Local government areas of Western Australia

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Map of local government areas in Western Australia

The Australian state of Western Australia is divided into 140 local government areas (LGAs). Their mandate and operations are governed by the Local Government Act 1995.[1] The Shire of Christmas Island and the Shire of Cocos are Federal external territories and covered by the Indian Ocean Territories Administration of Laws Act which allows the Local Government Act to apply "on-Island" as though it were a Federal Act. Nonetheless, Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands are not part of Western Australia.

There are three classifications of local government in Western Australia:

  • City (predominantly urban, some larger regional centres)
  • Town (predominantly inner urban and three medium-sized rural centres)
  • Shire (predominantly rural or outer suburban areas)

Historically, two types of local government existed—municipalities, which represented towns or condensed urban areas, and road districts, which represented all other regions. The Perth Road District, for instance, was the precursor to the City of Stirling. Only a few cities—Perth, Fremantle, Subiaco, South Perth and Nedlands—existed prior to 1961. On 1 July 1961, all road districts became shires, and all municipalities became towns.

Metropolitan LGAs[edit]

Name Council Seat[2] Formed Current
status
Population
(2013)[3]
Area Website Notes
Armadale, City of Armadale 1894 1985 73,725 7002560299999999999560.3 km2 (216.3 sq mi) Link Armadale-Kelmscott until 1979
Bassendean, Town of Bassendean 1901 1975 15,923 700110400000000000010.4 km2 (4.0 sq mi) Link West Guildford until 1922
Bayswater, City of Morley 1897 1983 69,493 700132800000000000032.8 km2 (12.7 sq mi) Link
Belmont, City of Cloverdale 1898 1979 40,083 700139700000000000039.7 km2 (15.3 sq mi) Link
Cambridge, Town of Floreat 1994 1994 27,997 700122000000000000022.0 km2 (8.5 sq mi) Link Split from Perth
Canning, City of Cannington 1907 1978 96,356 700164900000000000064.9 km2 (25.1 sq mi) Link Placed under control of a Commissioner in 2012
Claremont, Town of Claremont 1898 1898 10,359 70004900000000000004.9 km2 (1.9 sq mi) Link
Cockburn, City of Spearwood 1871 1979 103,351 7002168100000000000168.1 km2 (64.9 sq mi) Link Fremantle RD until 1959
Cottesloe, Town of Cottesloe 1895 1907 8,572 70003900000000000003.9 km2 (1.5 sq mi) Link
East Fremantle, Town of East Fremantle 1897 1897 7,736 70003100000000000003.1 km2 (1.2 sq mi) Link
Fremantle, City of Fremantle 1871 1929 30,321 700119000000000000019.0 km2 (7.3 sq mi) Link
Gosnells, City of Gosnells 1907 1977 121,252 7002127300000000000127.3 km2 (49.2 sq mi) Link
Joondalup, City of Joondalup 1998 1998 167,623 700198900000000000098.9 km2 (38.2 sq mi) Link Split from Wanneroo
Kalamunda, Shire of Kalamunda 1897 59,716 7002324400000000000324.4 km2 (125.3 sq mi) Link Governed by commissioner until 1961
Kwinana, City of Kwinana Town Centre 1954 1977 34,413 7002120100000000000120.1 km2 (46.4 sq mi) Link
Melville, City of Ardross 1900 1968 106,335 700152900000000000052.9 km2 (20.4 sq mi) Link
Mosman Park, Town of Mosman Park 1899 1961 9,506 70004400000000000004.4 km2 (1.7 sq mi) Link Buckland Hill until 1937
Mundaring, Shire of Mundaring 1903 39,796 7002643700000000000643.7 km2 (248.5 sq mi) Link Greenmount until 1932
Nedlands, City of Nedlands 1893 1959 22,918 700120000000000000020.0 km2 (7.7 sq mi) Link Claremont RD until 1932
Peppermint Grove, Shire of Peppermint Grove 1895 1,681 70001100000000000001.1 km2 (0.42 sq mi) Link
Perth, City of Perth 1856 1856 20,285 70008000000000000008.0 km2 (3.1 sq mi) Link
Rockingham, City of Rockingham 1897 1988 120,859 7002257100000000000257.1 km2 (99.3 sq mi) Link
South Perth, City of South Perth 1892 1959 46,113 700119800000000000019.8 km2 (7.6 sq mi) Link
Stirling, City of Stirling 1871 1971 223,317 7002104800000000000104.8 km2 (40.5 sq mi) Link Shire of Perth until 1971
Subiaco, City of Subiaco 1896 1952 19,693 70007000000000000007.0 km2 (2.7 sq mi) Link
Swan, City of Midland 1871 2000 124,782 70031044000000000001,044.0 km2 (403.1 sq mi) Link
Victoria Park, Town of Victoria Park 1994 1994 37,682 700117900000000000017.9 km2 (6.9 sq mi) Link Split from Perth
Vincent, City of Leederville 1994 2011 36,692 700111400000000000011.4 km2 (4.4 sq mi) Link Split from Perth
Wanneroo, City of Wanneroo 1902 1985 178,438 7002685500000000000685.5 km2 (264.7 sq mi) Link

