List of aircraft operated by Scandinavian Airlines

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A large jetliner with a white body, four red engines and a blue tail
Airbus A340-300 in the airline's current livery
A medium jetliner with an all-white body andcolored stripes
McDonnell Douglas MD-81 in 1991 in the intermediate "Carlzon livery"

Scandinavian Airlines (SAS), previously known as Scandinavian Airlines System, is the national airline of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Headquartered in Sigtuna outside Stockholm, Sweden, it operates out of three main hubs, Copenhagen Airport, Stockholm-Arlanda Airport and Oslo Airport, Gardermoen.[1] Owned by the eponymous SAS Group, the airline transported 22.9 million passengers to 90 destinations on an average 683 flights daily in 2011.[2] As of 2013, SAS operates 133 aircraft—all jetliners—consisting of 74 Boeing 737, 12 Bombardier CRJ900, 12 Airbus A319/A321 and 11 Airbus A330/A340.[3]

The airline has operated 624 aircraft throughout its history. It was a loyal customer of Douglas Aircraft Company and its successor McDonnell Douglas, operating 290 aircraft and all major models from the DC-3 through the MD-90, except the MD-11. Boeing is the second-largest manufacturer with 127 aircraft, of which 105 were 737s. Other manufacturers have been Fokker (51 aircraft), Bombardier (40), Airbus (29), Convair (22), Sud Aviation (21), Saab (14), Vickers (9), ATR (6), British Aerospace (3), British Aircraft Corporation (2), Junkers (2) and Shorts (2). SAS has been the launch customer of the Saab Scandia,[4] the Sud Aviation Caravelle,[5] the McDonnell Douglas DC-9-20 and −40[6] and the Boeing 737–600.[7] SAS was the sole customer of the DC-9-20;[8] the DC-9-40 served SAS for 34 years—longer than any other model.[9] Fourteen aircraft have been involved in hull-loss accidents, four of which were fatal.[10]

SAS started as a cooperation between Norwegian Air Lines (DNL), Aerotransport (ABA), Swedish Intercontinental Airlines (SILA) and Danish Air Lines (DDL), who created Overseas Scandinavian Airlines System (OSAS) in 1946 and European Scandinavian Airlines System (ESAS) two years later. The airlines merged to create the SAS consortium in 1951.[11] In the early years, SAS would rapidly purchase the newest intercontinental aircraft and gradually relegate them to European and then domestic service.[12] The Caravelle was introduced in 1959 as SAS' first jetliner; intercontinental jet services commenced with the DC-8 the following year. The consortium created Scanair as a charter sister company in 1961.[13] SAS Commuter was created in 1984 to operate regional airliners.[14] The last such aircraft were retired in 2010.[15] SAS bought its main competitors Linjeflyg of Sweden in 1993[16] and Braathens of Norway in 2001;[17] the latter was merged to operate as SAS Braathens in Norway between 2004 and 2007.[18][19]

Livery[edit]

During the negotiations to create OSAS, the airlines quickly agreed that they would need a common profile and naming style. Referencing Vikings allowed the airline to play on a common history between the Scandinavian countries, while giving a global distinctive and recognizable mark. The aircraft were painted with a livery consisting of a dragon's head, iconic of the Viking longships, in combination with a cheatline which intersected with the windows such as to visualize the shields hung on the side of the longships.[20]

Four-engined large piston aircraft with a while fuselage, metallic belly and a blue cheatline
Douglas DC-7C Seven Seas in 1967, in SAS' original Viking livery

After Jan Carlzon's appointment as chief executive officer in 1981, he introduced a "new corporate identity" for the airline. In addition to a change of operating policy, it gave the airline a new graphical identity and livery.[21] Carlzon was especially opposed to the Viking markings, as he believed people did not understand the dragon head reference and otherwise associated Vikings with pillage and rape.[22] Early proposals called for green aircraft—considered neutral in relation to the Scandinavian national colors.[21] The re-branding job was then issued to Landor Associates, who initially proposed the "Royal Scandinavian" brand with an oriental design, but this was discarded. The roll-out of the "Carlzon livery" took place on 12 April 1983 saw a white body with slanted vertical stripes in the Scandinavian flags' colors.[22]

