Highways in Greece

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Highways in Greece are generally organized so that the odd numbered highways are of north-south alignment and even numbered highways are of east-west alignment. However there are many exceptions.

The designation of some important roads of Greece as "national" was decided by a 1955 decree, while a minister's decision in 1963 determined the numbering of these roads. In 1998, a survey of the Hellenic Statistical Authority defined some new national roads that were constructed after the 1963 decision. Furthermore motorway numbers in Greece are different and irrelevant to other highways' numbers. For example, Motorway 6 (A6) refers to the Attiki Odos motorway, while "GR-6" refers to a different road.

Motorways[edit]

Map of Greece's motorway network as of 2012. Black=Completed routes, Blue=Under Construction, Grey=Planned routes

Greece's motorway network has been extensively modernised throughout the 2000s and part of it is still under construction, expected to be complete around 2015. There are a total of 10 main routes throughout the Greek mainland and Crete, from which some feature numerous branches/auxiliary routes, as described in the listing below.

A1[edit]

Motorway A1, Greece
Motorway A1 near Agios Konstantinos

Motorway 1 (A1), colloquially referred to as the PAThE motorway (derived from the initials of the route: Piraeus – Athens – Thessaloniki – Evzoni (the border crossing with the Republic of Macedonia)); is the oldest and most important motorway of Greece, connecting the country's largest cities, Athens and Thessaloniki and passing through many important regions of Greece on a south-north direction. A few parts of this route are not up to motorway standards yet, but works are under way in upgrading them to such, namely along the Malian Gulf and Tempe Valley.

As of summer 2008, works were in progress around the Malian Gulf, due to be completed in 2011, while a large part of the route around the bay, was completed in April 2008. Due to delays the last part (the 17 km Stylida-Karavomylos bypass) will be completed by mid-2015 or a little earlier. At Tempe valley, works started in 2008, in order to be completed around 2012, but due to severe delays they will be completed in mid-2015. They include 11 km of tunnels, made mostly for environmental protection and, of course, road safety. Furthermore the section between ThessalonikiEvzoni, is yet to be converted into motorway; and is in planning to happen some time in the future.

The full length of this motorway is around 553 km or 346 miles, including 14 km or 8.7 miles of shared route with the A2 (Egnatia Odos). Note that until recently, the "P" in "PAThE" referred to Patras, but the Patra – Athens section has now become part of the A8 (Olympia Odos) motorway, belonging to a different project.[1][2]

  • Motorway 11 (A11) is a branch of the A1, connecting it with the city of Chalcis.
  • Motorway 12 (A12) is another branch of the A1, connecting it with the city of Volos, and serving as a bypass for the city. Although it is a dual carriageway throughout its length, parts of it remain with traffic lights and not all sections of the branch are up to motorway standards. Ongoing construction has been happening to upgrade it to such.
  • Motorway 13 (A13) is a planned branch of the A1, from Thiva to Elefsina; connecting it with the Olympia Odos motorway and serving as a bypass of Athens' Metropolitan Area.

A2 (Egnatia Odos)[edit]

A2 Motorway Tunnels between Kozani and Veria.
Highway E92 connecting Trikala with Larissa.

Motorway 2 (A2), colloquially referred to as the Egnatia Odos or Via Egnatia, is a new motorway starting at the port of Igoumenitsa and ending at the Turkish border crossing in Evros.

The Egnatia Odos is also known as the "horizontal road axis" of Greece, connecting almost all of Northern Greece from west to east; and provides access to various other locations, as well as international borders with various "vertical routes" that begin from various locations along the A2.

Specifically, there are auxiliary routes to Albania and Bulgaria, with the main route leading to Turkey. The Republic of Macedonia is accessed through the A1 (PAThE), as described above. Another auxiliary route runs close to the Evros river in the prefecture of the same name, reaching a point where Greece's, Turkey's and Bulgaria's borders meet. Some of those auxiliary routes are not motorways, but typical 2-lane highways, but are of considerable higher quality than other similar highways in the rest of Greece. The project (including the auxiliary routes), was completed in 2009, with the length of the main route being 670 kilometres or 416 miles, making it the longest motorway in Greece.

