: The Janus operations base in St. Petersburg is located in a disused military rail depot. / M Briefing: We also believe that Ourumov has taken Natalya to Trevelyan's converted missile train in the depot. You need to be on that train when it leaves."
- Rare Ltd.. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 6: St. Petersburg, Part v: Train. "Natalya: Boris is still backing up his files. I can find out where they're going... He's in Cuba!"
- Rare Ltd.. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 7: Cuba, Part i: Jungle. "M Briefing: Miss Simonova will be with you on this mission... Jack Wade has given her some basic firearms training and he thinks she'll be able to carry her weight in a combat situation. / Q Branch: You'll know you're on the right trail if you encounter Janus troops or automated defences... Oh, and look out for that Xenia woman, 007. I think she's after you. You lucky devil."
- Rare Ltd.. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 7: Cuba, Part i: Jungle. "Background: The Janus Control Centre has been located in an underground complex in the Cuban jungle. / M Briefing: Remember that you and Miss Simonova are a team, it's critical that you protect her while she's hacking into the Janus computers. With any luck she'll be able to stop the Goldeneye from firing."
- Rare Ltd.. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 7: Cuba, Part iii: Water Caverns. "Background: The Janus Control Centre communicates with the Goldeneye weapons system via a large satellite dish which is usually concealed underwater. The pumps which allow Janus to flood the communications dish are housed in a subterranean cave complex defended by crack Janus troops."
- Rare Ltd.. GoldenEye 007. Level/area: Mission 7: Cuba, Part i: Jungle. "Q Branch: There's another blasted control thingy actually on the antenna cradle. Trevelyan might be able to realign the antenna and get one last firing message through to the satellite. Get out there and destroy it!"
- Martin Hollis (2 September 2004). "The Making of GoldenEye 007". Zoonami. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
- "Desert Island Disks: David Doak". Retro Gamer (6): 41–45. July 2004. ISSN 1742-3155. Archived from the original on 7 September 2005.
- "GoldenEye 007 Development". Nintendo. 24 February 1998. Archived from the original on 24 February 1998. Retrieved 26 August 2011.
- "Desert Island Disks: David Doak". Retro Gamer (6): 41–45. July 2004. ISSN 1742-3155. Archived from the original on 7 September 2005.
- "N64 Goldeneye 007 Retro Review". Casually Hardcore. 15 April 2011. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- "GoldenEye 007". GT Anthology. GameTrailers. 11 July 2009. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
- "GoldenEye 007 reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- "GoldenEye 007 reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- Scott Alan Marriott. "GoldenEye 007". Allgame. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
- Jeff Gerstmann (19 August 1997). "GoldenEye 007 Review". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- N64 Magazine (UK), Issue 9. N64 Magazine. December 1997.
- Jonathan Nicklas (22 June 2000). "GoldenEye 007 Review". Gaming Target. Archived from the original on 27 May 2005. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- João Diniz-Sanches, ed. (October 2003). "Ten Top Tens". Edge (Future Publishing) (128): 71. "Don't tell anyone, but no one expected this to be any good. Early videos looked decidedly ropey, there was no marketing behind it (Rare had to come down to show the game itself), and, of course, it was a film licence."
- "Microsoft Acquires Video Game Powerhouse Rare Ltd.". Microsoft News Center. 24 September 2002. Archived from the original on 6 January 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- Crandall, Robert W.; Sidak, J. Gregory. "Video Games: Serious Business for America's Economy". Entertainment Software Association. pp. 39–40. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- IGN Staff (4 November 1998). "GoldenEye Wins BAFTA Awards". IGN. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- "1998 Interactive Achievement Awards". Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on 23 October 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- Frank Cifaldi (1 September 2006). "The Gamasutra Quantum Leap Awards: First-Person Shooters". Gamasutra. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- IGN Saff (19 June 2000). "The Top 25 N64 Games of All Time". IGN. Archived from the original on 10 March 2007. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
- Poole, Steven (2000). Trigger Happy: The Inner Life of Videogames. London: Fourth Estate. p. 207. ISBN 1-84115-121-1. "… the tangible connection between the controls in your physical hands and the action of the little toy on screen is a clever semiotic trick that fools you into ever-increasing absorption into the cartoon world. A similar trick is worked by the videogame paradigm of the sniper rifle, introduced by MDK (1997), perfected by Goldeneye (1997) and then cropping up everywhere—for example in Metal Gear Solid (1999) and Perfect Dark (2000). This gadget zooms in on an area and lets you view it in close-up, usually for the purpose of delivering an exquisite head shot to a bad guy. A virtual environment that reveals more detail when viewed telescopically is naturally more convincing than one which only works on one informational scale."
