Mahnomen County, Minnesota

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Mahnomen County, Minnesota
Mahnomen County Courthouse.jpg
Mahnomen County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Mahnomen County
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded December 27, 1906[1]
Named for Ojibway word for wild rice, whose root word is "mano," or spirit.
Seat Mahnomen
Largest city Mahnomen
Area
 • Total 582.99 sq mi (1,510 km2)
 • Land 556.14 sq mi (1,440 km2)
 • Water 26.85 sq mi (70 km2), 4.61%
Population
 • (2010) 5,413
 • Density 9/sq mi (4/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Mahnomen County (/məˈnmən/ mə-NOH-mən) is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,413.[2] Its county seat is Mahnomen.[3] The entire county is part of the White Earth Indian Reservation.[4] It is the only county in Minnesota entirely within an Indian reservation. The county, along with East Polk and Becker County, are one of the biggest cattle-raising areas in the northwestern part of Minnesota.

Geography and native vegetation[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 582.99 square miles (1,509.9 km2), of which 556.14 square miles (1,440.4 km2) (or 95.39%) is land and 26.85 square miles (69.5 km2) (or 4.61%) is water.[5] Mahnomen is one of 17 Minnesota savanna region counties with more savanna soils than either prairie or forest soils. Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information shows Mahnomen County having less than 40 % savanna soils, 30 % prairie soils, less than 15 % forest soils and the remaining acreage in water, wet soils and gravel pits.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 3,249
1920 6,197 90.7%
1930 6,153 −0.7%
1940 8,054 30.9%
1950 7,059 −12.4%
1960 6,341 −10.2%
1970 5,638 −11.1%
1980 5,535 −1.8%
1990 5,044 −8.9%
2000 5,190 2.9%
2010 5,413 4.3%
Est. 2012 5,536 2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[2]

As of the census of 2000,[7] there were 5,190 people, 1,969 households, and 1,366 families residing in the county. The population density was 9 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 2,700 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 62.85% White (3262 people) 0.13% Black or African American (7 people), 28.55% Native American (1482 people), 0.06% Asian (3 people), 0.31% from other races (16 people), and 8.09% (420 people) from two or more races. 0.89% of the population (46 people) were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.4% (1525 people) were of German and 17.0% (882 people) Norwegian ancestry.

There were 1,969 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.60% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.60% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county the population was spread out with 29.20% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 23.50% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 102.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,053, and the median income for a family was $35,500. Males had a median income of $23,614 versus $21,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,438. About 11.80% of families and 16.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.30% of those under age 18 and 15.30% of those age 65 or over.

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

Cities and towns[edit]

Cities Townships CDP

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

6. ^Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. pp. 53 - 56. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°20′N 95°49′W / 47.33°N 95.81°W / 47.33; -95.81