Indian community of London

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Indian community of London
Total population
Estimated at around 500,000[1]
6.4% of London's population
(30% of the total Indian population in the UK)
Regions with significant populations
London
Southall, Wembley, Hounslow, Brent, Croydon, Redbridge, Ealing, Barnet, Tooting, Harrow
Languages
English (British English, Indian English)  · Hindi  · Bengali  · Punjabi  · Tamil  · Urdu and Various Other Languages of India
Religion
Hinduism · Sikhism · Sunni Islam · Catholicism · Protestantism · Orthodox · Jainism
Related ethnic groups
Asian British · Indian Diaspora · Indian people · Anglo-Indians

Indians are London's largest non-white ethnic minority group, with a population of around 500,000 (which is more than the number of Indians in the Netherlands, Germany, France, Italy and Portugal combined)[citation needed] . The largest communities can be found in west London, with substantial populations in East, South and North London.

Many members of London's Indian community can trace their ancestry to the Indian states of West Bengal, Punjab, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Rajastan, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Bihar and 23 other states. A significant number of Indians in London come from East Africa, the Caribbean, and Southern Africa.

Communities with significant Indian populations
Community Percentage of total population
Greater London 6.5%
Harrow 22.0%
Hounslow 18.3%
Brent 18.1%
Ealing 15.0%
Redbridge 14.3%
Newham 12.1%
Hillingdon 10.0%
Barnet 8.8%
Croydon 7.5%

Demographics[edit]

Proportion stating that their ethnic group was Indian in the 2011 census in Greater London.

As of 2007, the Indian population of London was approximately 491,300 persons, not including those of partial Indian ancestry, which could be up to 70,000 more people.[1]

East African Indians in London[edit]

The second wave of Indians and South Asian immigration came from East Africa. Most came from Uganda after Idi Amin expelled the Asians from Uganda in 1972. In the 1970s, they were followed by immigrants from Kenya. Most of the Indians in Africa were of Hindu Gujarati origin, with some Sikhs and Muslims and Christians.

Countries such as Jamica and Trinidad and Tobago host Indians that migrated over a century ago under British rule. They are often mistaken for Indians from India. Their culture is mostly traditional Indian although it is mixed with African ideologies. For instance, an indo-Caribbean might speak like a Jamaican and even closely resemble one. Similarly, some Africans are like Indians due to religion.

Religious groups[edit]

Hinduism: The largest Hindu temple in Europe, the Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, is located in Neasden, London. The number of Hindus in London is around 450,000, of which most are of Indian descent.

Sikhism: Next to Toronto and Vancouver (both in Canada), London has the wealthiest Sikh community outside of India. Most live in West London, Southall being the heart of the community.

Islam: Around 20% of Indians in London are Muslims. They are a very successful community, wealthier and better established than other Muslim groups in London, such as the Pakistani or Bangladeshi community.[citation needed] They are located primarily in Tooting in South London and in Redbridge /Newham in East London. Indian Muslims in London have strong connections to the Pakistani and Bangladeshi Muslim community of London. Most Indian Muslims came from East Africa, Jamaica, Gujarat and Mumbai.

Christianity: There are a significant number of Christian Indians in London. Most of them are from the states of Kerala and Goa. Denominations include Indian Orthodox, Catholic and Protestant. There is a Church in Wembley which offers Church services in the Gujarati language.

Parsi: The Parsi community, which mostly comes from the state of Gujarat or from Mumbai, is also present in London.

Jainism: In 2006 it was estimated that there were 25,000 Jains in the United Kingdom.[2]

Population spread[edit]

West London[edit]

In West London, close to Heathrow Airport, resides one of the UK's largest Indian communities. According to the 2001 Census, 39% of the people within the Ealing Southall constituency, comprising Southall and nearby areas, are of British Asian origin.[3] Southall is a thriving Punjabi community, with Southall Broadway being popular for its Indian shops, cinemas and restaurants. Another Indian residential area is the London Borough of Hounslow.

Wembley is London's Gujarati capital. Wembley's main religion is Hinduism, although there is a sizable Gujarati Muslim community and a small Sikh community. Harrow hosts a large Indian community.

Harrow and Watford[edit]

Harrow is home to a large Gujarati and Tamil community, with the majority of the Gujarati's being Hindu and the Tamils being a mixture of Hindu and Roman Catholic. There are a large number of South-Asian Grocery Shops in the area, as well as take-aways and butchers. The Tamil community in Watford is centered around Gammons Lane, and they are nearly completely from Sri Lanka. The communities of other ethnic South Asian groups are quite freely distributed about the city/town.

North London[edit]

East London[edit]

Indians in East London mostly reside in the boroughs of Newham, Redbridge, Greenwich and Waltham Forest. Most of the members of East London's Indian community are of Hindu faith; there is a large Sikh community and a small Muslim minority. Green Street in Upton Park has many Indian shops, although most of the area's residents are Pakistani British.

There is large population of Indians living in Ilford, with sizeable Gujarati, Punjabi and Tamil Indians. The Goodmayes High Road has many Asian (primarily Indian) restaurants.

East Ham in East London is predominantly occupied by Tamil community from Tamil Nadu in South India and Tamil speaking SriLankans.

South London[edit]

South London's Indian community is predominantly concentrated in London's largest borough, Croydon, and in Tooting. Most of South London's Indian community is of the Hindu faith, although there are sizable Muslim and Sikh communities. Tooting, in the London Borough of Wandsworth, is home to a large Gujarati Muslim communinity.

References[edit]

External links[edit]