List of political parties in Afghanistan

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This article lists political parties in Afghanistan.

Afghanistan has a multi-party system in development with numerous political parties, in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. No political party is permitted to exist that advocates anything that is deemed to go against Islamic morality.

The current law governing the formation of political parties was promulgated in 2009, and requires parties to have at least 10,000 members, (previously they had only needed 700 members).[1] The Afghan Ministry of Justice has registered 84 parties since the new law took effect.[2]

Major parties[edit]

English name Original name Ideology Notes
Hizb ut-Tahrir Hizb ut-Tahrir Islamism
Afghan Peace Movement Afghan Peace Movement Socialism
Islamic Party Hezb-e Islami Islamism
Republican Party of Afghanistan Hezbi Jumhori Afghanistan Republicanism
Islamic Society Jamiat-e Islami Islamism
Islamic Movement of Afghanistan Harakat-e Islami-yi Islamism
Afghan Social Democratic Party Afghan Mellat Social democracy
Islamic United Party of Afghanistan Hezb-e Wahdat-e Islami Afghanistan Islamism
Islamic Dawah Organisation of Afghanistan Ittehad-I Islami Bara-yi Azadi Afghanistan Islamism
National Islamic Movement of Afghanistan Junbish-i-Milli Islami Afghanistan Secularism
National Rescue Front hezb jabha nijat mili Islamism
Afghan Liberal Party Hezbe Azadikhwa Afghanistan Secularism

Minor parties[edit]

Former parties[edit]

Since the coup in 1973, Afghanistan has had many different political parties. These include Mohammed Daoud Khan's National Revolutionary Party of Afghanistan, the People's Democratic Party and the Democratic Watan Party of Afghanistan from the communist era, and the Northern Alliance that took power after the Fall of Kabul in April 1992, and ran the country until the Taliban's coup in 1996.

English name Ideology Notes
Democratic Watan Party of Afghanistan Communism, marxism-leninism
National Revolutionary Party of Afghanistan Right-Centralism
People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan Communism, marxism-leninism
Shalleh-ye Javiyd Communism, Maoism Banned in 1969 for opposing the Shah regime.

Current banned parties[edit]

English name Ideology Notes
Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan[citation needed] Communism, maoism

Banned for opposing the occupation of Afghanistan.

Taliban Islamism Banned for extremist Islamist policy and supporting al-Qaida.


  1. ^ "Political Parties in Afghanistan," British Embassy in Kabul website (accessed 14 December 2012)
  2. ^ "Afghanistan sees new political parties form: Activism indicates defeat of militancy, politicians say," by Zia Ur Rehman, Central Asia Online, 11 September 2012 (accessed 14 December 2012)

External links[edit]

See also[edit]