Arrah

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Arrah
आरा
Arrah(Shahabad)
Metropolitan City
Arrah is located in Bihar
Arrah
Arrah
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°20′N 84°24′E / 25.34°N 84.40°E / 25.34; 84.40Coordinates: 25°20′N 84°24′E / 25.34°N 84.40°E / 25.34; 84.40
Country  India
State Bihar
District Bhojpur
Government
 • Type Municipal corporation
 • Body Arrah Municipal Corporation
Area
 • Total 49 km2 (19 sq mi)
Area rank 2
Elevation 190 m (620 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 261,099
 • Rank 184
 • Density 7,679/km2 (19,890/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Urdu, Bhojpuri
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 802 301
Telephone code +916182
Vehicle registration Br-03
Website bhojpur.bih.nic.in

Arrah is a city and a municipal corporation in Bhojpur district in the state of Bihar, India. The name is also sometimes transliterated as Ara. It is the district headquarters of Bhojpur district, located near the confluence of the Ganges and Sone rivers, some 24 mi. from Danapur and 36 miles from Patna.[1]

History[edit]

Arrah is an ancient city with references in mythological stories and Greek geographical works. It has been a centre of attraction for Jainism with dozens of old temples and hermitages. It is known for the important battle (Battle of Buxar) in October, 1764, when Mir Kasim, Nawab of Bengal with the support of the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II and Shuja-ud-daulla, Nawab of Avadh was defeated by the East India Company Army whilst Henry Vansittart, was Governor General, the key event establishing the British colonialisation of India.

During the Indian rebellion of 1857, a small party of British officers and Indian soldiers was besieged in the Little House at Arrah, by a band of armed soldiers under the command of 80-year-old Veer Kunwar Singh, the Zamindar of adjacent Jagdishpur. They withstood the siege for three weeks until relieved by other East India Company troops.[2] Babu Kunwar Singh was the only successful freedom fighter of the rebellion of 1857. The British failed to defeat him. Veer Kunwar Singh (1777–1858), one of the leaders of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 belonged to a royal Kshatriya (Rajput) house of Jagdispur, currently a part of Bhojpur district, Bihar state, India. At the age of 80 years, during India’s First War of Independence (1857), he actively led a select band of armed soldiers against the troops under the command of the East India Company, and also recorded victories in many battles.

At a glance[edit]

The present Bhojpur (Arrah) came into existence in 1992. Earlier this district was part of old Sahabad district. In the year 1972 Sahabad district was bifurcated in two parts namely Bhojpur and Rohtas. Buxar was a subdivision of old Bhojpur district. In 1992, Buxar became a separate district and rest of Bhojpur district has now three sub-divisions - Ara Sadar, Jagdishpur and Piro. Ara town is the headquarters of the district and also its principal town. It is located at a Longitude of 83º-45' to 84º-45' East and the latitude is 25º-10' to 25º-40' North. Height from Sea The Bhojpur district is situated at height of 192.989 meters from Sea.

Boundary

North = Chapara and Ballia District of U.P.

South = Rohtash District

EAST = Patna, Jahanabad and Uarwal District

West = Buxar District

Area

Bhojpur occupies a total of 2474 km2. Main Rivers are Ganga and Sone Perennial Rivers are Kumhari, Cher, Banas, Gangi.

Total Cultivated Area (2001–2002) = (All four seasons) = 241,926 ha.

Net Cultivated Area (2001–2002) = 177,275 ha.

Net Irrigated Area (2001–2002) = 126,830 ha.

Main Crops = Rice, Wheat, Macca, Gram.

Blocks & Panchayat wise Village List

Rainfall

Normal = 913.4 mm

Actual = 1160.6 mm

Population - As Per 2001 Census

Total population = 2233415

Male population = 1175333

Female population = 1058082

Sex Ratio

There are approximately 900 female for 1000 male.

Literacy

Literacy Rate Total = 59.71 ( without 0 - 6 age group )

Male = 74.78

Female = 42.81

Literacy - as per Census 2001

1. Total Literate = 10,90,868 (total) 8,97,094 (urban) 8,97,094 (rural)

2. Male Literate = 7,22,112 (total) 1,16,768 (urban) 6,05,344 (rural)

3. Female Literate = 3,68,756 77,006 (urban) 2,91,750 (rural)

Administrative Units

1. No. of Police District = 1

2. No. of Sub-Divisions = 3

3. No. of Blocks = 14

4. No. of Circles = 14

5. No. of Towns = 4

6. No. of Panchayats = 228

7. No. of Villages = 1244

a) Residential = 1016

b) Non-Residential = 228

8. No. of Revenu Halkas = 122

9. No. of Kheshra ( Plots ) = 2,728,599

10. No. of Zila & Nagar Parisad = 1

11. No. of Nagar Panchayet (Notif.)= 3

12. No. of Police Stations = 28

13. No. of Harijan/Railway Thana = 1

14. No. of O.P. / T.O.P. = 7

15. No. of Sadar Hospitals = 1

10. No. of Referral Hospitals = 2

16. No. of govt. Dispensaries = 9

17. No. of Addl. Primary Health Centers = 28

18. No. of Banks = 120

19. No. of Main Post Offices = 1

20. No. of Sub Post Offices = 44

21. No. of Addl. Sub Post Offices = 255

22. No. of Tar Ghar = 35

23. No. of electrified villages = 494

24. Length of Metal Road (km) = 473

25. No. Length of Non-Metal Road (KM) = 856

26. Length of railways (km) = 38 [3]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 census, Arrah Municipal Corporation had a total population of 261,099, out of which 139,319 were males and 121,780 were females. It had a sex ratio of 874. The population below 5 years was 34,419. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 83.41 per cent.[4]

As of 2001 India census,[5] Arrah had a population of 203,395. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Arrah has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 60% of the males and 40% of females literate.

Climate[edit]

Climate is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate Classification sub-type for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).[6]

Climate data for Arrah
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23
(73)
26
(78)
32
(90)
37
(99)
38
(100)
36
(96)
33
(91)
32
(89)
32
(90)
32
(89)
28
(82)
24
(75)
31.1
(87.7)
Average low °C (°F) 11
(51)
13
(55)
18
(64)
23
(74)
26
(78)
27
(80)
27
(80)
27
(80)
26
(79)
23
(73)
16
(61)
11
(52)
20.7
(68.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 15
(0.6)
18
(0.7)
10
(0.4)
8
(0.3)
36
(1.4)
180
(7.1)
295
(11.6)
333
(13.1)
218
(8.6)
58
(2.3)
8
(0.3)
5
(0.2)
1,184
(46.6)
Avg. precipitation days 1.4 1.7 1 0.7 3 10.1 14 15.1 8.1 4 0.8 0.6 60.5
Source: Weatherbase [7]

Languages[edit]

The languages spoken are Bhojpuri, Hindi and Urdu.

References[edit]

External links[edit]