SAS' current livery was first presented in September 1998 with the introduction of the Boeing 737 Next Generation. Part of a company-wide new identity, SAS 2000+, the aircraft were given a white body, "Scandinavian" was replaced with "Scandinavian Airlines", the vertical stabilizer was painted blue and the engines red. The three national flags with crowns were replaced with matrix representing the Scandinavian flags.[23] Operations in Norway were branded SAS Braathens between 2004 and 2007, receiving a distinct livery based on the main SAS scheme.[18]

A medium-sized twin-engined jetliner with red engines and a blue tail
SAS' operations in Norway were under the SAS Braathens brand between 2004 and 2007, here shown on a Boeing 737–600.

A number of special paint jobs have been carried out. In the mid-1990s, SAS started a scheme to cover MD-80 in single colors overlaid with small, white aircraft silhouettes, but the project was abandoned after two aircraft. As SAS was one of the main sponsors of the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer, it painted one aircraft in a Lillehammer '94 scheme. Similarly a Copenhagen '96 scheme was pained for Copenhagen's term as the European Capital of Culture.[24] Since 2002, SAS has painted selected aircraft in a Star Alliance livery.[25] With the delivery of the A319 in 2006, one aircraft was delivered in a retro Viking scheme.[26]

Naming[edit]

DDL and ABA had given their aircraft geographic names, such as DDL's Dania and Jutlandia and ABA's Svealand and Lappland. DNL had named their aircraft for Norwegian folklore and animals, such as Askeladden and Valkyrien. ABA introduced animal names, such as Falken, from th 1930s. SILA originally gave "Yankee names", such as Jim and Bob, later changing to winds, such as Nordan and Monsun.[27]

OSAS' Viking concept resulted in the aircraft being named in the format "Foo Viking", such as Dana Viking and Olav Viking, where the first part was the given name of a historical kings and chieftain from the Viking Age. Names were selected by the Fleet Development Division in cooperation with the University of Oslo.[20] With the creation of the consortium, five rules were formulated for the naming: the larger the aircraft, the more prominent Viking it was to be named after; aircraft were to be named for kings, chieftains, seafarers and scribes from the Viking Age; names of gods in Norse mythology were not used; names of non-Scandinavian origin were not used; and names containing the Scandinavian letters æ, ä, ø, ö and å were omitted.[28] A lack of prominent Swedish Vikings caused SAS to later also allow people from the Yngling period to be used.[29]

A medium-sized twin jetliner with a black tail and a white body
Boeing 737–800 aircraft in Star Alliance livery

A naming exception was Huge Viking, which was used for a Boeing 747. Huge was the quickest being in Norse mythology, but the name also played on the world's English meaning.[29] SAS reuses the names from retired aircraft, except for those of crashed aircraft. Because of overlooks, the name Agnar and Rane have however been reused.[21] A similar naming convention, albeit using the full name of kings, was used by Braathens SAFE of Norway and Loftleiðir of Iceland.[20] As Carlzon was opposed to the Viking references, he also proposed that the names be abolished. The executive management reverted its decision following massive protests from within the airline.[22] Female aircraft names were introduced by Scanair in 1980, who gave them to all their Douglas DC-8s.[30] SAS followed suit in 1989, when the entire series of Boeing 767 were named for prominent female Vikings.[22] Scandinavian letters were introduced from the 1990s. SAS Commuter's Norwegian Fokker 50 aircraft were given names for places in Norway, such as Lakselv.[30]

Aircraft[edit]

The list includes aircraft operated in the European Scandinavian Airlines System pool, operated by Aerotransport, Norwegian Air Lines and Danish Air Lines, by the consortium Overseas Scandinavian Airlines System, the consolidated Scandinavian Airlines System (later Scandinavian Airlines), and the SAS-branded SAS Commuter and SAS Braathens. It excludes other airlines within the SAS Group not branded as "SAS" or "Scandinavian", including Scanair, Spanair, Blue1 and Widerøe.

