The China North Industries Corporation (simplified Chinese: 北方工业; traditional Chinese: 北方工業; pinyin: Běifāng Gōngyè; literally: "North Industries"), official English name Norinco, is a Chinese company that manufactures vehicles (trucks, cars and motorcycles), machinery, optical-electronic products, oil field equipment, chemicals, light industrial products, explosives and blast materials, civil and military firearms and ammunition, etc. Norinco is also involved in domestic civil construction projects.
Norinco is also known outside of China for its high-tech defense products. Norinco produces precision strike systems, amphibious assault weapons and equipment, long-range suppression weapon systems, anti-aircraft & anti-missile systems, information & night vision products, high-effect destruction systems, fuel air bombs, anti-terrorism and anti-riot equipment and small arms.
Established in 1980 with the approval of the State Council of China, China North Industries Corporation (NORINCO) is an enterprise group engaged in both products and capital operation, integrated with R&D, manufacturing, marketing, and services. NORINCO mainly deals with defense products, petroleum & mineral resources development, international engineering contracting, optronic products, civilian explosives & chemical products, sports arms & equipment, vehicles and logistics operation, etc. NORINCO has been ranked among the forefront of China’s 500 largest state-owned enterprises in terms of total assets and revenue.
Controversies in the United States
In 1993, the import of most Norinco firearms and ammunition into the United States was blocked under new trade rules when China's permanent normal trade relations status was renewed. The prohibition did not apply to sporting shotguns or shotgun ammunition however. The year subsequent to that, U.S. Customs agents conducted a sting against Atlanta based importers of Norinco firearms. According to an affidavit signed by two of the undercover agents involved in the investigation dubbed "Operation Dragon Fire", representatives from Norinco offered to sell urban gangs shoulder-held missile launchers capable of downing a large commercial airliner.
In August 2003, the Bush Administration imposed sanctions on Norinco for allegedly selling missile-related goods to Iran. These sanctions led to a prohibition on imports into the US of the remaining types of firearms and ammunition not covered by the 1993 ban. While neither the Chinese government nor Norinco has denied doing business with Iranian companies, they dismissed the allegation that it involved missile related goods. Norinco has called the sanctions "entirely unreasonable."
Examples of products manufactured by Norinco
- QSZ-92, pistol
- Type 54, clone of TT-33 Pistol
- NZ-75, clone of CZ 75 pistol
- NP-22 (rename by importer NP226 or NC226) a Sig-Sauer P226 pistol first version clone
- M-1911A1, clone of Colt M1911A1 pistol (blue version)
- M-1911A1-P, Government Model version with Mil-spec (USGI) M-1911A1 clone; with the Phosphat finishing
- M-1911A1-TT, Two-Tone version of M-1911A1
- 1911A1-Sport-B, Sport verion of M-1911A1, with Three dot sighting system, Extended slide release, Front slide serrations, Ambidextrous safety, Raised anti glare rib on slide, Large beavertail grip safety, Lite weight competition hammer, Lightened target trigger, Full length guide rod, The finish is non-reflective satin blue and Extended mag release.
- 1911A1-Sport-TT, Two-Tone version of 1911A1-Sport-B
- M-1911A1C, Combat Commander style pistol
- NP-30, Tactical verion version of Colt M1911A1 pistol clone with double column magazines, beavertail grip safety, extended slide release, flat mainspring housing, and extended ambdextrous safety.
- NP-29, Colt M1911A1 clone in 9mmx19mm.
- NP-28, Colt M1911A1 clone high cap in 9mm
- NP-44, Colt M1911A1 clone high cap .45 ACP
- M1911A1 C, Colt M1911A1 Clone in .38 special
- CQ, clone of M-16A1 variant of M-16 rifle
- M14S or M305, clone of M1A, a civilian version of the M14 rifle
- M93, Colt Woodsman Clone in .22LR
- NP-18, clone of FEG P9R
- NR-08, sub machine gun(SMG), clone of Heckler & Koch MP5.
- Type 56 Carbine, clone of Russian SKS semi-automatic rifle
- Type 56 assault rifle, clone of AK-47
- Type 86S bullpup assault rifle
- Type 87 (also known as QLZ87) 35 mm automatic grenade launcher (AGL)
- QBU-88 (Type 88), sniper rifle
- QBZ-95 (Type 95), an assault rifle
- NDM-86, a version of the Dragunov Sniper Rifle that fires .308 Win. ammo or traditional 7.62x54R depending on model
- YL-1887L, clone of Winchester Model 1887/1901 lever-action shotgun
- YL-1897, clone of Winchester Model 1897 pump shotgun
- HP9-1, also known as the Norinco 982, clone of Remington 870, a pump-action shotgun
- JW-103/JW-105, bolt action hunting rifles
- 23-2K, a version of the Nudelman-Rikhter NR-23 cannon
- Type 63 Light Amphibious Tank
- Type 99 MBT
- WZ-523 Wheeled APC
- Type 69 RPG anti-armor rocket launcher, clone of RPG-7
- Type 98 anti-tank rocket 120 mm anti-tank rocket system
- ZM-87, a portable laser disturber
- Poly Technologies
- China Aviation Industry Corporation
- China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation
- China Aviation Industry Corporation II (AVIC II)
- Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense
- China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation
- China State Shipbuilding Corporation
- Bazalt (Russian Manufacturer of the RPG-7, RPG-29, etc.)
- List of modern armament manufacturers
- Norinco Homepage
- Norinco Equipment, a subsidiary of Norinco. (site contains an online English catalogue)