Jhabua

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This article is about the municipality in Madhya Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Jhabua District.
Jhabua
city
Bhil tribe girls in Jhabua
Bhil tribe girls in Jhabua
Jhabua is located in Madhya Pradesh
Jhabua
Jhabua
Coordinates: 22°46′N 74°36′E / 22.77°N 74.6°E / 22.77; 74.6Coordinates: 22°46′N 74°36′E / 22.77°N 74.6°E / 22.77; 74.6
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Jhabua
Elevation 318 m (1,043 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 30,577
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website www.jhabua.nic.in

Jhabua (Hindi: झाबुआ) is a town and a municipality in Jhabua district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Jhabua District.

History[edit]

Jhabua Princely State[edit]

Main article: Jhabua State

Jhabua was the capital of a princely state of the British Raj's Central India, in the Bhopawar agency. Its area, with the dependency of Rutanmal, was approx 1,776 square miles (4,600 km2). The Rajas of Jhabua belonged to the Rathor dynasty. [1]

The ancestor of the family was Rao BAR SINGH aka the BIRJI, fifth son of Rao Jodh a of Marwar. His descendant, Kunwar Kesho Das or Kishan Das, founded Jhabua in 1584.

Raja KESHO DAS, 1st Raja of Jhabua 1584/1607. He was granted the title of Raja by the Emperor of Delhi, as a reward for a successful campaign in Bengal, and for punishing the Bhil Chiefs of Jhabua, who had murdered an Imperial Viceroy of Gujarat.

Raja KARAN SINGH, 2nd Raja of Jhabua 1607/1610.

Raja MAH SINGH, 3rd Raja of Jhabua 1610/1677.

Raja KUSHAL SINGH, 4th Raja of Jhabua 1677/1723.

Raja ANUP SINGH, 5th Raja of Jhabua 1723/1727.

Raja SHEO SINGH, 6th Raja of Jhabua 1727/1758.

Raja BAHADUR SINGH, 7th Raja of Jhabua 1758/1770.

Raja BHIM SINGH, 8th Raja of Jhabua 1770/1821.

Raja PRATAP SINGH, 9th Raja of Jhabua 1821/1832.

Raja RATAN SINGH, 10th Raja of Jhabua 1832/1840.

HH Raja GOPAL SINGH, 11th Raja of Jhabua 1841/1895.

HH Raja UDAI SINGH, 12th Raja of Jhabua 1895/1942.

HH Raja DILIP SINGH, 13th Raja of Jhabua 1942/1965.

HH Raja AJIT SINGH, 14th Raja of Jhabua 1965/2002.

HH Raja NARENDRA SINGH, 15th and present Raja of Jhabua since 8th November 2002. ("Jhabua Kothi", Ravindra Nath Tagore Marg, Indore 452001, Madhya Pradesh, India)[2]

Post-Independence[edit]

After India's independence in 1947, its rulers acceded to India, and Jhabua became part of the newly created Madhya Bharat state, which in 1956 was merged into Madhya Pradesh.

Bhabhara which was once part of the Jhabua district,is the place where Chandrasekhar Azad, the freedom fighter spent his early life when his father Pandit Sitaram Tiwari was serving in the erstwhile estate of Alirajpur. But, when Alirajpur district (which was once the part of Jhabua district) got separated from Jhabua. Bhabhra became the part of Alirajpur district.

Geography[edit]

Jhabua has an average elevation of 318 metres (1043 feet).[3]

Demographics[edit]

A member of the Bhil tribe with bow and arrow in Jhabua district

As of 2001 India census,[4] Jhabua had a population of 30,577. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Jhabua has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 69%. In Jhabua, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Jhabua city also rich of black cotton soil which is also known as White Gold. There are multiple interesting places are present within the Jhabua Thasil.

Education[edit]

There is one government college SCAMV up to PG level. Poly technique college with the higher grade rate. English schools are kendriya vidhalaya and TRIBAL school New catholic mission tribal school. Government is opening multiple aagan wadi points. the Tehsil of Jhabua i.e. thandla is developed very fast there is one industries opened .its give some employment to near village people . one gov. commerce collage is there for graduation b.com, m.com, b.A .

References[edit]

  1. ^ [rulers.org/indstat1.html]
  2. ^ http://members.iinet.net.au/~royalty/ips/j/jhabua.html
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Jhabua
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]