Non-metropolitan LGAs[edit]

Name Council Seat[2] Region Formed Population
(2013)[3]
Area Website Notes
Albany, City of Albany Great Southern 1998 36,262 70034310500000000004,310.5 km2 (1,664.3 sq mi) Link Formerly:
Town of Albany (1871)
Shire of Albany (1871)
Ashburton, Shire of Tom Price Pilbara 1972 10,959 7005101213700000000101,213.7 km2 (39,078.8 sq mi) Link West Pilbara until 1987. Formerly:
Shire of Ashburton (1887)
Shire of Tableland (1896)
Augusta-Margaret River, Shire of Margaret River South West 1891 13,168 70032123000000000002,123.0 km2 (819.7 sq mi) Link Augusta until 1926
Beverley, Shire of Beverley Wheatbelt 1871 1,566 70032372100000000002,372.1 km2 (915.9 sq mi) Link
Boddington, Shire of Boddington Peel 1903 2,471 70031900400000000001,900.4 km2 (733.7 sq mi) Link Marradong until 1961
Boyup Brook, Shire of Boyup Brook South West 1896 1,738 70032827300000000002,827.3 km2 (1,091.6 sq mi) Link Upper Blackwood until 1969
Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Shire of Bridgetown South West 1970 4,513 70031339800000000001,339.8 km2 (517.3 sq mi) Link Formerly:
Shire of Bridgetown, Nelson RD until 1917, (1887)
Shire of Greenbushes (1900)
Brookton, Shire of Brookton Wheatbelt 1906 992 70031602200000000001,602.2 km2 (618.6 sq mi) Link
Broome, Shire of Broome Kimberley 1918 17,251 700454796600000000054,796.6 km2 (21,157.1 sq mi) Link
Broomehill-Tambellup, Shire of Tambellup Great Southern 2007 1,167 70032609900000000002,609.9 km2 (1,007.7 sq mi) Link Formerly:
Shire of Broomehill (1892)
Shire of Tambellup (1905)
Bruce Rock, Shire of Bruce Rock Wheatbelt 1913 996 70032726699999999992,726.7 km2 (1,052.8 sq mi) Link East Avon until 1918
Bunbury, City of Bunbury South West 1871 33,623 700165300000000000065.3 km2 (25.2 sq mi) Link City in 1979
Busselton, City of Busselton South West 1951 34,290 70031454500000000001,454.5 km2 (561.6 sq mi) Link Amalgamation of Municipality and RD (both 1871)
Capel, Shire of Capel South West 1894 16,447 7002558100000000000558.1 km2 (215.5 sq mi) Link Bunbury RD until 1907
Carnamah, Shire of Carnamah Mid West 1923 550 70032876400000000002,876.4 km2 (1,110.6 sq mi) Link Split from Irwin and Mingenew
Carnarvon, Shire of Carnarvon Gascoyne 1911 6,139 700446664900000000046,664.9 km2 (18,017.4 sq mi) Link Formerly:
Town of Carnarvon (1891–1965)
Lower Gascoyne RD (1887–1911)
Minilya RD (1893–1911)
Chapman Valley, Shire of Nabawa Mid West 1901 1,214 70033988400000000003,988.4 km2 (1,539.9 sq mi) Link Upper Chapman until 1958
Chittering, Shire of Bindoon Wheatbelt 1896 4,996 70031220900000000001,220.9 km2 (471.4 sq mi) Link
Collie, Shire of Collie South West 1951 9,692 70031710800000000001,710.8 km2 (660.5 sq mi) Link Amalgamation of Municipality (1901) and RD (1900)
Coolgardie, Shire of Coolgardie Goldfields 1921 4,324 700430380800000000030,380.8 km2 (11,730.1 sq mi) Link Amalgamation of Municipality (1894) and RD (1896)
