List of German Jews

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The first Jewish population in the region to be later known as Germany came with the Romans to the city now known as Cologne. A "Golden Age" in the first millennium saw the emergence of the Ashkenazi Jews, while the persecution and expulsion that followed the Crusades led to the creation of Yiddish and an overall shift eastwards. A change of status in the late Renaissance Era, combined with the Jewish Enlightenment – the Haskalah, meant that by the 1920s Germany had one of the most integrated Jewish populations in Europe, contributing prominently to German culture and society. The vast majority either left the country or were murdered in the Holocaust.

The following is a list of some famous Jewish people (by religion or descent) from Germany proper. Also note that the idea of German nationality is rather broad, due to the many Germanic tribes, Jewish assimilation into Germany, and separate German ruled states through the history of Europe. Therefore, the same set of people could at times be referred to as Germans, Jews, or German Jews alike.

Historical figures[edit]




Religious figures[edit]





Scientific figures[edit]

Natural Scientists[edit]

Physicians and medical researchers[edit]


Technical Scientists[edit]


Academic figures[edit]



Social Scientists[edit]



Linguists and philologists[edit]







See also Court Jews



  • Walter Tetzlaff, ed. "2000 Kurzbiographien bedeutender deutscher Juden des 20. Jahrhunderts" (Lindhorst: Askania, 1982).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Eduard Lasker: Ein Leben für den Rechtsstaat by Adolf Laufs, German Studies Review, Vol. 9, No. 3. (Oct., 1986), pp. 651-652
  2. ^ Germany's Greens and Israel: "The Theme is too Much" by Diana Johnstone, MERIP Middle East Report, No. 149, Human Rights in the Middle East. (Nov. - Dec., 1987), pp. 44-45
  3. ^ Walter Rathenau: Industrialist, Banker, Intellectual, and Politician; Notes and Diaries 1907-1922 by Von Strandmann
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Jewish Encyclopedia
  5. ^ Eliyahu Meir Klugman (1996). Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch: Architect of Judaism for the Modern World. Brooklyn, NY: Artscroll Mesorah. ISBN 0-89906-632-1. 
  6. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica, [1]
  7. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911 ed.
  8. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Prussian Poland of Jewish parents"
  9. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born of Jewish parents"
  10. ^ Radio National Australia interview with Sir Walter: "I’m half Ashkenazy Jewish myself" Accessed 21 Feb 2007
  11. ^ Dr. Leopold Ladenburg: "Stammtafel der Familie Ladenburg", Verlag J. Ph. Walther, Mannheim 1882
  12. ^ Fritz London: A Scientific Biography by Kostas Gavroglu
  13. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica 13:492
  14. ^ The master of light;: A biography of Albert A. Michelson by Dorothy Michelson Livingston, 1973
  15. ^ (Encyclopaedia Judaica, 14:1578)
  16. ^ British Jewish Year Book 2005 p.215 (list of Jewish Nobel Prize winners); Encyclopaedia Judaica, art. "Wallach, Otto"; [2]; however Otto Wallach 1847-1931. Chemiker und Nobelpreisträger by Gunther Beer, Pg 11 disagrees
  17. ^ [3] "he married Katia Pringsheim, daughter of a well-known Jewish family of intellectuals. They had six children: Klaus, Erika, Golo, Monika, Elisabeth and Michael"
  18. ^ Tidhar, David (2012). "ד"ר משה ואלאך" [Dr. Moshe Wallach] (in Hebrew). Encyclopedia of the Founders and Builders of Israel. Retrieved 4 December 2012. 
  19. ^ Steinberg, Ruth. "Schwester Selma" in Torah Profile: A Treasury of Biographical Sketches, Rabbi Nisson Wolpin, ed. 1988: Mesorah Publications, Ltd., ISBN 089906860X, p. 279.
  20. ^ Friedenwald, H. (1946), Jewish Luminaries in Medical History
  21. ^ Obituary in The Times "he was born in Hamburg in 1924 to Jewish parents" Accessed 9 July 2008.
  22. ^ Contemporary Authors V 162 By Rooney, Scot Peacock, Pg 169
  23. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "the son of Jewish parents"
  24. ^ Encyclopedia Judaica (Keter, Jerusalem, 1972, vol. 12, p. 945)
  25. ^ Max Scheler, 1874-1928: An Intellectual Portrait by John Raphael Staude
  26. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica art. Sternberg, Kurt
  27. ^ Hayek's Challenge: An Intellectual Biography of F. A. Hayek - Pg 145
  28. ^ JInfo list of economists accessed 17 May 2007
  29. ^ Riemer, Yehuda. Fritz Peretz Naphtali, A Social Democrat in Two Worlds. Hassifriya Haziyonit, Jerusalem 1996
  30. ^ (The Economist, March 11th 2006, p95: "born a Jew")