The list includes the manufacturer, model, the total quantity operated by SAS (the peak quantity may be lower), the current quantity operated as of September 2012, the number of passengers (pax), and the years the first aircraft entered (start) and last aircraft retired (end) from service.

List of Scandinavian Airlines aircraft
Aircraft Image Quantity Current Pax Start End Notes Ref(s).
Douglas DC-4 Skymaster Four-engined piston aircraft 9 0 28–62 1946 1956 The aircraft were initially ordered by SILA, but, by the time of delivery, ownership was distributed between the members of OSAS. It was used for intercontinental traffic for two years, but lack of pressure cabin made it relegated to European flights with the delivery of the DC-6. The aircraft were replaced by the Saab Scandia and SAS was able to sell the DC-4 for more than the purchase price. [31]
Douglas DC-3 Dakota Two-engined piston aircraft 47 0 21 1948 1957 ABA, DDL and DNL all bought used Douglas C-47 Skytrain from the US Air Force and converted them to civilian airliners. The aircraft were the domestic and European workhorses for the airlines, and served as the main hauler with the establishment of ESAS. All of SAS' aircraft were received at the airline's establishment. [32]
Vickers-Armstrongs VC.1B Viking 5 0 21–38 1948 1949 The aircraft were originally bought by DDL, who used them both for domestic and European routes. They were taken into use by ESAS at its creation, but were sold after two Vikings crashed into Øresund. [33]
Junkers Ju 52/3m Three-engined seaplane 2 0 14–16 1948 1956 The seaplanes were confiscated from the Luftwaffe by DNL after the Second World War and used on coastal routes from Trondheim through Northern Norway to Kirkenes. Both aircraft were grounded with their retirement from SAS. [34]
Short Brothers S.25 Sandringham Mk VI Four-engined amphibious aircraft 2 0 37 1948 1951 The Ju 52 could not be used during winter because of the harsher weather and waves, resulting in DNL purchasing three ex-Royal Air Force amphibious aircraft for the coastal Northern Norway route—an area that completely lacked airstrips. All three of the original aircraft were written off in accidents and it was two follow-up purchases that were transferred to ESAS. [35]
Douglas DC-6 Cloudmaster Four-engined piston aircraft 12 0 48–63 1948 1960 SILA originally ordered the Boeing 377 Stratocruiser to replace the unpressurized DC-4 on intercontinental routes, but delays at Boeing resulted in SAS ordering the Cloudmaster instead. One aircraft perished in 1948 in the Northwood mid-air collision. The aircraft remained the flagships of the fleet until 1952, when the intercontinental routes were taken over by the DC-6B. They were then used on European flights until being sold. [36]
Saab 90A-2 Scandia Twin-engined piston aircraft 8 0 32 1950 1958 ABA ordered ten Scandias in 1948, under political pressure to purchase a Swedish aircraft. The only other purchaser of the aircraft was Aerovias Brasil. By the time the aircraft were delivered, the DC-4 had been put into European routes, diminishing the need for the Scandia and resulting in only eight aircraft being delivered. They were mostly used on the capital triangle and to Helsinki, as well as some European routes and domestically in Sweden and Northern Norway. Its main advantage over the DC-3 was its lower operating costs. All aircraft were sold to VASP. [37]
Douglas DC-6B Cloudmaster Four-engined piston aircraft 14 0 58–82 1952 1961 The B-series was a lengthened, more economical and longer-ranged version of the DC-6, from which it took over intercontinental operations. In combination with innovations within navigation, the increased range allowed SAS to become the first airline to fly the polar route, which from 1954 connected Copenhagen and Los Angeles. Towards the end of their service life many were leased to Thai Airways. They were retired with the introduction of intercontinental jet aircraft. [38]