A3[edit]

Motorway 3 (A3), or the Central Greece Motorway is currently under construction starting from Lamia (at the A1) and ending at the A2 (Egnatia Odos), close to Grevena. It will be part of the E65 and be 175 kilometres or 109 miles long.[1][2] Construction started on June 2007. Work was halted in 2011 due to economic problems of the construction companies but resumed in mid-2013. The motorway is expected to be completed early 2016 but construction date of the part from Kalampaka to the Egnatia Odos junction is yet unknown.[3]

A4[edit]

Motorway 4 (A4) was a planned motorway from Larissa to Trikala, connecting the A1 motorway with the planned A3 respectively. It was planned to carry the E92 and to be an upgrade of the existing Greek National Road 6 between those cities. As of March 2011, the only completed section is the 4 km section between A1 near Nikaia and the beltway of Larissa.[4] Since the Greek National Road 6 between Trikala and Larissa is being upgraded to a dual carriageway,[5] construction of the remaining part is very uncertain.

A5 (Ionia Odos)[edit]

Motorway 5 (A5), also referred to as the Ionia Odos, is another motorway currently under construction. It starts from Ioannina at the A2 (Egnatia Odos) interchange, and ends at Rio, in Patras, after crossing the Corinthian Gulf through the Rio-Antirrio bridge. There, it connects to the A8 motorway (see below).

The route passes through most of western continental Greece, along the Ionian Sea, hence its name "Ionia Odos". Work on the majority of the highway began in spring 2006 and would span six years, to be completed by 2012. Though, because of economical problems of the constructing companies, all construction works were halted in 2011, but since mid-2013 works on the whole of the 196 km motorway are undergoing. Completion of the motorway is expected by late 2015 or early 2016. Completed parts include the Arta and the Agrinio bypasses with lengths of 33 km and 17 km respectively.[1][2]

  • Motorway 52 (A52) is a branch of the A5 (Ionia Odos) connecting it with the island of Lefkada and the undersea-tunnel of Aktio, leading to Preveza. This motorway section is expected to serve the popular tourist region around the Ambracian Gulf. At 48.6 km (30.2 mi) long, the motorway was expected to finish in 2012, having started construction in 2009. Earthworks were largely completed by April 2012 but structures had not commenced as of that time. In mid-2013, works had begun again. The first part was due to open in mid-2014 and the whole road is expected to be completed by 2015.

A6 (Attiki Odos)[edit]

Interchange at the Attiki Odos Airport entrance

Motorway 6 (A6), or Attiki Odos forms part of the urban motorway network of Athens's metropolitan area. Its full length is 65 kilometres (40 mi) and it is also planned to be extended to various directions, bringing its total length to 141 km (88 mi). The Attiki Odos has various auxiliary routes, namely the Aigaleo Beltway (A65) and the Hymettus Beltway (A64), serving parts of western and eastern Athens respectively; while the 6 km (4 mi) section leading from the main route to the Athens International Airport is numbered as the A62.

  • Motorway 62 (A62) is a section of the Attiki Odos which branches off at the end of the main A6 route. It basically serves as a corridor from Attiki Odos and Koropi towards the Athens International Airport.
  • Motorway 64 (A64) is a section of the Attiki Odos which branches off the main A6 route. It is referred to as the Hymettus Beltway (A64) (Greek: Περιφερειακή Υμηττού), serving parts of eastern Athens, while it is also expected to be extended further southwards to Vouliagmeni and further eastwards towards Rafina.
  • Motorway 65 (A65) is a second auxiliary route that branches off the main A6 route. The A64 section of the Attiki Odos is referred to as the Aigaleo Beltway (A65) (Greek: Περιφερειακή Αιγαλέου) and serves parts of western Athens. A small part of the A65 remains still unconstructed, and it is yet unknown when it will be completed.[1][2]
  • Motorway 642 (A642) is a small branch of Attiki Odos which connects Attiki Odos with Hymettus Beltway. It serves as a small detour of the main route and its length is 2 km.