- "Turok: Dinosaur Hunter". GameRankings. Retrieved 31 December 2011.
- James Hawkins (8 April 2010). "The Top Ten First Person Shooters of All Time". Joystick Division. Archived from the original on 16 February 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- "Halo: Combat Evolved Review". Edge. Future Publishing. 29 November 2001. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
- "[SPOILERS] Top 100 Video Game Moments – The Full Countdown". IGN. Retrieved 27 August 2012.
- "Top 100 Video Game Moments". IGN. Archived from the original on 8 January 2012. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- Nintendo Power 250th issue!. South San Francisco, California: Future US. 2010. p. 47.
- Reece, Mark (8 October 2011). "Review: GoldenEye 007 (Nintendo 64)". NintendoLife. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
- Rowan Kaiser (20 May 2011). "The 60 Most Influential Games of All Time". 1UP.com. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
- Boba Fatt and the GamePros (24 April 2007). "The 52 Most Important Video Games of All Time (page 5 of 8)". GamePro. Archived from the original on 4 April 2010. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
- Matthew Howell, ed. (January 2000). "100 Greatest Games of All Time". Computer and Video Games (EMAP) (218): 53–67. ISSN 0261-3697.
- "100 Greatest Games of All Time". Computer and Video Games (EMAP) (230). January 2001.
- "Top 100 Games of All Time.". Game Informer (FuncoLand): 35. August 2001.
- "The 10 Best Games Ever". GameFAQs. Retrieved 29 September 2006.
- "IGN's Top 100 Games: 21–30". IGN. Archived from the original on 2 August 2005. Retrieved 17 November 2006.
- "Reader's Picks Top 10 games: 1–10". IGN. Archived from the original on 22 October 2006. Retrieved 17 November 2006.
- "ScrewAttack's Top 10 FPS Games Ever!". GameTrailers. 9 June 2008. Retrieved 12 June 2008.
- "ScrewAttack – Top 10 Movie-Based Games". Spike. 6 June 2009. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- "Top 10 Local-Multiplayer Console Games". GameTrailers. 12 October 2010. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
- Mott, Tony, ed. (2007). Edge Presents The 100 Best Videogames. Future Publishing. p. 253. Originally presented in Edge issue 80 (2000)
- Mott, Tony, ed. (2007). Edge Presents The 100 Best Videogames. Future Publishing. p. 172.
- Tom Magrino (5 May 2011). "Smithsonian selects top 80 games from past 40 years". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 16 November 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-04.
- IGN Staff (29 January 1998). "No More Bond for Rare". IGN. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- IGN Staff (8 September 1998). "ECTS: Nintendo Games of the Show". IGN. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- Matt Casamassina (19 May 2000). "Perfect Dark review". IGN. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- "Profile of Martin Hollis". Zoonami. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-22.
- Matt Casamassina (11 October 2002). "TimeSplitters 2 review". IGN. Archived from the original on 10 June 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
- "The Retro Guide to TimeSplitters". GamesTM (Imagine Publishing) (129). 2012.
- Jeff Gerstmann (9 October 2002). "TimeSplitters 2 Review". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 15 April 2009. Retrieved 66 June 2011.
- IGN Staff (18 November 1999). "EA Makes Bond Official". IGN. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Tor Thorsen (3 May 2006). "E3 06: Activision acquires James Bond license". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 30 January 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2011.
- Daemon Hatfield (3 May 2006). "Activision Scores with Bond". IGN. Archived from the original on 27 March 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2011.
- Craig Harris (2 November 2010). "GoldenEye 007 Review". IGN. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- "GoldenEye 007 (Wii)". GameRankings. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- "GoldenEye 007: Reloaded Tech Info". GameSpot. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
- Patrick Klepek (21 November 2008). "Why Did GoldenEye XBLA Stall?". 1UP.com. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Stephen Totilo (28 November 2006). "Nintendo Exec Predicts Wii Future, Chances Of 'GoldenEye' On Console". MTV. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Logan Frederick (7 August 2008). "Rare Reveals XBLA Goldeneye Legal Problems". The Escapist. Themis Media. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
- Official Nintendo GoldenEye 007 site (Archive)
- Official Rareware GoldenEye 007 site (Archive)
- Official Nintendo Japan GoldenEye 007 site (Japanese)
- GoldenEye 007 at MobyGames
- GoldenEye 007 at the Internet Movie Database