Douglas DC-7C Seven Seas Four-engined piston aircraft 14 0 80–98 1956 1967 Market conditions forced SAS to purchase the aircraft to keep up with the other major players, despite that the airline knew that intercontinental jets would make the DC-7 obsolete within few years. SAS was the first European airline to use the model, which allowed non-stop flights to New York. Branded by SAS as the Global Express, the aircraft also allowed SAS to start a service to Tokyo via Anchorage. From the 1960s, the DC-7 operated medium- and short-haul services, and some were converted to freighters before being scrapped. [39]
Convair CV-440 Metropolitan Two-engined piston aircraft 20 0 52–56 1956 1976 The Metropolitan was bought to replace the DC-3 and Scandia on short-haul flights, as they both lacked pressure cabins. SAS was among the first customers of the CV-440 variant, which at first entered service on the inter-Scandinavian and European hauls, and later moved to domestic services. Towards the end of their service life, most of the aircraft were sold to Linjeflyg. As of 2002 it is the only of SAS' models to never have had a single accident. [40]
Vickers-Armstrongs V.779D Viscount 4 0 48 1959 1961 Fred. Olsen Airtransport bought four Viscounts in 1957, and between 1959 and 1961 had a wet lease agreement with SAS on an ad-hoc basis for short-haul routes. One of the aircraft was painted in the SAS livery, but none received Viking names. Fred. Olsen sold the aircraft in 1962. [41]
Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle Twinjet with rear engines 21 0 74–94 1959 1974 SAS was the launch customer of the Caravelle and became the model's second-largest operator. They were at first used on European routes, but were gradually transferred to domestic services, especially in Sweden. SAS also bought four Caravelles that it leased to Swissair and from the mid-1960s, eight were leased to Thai Airways. One aircraft had a fatal crash at Ankara in 1960. [42]
Douglas DC-8-33 Four-engined jetliner 7 0 167 1960 1971 The choice of the DC-8 over the Boeing 707 was more based on SAS' good relations with Douglas rather than that it was well-suited for SAS' needs. The jet aircraft tripled the supply of seats on the transatlantic flights, which could not be met with increased traffic. From 1962 some of the aircraft were gradually transferred to Scanair. [43]
Convair 990 Coronado Four-engined jetliner 2 0 99 1962 1966 Swissair and SAS signed a cooperation agreement in 1958, which involved SAS leasing two Coronados. The aircraft had low capacity and a high fuel consumption, although they featured the airline's highest cruise speed though history. They were used on the South American and some medium-haul European services. The aircraft were returned when the four-year lease ended. [44]
Douglas DC-8-55 Four-engined jetliner 3 0 142 1965 1971 The DC-8-33 had insufficient range for nonstop flights between Copenhagen and Los Angeles. As the model was optimized for American airlines, SAS asked Douglas to build a variant better suited for their needs. Douglas at first claimed that needs were too demanding, but after SAS threatened to buy Boeings instead, Douglas was able to provide the −55, which had sufficient range. One aircraft was a freigher and the other two were taken over by Scanair. [45]
Douglas DC-9-32 Twinjet with rear engines 5 0 80–115 1967 1968 The DC-9 was the first jetliner ordered by the airline for short- and medium-haul flights, replacing the Metropolitans and Viscounts. Because SAS' custom-designed −40-series could not be delivered until 1968, SAS agreed to lease five of Swissair's aircraft as they were delivered, until SAS' own aircraft were delivered. [46]
British Aircraft Corporation One-Eleven 301AG Twinjet with rear engines 2 0 79 1967 1968 One aircraft was leased for seven months from British Eagle, as SAS was expanding its network but had not receiving a sufficient number of DC-9s. It was mostly used on the CopenhagenZürich route and irregularly domestically in Denmark. SAS operated a second aircraft, without SAS livery, when the main aircraft was for maintenance in England. [47]
