Pakistan Muslim League (Q)

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Pakistan Muslim League
پاکستان مسلم لیگ
PML
President Shujaat Hussain
Secretary-General Mushahid Hussain Syed
Spokesperson Kamil Ali Agha Khan
Founder Chaudhary Zahoor Elahi Shaheed
Founder Khalid Ranjha
S.M. Zafar
Muhammad Basharat Raja
Nasir Mehmood Gill
Slogan Live, let live.... Giving hope to the hopeless
Founded 20 July 2002 (2002-07-20)
Split from Pakistan Muslim League (N)
Preceded by Islamic Democratic Alliance (IDA)
Headquarters Parliament lodges, Islamabad
Youth wing PML Youth Wing
PML Minorities Wing Kalpana Devi
Ideology Conservative liberalism
Economic liberalism
Pakistani nationalism
Colors Light Green, White
Senate
5 / 104
National Assembly
2 / 272
Punjab Assembly
8 / 371
Baloshistan Assembly
4 / 65
Election symbol
Bicycle
Website
PMLQ
Politics of Pakistan
Political parties
Elections

The Pakistan Muslim League (Quaid e Azam Group) Urdu: پاکستان مسلم لیگ ق‎; Acronyms: PML(Q), PML-Q, PMLQ) is a centre-nationalist political party in Pakistan. Currently it has a representation of 2 seats in the Parliament in the latest parliamentary elections held in 2013. It had previously served as a strong ally of former Prime minister Raja Pervez Ashraf's previously led-government, and led a joint election campaign in 2013 alongside Pakistan Peoples Party in Punjab and Balochistan provinces against its rival Pakistan Muslim League (N), a fiscal conservative and centre-right force.

Its leadership and the members were once part of the Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) presided by former and current prime minister Navaz Sharif, but after the 1997 general elections, the political differences arose that ultimately led to the creation of the faction inside of its own party. The party's dissidents led by Shujaat Hussain rose their voices calling for the strong and vocal support for the 1999 military coup d'état staged and led by then-Chief of Army Staff and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee General Pervez Musharaff. In 2002, dissident leaders formed and launched the party platform, focusing onto General Musharraf military regime, later became an integral part of Musharraf's government after appointing its own Prime minister, Shaukat Aziz. The leader of the dissidents, Shujaat Hussain was named party's president, while party began the annihilation of PML(N)'s structure. The full advantage was taken by President Pervez Musharraf who granted opportunities to the party with an initial and focusing goal of exclusive support of the government and to lessen and diminish the public support of Navaz Sharif in the country. The National security adviser Tarik Aziz had played a pivotal role who "had engineered the idea in advance of the elections of 2002 of converting the PML(N)'s centre-right ideology back to centerism, PML(Q), the Q standing for "Quaid-e-Azam".[1] However the engineered idea collapse when PML (N) did emerged as the largest conservative front as well as the largest opposition party in the parliament.[2] Furthermore, the party suffered many setback in post-elections when its members began to disintegrate after forming the separate bloc with close association with the PML-N, first being the Like-Minded bloc and Avami League bloc and second, the former president's bloc.[2] Senior members either proceeded to join the PML-N, while the junior leadership defected to Pakistan Movement for Justice.[2]

Although in early stages and even after the recent elections, it was rumoured the existence of the party might be difficult but this was proved wrong when the party performed extremely well despite the predictions. In September 2010, the Pakistan Muslim League (Q) joined its similar ideological faction, the PML-F, forming the Pakistan Muslim League (Pir Pagara), but this was short-lived when in May 2011 the party joined the Yousaf Raza Gillani led-government to fulfill the gape left by its rival PML-N.[3][4] However, the party announced its resignation from the Parliament, citing the failure of the Pakistan Peoples Party to resolve the energy crisis as the reason, which had direct impact on federal government and situation become better by giving releief in fuel prices on 15-jun-12.[5]

History[edit]

PML (Q) is a political party with influential members such as the Chaudhary's of Gujrat, Pervaiz Elahi and Chaudhary Shujaat Hussain; Humayun Akhtar Khan, son of the late General Akhtar Abdur Rahman, who was a close associate of Zia. In fact , 75% of its elected members are former "big men" of the Zia ul Haq regime and Nawaz Sharif Government. Factions of the PML-N broke away in 2001 under NAB's pressure to form the Pakistan Muslim League (Q). They were staunch supporters of Pervez Musharraf and consider him their mentor. Although, he was sometimes mistakenly cited as a member, former president Pervez Musharraf was not part of the party itself. Being the President of Pakistan he remained non-partisan and neutral.

Breakaway from PML-N and Founding[edit]

The present Pakistan Muslim League (Q)(PML(Q)) started as a small group of half a dozen like-minded people in the Nawaz Sharif led faction of PML-N, including Mian Mohammad Azhar, Khurshid Kasuri, Syeda Abida Hussain and her husband Syed Fakhar Imam. Mian Mohammad Azhar remained the president of the party initially but saprated his ways and joined Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf led by Imran Khan. Pervez Musharraf as President of Pakistan asked Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain and Chaudhry Pervez Elahi to "galvanise and reinvent the Muslim League."[6] Several well known leaders later joined the Pakistan Muslim League (Q) with Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain as the president of the party. PML(Q) was launched on 20 August 2002.[6]

2002 general elections[edit]

During the 20 October 2002 legislative elections, the party won 25.7% votes and 126 out of 342 members.

Developments during PMLQ Government (2002–2007)[edit]

Some economic and social development indicators shown below .

