List of Chinese astronauts
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This is a list of Chinese astronauts, people trained by the China National Space Administration (CNSA) to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft. As the Chinese space program developed during the sixties, various proposals for manned spacecraft were made.
The first manned spacecraft proposed by the People's Republic of China during the late 1960s and early 70s was the Shuguang One which was expected to bring the first Chinese astronaut in 1973 into space. For this programme 19 astronauts were selected in 1971. However, shortly after these plans were made, several leading scientists attached to the project were denounced during the Cultural Revolution, bringing progress to a standstill. Instead, NASA astronaut Taylor Wang became the first Chinese person in space in 1985.
For China’s current Shenzhou program several astronaut were selected. This resulted in Yang Liwei being launched aboard Shenzhou 5, becoming the first man sent into space by the Chinese space program. This achievement made China the third country to independently send humans into space. During the Shenzhou 7 mission in 2008, Zhai Zhigang became the first Chinese citizen to carry out a spacewalk. In 2012, Liu Yang became the first Chinese woman to be launched into space when she was launched aboard Shenzhou 9.
As of 2012, eight Chinese nationals have traveled in space.
|Yang Liwei||Shenzhou 5 (October 15, 2003)||First Chinese national in space. First solo man in space who was neither American nor Russian.|
|Fei Junlong||Shenzhou 6 (October 12-16, 2005)||Commander in the first two man Chinese crew in space.|
|Nie Haisheng||Shenzhou 6 (October 12-16, 2005)||First in a two man Chinese crew in space.|
|Jing Haipeng||Shenzhou 7 (September 25-28, 2008)
Shenzhou 9 (June 16-29, 2012)
|First in a three man Chinese crew in space. First repeat Chinese national in space. Commander in the first Chinese crew to achieve manned spacecraft docking.|
|Liu Boming||Shenzhou 7 (September 25-28, 2008)||First in a three man Chinese crew in space.|
|Zhai Zhigang||Shenzhou 7 (September 25-28, 2008)||First Chinese national to walk in space. Commander in the first Chinese three man crew in space.|
|Liu Wang||Shenzhou 9 (June 16-29, 2012)||First in a Chinese crew to achieve manned spacecraft docking.|
|Liu Yang||Shenzhou 9 (June 16-29, 2012)||First Chinese woman in space. First in a Chinese crew to achieve manned spacecraft docking.|
Other Chinese astronauts were selected for training :
May 1970 - Shuguang Group :
- Chai Hongliang, Dong Xiaohai, Du Jincheng, Fang Guojun, Hu Zhanzi, Li Shichang, Liu Chongfu, Liu Zhongyi, Lu Xiangxiao, Ma Zizhong, Meng Senlin, Shao Zhijian, Wang Fuhe, Wang Fuquan, Wang Quanbo, Wang Rongsen, Wang Zhiyue, Yu Guilin, Zhang Ruxiang
October 1996 (part of the Shenzhou program)
January 1998 - (part of the Shenzhou program)
- Chen Quan (commander; mission: Shenzhou 7 - backup), Deng Qingming, Fei Junlong (mission: Shenzhou 6 and Shenzhou 7 - backup), Jing Haipeng (mission: Shenzhou 7), Liu Boming (mission: Shenzhou 7), Liu Wang, Nie Haisheng (mission: Shenzhou 6 and Shenzhou 7 - backup), Pan Zhanchun, Yang Liwei (mission: Shenzhou 5), Zhai Zhigang (commander; mission: Shenzhou 7), Zhang Xiaoguan, Zhao Chuandong
See also 
- Chinese American astronauts
- List of astronauts
- List of astronauts by selection