Douglas DC-8-62 Four-engined jetliner 10 0 156 1967 1987 The variant was the implementation of SAS' demand for a long-haul aircraft to operate the Los Angeles flights with full payload in all wind conditions. SAS was the launch customer of the tailor-made variant, although it would sell to many other airlines. It took over intercontinental services and allowed SAS to start a service via Tashkent to Bangkok. Some of the aircraft were later transferred to Scanair. [48]
Douglas DC-8-63 Four-engined jetliner 8 0 200 1968 1988 The aircraft were used on services to New York and Chicago. The last aircraft was the last production aircraft of the DC-8. Two of the aircraft were bought in 1973–74 from Eastern Air Lines, but the same year SAS started retiring the model, selling some to Thai International and others to Scanair. [49]
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-41 Twinjet with rear engines 49 0 99–122 1968 2002 The −40-series was built to the specifications of SAS, which saw a fuselage extension and increased range compared to the −30. SAS was the launch customer, although TOA Domestic was the only other customer. With deliveries continuing until 1977, the DC-9 replaced the Viscounts, Metropolitans and One-Elevens on domestic and European routes. One aircraft was written off after a non-fatal crash at Trondheim Airport, Værnes in 1987. The aircraft were equipped with hush kits in 1995. [50]
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-21 Twinjet with rear engines 10 0 75–85 1968 2000 The −21 was specifically designed for SAS' needs of short- and medium-haul jetliner with improved short field performance for use on short runways in Northern Norway and to a lesser extent Denmark and Sweden. SAS was the only customer of the variant. One aircraft was written off after a crash at Oslo Airport, Fornebu in 1973. [51]
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-33F Twinjet with rear engines 2 0 0 1969 1988 With the increased intercontinental freight traffic generated by the DC-8, SAS also needed increased freight capacity between its hubs. The cargo aircraft were also used on European freight services. [51]
Boeing 747-283B Large four-engine jetliner 3 0 353–396 1971 1987 SAS originally took delivery of two 747s and put them into service on the CopenhagenNew York service. The decision to purchase the aircraft was taken to keep up the airline's image, but it quickly became clear that there was not enough traffic from Scandinavia to fill the aircraft. A third aircraft was delivered in 1981, but during the 1980s new management minimized the aircraft's use, and they were often leased out. [52]
Boeing 747-283B/SCD Large four-engine jetliner 3 0 209–281 1979 1987 Increased freight traffic across the Atlantic and too little passenger traffic for a full 747 made SAS opt for the combi aircraft. They were put into a freight-centered route from Copenhagen via Gothenburg and Bergen to New York. A third aircraft was delivered in 1981. [52]
McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 Large trijet 12 0 266 1974 1991 SAS quickly realized that the 747s were too large for the traffic load. The −30 series of the DC-10 was developed after joint specifications from SAS and its partners KLM, Swissair and UTA, for a transatlantic variant which could reach the US West Coast. Originally five aircraft were delivered, one of which crashed in 1984. SAS took delivery of the last seven as used aircraft in 1985–87, when the airline replaced the 747 and introduced increased frequency on the New York services. [53]
Airbus A300 B2-320 Large twinjet 4 0 242 1980 1984 The aircraft were ordered to operate on the busiest intra-Scandinavian and Western European routes. With Jan Carlzon's restructuring of SAS from 1980, the A300 became too large and was grounded in 1983. They had been ordered in a unique hybrid configuration, making them impossible to sell on the second-hand market. They were therefore transferred to Scanair, but had to be rebuilt to the B4 variant to have sufficient range for charter flights. [54]
Boeing 747–100 2 0 396 1982 1983 SAS leased two aircraft for use for Hajj pilgrimage flight charters, one from June 1982 through December 1983, and one from August to November 1983. The former was also used by Scanair. [52]
