Kudra

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Kudra
कुदरा
city
Kudra is located in Bihar
Kudra
Kudra
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°03′N 83°37′E / 25.05°N 83.62°E / 25.05; 83.62Coordinates: 25°03′N 83°37′E / 25.05°N 83.62°E / 25.05; 83.62
Country  India
State Bihar
District Kaimur (Bhabua)
Elevation 76 m (249 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 19,507
Languages
 • Official Bhojpuri, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 821108
Telephone code 91-6187
Vehicle registration BR-45
Website www.kaimur.bih.nic.in

Kudra is a city in Kaimur district in the state of Bihar, India. It is the third largest city of Kaimur[1] district. It is situated about 18 km from District Headquarters which was formerly known as Jehanabad.

Geography[edit]

Kudra is located at 25°03′N 83°37′E / 25.05°N 83.62°E / 25.05; 83.62.[2] It has an average elevation of 76 metres (249 feet). Kudra is divided in 193 wards,75 villages with 15 panchayats.(Jehanabad,Bahera,[3][4] Bhadaula,[5] Chilbili,[6] Derwan,Devrath Kala,Khurd,Ghataon,Meura[7] Kharhana,Newras,Pachpokhari,Sakri,Salthuan,Sasna,Siswar)There is a famous ancient Kali mandir at Sakri and a beautiful stadium(Nishan Singh Stadium)[8] near High School Jehanabad.Ramlila Maidan[9] is near Kankali Mandir where all cultural activities are carried on. In the south, there is a river called Durgawati consisting of Nauchandi and Pathlaghat.

Climate[edit]

Kudra has got a climate that is of extreme nature, which denotes that it is very hot during the summer and slightly cold during the winter season. It is ideal to visit Kudra between September and December. January is the coldest month. During this time the mean minimum temperature is almost 4 degree Celsius. Temperature is at its pinnacle in the month of May when the mercury reaches almost 45 degree Celsius. Rain begins sometime in mid June and lasts till mid September. The district receives easterly winds from June to September, and from October to May wind direction reverses. It receives optimum rainfall in the months of July and August. Sometimes winter rains occur in January.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[10] Kudra had a population of 19,507. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Kudra has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 61% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Mother Tongue of almost all the people in Kudra is Bhojpuri.The main occupation of most of the people is agriculture.The famous bhojpuri[11] singer is Anuradha (Krishna) Rastogi.[12] She was also the first Zila Parishad of Kudra Bhag-2.She is currently district Chairperson of Kaimur(JDU).[13] Surendra Krishna Rastogi is a famous philatelist and numismatic.[14]

Economy[edit]

Asia's largest seed storage house

Majority of population of Kudra remains unemployed. Kudra's economy is mainly driven by agriculture and related industries like rice polishing.The region is also known as Dhan Ka Katora,[15] meaning "a bowl of food grains".Canal irrigation system is also very prominent in this area. Because of the fertile land around the town it is a local trading center for food grains, agricultural products, and agricultural equipment. The rice grown near Kudra is sold in the markets of Kolkata and New Delhi. Kudra is also known as Industrial city of Kaimur because 12 big rice mills and 400 mini rice mills (automatic) operates at Lalapur,[16] Sakri and Kudra.[17] Jhunjhunwala[18] group is also investing in Kudra and has opened a factory.

Bihar Rajya Bij Nigam Ltd.[edit]

In order to bring about complete self-sufficiency and self-reliance to meet the full active demand of quality seeds of high yielding varieties to the farmers of the State at reasonable price, the BRBN Ltd a public Limited Company was incorporated on July 18, 1978 under the Second National Seed Project established under the Companies Act 1956 by the Govt. Of India through the financial assistance of World Bank. There are 3 more regional offices located at Hajipur(Vaishali),Begusarai and Bhagalpur.[19] [20][21]

Places[edit]

Ramlila Maidan[edit]

Ramlila Maidan[22] is hugely popular as a site where multipurpose activities are conducted. People attend this place in large numbers to witness Ramlila, a play based on the epic Ramayana which is followed by the burning of Ravana’s giant effigy and the celebration of Dussehra. The ground also holds activities such as cricket matches, political rallies and trade fairs.

Nishan Singh Stadium[edit]

Nishan Singh Stadium[23] near High School Jehanabad attracts visitors and people more in number whenever any cricket match is organized. The attendance in large numbers proves that the craziness for cricket among Indian fans, especially, among the people of Bihar and Kudra.

Kali Mandir[edit]

Kali Mandir is one of the historical temples existing in Kudra town. People visit this temple in large numbers to offer their prayers to Goddess Durga. Devotees are also seen at this temple in more numbers because of its nearness to the city centre.

