Lianzhou

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Lianzhou
连州市
County-level city
Lianzhou is located in Guangdong
Lianzhou
Lianzhou
Location in Guangdong
Coordinates: 24°47′N 112°23′E / 24.783°N 112.383°E / 24.783; 112.383Coordinates: 24°47′N 112°23′E / 24.783°N 112.383°E / 24.783; 112.383
Country People's Republic of China
Province Guangdong
Prefecture-level city Qingyuan
Townships 12
Area
 • Total 2,663.33 km2 (1,028.32 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 367,859
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website www.lianzhou.gov.cn


Lianzhou (Chinese Postal Map Romanisation: Linhsien; simplified Chinese: 连州; traditional Chinese: 連州; pinyin: Liánzhōu), or Linchow, is a county-level city of northern Guangdong province, People's Republic of China. Lianzhou is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Qingyuan. Lianzhou has become famous as the host city of Lianzhou International Photography Festival (LIPF) and as a Historic and Cultural City of Guangdong province.[1][2]

History[edit]

Lianzhou has a long history. In Xia, Shang, and Zhou Dynasties, Lianzhou was controlled by Jingzhou city. In Spring and Autumn period, it was in the possession of Chu state. In Qin Dynasty, it belonged to Changshajun prefecture. In the Western Han Dynasty (206 A.D.), Yangxian prefrecture consists of Lianzhou, Liannan and Lianshan three cities. In Sui Dynasty (581-618), the Emperor Kaihuang set Lianzhou on the Ben prefecture.

On 8th December, 1949, Lianxian prefecture was liberated from Kuo Min Tang(KMT). On 20th December in the same year, the People’s Government of Lianxian was set up. On 22nd Apri,1994, approved by the State Council, Lianxian was revocated and changed as Lianzhou, hosted by Qingyuan. In 1996, the government of Guangdong province authorized Lianzhou as a Historic and Cultural City.[2]

There were four sayings why the name of Lianzhou was from.

  • Lianzhou was rich in coptis because of Coptis Mountain (now belongs to Lianshan Mountain).
  • There were many mountains surrounding Lianzhou. So there was an old saying that "thousands of mountains were roll into one and so did the rivers"("连万山为一山,连众水为一水").
  • Lianzhou was rich in tin ore. As an old saying says that "the plumbum before refined was called Lian" ("铅之未炼者曰连"或"铅锡璞名曰连").
  • Because of the many mountains and rivers, the region was semi-isolated. Travelling by road was historically difficult.

Lian contained the meaning of vehicle and boat, expressing it was argued the desire of people to improve the transportation network.[2]

Geography[edit]

Located in the northwestward portion of Guangdong, Lianzhou spans from 112° 47' to 112° 7' E longitude and 24° 37'N to 25° 12' N latitude. The city is located on the Lian River, up the Little Bei River, adjacent to the southeast of Yangshan prefecture, southwest of Liannan prefecture, and borders north of Linwu prefecture of Hunan province. The total area under the city's administration is 2663.33 square kilometres.[3]

Climate[edit]

Lianzhou has a subtropical monsoon climate and is affected by the monsoon: in the winter half of year (October - March) prevailing the northeast monsoon, and in the summer half of year (April - September) prevailing the summer monsoon, mainly southwest wind.

Lianzhou's resources of temperature, light and water are rich. Lianzhou has an obvious montanic three-dimensional climate, so it is good for crop grownth and four-season tillage.[4]

Administrative Divisions[edit]

Lianzhou consists of ten towns (Lianzhou town, Bao'an town, Xingzi town, Longping town, Xian town, Dongbei town, Fengyang town, Xijiang town, Jiubei town, and Dalubian town), and two nationality townships (Yao'an, Sanshui).[5]

Population[edit]

From 1953 to 2000, Lianzhou participated in five nationwide censuses.

According to the survey of 1953, Lianzhou had 57,622 households and 238,648 people (124,762 men and 113,886 women).

According to the survey of 1964, 62,797 households and 286,368 people (146,392 men and 139,976 women).

According to the survey of 1982, 83,053 households and 426,165 people (218,370 men and 207,795 women).

According to the survey of 1990, 99,769 households and 460,075 people (237,819 men and 222,256 women).

According to the survey of 2000, 112,692 households and 409,360 people (212,292 men and 197,068 women).[6]

Cityscape[edit]

Natural Landscapes[edit]

As an old poem “连州水石冠南陬” said, [7] it was the nature herself who has sculpted such wonderful scenery of water and land in Lianzhou.

In Tang Dynasty, when the poet Liu Yuxi retreated as a feudal provincial official of Lianzhou, he wrote that "剡溪若问连州事,惟有青山画不如". Furthermore, Han Yu, a famous litterateur of Tang Dynasty, also praised Lianzhou's beautiful landscape in Yanxiting Ji (“吾州之山水名天下”).

In the late Ming Dynasty, Qu Dajun traveled around all the gorges in Lingnan area and wrote Guangdong Xinyu. What he praised highly in his book is the Huangchuan Three Gorges. Tanling Rae'era is the highest lake in Guangdong province, 640 meters above the sea level.

Running through four mountains, the Lianzhou Underground River is approximately 1,500 meters in length. Named as “The First Underground River in Guangdong Province”, it has many oddly-shaped stalactites, sea fogs, steep cliffs, old pines, thermal springs and waterfalls.

Cultural Landscapes[edit]

As a Historic and Cultural City of Guangdong Province, Lianzhou has many cultural monuments such as Huiguang Tower bulit in Northern and Southern Dynasties, and Yanxi Arbour built in Tang Dynasty.

Known as an important protected relic of Guangdong province, Huiguang Tower was built in the Northern and Southern Dynasties and has a history of more than 1,500 years. Named as “The Oriental Leaning Tower" with a tilt value is up to 1.0472 meters.

Fushan Old Temple was also built in the Northern and Southern Dynasties. It is one of Grotto-heavens of Taoists and has an extremely high religious value. [8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (English)Lianzhou: Looking at Society.Global Times. Retrieved June 10, 2014.
  2. ^ a b c (Chinese)The History of Lianzhou.连州市政府门户网站.Retrieved June 10, 2014.
  3. ^ (Chinese)The Geographical Location of Lianzhou.连州市政府门户网站.Retrieved June 10, 2014.
  4. ^ (Chinese)The Climate Feature of Lianzhou.连州市政府门户网站.Retrieved June 10, 2014.
  5. ^ (Chinese)An overview of Lianzhou city.Chinese Administrative Division Network.Retrieved June 10, 2014.
  6. ^ (Chinese)Lianzhou's population.Database of Conditions of Guangdong province.Retrieved June 10, 2014.
  7. ^ (Chinese)南宋—清 连州 燕喜山摩崖石刻. Guangdong Culture Website. Retrieved June 10, 2014.
  8. ^ (Chinese)History and culture.连州市政府门户网站.Retrieved June 10, 2014.

External Links[edit]