Douglas DC-9-51 Twinjet with rear engines 4 0 137 1983 1990 Insufficient number of aircraft during the 1980s caused SAS to lease 4 DC-9-51 for two periods. The first lease was one aircraft for eight months in 1983–84 from Inex Adria, used on the routes from Stockholm to Gothenburg and Luleå. The second was three aircraft from Swissair leased between 1987 and 1990. [55]
Fokker F27 Friendship Twin turboprop with high wings 9 0 40 1984 1990 The aircraft were bought to establish the Commuter Operations Department, later SAS Commuter. Four were bought used from Trans Australia Airlines and five from Aero Trasporti Italiani. One aircraft was of the −200 series, the rest −600, all -600 having a cargo door. The aircraft were used on the Eurolink network—short-haul routes from Copenhagen. The old aircraft, built between 1967 and 1969, were unpopular with the customers because of low comfort, high noise levels and many technical problems. [56]
McDonnell Douglas MD-81 Twinjet with rear engines 42 0 130 1985 2010 SAS did not need additional aircraft at the launch of the MD-80-series, and waited until 1984 to order its first six aircraft, with the last of 33 aircraft delivered in 1992. SAS chose a non-electronic flight instrument system cockpit to ensure commonality with the DC-9s. The aircraft were used on European routes. 17 aircraft would later be converted to MD-82. 9 more aircraft were leased used from Swissair between 1995 and 2000. [57][58]
McDonnell Douglas MD-82 Twinjet with rear engines 31 0 150 1985 2013 The MD-82 had a higher payload, allowing it to be configured in a single class for domestic traffic in Sweden and Norway, where increased traffic made the DC-9 too small. 14 MD-82 were bought as such, but SAS later converted 17 MD-81s. The aircraft were well-suited for charter and were periodically leased to Scanair and Spanair. [2][59]
McDonnell Douglas MD-83 Twinjet with rear engines 2 0 141 1988 2005 The long-range variants of the MD-80 were bought for flights to the Middle East and Greenland. They were periodically leased to Scanair. [58][60]
McDonnell Douglas MD-87 Twinjet with rear engines 18 0 125 1988 2012 SAS took delivery sixteen aircraft between 1988 and 1992, which were largely used on European services with lower patronage. Unlike the other MD-80s, the MD-87 had electronic flight instrument system. One aircraft was written off in the fatal Linate Airport disaster. [2][61][62]
Fokker 50 Twin turboprop with high wings 22 0 46–50 1990 2010 The establishment of SAS Commuter in 1989 required new and more aircraft, which would replace the F27. Seventeen aircraft were branded Eurolink, given 46 seats and based in Copenhagen and Stockholm; Norlink had five 50-passenger aircraft which flew in Northern Norway. The Eurolink and later Swelink aircraft were replaced by the Dash 8 from 1999, while the F50 remained in service in Norway, serving Western Norway until 2010. [15][63]
Boeing 767-383ER Large twinjet 16 0 251 1989 2004 Ordered in 1988, the 767 was selected because of its quick delivery time, following a policy change to make airline's intercontinental routes more flexible. It was first introduced on the smaller routes, but from 1991 the 767 had replaced the DC-10 entirely. However, the aircraft had a low payload which repeatedly caused SAS to have to operate non-full aircraft on the Singapore route. Two of the aircraft were bought used to replace the −200. [64]
Boeing 767-283ER Large twinjet 2 0 198 1990 1993 SAS took delivery of two 767s with shorter fuselage, but these were retired in 1992 and 1993 and replaced with two additional −300ER. [64]
Fokker F28-1067 Twinjet with rear engines 3 0 65 1993 1997 The aircraft were bought used by Linjeflyg in 1973 and entered service with SAS when it took over Linjeflyg in 1993. With SAS the aircraft were used domestically in Sweden, largely flying the former Linjeflyg services. [65]
Fokker F28-4107 Twinjet with rear engines 17 0 75–85 1993 1999 The Mk 4000 was largely built after Linjeflyg's specifications, with the airline becoming the launch customer in 1976. The aircraft were transferred to SAS with the 1993 takeover, where they continued to fly on the Swedish domestic network, largely on ex-Linjeflyg routes. Some were converted to a 75-seat European version and used on services such as GothenburgParis and Eurolink services out of Copenhagen. [65]