Coorow, Shire of Coorow Mid West 1962 1,085 70034193500000000004,193.5 km2 (1,619.1 sq mi) Link Split from Carnamah
Corrigin, Shire of Corrigin Wheatbelt 1913 1,099 70032682300000000002,682.3 km2 (1,035.6 sq mi) Link
Cranbrook, Shire of Cranbrook Great Southern 1926 1,101 70033278200000000003,278.2 km2 (1,265.7 sq mi) Link
Cuballing, Shire of Cuballing Wheatbelt 1902 878 70031195599999999991,195.6 km2 (461.6 sq mi) Link
Cue, Shire of Cue Mid West 1912 298 700413606700000000013,606.7 km2 (5,253.6 sq mi) Link Amalgamation of Day Dawn M. (1894) and Cue RD (1895)
Cunderdin, Shire of Cunderdin Wheatbelt 1894 1,302 70031863900000000001,863.9 km2 (719.7 sq mi) Link Split from Northam, named Meckering until 1944
Dalwallinu, Shire of Dalwallinu Wheatbelt 1916 1,295 70037235200000000007,235.2 km2 (2,793.5 sq mi) Link
Dandaragan, Shire of Jurien Bay Wheatbelt 1890 3,325 70036718300000000006,718.3 km2 (2,594.0 sq mi) Link
Dardanup, Shire of Dardanup South West 1894 13,791 7002526100000000000526.1 km2 (203.1 sq mi) Link
Denmark, Shire of Denmark Great Southern 1911 5,748 70031860100000000001,860.1 km2 (718.2 sq mi) Link
Derby-West Kimberley, Shire of Derby Kimberley 1884 10,047 7005120227500000000120,227.5 km2 (46,420.1 sq mi) Link West Kimberley until 1983
Donnybrook-Balingup, Shire of Donnybrook South West 1970 5,753 70031560600000000001,560.6 km2 (602.6 sq mi) Link Formerly:
Shire of Donnybrook, Preston RD until 1961 (1896)
Shire of Balingup, Upper Capel RD until 1905 (1899)
Dowerin, Shire of Dowerin Wheatbelt 1911 672 70031864800000000001,864.8 km2 (720.0 sq mi) Link
Dumbleyung, Shire of Dumbleyung Wheatbelt 1909 608 70032542400000000002,542.4 km2 (981.6 sq mi) Link
Dundas, Shire of Norseman Goldfields 1929 1,182 700492656000000000092,656.0 km2 (35,774.7 sq mi) Link
East Pilbara, Shire of Newman Pilbara 1972 12,960 7005372301200000000372,301.2 km2 (143,746.3 sq mi) Link Formerly:
Shire of Marble Bar (1896)
Shire of Nullagine (1898)
Esperance, Shire of Esperance Goldfields 1895 14,242 700445059300000000045,059.3 km2 (17,397.5 sq mi) Link Absorbed municipality (1895–1908)
Exmouth, Shire of Exmouth Gascoyne 1964 2,570 70036504400000000006,504.4 km2 (2,511.4 sq mi) Link
Gingin, Shire of Gingin Wheatbelt 1893 5,248 70033211300000000003,211.3 km2 (1,239.9 sq mi) Link Absorbed municipality (1893–1903)
Gnowangerup, Shire of Gnowangerup Great Southern 1912 1,303 70034266700000000004,266.7 km2 (1,647.4 sq mi) Link
Goomalling, Shire of Goomalling Wheatbelt 1927 976 70031837000000000001,837.0 km2 (709.3 sq mi) Link
Greater Geraldton, City of Geraldton Mid West 2011 40,448 70039903100000000009,903.1 km2 (3,823.6 sq mi) Link Formerly:
City of Geraldton (1871–2007)
Shire of Greenough (1951–2007)
Shire of Mullewa (1911–2011)