  1. Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which was $63 billion in 1999, reached $162 billion, grown at an average of 7% .
  2. Per capita income increased to $925 from $435.
  3. Revenue collection, which was at around Rs. 300 billion in 1999, crossed a record Rs. 1 trillion, creating more fiscal space for
  4. development expenditures.
  5. Public Sector Development Programme (PSDP), which hovered around Rs. 80 billion during the 1988–99 period, reached Rs. 520 billion.
  6. Foreign direct investment (FDI), which was around $300 million in 1999, peaked to $6.5 billion.
  7. Remittances were at a record $5.5 billion.
  8. Exports rise from $9 billion to $17 billion.
  9. Foreign Exchange reserves $16 billion.
  10. Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE) index rise to 14,000 points from 1000 points in 1999.

However opponents point all the achievements where over 10 years, at time of Strong Global economic growth,Low oil prices and relative to other countries the achievements where average, particularly since a massive Balance of Payments crises began in 2008.

United PML[edit]

In May 2004, various PML factions and other political parties merged with the PML-Q to form a united Pakistan Muslim League (PML), thus leaving out only the Nawaz Sharif led faction of PML. They included former President Farooq Leghari's Millat Party, Mr Jahan Zaib Awan, National Peoples Party, Arbab Ghulam Rahim's Sindh Democratic Alliance, Hamid Nasir Chattha's PML (Junejo), Pir Pagara's PML (Functional), Manzoor Wattoo's PML (Jinnah), and Ijaz-ul-Haq's PML (Zia).[7] Later on, Pir Pagara led faction called the PML-Functional again parted ways with the united PML, which led the number of parties being called Pakistan Muslim League to three; PML-Q, PML-N, and PML-F.

Wings of PMLQ[edit]

  1. Federal Capital Wing
  2. Ulma e Mashaikh Wing
  3. Women Wing
  4. Minorities Wing
  5. Human Rights Wing
  6. Lawyers Wing
  7. Youth Wing
  8. Labour Wing
  9. Culture Wing
  10. Sports Wing

2008 general elections[edit]

The Pakistan Muslim League (Q) contested the February 2008 legislative election with other allied parties like Muttahida Qaumi Movement, Pakistan Muslim League (F), and National Peoples Party.[8] It was believed that the party wanted former Punjab Chief Minister Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi to become Prime Minister. The PML (Q) lost major parliamentarians in the 2008 general election, gaining only 49 elected seats, and the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and the PML (N) opposition parties won the election.

PML (Q) Secretary-General Mushahid Hussain Syed said that, although the party had performed "far below expectations", it accepted defeat in the election "with grace" and would become an opposition party. Although in this elections PML-Q could not win but became second largest vote scoring party of Pakistan[9]

Party Leadership & Vision[edit]

Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain is current President of PML-Q. He was elected unopposed, and Senator Mushahid Hussain Syed is the Secretary General of PML who was also elected unopposed.[citation needed]

The PML has entered a new phase of its history. It aspires to promote a culture of reconciliation and accommodation in politics. It has launched a massive campaign to organise itself at the grassroots. It plans to introduce reforms in the social, economic and other sectors of the society to bring about a real change in the life of the common man.[citation needed]

'Like-minded Group' break away[edit]

Recently, a growing rift within the leadership of the party has emerged another faction within the ambit of the Muslim League calling themselves the 'Like-minded' bloc, who are seriously opposed to the recent Chaudhry's of Gujrat leadership bid.

Even though its early days for this new faction, they have announced that Hamid Nasir Chattha would be the chairman, Salim Saifullah the President, and Humayun Akhtar Khan the Secretary General. Other prominent leaders to join this parallel set-up amongst others are (former Foreign Ministers) Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri (appointed as chairman Steering Committee) and Gohar Ayub Khan. Additional prominent leaders include Kashmala Tariq as well.[10][11]A meeting of the group was held in August 2009 in Peshawar by members including Salim Saifullah Khan, Hamid Nasir Chattha, Humayun Akhtar Khan, Gohar Ayub Khan, Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri, Muhammad Ali Durrani, Sumaira Malik, Lala Nisar, Kashmala Tariq, Iqbal Dar and Omar Ayub Khan.[12]

In February 2010, the mainstream PML-Q was further effected by the resignation of Muhammad Ijaz-ul-Haq, and the revival of his Pakistan Muslim League (Z) party.

Other leaders

Support for military regimes[edit]

The President of the party Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain and Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi supported Musharraf step by step. They have been faithful to the general in even the most adverse circumstances for their own gains.[13]

Shujaat Hussain's father Chaudhry Zahoor Elahi was initially a supporter of General Ayub Khan, but when the governor during his time Nawab of Kalabagh Amir Mohammad Khan favoured some of his local opponents, he parted ways with Ayub's Convention Muslim League. He opposed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and later joined Zia's government. He was killed allegedly by Al-Zulfikar organisation for his support to General Zia-ul-Haq. After his death, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain continued to support Zia and his Islamization policies. He remained in PML Once the establishment parted ways with Nawaz Sharif in 1999, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain and Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi came to the rescue of stability of country and saw their new party PML (Q) win the general elections of 2002. Both the Chaudhry brothers have been accused of some financial scandals including the Cooperative Scandal, sugar scandal and bank loan defaults, but none of them were ever proven or even pursed or trailed by government.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

10.^ Jahan Zaib Sarwar Awan (6 September 2009)."Joined PML Q".Jang Newspaper 11.^ http://www.pakistanmuslimleague.yolasite.com

External links[edit]