Boeing 737-500 Medium twinjet 25 0 120–133 1993 2013 The first batch of aircraft were 11 inherited from Linjeflyg. They operated on the Swedish domestic network, but SAS immediately started retiring them. The second batch were ex-Braathens aircraft taken over by SAS Braathens in 2004 and continue to be used in Norway. The batch consisted of the 14 remaining of 17 aircraft delivered between 1990 and 1994. [2][66][67][68][69]
McDonnell Douglas MD-90-30 Twinjet with rear engines 8 0 141 1996 2008 The original order of six aircraft was the first time SAS based an entire order on leasing. The aircraft were used on busy European routes, such as between the Scandinavian capitals and to Frankfurt, Paris and London, as well as StockholmGothenburg. They were moved to domestic traffic in Sweden with the introduction of the Airbus A321. [58][70]
Saab 2000 Twin turboprop with low wings 6 0 49 1997 2001 The aircraft were used by SAS Commuter's Swelink services out of Stockholm to Kalmar, Ronneby, Växjö, Kristianstad, Karlstad and Skellefteå in Sweden, and Tampere, Turku and Vaasa in Finland. They were transferred to Air Botnia when they were replaced with the Dash 8. [71]
Boeing 737-600 Medium twinjet 30 28 91–143 1998 present SAS was the launch customer of the −600 series, which replaced the DC-9 and F28 aircraft. The series is used both on domestic and European routes. [72]
Boeing 737-700 Medium twinjet 19 18 131 1999 present The first six aircraft were bought to replace DC-9 and some MD-80 aircraft on domestic services, and were later supplemented with four more. SAS Braathens inherited an additional nine aircraft from Braathens in the 2004 merger. [73][74][75]
Boeing 737–800 Medium twinjet 23 18 179 2000 present The aircraft were ordered as converted options for smaller 737s. They were given a single-class domestic seat configuration and are used on the busiest domestic services as well as on charter flights. [76]
Bombardier Dash-8-Q400 Twin turboprop with high wings 28 0 72–76 2000 2007 The aircraft were bought to replace the Saab 2000 and Fokker 50 in Sweden and Denmark. They were plagued with problems; there was a halt in delivery after 11 units to modify the design of the remaining order. The aircraft were retired after the Dash 8 landing gear incidents. [77][78]
Airbus A321-200 Medium twinjet 9 8 160–184 2001 present The aircraft were delivered to allow higher passenger numbers on the busiest European routes, such as to London, Frankfurt, Amsterdam and Paris, as well as busy intra-Scandinavian routes. [79]
Airbus A340-313X Large jetliner with four engines 7 7 262 2001 present SAS began planning a reorganization of its intercontinental traffic in 1996, driven by the 767s having a low passenger capacity and their inability to haul a full load on the longest routes. The order was placed along with the A330 in an attempt to increase intercontinental traffic by 50 percent. [80]
Airbus A330-200 Large twinjet 1 0 218 2001 2001 One aircraft was short-time leased from British Midland International to gain experience operating the Airbus A330 aircraft. It only operated for three months as it was grounded after the September 11 attacks and subsequent closure of American air space, canceling international services. The aircraft had a Star Alliance livery. [81][82]
Airbus A330-300 Large twinjet 4 4 262 2002 present The aircraft were bought along with the A340 to replace the 767 on shorter intercontinental routes, allowing for 25 percent lower operating costs per seat kilometer. A further four aircraft are ordered and will enter service in 2015. [83][84]
Boeing 737-400 Medium twinjet 4 3 150 2004 2013 Braathens originally took delivery of seven aircraft between 1989 and 1994. Four aircraft were taken over in the SAS Braathens merger of 2004 and remain in use in Norway. [2][67][68][85]
Airbus A319-100 SAS Airbus A319 retrojet KvW.jpg 4 4 141 2006 present The aircraft are operated out of Copenhagen on longer European routes, such as to Greenland and Tel Aviv. [86][87][88][89]