  • Kaliasthan,Ramlila Maidan
  • Maa Kankali,Ramlila Maidan[24]
  • Badka Shivala,Ramlila Maidan
  • Chotka Shivala,Kudra Bazar[25]
  • Ram Janki & Maa Annpurna Mandir, Sakri Pokhra & Kali mandir Petrol Pump Sakri
  • Gurudwara,G.T. Road,Kudra[26]
  • Church,Chilbili,G.T. Road,Kudra[27]
  • Mosque,Kudra Bazar[28]

ChaturBhuji Mandir[edit]

This Temple is famous for its historical Murti which Swayan prakat from land while plough the field. It is oldest Murti made of Black single Stone ( Lord Vishnu is getting rest in xirsagar and Maa laxmi is holding his feets etc.) This Baba is blessings to all who are asking something from their bottom of the heart from Baba. This is my faith and believe, nothing else. please visit once to Baba Chaturbhuji for his Dibyadarshan. This temple is located in north direction from Kudra at Lalapur - Parsathuan Road approx 9 Km away from Kudra at village Raghunandan pur Dumari

Hotels[edit]

  • Hotel Rainbasera,G.T. Road,Kudra
  • Hotel Banbhoj,G.T. Road,Kudra[29]
  • Hotel Anamika,G.T. Road,Kudra
  • Hotel Gurunank, Opp Petrolpump,G.T. Road,Kudra[30]

Transport[edit]

Kudra is well connected to all major parts of country by both road and railways.It is one of best accessible places in Bihar due to its position as it geographically lies between Golden Quadrilateral highway systems and Grand Chord railway line. Thus Kudra is easily accessible from Delhi and Kolkata by both road and railways. Nearest air connectivity available from Kudra is through Varanasi Airport.

Road[edit]

Four lane (Being Converted into 6 lanes) National Highway 2 (Grand Trunk Road) crosses through the heart of city. It Connects Kudra to National Capital Delhi (888 km), Kolkata(580 km), Varanasi(84 km) and Allahabad(220 km).Daily bussses are available from Kudra to Varanasi through G.T. Road. The journey is of 2 hours.

NH 30 originates from Mohania(25 km west on G.T. Road) and connect this city with the state capital Patna via Arrah through a journey of 4 hours.The town is 200 km from Patna.

Kudra is connected to its district headquarters Bhabua via State Highway 67. It is located 16 km south of Kudra. Kudra is the primary location for commuting to the people of Bhabua as it enjoys better connectivity to the rest of country.

The main mode of local transportation are buses operated by both the state government and private owners. The private buses are more frequent and easily available and connect to most of the local towns and bazaars.Small Pick-up vans are also used as a mode of local transportation from Kudra to its nearby villages.

Rail[edit]

Kudra is the Railway Station on the Howrah-New Delhi Grand Chord.

Kudra is well connected by rail with the major Indian cities like New Delhi, Kolkata, Patna, Kanpur, Allahabad, Ranchi, Gaya, Ajmer, Dehradoon, Dhanbad, Ludhiana and Varanasi.Kudra Railway Station lies on Gaya-Mughalsarai Section of Howrah-New Delhi Grand Chord Railway line. Following list contain all major trains stopping on Kudra Railway Station.Station code is 'KTQ'.[31]

The Train list:

Train Number Train Name Origin Destination Frequency (inbound/outbound)
2397/98 Mahabodhi Express Gaya New Delhi Daily
3151/52 Kolkata-Jammutawi Exp Kolkata Jammutawi Daily
3307/08 Dhanbad-Ludhiana Exp[32] Dhanbad Firozpur Daily
5109/10 Budh Poornima Exp Varanasi Rajgir Daily
8611/12 Intercity Exp Varanasi Ranchi 4 days
8631/32 Garib Nwaz Exp Ranchi Ajmer 2 days
8311/12 Samabalpur Varanasi Exp Sambalpur Varanasi 2 days
3009/10 Dehradoon Exp Howrah Dehradoon Daily
3243/44 Intercity Exp (via) Gaya Bhabua Road Patna Daily
3249/50 Intercity Exp (via) Ara Bhabua Road Patna Daily

Air[edit]

Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport, Varanasi commonly known as Babatpur Airport is the nearest airport, located at a distance of 113 km from Kudra. All the major domestic Indian carriers including Air India, Jet Airways, Kingfisher Airlines, Spicejet, and international carriers like Air India, Mihin Lanka, Thai Airways International,Korean Air and Naaz Airlines operate from here. Daily flights to all major cities like Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata are available from here. The Airport handles more than 5.50 lakh passengers per year.

Education[edit]

Kudra still lags behind in field of basic education.Bihar has the lowest rates of literacy in India, and Kudra shares this trend.However average literacy rate of Kudra is higher than that of Bihar. Due to the lack of sources of better education, students often choose to migrate to other cities like Ranchi, Patna and Varanasi in search of better options.However the situation is getting better day-by-day.