Halls Creek, Shire of Halls Creek Kimberley 1887 3,940 7005133358500000000133,358.5 km2 (51,490.0 sq mi) Link Kimberley Goldfields until 1915
Harvey, Shire of Harvey South West 1894 25,924 70031728700000000001,728.7 km2 (667.5 sq mi) Link
Irwin, Shire of Dongara Mid West 1871 3,780 70032375000000000002,375.0 km2 (917.0 sq mi) Link
Jerramungup, Shire of Jerramungup Great Southern 1982 1,085 70036509200000000006,509.2 km2 (2,513.2 sq mi) Link Split from Gnowangerup
Kalgoorlie-Boulder, City of Kalgoorlie Goldfields 1989 33,763 700495242100000000095,242.1 km2 (36,773.2 sq mi) Link Formerly:
Town of Kalgoorlie (1897–1989)
Shire of Boulder (1969–1989)
Karratha, City of Karratha Pilbara 1887 25,907 700415277700000000015,277.7 km2 (5,898.8 sq mi) Link Absorbed Roebourne and Cossack municipalities in 1910, was known as Shire of Roebourne until 2014.
Katanning, Shire of Katanning Great Southern 1892 4,407 70031518800000000001,518.8 km2 (586.4 sq mi) Link
Kellerberrin, Shire of Kellerberrin Wheatbelt 1908 1,227 70031917100000000001,917.1 km2 (740.2 sq mi) Link
Kent, Shire of Nyabing Great Southern 1922 528 70035630900000000005,630.9 km2 (2,174.1 sq mi) Link Nyabing-Pingrup 1955–1972
Kojonup, Shire of Kojonup Great Southern 1871 2,022 70032932000000000002,932.0 km2 (1,132.1 sq mi) Link
Kondinin, Shire of Kondinin Wheatbelt 1925 1,042 70037426700000000007,426.7 km2 (2,867.5 sq mi) Link
Koorda, Shire of Koorda Wheatbelt 1927 431 70032835200000000002,835.2 km2 (1,094.7 sq mi) Link
Kulin, Shire of Kulin Wheatbelt 1918 834 70034720200000000004,720.2 km2 (1,822.5 sq mi) Link Roe until 1926
Lake Grace, Shire of Lake Grace Wheatbelt 1922 1,370 700411891700000000011,891.7 km2 (4,591.4 sq mi) Link
Laverton, Shire of Laverton Goldfields 1906 1,357 7005180126700000000180,126.7 km2 (69,547.3 sq mi) Link Mount Margaret until 1950, absorbed Mount Morgans M (1900–1913)
Leonora, Shire of Leonora Goldfields 1912 2,764 700431940600000000031,940.6 km2 (12,332.3 sq mi) Link
Mandurah, City of Mandurah Peel 1949 80,683 7002174300000000000174.3 km2 (67.3 sq mi) Link City in 1990
Manjimup, Shire of Manjimup South West 1908 9,427 70037026900000000007,026.9 km2 (2,713.1 sq mi) Link Warren until 1925
Meekatharra, Shire of Meekatharra Mid West 1909 1,521 7005100327000000000100,327.0 km2 (38,736.5 sq mi) Link
Menzies, Shire of Menzies Goldfields 1912 422 7005124793900000000124,793.9 km2 (48,183.2 sq mi) Link
Merredin, Shire of Merredin Wheatbelt 1921 3,300 70033297100000000003,297.1 km2 (1,273.0 sq mi) Link
Mingenew, Shire of Mingenew Mid West 1901 486 70031937400000000001,937.4 km2 (748.0 sq mi) Link Upper Irwin until 1919
Moora, Shire of Moora Wheatbelt 1908 2,535 70033766800000000003,766.8 km2 (1,454.4 sq mi) Link Split from Victoria Plains
Morawa, Shire of Morawa Mid West 1928 906 70033517200000000003,517.2 km2 (1,358.0 sq mi) Link Split from Perenjori-Morawa RD
