Ministry of Defense (Azerbaijan)

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The Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Respublikasının Müdafiə Nazirliyi) is the Azerbaijani government ministry, associated with the Azerbaijani military. The ministry is responsible for keeping Azerbaijan defended against external threats, preserving its territorial integrity, waging war on behalf of Azerbaijan (for example the current Azerbaijani contribution to the War on Terror in Afghanistan and Iraq), and the surveillance of the Azerbaijani sector of Caspian Sea sea and airspace. The Minister of Defense is appointed and removed from the post by the Commander-in-chief of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces, President of Azerbaijan.

The current Defense Minister is Safar Abiyev.

History[edit]

In the midst of dissolution of Soviet Union and political turmoil in Azerbaijan in late 1980s, Azerbaijani military played an important role in the struggle for and retaining power.

Ministers of Defense of Azerbaijan[edit]

Azerbaijan Democratic Republic[edit]

President Term of office Political party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
1 Khosrov bey Sultanov.jpg Khosrov bey Sultanov
Xosrov bəy Sultanov
(1879–1947)
27 May 1918 11 June 1918 15 Ittihad
1. Rasulzade I 1918 [1]
Won the Battle of Baku; Established two infantry divisions consisting of three regiments, artillery division, special telegraph, cavalry and machine gun platoons, railway battalions.
2 Khoysky.jpeg Fatali Khan Khoyski
Fətəli-xan Xoyski
(1875–1920)
7 November 1918 25 December 1918 48 Independent
2. Topchubashov I 1918 [2]
3 Mexmandarov 2.jpg Samad bey Mehmandarov
Səməd bəy Mehmandarov
(1855–1931)
25 December 1918 28 April 1920 731 Independent
3. Topchubashov I 1918 [3]
1920 Ganja revolt; Failed to slow down the advance of 11th Red Army on Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.

Heads of Military Department of Azerbaijan SSR[edit]

People's Commissars for Military and Naval Affairs of Azerbaijan SSR

(the list is incomplete)

Chairman Term of office Political party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
1 Cingiz Ildrym.jpg Chingiz Ildyrym
Çingiz İldırım
(1890–1938)
28 April 1920 5 June 1920 38 Communist
(Bolsheviks)
1. Hüseynov I [4]
2 Наркомвоенмор Азербайджанской ССР А. Г. Караев.jpg Aliheydar Garayev
Aliheydar Garayev
(1896–1938)
5 June 1920 20 June 1920 15 Communist
(Bolsheviks)
2. Hüseynov I [5]

Azerbaijan Republic[edit]

President Term of office Political party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
1 Valeh Barshadly
Valeh Bərşadlı
(1927–1999)
5 September 1991 11 December 1991 97 Military
Mütəllibov II 1991 [6]
During his term as Chief of Staff, Azerbaijani army has achieved successful military victories on the Karabakh front; Prevented the ammunition from being destroyed when the remaining Soviet army was pulling out of Azerbaijan in 1992.
2 Tajeddin Mehdiyev
Tacəddin Mehdiyev
(19??–)
11 December 1991 17 February 1992 68 Military
Mütəllibov II 1971
Led an unsuccessful operation in Dashalty; Malibeyli and Gushchular Massacre.
Shahin Musayev (Acting)
Şahin Musayev
(19??–)
17 February 1992 24 February 1992 7 Military
[7]
Capture of Garadaghly.
3 Tahir Aliyev
Tahir Əliyev
(1952–)
24 February 1992 16 March 1992 21 Military
1992 [8]
Khojaly Massacre.
4 Rahim Gaziyev
Rəhim Qazıyev
(1943–)
17 March 1992 20 February 1993 340 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party
4. Elçibəy I 1992
Capture of Shusha.
5 Dadash Rzayev
Dadaş Rzayev
(1935–)
20 February 1993 17 June 1993 147 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party
5. Elçibəy I 1993 [9]
Sacked by President Abulfaz Elchibey for taking a part during skirmishes during the Ganja revolt.
Safar Abiyev in 2006.jpg Safar Abiyev (Acting)
Səfər Əbiyev
(1950–)
17 June 1993 7 August 1993 51 New Azerbaijan Party
Vahid Musayev (Acting)
Vahid Musayev
(1947–1999)
7 August 1993 25 August 1993 18 New Azerbaijan Party
[10]
Arresting for being part of coup d'état attempt against Heydar Aliyev.
6 Mammadrafi Mammadov
Məmmədrəfi Məmmədov
(1942–)
2 September 1993 6 February 1995 522 New Azerbaijan Party
6. H.Əliyev II 1993 [11]
Bishkek Protocol.
7 Safar Abiyev in 2006.jpg Safar Abiyev
Səfər Əbiyev
(1950–)
6 February 1995 22 October 2013 6833 New Azerbaijan Party
7. H.Əliyev II 1995 [12]
During Abiyev's tenure as defense minister, Azerbaijan has signed military cooperation agreements with Turkey, the United States, Pakistan and others; Partnership for Peace.
8 Zakir Hasanov
Zakir Həsənov
(1959–)
22 October 2013 Present 431 New Azerbaijan Party
8. İ.Əliyev I 2013 [13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Azərbaycan Demokratik Cümhuriyyətinin ilk qəhrəman hərbi naziri – Xosrov bəy Sultanovun doğum günüdür" [Birthday of the first Minister of Defense of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic - Khosrov bey Sultanov]. Retrieved 2010-07-19. 
  2. ^ Fuad Akhundov (Spring 1998). "Alimardan Topchubashev - Minister of Foreign Affairs (1862-1934)". Azerbaijan International. p. 31. Retrieved 2010-07-09. 
  3. ^ "Azerbaijan marks 96th anniversary of its armed forces". news.az. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  4. ^ "İldırımlı yollarla" [On path of a lightening]. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  5. ^ "Azərbaycanda Aprel sosialist inqilabı" [April Socialist Revolution in Azerbaijan]. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  6. ^ "The Center of Effective Initiatives". Retrieved 2010-07-12. 
  7. ^ "Müdafiə Nazirliyinin yaranmasının 18 ili tamam oldu" [18 years pass since establishment of the Ministry of Defense]. Retrieved 2010-07-15. 
  8. ^ "Azərbaycan Respublikası Müdafiə Şurasının yaradılması haqqında AZƏRBAYCAN RESPUBLİKASI PREZİDENTİNİN FƏRMANI" [Order of President of Azerbaijan Republic on establishment of Defense Council]. Retrieved 2011-01-05. 
  9. ^ Rashad Suleymanov (2008-12-06). "73 yaşlı Azərbaycan generalı təyarədən paraşütlə tullanacaq. Interview" [A 73-year-old Azerbaijani general will parachute. Interview]. Lent.az. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  10. ^ "Müdafiə Nazirliyinin yaranmasının 18 ili tamam oldu" [18 years pass since establishment of the Ministry of Defense]. Retrieved 2010-07-13. 
  11. ^ "Вооруженным силам Азербайджана исполняется 89 лет" [Armed Forces of Azerbaijan turn 89]. Retrieved 2010-07-13. 
  12. ^ Azerbaijan's Unsinkable General
  13. ^ "Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs of Azerbaijan". Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan. 2008. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 

External links[edit]