Colleges

  • Jagdeo Memorial College[33]
  • Parmeshwarnand Mahila College[34]

Schools

  • St. Joseph School, Ramlila Maidan. Kudra
  • Saraswati Sishu Mandir
  • Dr.Ambedkar Aavasiye 10+2 School[35]
  • St. John Public School formerly known as Bande Mataram Gurukul
  • Paradise School, Lalapur
  • Heaven Garden, Bhabhua Road, Kudra[36]
  • SBM Public School, Kudra
  • Modern Public(10+2)School Lalapur kudra, Kaimur

High Schools in Kudra Block[edit]

High School Kudra
Name of High School Address
High School[37] Jehanabad
Ramjanki Girl High School[38] Sakri[39]
High School Basahi Basawan Road Lalapur
Baduri Kedar Tiwari Girls High School Deorarh Kala
High School Siswer[40]
Jawahar Lal Nehru High School Ewapur Fakrabad
Sadashiw Sanskrit High School Bhadula
Naujadik Singh Kanya High School Fulli
Bhagmani Girls High School Pachara

Primary & Middle Schools

Name of School Address
Girl Middle School Jehanabad
Harijan Primary School Jehanabad
Hindi Primary School Jehanabad
Urdu Primary School Jehanabad
New Primary School Asarwlia

Freedom Fighters[edit]

Noted for being a town which has sacrificed quite a few freedom fighters during India’s struggle for independence.

Name Place
Ramjanam Singh Jehanabad
Ramnath Rastogi Jehanabad
Muni Prasad Singh Jehanabad
Satyanaryan Lal Jehanabad
Ramadhar Tiwari Kepadie
Ramdeni Sigh Jehanabad
Rajehswari Prasad Jehanabad
Dukhi Upadhyaya Jehanabad
Shivnaryan Tiwari Sakri
Jang Bahadur Singh Bhudawa
Bageswari Pandey Bhadaula
Suryabhan Sahoo Jehanabad
Ramvilas Sahoo Jehanabad
Indradev Pandey Devkali
Manbhogan Singh Dehara[41]
Ramnangina Singh Jehanabad
Ramjani Singh Tarahani
Ramvyas Singh[42] Melwa
Rajghav Singh Jehanabad
Vashisht Tiwari Jehanabad
Bhuneshwar Pandey Sakri

Doctors[edit]

Name Designation
Dr. Prahlad Singh MOIC
Dr. Nirmal Kumar Singh Medical Officer
Dr. Sudarshan Singh Doctor
Dr. Rita Kumari Doctor
Dr. Upender Kumar Singh Surgeon (MS)
Dr. Sanjay Kumar Doctor
Dr. Paras nath Gupta Ayurved ( Contract)
Dr.Vijay Kishor Sinha Doctor

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.bharatonline.com/bihar/travel/kaimur/places-to-see.html
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kudra
  3. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10299003.html
  4. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-11843573.html
  5. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10458208.html
  6. ^ http://hindi.yahoo.com/%E0%A4%A1-%E0%A4%A2-%E0%A4%A6%E0%A4%B0-%E0%A4%9C%E0%A4%A8-%E0%A4%A4-%E0%A4%B0-%E0%A4%A5-%E0%A4%AF-192244127.html
  7. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10408663.html
  8. ^ http://www.rashtriyasahara.com/epapermain.aspx?queryed=13&eddate=06/19/2010
  9. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10272796.html
  10. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  11. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-11255248.html
  12. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10272796.html
  13. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-9022566.html
  14. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/gaya-11111677.html
  15. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10757854.html
  16. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_9193711.html
  17. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_9368259.html
  18. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10396827.html
  19. ^ http://www.biharbeej.in/aboutus.htm
  20. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_6502688.html
  21. ^ http://www.rashtriyasahara.com/epapermain.aspx?queryed=13&eddate=06/19/2010
  22. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-11255248.html
  23. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-11199111.html
  24. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-11345171.html
  25. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10204236.html
  26. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10885648.html
  27. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_9617701.html
  28. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_9093557.html
  29. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_8827849.html
  30. ^ http://epaper.jagran.com/epaperimages/07092012/6sas-pg7-0.pdf
  31. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10393432.html
  32. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_8189813.html
  33. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10402773.html
  34. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_9085136.html
  35. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10372317.html
  36. ^ http://hindi.yahoo.com/%E0%A4%95-%E0%A4%AE-%E0%A4%B0-%E0%A4%95-%E0%A4%B8%E0%A4%AD-%E0%A4%AF%E0%A4%A4-%E0%A4%AC-%E0%A4%B9-111504142.html
  37. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-11350424.html
  38. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_9052148.html
  39. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10299003.html
  40. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_8960497.html
  41. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10469313.html
  42. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_8536253.html