Star Alliance

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This article is about the global airline alliance. For the political party in Benin, see Star Alliance (Benin).
Star Alliance
Star Alliance Logo.svg
Launch date 14 May 1997
Full members 27
Non-voting members 29 affiliates, 1 pending
Destination airports 1,316 [1]
Destination countries 192 [1]
Annual passengers (M) 637.62 [1]
Annual RPK (G) 1,331 [1]
Fleet size 4,456 [1]
Management Mark Schwab (CEO),[2] Calin Rovinescu
Alliance slogan The Way The Earth Connects
Headquarters Frankfurt am Main, Germany[3]
Website www.staralliance.com

The Star Alliance is the world's largest global airline alliance, headquartered in Frankfurt am Main, Germany,[3] and led by current CEO Mark Schwab.[2] It was founded on May 14, 1997, its name and emblem represent the five founding airlines (see the five airlines in the history section). Star Alliance has since grown considerably and its current member airlines are Adria Airways, Aegean Airlines, Air Canada, Air China, Air India, Air New Zealand, All Nippon Airways, Asiana Airlines, Austrian Airlines, Avianca Holdings, Brussels Airlines, Copa Airlines, Croatia Airlines, EgyptAir, Ethiopian Airlines, EVA Air, LOT Polish Airlines, Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines, Singapore Airlines, South African Airways, Swiss International Air Lines, TAP Portugal, Thai Airways International, Turkish Airlines and United Airlines. Avianca Brazil, as a subsidiary of Avianca (who is already in Star Alliance), is due to join the Star Alliance in the second quarter of 2014.[4] The current members have more than 18,000 daily departures combined. These flights reach 1,269 airports in more than 192 countries, with an annual number of 637.6 million passengers.[1]

Membership history[edit]

1997–1999: The first three years[edit]

Lufthansa is one of the founding members of the Star Alliance.
The first Star Alliance logo still in use today.

On 14 May 1997, five airlines from three continents – Scandinavian Airlines, Thai Airways International, Air Canada, Lufthansa, and United Airlines came together to launch Star Alliance.[5][6] The newly established alliance selected Young & Rubicam Advertising to increase awareness of the new alliance, with a budget of $25 million, (€18 million).[7] The five airlines shared the traditional star logo from the beginning with the five points representing the five founding airlines. The alliance also adopted their first slogan "The Airline Network for Earth",[5] with the goal to have "an alliance that will take passengers to every major city on earth".[6]

VARIG joined the Star Alliance network,[5][8] on 22 October 1997 making it the alliance's first "new" member and its gateway airline into South America.

In 3 May 1999, Ansett Australia and Air New Zealand both became members of the alliance, connecting the alliance to Australia and the Pacific.[9] Upon the joining of the two carriers, Star Alliance served 720 destinations in 110 countries with a combined fleet of 1,650 aircraft.

All Nippon Airways joined the alliance in 15 October 1999, and became the group's second Asian airline.[10][11]

2000: Major expansion[edit]

The new millennium started off with the significant admission of The Austrian Airlines Group (Austrian Airlines, Tyrolean Airways and Lauda Air) in 26 March.[12][13]Singapore Airlines joined on 1 April[14][15] giving the alliance an even stronger foothold in the Asian market. Then on 1 July BMI (British Midland) and Mexicana Airlines simultaneously joined Star Alliance, bringing the total membership tally up to 13.[16] The joining of BMI made London Heathrow the only European hub with two competing alliances. During the year, Emirates considered joining Star Alliance, but later opted not to join.[17] The same year, now defunct BWIA West Indies Airways who had entered an alliance with United Airlines considered becoming a member. BWIA however never joined the alliance.[18] In 2000 the alliance also opened its first three business centers through the course of the year in Los Angeles, Frankfurt, and Bangkok as well as announcing the completion of its full-time Alliance Management Team (AMT) – the executive body of the partnership.[19]

In September 2001, Ansett Australia left the alliance due to bankruptcy which subsequently handed over a majority of the Australian market to Qantas, a rival Oneworld Alliance member. During this year Star Alliance also announced the appointment of their new CEO, Jaan Albrecht.[19]