Mount Magnet, Shire of Mount Magnet Mid West 1901 711 700413893400000000013,893.4 km2 (5,364.3 sq mi) Link Absorbed municipality (1896–1901)
Mount Marshall, Shire of Bencubbin Wheatbelt 1923 471 700410197000000000010,197.0 km2 (3,937.1 sq mi) Link
Mukinbudin, Shire of Mukinbudin Wheatbelt 1933 491 70033438400000000003,438.4 km2 (1,327.6 sq mi) Link
Murchison, Shire of Murchison Mid West 1875 127 700445109600000000045,109.6 km2 (17,416.9 sq mi) Link
Murray, Shire of Pinjarra Peel 1887 16,304 70031711000000000001,711.0 km2 (660.6 sq mi) Link
Nannup, Shire of Nannup South West 1890 1,316 70033054500000000003,054.5 km2 (1,179.3 sq mi) Link Lower Blackwood until 1925
Narembeen, Shire of Narembeen Wheatbelt 1925 810 70033836000000000003,836.0 km2 (1,481.1 sq mi) Link
Narrogin, Town of Narrogin Wheatbelt 1906 4,430 700113100000000000013.1 km2 (5.1 sq mi) Link
Narrogin, Shire of Narrogin Wheatbelt 1892 884 70031619200000000001,619.2 km2 (625.2 sq mi) Link
Ngaanyatjarraku, Shire of Warburton Goldfields 1,584 1,543 7005160732900000000160,732.9 km2 (62,059.3 sq mi) Link
Northam, Shire of Northam Wheatbelt 1871 11,730 70031432300000000001,432.3 km2 (553.0 sq mi) Link Absorbed Town of Northam (1879–2007)
Northampton, Shire of Northampton Mid West 1871 3,379 700412637600000000012,637.6 km2 (4,879.4 sq mi) Link Mines RD until 1887
Nungarin, Shire of Nungarin Wheatbelt 1921 228 70031164099999999991,164.1 km2 (449.5 sq mi) Link
Perenjori, Shire of Perenjori Mid West 1916 924 70038310700000000008,310.7 km2 (3,208.8 sq mi) Link Perenjori-Morawa until 1928
Pingelly, Shire of Pingelly Wheatbelt 1891 1,195 70031294800000000001,294.8 km2 (499.9 sq mi) Link Moorumbine until 1913
Plantagenet, Shire of Mount Barker Great Southern 1871 5,182 70034877200000000004,877.2 km2 (1,883.1 sq mi) Link
Port Hedland, Town of Port Hedland Pilbara 1891 16,472 700418482200000000018,482.2 km2 (7,136.0 sq mi) Link Pilbara until 1904. Town 1989
Quairading, Shire of Quairading Wheatbelt 1913 1,094 70032018400000000002,018.4 km2 (779.3 sq mi) Link Avon until 1922
Ravensthorpe, Shire of Ravensthorpe Goldfields 1900 2,288 70039832700000000009,832.7 km2 (3,796.4 sq mi) Link Phillips River until 1961
Sandstone, Shire of Sandstone Mid West 1897 116 700432714200000000032,714.2 km2 (12,631.0 sq mi) Link Black Range until 1961
Serpentine-Jarrahdale, Shire of Mundijong Peel 1894 21,162 7002904700000000000904.7 km2 (349.3 sq mi) Link
Shark Bay, Shire of Denham Gascoyne 1904 928 700424183700000000024,183.7 km2 (9,337.4 sq mi) Link
Tammin, Shire of Tammin Wheatbelt 1948 401 70031102599999999991,102.6 km2 (425.7 sq mi) Link Split from Cunderdin
Three Springs, Shire of Three Springs Mid West 1928 632 70032656199999999992,656.2 km2 (1,025.6 sq mi) Link