A7 (Moreas)[edit]

Motorway 7 (A7), known as the Moreas Motorway or Eastern Peloponnese motorway starts from Corinth, at the interchange with the A8 (Olympia Odos) and continues to Kalamata, passing through Tripoli. It replaced the old GR-7 as the main road, with the section between Corinth and Tripoli, constructed between 1984 and 1990 and officially becoming part of the Greek road network in 1992.

The A7 has recently undergone extensive improvement to full motorway standards. As of December 2012, the motorway section between Corinth and Kalamata is fully constructed and operational, except a remaining bridge section near Kalamata to be completed by 2013. Its total length is 205 kilometres or 127 miles.[1][2]

  • Motorway 71 (A71) is a branch of the A7 (Moreas) motorway from Lefktro, connecting it with Sparta. Parts of this motorway are still under construction, due to open in 2012.

A8 (Olympia Odos)[edit]

Motorway 8 (A8), referred to as the Olympia Odos, is the motorway under construction, from Athens to Patras. It begins in Elefsina, at the interchange with A6 (Attiki Odos) and will end in Patras.

The ElefsinaCorinth section has been completed to motorway standards, while the CorinthPatras section begun construction in 2008, and was due to be completed in 2012. After construction works had begun again the whole motorway will be completed by late-2015 or early-2016. It will mostly include the widening and general reconstruction of the GR-8A along with some new tunnels and bridges.[1][2]

A90[edit]

Motorway 90 (A90) is a temporary name for a motorway under construction in Crete. It is more widely known as North Road Axis of Crete (Greek: Βόρειος Οδικός Άξονας Κρήτης, BOAK) and is Greece's only motorway that is not on its mainland, but on an island. Certain parts have already been completed, as of summer 2007, at Heraklion and Chania. Its full length will be 310 kilometres or 193 miles. Other sources claim it to be 250 km or 156 mi.[1][2]

List of motorways[edit]