2003 saw the admission of three new airlines to the alliance. Asiana Airlines joined on 1 March,[20] Spanair joined on 1 May,[21] and finally, LOT Polish Airlines, the official flag carrier of Poland, joined in October.[22]

In March 2004, Mexicana Airlines left Star Alliance after deciding not to renew a codeshare deal with United Airlines and later joined Oneworld.[19] US Airways then joined the alliance in May,[23] becoming the alliance's second US-based airline. Finally, in November, Adria Airways, Blue1, and Croatia Airlines joined the alliance as the first three regional members.

In 2005, Star Alliance invited Lineas Aereas Azteca to join the alliance in mid-2007, but the airline went bankrupt and never joined the alliance. Then, Star Alliance saw the admission of TAP Portugal on 14 March, thereby adding new African destinations to Star Alliance's network.[24][25] After merging with US Airways under the US Airways name, America West Airlines joined, working through US Airways original membership, but would never be considered an individual member.

In April 2006 Swiss International Air Lines joined the alliance as its 17th member and its 6th airline from Europe. SWISS' predecessor, Swissair was due to join the alliance in 2001, but the airline went bankrupt in October of that year and went through an extensive restructuring process before joining 5 years later. April also saw the admission of South African Airways, being Star Alliance's first African member. They also were the 18th member of the alliance.

Tenth anniversary[edit]

In May 2007, Star Alliance and its members celebrated the alliance's 10th anniversary. During the previous decade, Star Alliance had grown from a membership of five airlines to include 18 carriers around the world.[26] Each day the Star Alliance's members had a combined daily departure of 16,000 to 855 destinations in 155 countries, serving 406 million passengers annually. As part of the celebration and to increase awareness of the alliance, Star Alliance launched a global consumer promotion.[27] Prizes included round-the-world air tickets, the paying of related expenses, as well as monetary prizes.[28] On the same day, Star Alliance also launched the Biosphere Connections, a partnership with three international organisations – UNESCO, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and Ramsar Convention On Wetlands – to promote environmental sustainability.[26][29]

Other significant events which took place included the ejection of VARIG from the alliance on 31 January.[31] In addition to this, the first two major Chinese airlines to join the alliance, Air China and Shanghai Airlines, joined on 12 December.[32]

2008–2010: Expansion and 2nd decade of operations[edit]

On 1 April 2008, Turkish Airlines joined the alliance after an 18-month integration process since December 2006, becoming the seventh European airline[33] in the alliance, which had thus reached a total of 20 members. EgyptAir, the official airline of Egypt, joined on 11 July 2008,[34] becoming the second African airline. The airline joined following its 75th anniversary the previous year, an event which EgyptAir used to subsequently relaunch its image and brand.[34]

On 27 October 2009, Continental Airlines became the 25th full member of the alliance after leaving SkyTeam on 24 October. At a joining ceremony in New York City, Jaan Albrecht, former CEO of Star Alliance, said, "Bringing Continental Airlines into Star Alliance has been a truly unique experience. This is the first time an airline has moved directly from one alliance to another and I would like to thank all those involved in ensuring a smooth switch". At the time, it was rumoured that the switch was part of Continental's initial move in its plan of a United-Continental merge.[35]

On 9 December 2009, the integration of Brussels Airlines into the Star Alliance was effective.[36]

On 13 May 2010, leading Brazilian carrier TAM Airlines was admitted following a joining ceremony in São Paulo,[37] thereby furthering the alliance's foothold in South America, which is currently considered by SkyTeam as an important market.[38] Aegean Airlines, Greece's largest airline in terms of passengers carried, joined on 30 June.[39] Fellow Greek airline Olympic Air originally intended to apply to join the alliance if their merger with Aegean Airlines was approved by the EU.