Toodyay, Shire of Toodyay Wheatbelt 1912 4,886 70031693000000000001,693.0 km2 (653.7 sq mi) Link Amalgamation of Newcastle M (1877) and Toodyay RD (1871)
Trayning, Shire of Trayning Wheatbelt 1911 342 70031652400000000001,652.4 km2 (638.0 sq mi) Link
Upper Gascoyne, Shire of Gascoyne Junction Gascoyne 1887 262 700458007100000000058,007.1 km2 (22,396.7 sq mi) Link
Victoria Plains, Shire of Calingiri Wheatbelt 1871 921 70032553300000000002,553.3 km2 (985.8 sq mi) Link
Wagin, Shire of Wagin Wheatbelt 1887 1,975 70031946600000000001,946.6 km2 (751.6 sq mi) Link Arthur until 1905. Absorbed municipality (1906–1961)
Wandering, Shire of Wandering Wheatbelt 1874 438 70031900800000000001,900.8 km2 (733.9 sq mi) Link
Waroona, Shire of Waroona Peel 1898 3,843 7002832300000000000832.3 km2 (321.4 sq mi) Link Drakesbrook until 1961
West Arthur, Shire of Darkan Wheatbelt 1896 887 70032833800000000002,833.8 km2 (1,094.1 sq mi) Link
Westonia, Shire of Westonia Wheatbelt 1916 272 70033316400000000003,316.4 km2 (1,280.5 sq mi) Link
Wickepin, Shire of Wickepin Wheatbelt 1909 750 70032040900000000002,040.9 km2 (788.0 sq mi) Link
Williams, Shire of Williams Wheatbelt 1871 928 70032305600000000002,305.6 km2 (890.2 sq mi) Link
Wiluna, Shire of Wiluna Mid West 1909 1,279 7005181662300000000181,662.3 km2 (70,140.2 sq mi) Link
Wongan-Ballidu, Shire of Wongan Hills Wheatbelt 1887 1,586 70033368400000000003,368.4 km2 (1,300.5 sq mi) Link Melbourne until 1926
Woodanilling, Shire of Woodanilling Great Southern 1906 429 70031128800000000001,128.8 km2 (435.8 sq mi) Link
Wyalkatchem, Shire of Wyalkatchem Wheatbelt 1920 519 70031595800000000001,595.8 km2 (616.1 sq mi) Link
Wyndham-East Kimberley, Shire of Kununurra Kimberley 1998 8,652 7005112415500000000112,415.5 km2 (43,403.9 sq mi) Link Wyndham until 1961
Yalgoo, Shire of Yalgoo Mid West 1907 445 700427975800000000027,975.8 km2 (10,801.5 sq mi) Link Upper Murchison until 1912
Yilgarn, Shire of Southern Cross Wheatbelt 1891 1,698 700430405100000000030,405.1 km2 (11,739.5 sq mi) Link Absorbed Southern Cross M (1892–1918)
York, Shire of York Wheatbelt 1871 3,581 70032133199999999992,133.2 km2 (823.6 sq mi) Link Absorbed Town of York (1871–1965)

External (Federal) territories[edit]

Name Council Seat Formed Population
(2010)[3]
Area Website Notes
Christmas Island, Shire of Christmas Island 1992 1462 7002136699999999999136.7 km2 (52.8 sq mi) Link
Cocos, Shire of Home Island 1992 605 700114100000000000014.1 km2 (5.4 sq mi) Link

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Local Government Act 1995". Retrieved 26 July 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Department of Health. "Local Government contacts". Retrieved 26 July 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (3 April 2014). "Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2009–10 - Western Australia". Retrieved 13 June 2014. 

External links[edit]