  • Motorways
Autokinetodromos A1 number.svg Pireaus - AthensLamiaLarissaThessalonikiEvzonoi - Republic of Macedonia
Autokinetodromos A2 number.svg IoanninaMetsovoGrevenaSiatistaKozaniVeriaAxiosThessalonikiLangadasKavalaXanthiKomotiniAlexandroupoliKipoi - Turkey
Autokinetodromos A5 number.svg (Albania - Ktismata - KalpakiIoannina planned) - FilippiadaArta − (Amfilochia planned) − Kouvaras - AgrinioAitoliko − (Mesolongi planned) − Rio–Antirrio bridgeRioPatras (- Amaliada - Pyrgos - Kalo Nero - Tsakona planned)
Autokinetodromos A6 number.svg Eleusis - MetamorfosiGlyka Nera - Koropi
Autokinetodromos A7 number.svg Corinth - Nestani - TripoliMegalopoli - Tsakona - Kalamata
Autokinetodromos A8 number.svg Eleusis - Megara - Corinth - Zevgolateio - (AigioRio planned)
Autokinetodromos A11 number.svg Schimatari - Chalcis
Autokinetodromos A25 number.svg Bulgaria - Promachonas - Serres - Lagkadas - ThessalonikiKato Scholari - Nea Kallikrateia - Nea Moudania
Autokinetodromos A27 number.svg (FYRO Macedonia - Niki - Florina - Amyntaio planned) - Ptolemaida - Kozani
Autokinetodromos A29 number.svg (Albania - Krystallopigi planned) - Koromilia - Kastoria - Neapoli - Siatista
Autokinetodromos A62 number.svg Autokinetodromos A6 number.svg spur to Athens International Airport
Autokinetodromos A64 number.svg Eastern beltway of Athens
Autokinetodromos A65 number.svg Western beltway of Athens
Autokinetodromos A90 number.svg (Kastelli planned) - Chania - (Souda planned) - Rethymno – (Gazi planned) - Heraklion - Gouves - (Malia - Chersonisos - Agios Nikolaos - Sitia planned)
Autokinetodromos A642 number.svg Connection between Autokinetodromos A6 number.svg and Autokinetodromos A64 number.svg near Athens
  • Planned motorways
Autokinetodromos A3 number.svg Panagia - KalambakaTrikalaKarditsaLamia
Autokinetodromos A4 number.svg Trikala - FarkadonaLarissa
Autokinetodromos A12 number.svg Velestino - Volos
Autokinetodromos A13 number.svg Thiva - Eleusis
Autokinetodromos A14 number.svg Angelokastro - Agrinio - Fragkista - Karpenisi - Leianokladi - Lamia
Autokinetodromos A16 number.svg Thessaloniki - Efkarpia - Thessaloniki International Airport - Kalamaria
Autokinetodromos A20 number.svg Autokinetodromos A2 number.svg spur to Alexandroupoli Centre
Autokinetodromos A21 number.svg Feres - Didymoteicho - Orestiada - Ormenio - Bulgaria
Autokinetodromos A22 number.svg Serres - Nea Zichni - Kavala
Autokinetodromos A23 number.svg Komotini - Nymfaia - Bulgaria
Autokinetodromos A52 number.svg Preveza - Vonitsa - Amfilochia
Autokinetodromos A61 number.svg Rafina - Athens
Autokinetodromos A71 number.svg Megalopoli - Sparta
Autokinetodromos A72 number.svg Pyrgos - Ancient Olympia - Lagkadia - Vytina - Nestani
Autokinetodromos A97 number.svg Heraklion - Agia Varvara - Agioi Deka
Autokinetodromos A98 number.svg Pacheia Ammos - Ierapetra - Agioi Deka

Motorroads[edit]

Motorroad sing in Greece

The Motor-Roads in Greece constructed in Regions how connected Motorways or other Main-Roads. The most Motor-Roads constructed in the Regions of Athens and Thessaloniki. A lot Motor-Roads constructed by the Egnatia A.E. and connected the A2 with other Roads and Regions. All the Greek motorroads more detail in the list:

GR-EO-2.svg Edessa - Skydra - Giannitsa - Gefyra (Junction with Autokinetodromos A1 number.svg) - Thessaloniki
GR-EO-3.svg Elassona) - Tsiritsani - Tyrnavos - Larissa
GR-EO 4a Ethiki Odos 4a Nov 2012.png Autokinetodromos A2 number.svg - Veria - Naoussa - Edessa
GR-EO-30.svg Neo Monastiri - Karditsa - Trikala
GR-EO-44.svg Evripos Bridge
GR-EO-65.svg Thessaloniki - Liti (Junction with GR-EO-12.svg) - Kilkis - Doirani
GR-EO-89.svg Autokinetodromos A6 number.svg - Neos Kavouras - Keratea - Lavrio
GR-EO-91.svg Andrea Syngrou Avenue

National roads[edit]