Shanghai Airlines left the alliance on 31 October 2010, due to its merger with China Eastern Airlines, a future member of Star Alliance's rival SkyTeam.[40] On 29 September, the Chief Executive Board approved Ethiopian Airlines's application for membership, with the airline to become the 30th member, further strengthening Star Alliance in the African region.[41]

As of September 2010, Star Alliance flew to 1,172 airports in 181 countries, with approximately 21,200 daily departures.[41]

Expansion during 2011 and beyond[edit]

The new decade saw the Star Alliance adding new members, but also losing some due to corporate restructuring and collapse.

In August, 2011, after continued delays, Air India was finally rejected for membership after failing to meet the requirements for membership.[42][43] Later that year, on 13 December 2011, Ethiopian Airlines joined, adding five new countries and 24 destinations to the alliance's route map.

2012 was a year filled with several departures, new members, and restructurings. In the beginning of January 2012 Continental Airlines completed its merger with United Airlines, thus formally ending its existence and membership in the alliance. Shortly after this, on 27 January, longtime member Spanair left the alliance after suffering financial collapse and ceasing operations. bmi then left on 20 April after its acquisition by International Airlines Group (IAG), a parent company of Oneworld Members Iberia and British Airways. On 21 June 2012 Avianca, TACA Airlines and Copa Airlines all simultaneously joined the alliance, significantly increasing the alliance's presence in Latin America.[44] Then in November, Blue1 left the alliance, becoming an affiliate of parent Scandinavian Airlines.[45] Finally, to end one of the most difficult years in the alliances history, Shenzhen Airlines joined on 29 November 2012, complementing Air China's Chinese network.[46]

On 8 March 2013 TAM Airlines officially announced its departure, long expected after its merger with LAN Airlines to become LATAM Airlines Group. Later during the year, with the addition of EVA Air on 18 June and TACA's integration into Avianca, the alliance now had 28 members, making it the largest of the three main airline alliances. On 13 December 2013, Air India was officially invited to join Star Alliance again, and the integration process recommenced once again.[47] On 31 March 2014, TAM Airlines left Star Alliance and joined Oneworld, and US Airways left as well as an affiliate of American Airlines.[48] On the same day that US Airways and TAM Airlines left, Avianca Brazil announced that they would join Star Alliance in 2014 as an affiliate of the Avianca brand.[49] After TAM Airlines and US Airways left Star Alliance, the alliance had 26 airlines. On 24 June 2014, Air India had its membership approved by other members after several years of waiting, and it joined the alliance on 11 July 2014.[50] [51][52][53]

Member airlines[edit]

Air Canada, Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines, Thai Airways International and United Airlines are the five founding members of the alliance.

Full members and their member affiliates[edit]

Member airline Joined Member affiliates
Slovenia Adria Airways 18 November 2004 N/A
Greece Aegean Airlines 30 June 2010 N/A
Canada Air Canada[A] 14 May 1997 Canada Air Canada Express[B] [D]
Canada Air Canada rouge
China Air China 12 December 2007 N/A
India Air India 11 July 2014 [52] N/A
New Zealand Air New Zealand 3 May 1999 New Zealand Air New Zealand Link[B] [E]
Japan All Nippon Airways 15 October 1999 Japan Air Japan
Japan ANA Wings
South Korea Asiana Airlines 28 March 2003 N/A
Austria Austrian Airlines 26 March 2000 Austria Austrian myHoliday[B]
Austria Tyrolean Airways[B]
Colombia Avianca 21 June 2012 Costa Rica Avianca Costa Rica
El Salvador Avianca El Salvador
Guatemala Avianca Guatemala
Honduras Avianca Honduras
Nicaragua Avianca Nicaragua
Peru Avianca Peru
Belgium Brussels Airlines 9 December 2009 N/A
Panama Copa Airlines 21 June 2012 Colombia Copa Airlines Colombia
Croatia Croatia Airlines 18 November 2004 N/A
Egypt EgyptAir 11 July 2008 Egypt EgyptAir Express
Ethiopia Ethiopian Airlines 13 December 2011 N/A
Taiwan EVA Air 18 June 2013 N/A
Poland LOT Polish Airlines 26 October 2003 N/A
Germany Lufthansa[A] 14 May 1997 Germany Lufthansa Regional[B] [C] [F]
Denmark
Norway Scandinavian Airlines[A]
Sweden
14 May 1997 Finland Blue1
China Shenzhen Airlines 29 November 2012 N/A
Singapore Singapore Airlines 1 April 2000 Singapore SilkAir
South Africa South African Airways 10 April 2006 South Africa Airlink
South Africa South African Express
Switzerland Swiss International Air Lines 1 April 2006 Switzerland Swiss European Air Lines
Portugal TAP Portugal 14 March 2005 Portugal Portugalia
Portugal PGA Express
Thailand Thai Airways International[A] 14 May 1997 Thailand Thai Smile
Turkey Turkish Airlines 1 April 2008 N/A
United States United Airlines[A] 14 May 1997 United States United Express[B][G]

