President of the Indian National Congress

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Indian National Congress
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The President of the All India Congress Committee, and therefore of the Indian National Congress Party (INC) as a whole, is known as the Congress President.

History[edit]

Traditionally, the post rotated between prominent members of the party, successive terms for the same person being frowned upon. During Jawaharlal Nehru's premiership, he rarely held the Presidency of INC, even though he was always head of the Legislative Party.

Indira Gandhi however, institutionalised the practice of having the same person as the President and the Prime Minister after the first Congress split of 1969. Her son Rajiv Gandhi continued that practice. He was the INC President and the Prime Minister.

Narasimha Rao, too held both the Congress President and the Prime Minister's posts. Sitaram Kesri held the post after INC was voted out. But as the INC never returned to power under his leadership, he didn't hold the two posts together.

In 2004, when the INC was voted back Dr Manmohan Singh became the first INC Prime Minister, not to be the INC President since the practice began. This was indicative of the position Sonia Gandhi held vis-à-vis the Prime Minister. Sonia Gandhi is the current Congress President.[1]

List of presidents of the party[edit]

Name of President Year of Presidency Place of Conference
Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee 1885 Bombay
Dadabhai Naoroji 1886 Calcutta
Badruddin Tyabji 1887 Madras
George Yule 1888 Allahabad
William Wedderburn 1889 Bombay
Pherozeshah Mehta 1890 Calcutta
Anandacharlu 1891 Nagpur
Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee 1892 Allahabad
Dadabhai Naoroji 1893 Lahore
Alfred Webb 1894 Madras
Surendranath Banerjee 1895 Poona
Rahimtulla M. Sayani 1896 Calcutta
C. Sankaran Nair 1897 Amraoti
Anandamohan Bose 1898 Madras
Romesh Chunder Dutt 1899 Lucknow
N. G. Chandavarkar 1900 Lahore
Dinshaw Edulji Wacha 1901 Calcutta
Surendranath Banerjee 1902 Ahmedabad
Lalmohan Ghosh 1903 Madras
Henry Cotton 1904 Bombay
Gopal Krishna Gokhale 1905 Benares
Dadabhai Naoroji 1906 Calcutta
Rashbihari Ghosh 1907 Surat
Rashbihari Ghosh 1908 Madras
Madan Mohan Malaviya 1909 Lahore
William Wedderburn 1910 Allahabad
Bishan Narayan Dar 1911 Calcutta
Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar 1912 Bankipur
Nawab Syed Muhammad Bahadur 1913 Karachi
Bhupendra Nath Bose 1914 Madras
Lord Satyendra Prasanna Sinha 1915 Bombay
Ambica Charan Mazumdar 1916 Lucknow
Annie Besant 1917 Calcutta
Madan Mohan Malaviya 1918 Delhi
Syed Hasan Imam 1918 Bombay (Special Session)
Motilal Nehru 1919 Amritsar
Lala Lajpat Rai 1920 Calcutta (Special Session)
C. Vijayaraghavachariar 1920 Nagpur
Hakim Ajmal Khan 1921 Ahmedabad
Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das 1922 Gaya
Mohammad Ali Jouhar 1923 Kakinada
Abul Kalam Azad 1923 Delhi (Special Session)
Mohandas Gandhi 1924 Belgaum
Sarojini Naidu 1925 Kanpur
S. Srinivasa Iyengar 1926 Gauhati
Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari 1927 Madras
Motilal Nehru 1928 Calcutta
Jawaharlal Nehru 1929 & 30 Lahore
Vallabhbhai Patel 1931 Karachi
Madan Mohan Malaviya 1932 Delhi
Madan Mohan Malaviya 1933 Calcutta
Nellie Sengupta 1933 Calcutta
Rajendra Prasad 1934 & 35 Bombay
Jawaharlal Nehru 1936 Lucknow
Jawaharlal Nehru 1936& 37 Faizpur
Subhas Chandra Bose 1938 Haripura, Gujarat
Subhas Chandra Bose (resigned)
Rajendra Prasad replaced Bose after
the session.
1939 Tripuri, Madhya Pradesh / Chhatisgadh
Abul Kalam Azad 1940–46 Ramgarh
J. B. Kripalani 1947 Meerut
Pattabhi Sitaraimayya 1948 & 49 Jaipur
Purushottam Das Tandon 1950 Nasik
Jawaharlal Nehru 1951 & 52 Delhi
Jawaharlal Nehru 1953 Hyderabad
Jawaharlal Nehru 1954 Calcutta
U. N. Dhebar 1955 Avadi
U. N. Dhebar 1956 Amritsar
U. N. Dhebar 1957 Indore
U. N. Dhebar 1958 Gauhati
U. N. Dhebar 1959 Nagpur
Indira Gandhi 1959 Delhi
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy 1960 Bangalore
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy 1961 Bhavnagar
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy 1962 & 63 Patna
K. Kamaraj 1964 Bhubaneswar
K. Kamaraj 1965 Durgapur
K. Kamaraj 1966 & 67 Jaipur
S. Nijalingappa 1968 Hyderabad
S. Nijalingappa 1968 Gujarat
P. Mehul 1969 Faridabad
Jagjivan Ram 1970 & 71 Bombay
Shankar Dayal Sharma 1972– 74 Calcutta
Devakanta Barua 1975– 77 Chandigarh
Indira Gandhi 1978 – 83 Delhi
Indira Gandhi 1983-84 Calcutta
Rajiv Gandhi 1985-91 Bombay
P. V. Narasimha Rao 1992-96 Tirupati
Sitaram Kesri 1996-98 Calcutta
Sonia Gandhi 1998–present Calcutta

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sonia Gandhi (Indian politician)". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 

External links[edit]