British Aerospace Avro RJ70 Small four-engined jetliner with high wings 1 0 70 2006 2006 The aircraft was operated by Transwede Airways on the route from Stockholm to London City Airport. [90][91][92]
British Aerospace 146–300 Small four-engined jetliner with high wings 1 0 100 2008 2009 Operated by WDL Aviation, the aircraft was used on routes to London City Airport. [90][93]
British Aerospace 146–200 Small four-engined jetliner with high wings 1 0 96 2008 2010 Operated by WDL Aviation, the aircraft was used on routes to London City Airport. [90]
Bombardier CRJ900 Small twinjet with rear eingines 12 12 88 2008 present The aircraft were delivered in 2008 and 2009 as replacements for the Dash 8. They are used on short-haul domestic and international services from Copenhagen. [78][94][95][96]
ATR 72-600 6 0  ? 2013 present Operated by Jet Time, the turboprops are used on regional routes out of Copenhagen and Stockholm. [97]
Boeing BBJ1 1 0 44 2013 present The PrivatAir-operated long-range variant of the Boeing 737 is used for the intercontinental "oil route" between Stavanger and Houston. The aircraft features an all-business layout. [98]
Airbus A320neo 0 0 164 2015 present SAS has placed a firm order for 30 aircraft. Along with the existing A319 and A321, it will allow SAS to operate an all-Airbus fleet out of Copenhagen. [99]
Airbus A350-900 XWB 0 0 350 2017 present SAS has placed a firm order for 8 aircraft, with an option for additional six units. They are planned used on the intercontinental services. [84]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile for SAS". Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 22 August 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Focus on the SAS Group 2012 – Corporate Presentation" (PDF). SAS Group. Archived from the original on 22 August 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  3. ^ "The SAS Group's aircraft fleet". SAS Group. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  4. ^ Hall: 62
  5. ^ Hall: 92
  6. ^ Hall: 117, 125
  7. ^ Hall: 205
  8. ^ Hall: 117
  9. ^ Hall: 124
  10. ^ "Scandinavian Airlines System". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 14 September 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  11. ^ Hall: 10–11
  12. ^ Hall: 12–14
  13. ^ Hall: 14
  14. ^ Hall: 17
  15. ^ Hall: 19
  16. ^ Hall: 22
  17. ^ a b Lillesund, Geir (10 March 2004). "Lindegaard: – Vi plukker det beste fra SAS og Braathens" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. p. 24. 
  18. ^ "SAS Braathens endrer navn til SAS Norge" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 27 April 2007. 
  19. ^ a b c Hall: 24
  20. ^ a b c Hall: 27
  21. ^ a b c d Hall: 28
  22. ^ Hall: 30
  23. ^ Hall: inside cover
  24. ^ "Star Alliance launches new aircraft livery". SAS Group. 22 November 2002. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  25. ^ "Airbus 319 i retro-farger til SAS Danmark" (in Norwegian). Boarding.no. 18 February 2006. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  26. ^ Hall: 23–24
  27. ^ Hall: 25–26
  28. ^ a b Hall: 26
  29. ^ a b Hall: 29
  30. ^ Hall: 34–37
  31. ^ Hall: 40–42
  32. ^ Hall: 49–50
  33. ^ Hall: 51–52
  34. ^ Hall: 53–54
  35. ^ Hall: 56–58
  36. ^ Hall: 61–64
  37. ^ Hall: 65–67
  38. ^ Hall: 71–75
  39. ^ Hall: 79–82
  40. ^ Hall: 87–88
  41. ^ Hall: 89–93
  42. ^ Hall: 98–100
  43. ^ Hall: 110–112
  44. ^ Hall: 101–102
  45. ^ Hall: 120–121
  46. ^ Hall: 113–114
  47. ^ Hall: 103–105
  48. ^ Hall: 107–108
  49. ^ Hall: 124–125
  50. ^ a b Hall: 115–117
  51. ^ a b c Hall: 136–142
  52. ^ Hall: 144–148
  53. ^ Hall: 151–153
  54. ^ Hall: 134–135
  55. ^ Hall: 172–173
  56. ^ Hall: 155–159
  57. ^ a b c "McDonnell Douglas MD-80/90 in SAS history". Airfleets. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
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Bibliography[edit]

  • Hall, Åke (2002). Luftens Vikingar – en bok om SAS alla flygplan (in Swedish). Nässjö: Air Historic Research. ISBN 91-973892-3-4. 
  • Tjomsland, Audun; Wilsberg, Kjell (1995). Braathens SAFE 50 år: Mot alle odds (in Norwegian). Oslo. ISBN 82-990400-1-9.