A Founding member.
B Airlines operating under the Air Canada Express, Air New Zealand Link, Lufthansa Regional, Tyrolean Airways and United Express brands are not necessarily members of Star Alliance. However, flights are operated on behalf of the respective member airlines, carry their designator code and are Star Alliance flights.
C Members of Lufthansa Regional that are fully owned by Deutsche Lufthansa AG.
D Air Canada Express flights are operated by [54][55] Air Georgian, EVAS Air, Jazz Aviation, Sky Regional Airlines
E Air New Zealand Link flights are operated by Air Nelson, Eagle Airways, Mount Cook Airline
F Lufthansa Regional flights are operated by Air Dolomiti, Eurowings, Lufthansa CityLine
G United Express flights are operated by operated by Cape Air, Chautauqua Airlines, CommutAir, ExpressJet Airlines, GoJet Airlines, Mesa Airlines, Shuttle America, Silver Airways, SkyWest Airlines

Former member airlines and member affiliates[edit]

Former member airline Joined Exited Affiliates
Australia Ansett Australia[A] 3 May 1999 12 September 2001 Australia Aeropelican Air Services
Australia Hazelton Airlines
Australia Kendell Airlines
Australia Skywest Airlines
Finland Blue1[B] 3 November 2004 1 November 2012 N/A
United Kingdom British Midland International[C] 1 July 2000 20 April 2012 United Kingdom BMI regional
United Kingdom bmi baby
United States Continental Airlines[D] 27 October 2009 3 March 2012 United States Continental Connection operated by:
United States Cape Air
United States Colgan Air
United States CommutAir
United States Gulfstream International Airlines
United States Continental Express operated by:
United States Chautauqua Airlines
United States ExpressJet Airlines
Guam Continental Micronesia
Mexico Mexicana[E] 1 July 2000 31 March 2004 Mexico Aerocaribe
China Shanghai Airlines[F] 12 December 2007 31 October 2010 China China United Airlines
Spain Spanair[G] 1 May 2003 27 January 2012 N/A
El Salvador TACA Airlines[H] 21 June 2012 27 May 2013 El Salvador TACA Regional operated by:
Guatemala Aviateca
Nicaragua La Costeña
Costa Rica Sansa Airlines
Brazil TAM Airlines[I] 13 May 2010 31 March 2014 Paraguay TAM Airlines (Paraguay)
United States US Airways[J] 4 May 2004 31 March 2014 United States US Airways Express operated by:

United States Air Wisconsin
United States Chautauqua Airlines
United States Mesa Airlines
United States Piedmont Airlines
United States PSA Airlines
United States Republic Airlines
United States SkyWest Airlines
United States Trans States Airlines
United States US Airways Shuttle

Brazil VARIG[K] 22 October 1997 31 January 2007 Brazil Nordeste
Brazil Rio Sul
Uruguay PLUNA

