Phnom Penh International Airport

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Phnom Penh International Airport
អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិភ្នំពេញ
Aéroport International de Phnom Penh
Cambodia Airport group logo.png
Logo of Phnom Penh Airport Authority
Phnom penh airport.JPG
Phnom Penh International Airport

IATA: PNHICAO: VDPP

PNH is located in Cambodia
PNH
PNH
Location of airport in Cambodia
Summary
Airport type Public / Military
Operator Cambodia Airport Management Services
Serves Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 40 ft / 12 m
Coordinates 11°32′47″N 104°50′38″E / 11.54639°N 104.84389°E / 11.54639; 104.84389Coordinates: 11°32′47″N 104°50′38″E / 11.54639°N 104.84389°E / 11.54639; 104.84389
Website www.cambodia-airports.com
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,000 10,000 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passenger movements 2,400,000
Airfreight movements in tonnes 31,000
Aircraft movements 27,000

Phnom Penh International Airport (IATA: PNHICAO: VDPP) (Khmer: អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិភ្នំពេញ French: Aéroport International de Phnom Penh), is the largest airport in Cambodia containing land area of 400 hectares. It is located 10 kilometres (5.4 NM) west of Phnom Penh, the nation's capital.

History[edit]

Phnom Penh airport's former name was Pochentong International Airport.

On 6 July 1995, the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) signed a concession agreement with the French–Malaysian joint venture company Société Concessionaire d'Aéroport (SCA), to operate Phnom Penh (PNH) – Pochentong International Airport. In return for a 20-year concession, SCA—70 percent owned by Groupe GTM and 30 percent by Muhibbah Masterron of Malaysia—committed to a $100 million improvement program that includes the construction of a new runway, terminal and cargo buildings, hangars, installation of a Cat III level Instrument Landing System (ILS) and associated approach lighting.

The Berger Group was selected by the RGC to provide independent engineering services during the concession, to audit the design and to advise on the practicality and cost of the concession's proposed improvements. The Berger team also supervised the initial works to accommodate widebody aircraft such as 747s, including asphalt concrete runway overlays; installation of new ILS, metrological equipment, runway lighting and generator and power systems; and construction of a new fire station, taxiway and turn-pad extensions.

Following the successful completion of the initial works, the Berger team provided design review and independent engineering services for the construction of a new 20,000-square-metre (220,000 sq ft) terminal building to accommodate growing tourist traffic. The $20 million terminal building includes five mobile aerobridges, over 1000 auto parking spaces and VIP and CIP facilities.

The airport also has a Dairy Queen inside. It is one of the first international franchises that have opened up in Cambodia.

Facilities[edit]

The airport is at an elevation of 40 feet (12 m) above mean sea level. It has one runway designated 05/23 with an asphalt surface measuring 3,000 by 50 metres (9,840 ft × 160 ft).[1][2]

The airport has two terminal buildings – one for international and one for domestic operations. Recently, it added a new facility for VIP service. The international terminal has 5 airbridges built in 2003. The airport's design capacity is 2 million persons per year.

Airfield[edit]

  • Length: 3,000 metres (9,800 ft)
  • Width: 50 metres (160 ft)
  • Orientation: 50° – 225° (QFU 05 – 23)
  • Pavement structure: bituminous overlay on a concrete base
  • Perpendicular taxiways (30 metres or 98 feet wide plus shoulders 5 metres or 16 feet wide each): 5
  • Peak hour capacity: 20 movements (taxiways)
  • Number of stands: 20
    • Concrete area: 50,000 square metres (540,000 sq ft), 10 stands
    • Asphalt area: 20,000 square metres (220,000 sq ft), 10 stands
    • Total area: 70,000 square metres (750,000 sq ft)
  • Navigation aids and visual aids:
    • VOR/DME
    • ILS
    • Meteo

Future development[edit]

Cambodia Airports group plan to extended the Phnom Penh international airport passenger terminal building and increase the capacity of passenger visits and transit through this destination up to 3 million per year in the future. The construction started in 2013 and is expected to finish by late 2015.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Cambodia national air carrier Cambodia Angkor Air at Phnom Penh International Airport.

Passenger airlines[edit]

25 airlines are served by Phnom Penh International Airport with 20 destinations.

Airlines Destinations Terminal
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur International
Apsara International Air Siem Reap Domestic
Asia Atlantic Airlines Tokyo–Narita International
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon International
Bangkok Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi International
Bassakaair Charter: Macau International
Bassakaair Siem Reap Domestic
Cambodia Angkor Air Siem Reap, Sihanoukville Domestic
Cambodia Angkor Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Changsha, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Shanghai–Pudong International
Cambodia Bayon Airlines Siem Reap (begins 21 December 2014) Domestic
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan International
China Eastern Airlines Nanning, Shanghai–Pudong
Seasonal Charter:Nanjing, Wuhan
International
China Southern Airlines Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou
Seasonal Charter: Shantou, Shenzhen
International
Dragonair Hong Kong International
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan International
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore International
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon International
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur International
Myanmar Airways International Osaka–Kansai,[3] Yangon International
Qatar Airways Doha, Ho Chi Minh City International
Shandong Airlines Chongqing, Jinan International
SilkAir Singapore International
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang International
Thai Airways International
operated by Thai Smile
Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi International
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Vientiane, Vinh International