  31. ^ Irene Blechle, Entdecker der Hochschulpädagogik. Die Universitätsreformer Ernst Bernheim und Hans Schmidkunz. Shaker Verlag, Aachen 2002, ISBN 3-8265-9943-8
  32. ^ Encyclopedia Judaica, 2 ed, vol. 8, sv. "Graetz, Heinrich"
  33. ^ Personal Memoirs by Victor Ehrenberg, Privately Published, 1971
  34. ^ a b British Dictionary of National Biography
  35. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica art. Laband, Paul
  36. ^ Steinle, Stephanie (2004). "George Schwarzenberger (1908–1991)". In Beatson, J.; Zimmermann, R. Jurists Uprooted: German-speaking Émigré Lawyers in Twentieth-century Britain. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 663–680. ISBN 0-19-927058-9. 
  37. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "An unbaptized Jew"
  38. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica, art. Goshen-Gottstein, Moshe; "born in Berlin"
  39. ^ Jewish Year Book 2005 p215
  40. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica, art. Rabin, Chaim Menachem; "born in Giessen, Germany"
  41. ^ (British Jewish Year Book 1980 p183)
  42. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Berlin of Jewish parents"
  43. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "the only daughter of Jewish parents"
  44. ^ Patrick McGilligan, Fritz Lang: The Nature of the Beast, St. Martin's Press: New York (1997), page 172
  45. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "Being a Jew, Koch's life under the Nazi regime became increasingly intolerable"
  46. ^ Plotkin, Janis. "Filmmakers, Independent European." Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. 1 March 2009. Jewish Women's Archive.<>. Accessed June 17, 2012.
  47. ^ Vincent Brook, Driven to Darkness: Jewish Emigré Directors and the Rise of Film Noir, Rutgers University Press, 2009, p. 1.
  48. ^ Remembering History: The Filmmaker Konrad Wolf by Marc Silberman, New German Critique, No. 49, Special Issue on Alexander Kluge. (Winter, 1990), pp. 163-191
  49. ^ Theatre Reviews: Opposites by Wilhelm Hortmann, Shakespeare Quarterly, Vol. 33, No. 4. (Winter, 1982), pp. 513-515
  50. ^
  51. ^ Fritz Hennenberg: Paul Dessau. Eine Biographie
  52. ^ Alfred Einstein on Music: Selected Music Criticisms by Catherine Dower
  53. ^ Jewish Chronicle, July 13, 2001 p.25 "two Jewish composers, Alexander Goehr and Robert Saxton"
  54. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "His was a cultured, musical Jewish family"
  55. ^ "Hermann Levi's shame and Parsifal's guilt" by Laurence Dreyfus
  56. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica art. Lowinsky, Edward
  57. ^ Giacomo Meyerbeer, 1791-1864 by Martin Cooper
  58. ^ "Andre Previn - MSN Encarta". Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. 
  59. ^ Music in the Jewish Community of Palestine 1880-1948: A Social History by Jehoash Hirshberg
  60. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born at Dortmund of Jewish parentage"
  61. ^ International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project: he is buried in the Jewish cemetery in Znojmo, Czech Republic; accessed 18 May 2007
  62. ^ Markowitz, Michael (1996-04-30). "ERNA WEILL, NOTED TEANECK SCULPTOR". Bergen Record. Retrieved 4 May 2014. 
  63. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Germany of Hungarian Jewish parents"
  64. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica art. Bab, Julius
  65. ^ "Heinrich Heine, 'Blackguard' and 'Apostate': A Study of the Earliest Attitude Towards Him" by Sol Liptzin
  66. ^ The Gabriele Killert & Richard Schroetter: Obligation destruction fixes. The forgotten Jewish writer Heinrich Eduard Jacob; in: "new inhabitants of zurich newspaper" (boarding school Expenditure), NR. 78. Zurich, 5./6. April 1997, S. 50.
  67. ^ The Lesser Evil: The Diaries of Victor Klemperer 1945-1959
  68. ^ Pincus, Lily Verloren, gewonnen: Mein Weg von Berlin nach London, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1980
  69. ^ Author of Himself, The ... The Life of Marcel Reich-Ranicki
  70. ^ Rahel Varnhagen The Life of a Jewish Woman by Hannah Arendt
  71. ^ Hymen, E. Paula & Dash Moore, Deborah. (eds) (1997) Jewish Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia. Routledge, ISBN 0-415-91934-7 (pp. 1463-1465)
  72. ^ K. Grunwald, ‘Windsor Cassel: the last court Jew’, Yearbook of the Leo Baeck Institute, 14 (1969), 119–61
  73. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "born on 9 December 1831 in Munich ... His grandfather Jacob had established the family as one of the first Jewish families to acquire great wealth and social acceptability in Bavaria ... His mother came from an Orthodox Frankfurt family and ensured that the children were properly instructed in Jewish matters."
  74. ^ Charles R. Geisst, The last partnerships: inside the great Wall Street money dynasties, p55