A Collapsed on 12 September 2001.
B Left the alliance on 1 November 2012 after SAS took over mainline operations, now a member affiliate of Scandinavian Airlines.
C Left the alliance on 20 April 2012 as a result of its merger with International Airlines Group. IAG's subsidiaries British Airways and Iberia are Oneworld members, bmi merged with British Airways on 27 October 2012.
D Merged with United Airlines on 3 March 2012.
E Left the alliance in 2004 after deciding not to renew a codeshare alliance with United Airlines, opting instead to codeshare with American Airlines, and joined Oneworld on 10 November 2009. Collapsed on August 28, 2010.
F Left the alliance on 31 October 2010 as a result of its merger with China Eastern Airlines, a SkyTeam member.
G Collapsed on 27 January 2012.
H Merged with Avianca on 27 May 2013.
I Left the alliance on 31 March 2014 as a result of its merger with LAN Airlines, a Oneworld member.
J Left the alliance on 31 March 2014 as a result of its merger with American Airlines, a Oneworld member.
K Ceased operations on 20 July 2006.

Former member affiliate Joined Exited Member affiliate of
Canada Air Canada Tango[A]
2001
2004
Canada Air Canada
Canada Air Nova
1997
2001
Canada Air Canada
Canada Air Ontario
1997
2001
Canada Air Canada
Spain AeBal (operating as Spanair Link)
2003
2008
Spain Spanair
Austria Lauda Air
2000
2013
Austria Austrian Airlines
Italy Lufthansa Italia
2009
2011
Germany Lufthansa
United States United Shuttle[B]
1997
2001
United States United Airlines
Canada Zip
2002
2004
Canada Air Canada

A Air Canada Tango was dissolved and now is part of Air Canada.
B United Shuttle's operations ceased and became part of United Airlines.

Future member affiliates[edit]

Future member affiliate Joining
Brazil Avianca Brazil
2014[56]

Customer service[edit]

Codeshare flights between these airlines are, for the most part, seamless. This tight cooperation led to suspicions of anti-competitive behaviour, and the alliance was investigated by the European Union as a virtual merger of its members. Indeed, some speculated that if government regulations were relaxed, the members would merge into a single corporation,[57] although no evidence has yet materialized. Prior to Star Alliance, Northwest Airlines and KLM were operating together as the forerunners of the modern airline alliance system since 1993, although there had been even earlier pairings and groupings of airlines for decades on a less formal level. The creation of Star Alliance was a milestone in airline history because of its size. It sparked the formation of rivals, notably SkyTeam and Oneworld.

The alliance developed the "Regional" concept in 2004, which helped Star Alliance penetrate individual markets with the regional participation of smaller carriers. Regional Star Alliance members had to be sponsored by an existing full Star Alliance member. However, Star Alliance has stopped designating airlines as "Regional" members and now refers to all the 25 airlines as just "members".[58]

Star Alliance members now fly over 21,200 daily flights to 1,172 airports in 181 countries with a fleet of 4,025 aircraft. Its members carried a total of 627.52 million passengers with a turnover of US$156.8 billion, €145 billion. The alliance's market share is 28% of the global market based on revenue passenger kilometers (RPK), which is greater than the combined market share of all airlines that are not in any of the three major alliances. All Star Alliance carriers combined employ over 405,000 pilots, flight attendants, and other staff. Star Alliance was voted best airline alliance in the Skytrax 2007 World Airline Awards.[59]

Members' hubs[edit]

Member airlines Hub airports Focus city airports
Adria Airways Slovenia Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport KosovoPristina International Airport Adem Jashari
Aegean Airlines Greece Athens International Airport
Greece Heraklion International Airport
Greece Thessaloniki International Airport
Greece Corfu International Airport
Cyprus Larnaca International Airport
Greece Kalamata International Airport
Greece Rhodes International Airport
Air Canada Canada Calgary International Airport
Canada Montréal-Trudeau International Airport
Canada Toronto Pearson International Airport
Canada Vancouver International Airport
Canada Edmonton International Airport
Canada Halifax Stanfield International Airport
Canada Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport
Canada Winnipeg International Airport
Air China China Beijing Capital International Airport
China Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport
China Shanghai Pudong International Airport
China Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport
China Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport
China Tianjin Binhai International Airport
China Wuhan Tianhe International Airport
Air India India Indira Gandhi International Airport

India Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (Mumbai)
India Chennai International Airport

IndiaNetaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport

Hong Kong Hong Kong International Airport
Singapore Changi Airport
India Kempegowda International Airport
India Trivandrum International Airport
India Cochin International Airport
India Rajiv Gandhi International Airport
India Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport
Air New Zealand New Zealand Auckland Airport
New Zealand Christchurch Airport
New Zealand Wellington International Airport
United States Los Angeles International Airport
Australia Sydney Airport
All Nippon Airways Japan Kansai International Airport
Japan Haneda Airport
Japan Narita International Airport
Japan Osaka International Airport
Japan Chūbu Centrair International Airport
Japan New Chitose Airport
Asiana Airlines South Korea Incheon International Airport
South Korea Gimpo International Airport
South Korea Gimhae International Airport
South Korea Jeju International Airport
Austrian Airlines Austria Vienna International Airport Austria Innsbruck Airport
Avianca Colombia El Dorado International Airport
El Salvador El Salvador International Airport
Peru Jorge Chávez International Airport
Costa Rica Juan Santamaría International Airport
Brazil São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport
Colombia Alfonso Bonilla Aragón International Airport
Brazil Brasília International Airport
Colombia Ernesto Cortissoz International Airport
Colombia José María Córdova International Airport
United States Miami International Airport
Colombia Rafael Núñez International Airport
Brazil Santos Dumont Airport
Guatemala La Aurora International Airport
Nicaragua Augusto C. Sandino International Airport
Brussels Airlines Belgium Brussels Airport N/A
Copa Airlines Panama Tocumen International Airport

Colombia El Dorado International Airport

Colombia José María Córdova International Airport
Colombia Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport
Costa Rica Juan Santamaría International Airport
Guatemala La Aurora International Airport
Nicaragua Augusto C. Sandino International Airport
Croatia Airlines Croatia Zagreb Airport Croatia Dubrovnik Airport
Croatia Split Airport
Croatia Zadar Airport
EgyptAir Egypt Cairo International Airport Egypt Borg El Arab Airport
Egypt Hurghada International Airport
Egypt Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport
Ethiopian Airlines Ethiopia Bole International Airport N/A
EVA Air Taiwan Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Taiwan Kaohsiung International Airport
Thailand Suvarnabhumi Airport
LOT Polish Airlines Poland Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport Poland Copernicus Airport Wrocław
Poland John Paul II International Airport Kraków-Balice
Lufthansa Germany Düsseldorf International Airport
Germany Frankfurt Airport
Germany Munich Airport
Scandinavian Airlines Denmark Copenhagen Airport
Norway Oslo Airport, Gardermoen
Sweden Stockholm-Arlanda Airport
Norway Bergen Airport, Flesland
Sweden Gothenburg-Landvetter Airport
Norway Stavanger Airport, Sola
Norway Trondheim Airport, Værnes
Finland Helsinki Airport
Shenzhen Airlines China Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport China Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
China Nanjing Lukou International Airport
China Nanning Wuxu International Airport
China Shenyang Taoxian International Airport
China Sunan Shuofang International Airport
Singapore Airlines Singapore Singapore Changi Airport N/A
South African Airways South Africa OR Tambo International Airport South Africa Cape Town International Airport
Swiss International Air Lines Switzerland Zürich Airport France EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg
Switzerland Geneva International Airport
TAP Portugal Portugal Lisbon Portela Airport
Portugal Porto Francisco de Sá Carneiro Airport
Portugal Madeira Airport
Thai Airways International Thailand Suvarnabhumi Airport Thailand Chiang Mai International Airport
South Korea Incheon International Airport
Thailand Phuket International Airport
Turkish Airlines Turkey Atatürk International Airport Turkey Adnan Menderes Airport
Turkey Antalya Airport
Turkey Esenboğa International Airport
Turkey Sabiha Gökçen International Airport
United Airlines Guam Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport
United States Denver International Airport
United States George Bush Intercontinental Airport
United States Los Angeles International Airport
Japan Narita International Airport
United States Newark Liberty International Airport
United States O'Hare International Airport
United States San Francisco International Airport
United States Washington Dulles International Airport
United States Cleveland Hopkins International Airport[60]