Cargo airlines[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Cathay Pacific Cargo Hong Kong, Penang, Singapore[4] Cargo
Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Ho Chi Minh City, Singapore Cargo

Statistics[edit]

Statistics for Phnom Penh International Airport[5]
Year Total passengers Total aircraft movements
1998 600,000 6,000
1999 700,000 8,000
2000 800,000 9,000
2001 900,000 17,000
2002 900,000 18,000
2003 900,000 16,000
2004 1,200,000 18,000
2005 1,000,000 18,000
2006 1,300,000 19,000
2007 1,600,000 21,000
2008 1,700,000 20,000
2009 1,600,000 20,000
2010 1,700,000 20,000
2011 1,900,000 22,000
2012 2,100,000 23,000
2013 2,400,000 27,000

International terminal profile[edit]

  • Total capacity: 2 million passengers
    • Surface: 20,000 square metres (220,000 sq ft)
    • Waiting lounges: 2,000 square metres (22,000 sq ft)
    • VIP Lounge: 500 square metres (5,400 sq ft)
    • Food & Beverage: 500 square metres (5,400 sq ft)
    • Duty Free: 1,000 square metres (11,000 sq ft)
  • Seat capacity: 500
  • Check-in counters: 20
  • Visa, Immigration and Customs counters: 20
  • Number of gates: 5 with airbridges, 10 with bus access
  • Baggage conveyors: 5 (International)
  • Car parking: 500

Domestic terminal profile[edit]

Departure side

  • Handling capacity Domestic Departures Terminal: 1000 passengers per hour.
  • Floor surface
  • Boarding gates

Arrival side (open space concept)

  • Floor surface
  • Garden
  • Total capacity: 1 million passengers/year

Picture gallery[edit]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 3 December 1973, Douglas DC-3 XW-PHV of Air Union was reported to have crashed shortly after take-off.[6]
  • On 19 January 1975, Douglas C-47A XU-HAK, Douglas DC-3 XU-KAL of Khmer Hansa and Douglas C-47A N86AC of South East Asia Air Transport were all destroyed in a rocket attack on the airport.[7][8][9]
  • On 22 February 1975, Douglas C-47A XU-GAJ of Khmer Hansa was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.[10]
  • On 10 March 1975, a Douglas DC-3 of Samaki Airlines was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.[11]
  • On 11 March 1975, a Douglas DC-3 of Khmer Hansa was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.[12]
  • In March 1975, Vickers Viscount XW-TDN of Royal Air Lao crashed at Phnom Penh International Airport. The pilot was not qualified to fly the aircraft. All four people on board were killed.[13] Accident aircraft also reported as XW-TFK with a date of 15 March.[14]
  • On 11 April 1975, a Douglas DC-3 (possibly XW-PKT) of Sorya Airlines was hit by shrapnel shortly after take-off. The aircraft was destroyed by fire and two of the three occupants were killed.[15] The same day, Douglas C-47B XW-TFB of Air Cambodge was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.[16]
  • 3 September 1997: Vietnam Airlines Flight 815, operated by a Tupolev Tu-134 crashed on approach to Pochentong Airport, killing 65 of the 66 passengers on board. The aircraft was entirely destroyed. The aircraft was flying from Ho Chi Minh City to Phnom Penh.[17] The Tupolev was approaching the Phnom Penh airport runway in heavy rain from 2,000 meters; at this point the control tower ordered the pilot to attempt an approach from the west due to a wind pick-up. The crew then lost communication with the tower, and three minutes later the aircraft collided at low level with trees, damaging the left wing. The aircraft then slid 200 yards into a dry rice paddy before exploding. Pilot error was later identified as the cause of the crash; the pilot continued his landing descent from an altitude of 2,000 meters to 30 meters even though the runway was not in sight, and ignored pleas from his first officer and flight engineer to turn back. When the aircraft hit the trees, the pilot finally realized the runway was not in sight and tried to abort the approach; the flight engineer pushed for full power, but the aircraft lost control and veered left; the right engine then stalled, making it impossible to gain lift.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airport information for VDPP from DAFIF (effective October 2006)
  2. ^ http://www.schedule-coordination.jp/apaca/db%20pdf/cambodia1.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.bangkokpost.com/most-recent/428486/myanma-airways-to-fly-to-osaka
  4. ^ "Cathay to open air freight Cambodia". Phnom Penh Post. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  5. ^ http://www.azworldairports.com/cfm/frame.cfm?src=http://www.azworldairports.com/airports/p2720mme.htm
  6. ^ "XW-PHV Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 26 August 2010. 
  7. ^ "XU-HAK Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010. 
  8. ^ "XU-KAL Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010. 
  9. ^ "N86AC Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010. 
  10. ^ "XU-GAJ Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  11. ^ "Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 August 2010. 
  12. ^ "Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 August 2010. 
  13. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009. 
  14. ^ "Vickers Viscount". BAAA/ACRO. Retrieved 8 October 2009. 
  15. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 21 August 2010. 
  16. ^ "XW-TFB Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 21 August 2010. 
  17. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 October 2009. 
  18. ^ "VN-A120 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 May 2011. 

External links[edit]