Co-location at Airports (move under one roof)[edit]

Star Alliance members Scandinavian Airlines, Lufthansa, Austrian Airlines (with Star Alliance livery), and Air China (in the field) using Terminal 3-E of Beijing Capital International Airport as part of the Move Under One Roof program to co-locate alliance members.
City Airport IATA Terminal Exceptions
Spain Barcelona Barcelona–El Prat Airport BCN Terminal 1
China Beijing Beijing Capital International Airport PEK Terminal 3
Egypt Cairo Cairo International Airport CAI Terminal 3
China Chongqing Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport CKG Terminal 2B
India Delhi Indira Gandhi International Airport DEL Terminal 3
Germany Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport FRA Terminal 1 "Star Alliance Terminal"
Hong Kong Hong Kong Hong Kong International Airport HKG Terminal 1
United Kingdom London London Heathrow Airport LHR Terminals 1, 2,& 3
Mexico Mexico City Benito Juárez International Airport MEX Terminal 1
United States Miami Miami International Airport MIA Concourse J
Germany Munich Munich Airport MUC Terminal 2
France Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport CDG Terminal 1
Thailand Phuket Phuket International Airport HKT Terminal 1
South Korea Seoul Incheon International Airport ICN Concourse A
Sweden Stockholm Stockholm-Arlanda Airport ARN Terminal 5
Taiwan Taipei Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport TPE Terminal 2
Japan Tokyo Narita International Airport NRT Terminal 1 – South Wing
Canada Toronto Toronto Pearson International Airport YYZ Terminal 1
Austria Vienna Vienna International Airport VIE Austrian Star Alliance Terminal (Check-in 3)[61]

Premium status[edit]

Star Alliance has two premium levels, Silver and Gold, based on a customer's tier status in a member carrier's frequent flyer program. Each of the member and regional airlines recognizes Star Silver/Gold status, with a few exceptions (mainly pertaining to airport lounge access). The statuses have no specific requirements of their own; membership is based solely on the frequent flyer programs of individual member airlines. Many member airlines also have an additional premium status beyond Gold which is not recognised across Star Alliance.

Star Alliance Silver[edit]

Star Alliance Silver status is awarded to customers who have reached a premium level of a member carrier's frequent flyer program.

Benefits of Star Alliance Silver membership:

  • Priority reservations waitlisting
  • Priority airport stand-by

Some airlines also offer the following to Silver members:

  • Priority boarding
  • Priority airport check-in
  • Priority baggage handling
  • Preferred seating
  • Additional checked luggage allowance
  • Waived fees for 1st and 2nd checked bags

Star Alliance Gold[edit]

Star Alliance Gold status is awarded to customers who have reached a high level of a member airline's frequent flyer program.

Benefits of Star Alliance Gold membership:

  • Priority reservations waitlisting
  • Priority airport stand-by
  • Priority boarding
  • Priority airport check-in
  • Priority baggage handling
  • Additional checked luggage allowance of 20 kg (or one extra piece where the piece concept applies)
  • Airport lounge access to designated Star Alliance Gold lounges on the day and at the place of departure, on presentation of a valid Star Alliance boarding pass.

Some airlines also offer the following to Gold members:

  • Preferred seating (exit seat, or even on a special section on the plane on some carriers, which provides more leg room)
  • Guaranteed seating on fully booked flights (subject to the booking class code and notice period)
  • Free upgrade (in the form of voucher/certificate or automatic upgrade upon check-in)
  • United restricts US lounge access for their Gold Members to long-haul international passengers; Gold members from other carriers are welcome in US Lounges run by United on all itineraries. Unlike in Oneworld and Skyteam, United Star Gold members are admitted to the lounges of foreign alliance carriers (such as Lufthansa's Senator lounges at US airports) even if traveling domestically.

Qualifying tiers by airline[edit]

Member airline Mileage program Star Silver
(qualifying tiers)
Star Gold
(qualifying tiers)
Adria
Austrian Airlines
Brussels Airlines
Croatia Airlines
LOT Polish Airlines
Lufthansa
Swiss International Air Lines
Miles & More Frequent Traveller Senator
HON Circle
Aegean Airlines Miles & Bonus Blue Gold
Air Canada Aeroplan[62] Prestige 25K
Elite 35K
Elite 50K
Elite 75K
Super Elite 100K
Air China
Shenzhen Airlines
Phoenix Miles Silver Gold
Platinum
Air India Flying Returns Silver Edge Club Golden Edge Club
The Maharajah Club
Air New Zealand Airpoints Silver Gold
Elite
All Nippon Airways ANA Mileage Club Bronze Super Flyers
Diamond
Platinum
Asiana Airlines Asiana Club Gold Diamond
Diamond Plus
Platinum
Avianca LifeMiles Silver Gold
Diamond
Copa Airlines
United Airlines
MileagePlus Premier Silver Premier Gold
Premier Platinum
Premier 1K
Global Services
EgyptAir EgyptAir Plus Silver Gold
Platinum
Ethiopian Airlines Sheba Miles Silver Club Gold Club
EVA Air Infinity MileageLands Infinity MileageLands Silver Infinity MileageLands Gold
Infinity MileageLands Diamond
Scandinavian Airlines EuroBonus Silver Gold
Diamond
Pandion
Singapore Airlines KrisFlyer Elite Silver Elite Gold
PPS Club
Solitaire PPS Club
South African Airways Voyager Silver Gold
Platinum
TAP Portugal Victoria Silver Winner Gold Winner
Thai Airways International Royal Orchid Plus Silver Gold, Platinum
Turkish Airlines Miles & Smiles Classic Plus Elite
Elite Plus

[edit]

An Egyptair Airbus A330 painted with Star Alliance livery

Some Star Alliance members paint some of their planes with the Star Alliance livery, usually featuring a white fuselage with "Star Alliance" signature written across and a black tailfin with the Star Alliance logo while the color or design of the engine cowlings or winglets remains depending on the members livery. Singapore Airlines is the only exception, formerly opting to paint the tails of the aircraft with the airline's logo; and now applying the Star Alliance logo sans the black tailfin painting, leaving it white. Asiana Airlines was the first Star Alliance member to paint their aircraft in the current Star Alliance livery.[63] Aircraft painted in the airlines' own livery have the Star Alliance logo painted on the aircraft between the cockpit and the first set of cabin doors. Currently, 80 aircraft are painted in the Star Alliance livery.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Facts & Figures". Star Alliance. 31 March 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Mark Schwab Appointed New Star Alliance Ceo". Star Alliance. 14 December 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Impressum". Star Alliance. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "Avianca Brazil to be ready for Star". Flight Global. 15 November 2013. Archived from the original on 12 November 2010. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c BRYANT, ADAM (14 May 1997). "United and 4 Others to Detail Air Alliance Today". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  6. ^ a b TAGLIABUE, JOHN (15 May 1997). "5 Airlines Extend Limits of Alliances". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  7. ^ Meredith, Robyn (15 May 1997). "Airline Alliance Picks Y.& R.". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  8. ^ "5 Airlines In `Global Branding' Alliance". Bloomberg News (nwsource.com). 14 May 1997. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  9. ^ "Star Alliance Welcomes New Members of the Team". SAS (SAS Press Release). 3 May 1999. Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  10. ^ "ANA boards Star Alliance". The Nation (Google Archive). 24 October 1998. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  11. ^ All Nippon Airways Joins Star Alliance Network
  12. ^ "Austrian Airlines". Star Alliance. 
  13. ^ Austrian Airlines Group has joined Star Alliance
  14. ^ "Singapore Airlines". Star Alliance. 
  15. ^ "SIA99/00 Annual Report" (PDF). Singapore Airlines. Retrieved 20 October 2010. 
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