GR-EO-1.svg Greek National Road 1: AthensLamiaLarissaThessalonikiEvzonoi - Republic of Macedonia, replaced by Motorway 1
GR-EO-2.svg Greek National Road 2: Albania - KrystallopigiFlorinaEdessaThessalonikiKavalaXanthiKomotiniAlexandroupoliFeres - Turkey (runs parallel to Egnatia Odos from Thessaloniki to Alexandoupoli)
GR-EO-3.svg Greek National Road 3: ElefsinaThivaLivadeia - LamiaFarsalaLarissaElassonaKozaniFlorinaNiki - Republic of Macedonia
GR-EO-4.svg Greek National Road 4: KozaniVeriaChalkidona
GR-EO-5.svg Greek National Road 5: AntirrioAgrinio - AmfilochiaArtaIoannina
GR-EO-6.svg Greek National Road 6: IgoumenitsaIoanninaMetsovo - TrikalaLarissaVolos (runs parallel to Egnatia Odos from Igoumenitsa to Metsovo)
GR-EO-7.svg Greek National Road 7: CorinthArgosTripoliMegalopoliKalamata
GR-EO-8.svg Greek National Road 8: AthensCorinthAigio - Patras old road
GR-EO-9.svg Greek National Road 9: PatrasPyrgosMethoni
GR-EO-12.svg Greek National Road 12: ThessalonikiSerresDramaKavala
GR-EO-13.svg Greek National Road 13: ElassonaKaterini
GR-EO-14.svg Greek National Road 14: DramaXanthi
GR-EO-15.svg Greek National Road 15: KalambakaGrevenaNeapoliKastoria – junction with GR-2
GR-EO-16.svg Greek National Road 16: ThessalonikiArnaia - Ierissos
GR-EO-17.svg *Greek National Road 17: Ioannina - Dodoni
GR-EO-18.svg Greek National Road 18: PrevezaFiliates
GR-EO-20.svg Greek National Road 20: IoanninaKonitsaNeapoliKozani
GR-EO-21.svg Greek National Road 21: PrevezaFilippiada
GR-EO-22.svg *Greek National Road 22: Kakavia (Albanian border) – Kalpaki (junction with GR-20)
GR-EO-24.svg *Greek National Road 24: Corfu (city) - Palaiokastritsa
GR-EO-25.svg Greek National Road 25: Corfu (city) - Lefkimmi
GR-EO-26.svg Greek National Road 26: ElassonaDeskati - Karpero (junction with GR-15)
GR-EO-27.svg Greek National Road 27: AmfissaLamia
GR-EO-29.svg Greek National Road 29: Itea - Desfina - Steiri
GR-EO-30.svg Greek National Road 30: ArtaTrikalaKarditsaFarsalaVolos
GR-EO-31.svg Greek National Road 31: AigioKalavryta
GR-EO-33.svg Greek National Road 33: PatrasPanopouloPsofida - Vlacherna
GR-EO-34.svg Greek National Road 34: Volos - Argalasti - Platania
GR-EO-35.svg Greek National Road 35: Zakynthos - Keri
GR-EO-36.svg Greek National Road 36: MytileneKalloni - Mithymna
GR-EO-38.svg Greek National Road 38: Thermo - AgrinioKarpenisiLamia
GR-EO-39.svg Greek National Road 39: TripoliSpartaGytheio
GR-EO-42.svg Greek National Road 42: Vasiliki - LefkadaVonitsaAmfilochia
GR-EO-44.svg Greek National Road 44: ThivaChalcisKarystos
GR-EO-48.svg Greek National Road 48: AntirioNafpaktosGalaxidiLivadeia
GR-EO-50.svg Greek National Road 50: ArgostoliSámi
GR-EO-51.svg Greek National Road 51: FeresDidymoteicho - OrestiadaOrmenio - Bulgaria
GR-EO-53.svg Greek National Road 53: Alexandroupoli - Aisymi - MetaxadesOrmenio
GR-EO-55.svg Greek National Road 55: Xanthi - Kotyli - Bulgaria
GR-EO-56.svg Greek National Road 56: Athens - Piraeus
GR-EO-57.svg Greek National Road 57: DramaExochi - Bulgaria
GR-EO-59.svg Greek National Road 59: Nea ZichniAmfipoli
GR-EO-62.svg Greek National Road 62: KarlovasiSamos
GR-EO-63.svg Greek National Road 63: SerresSidirokastro - Promachonas - Bulgaria
GR-EO-65.svg Greek National Road 65: Thessaloniki - Kilkis
GR-EO-66.svg Greek National Road 66: NemeaLevidi
GR-EO-69.svg Greek National Road 69: Thasos ring road
GR-EO-70.svg Greek National Road 70: CorinthEpidavrosNafplioArgos
GR-EO-73.svg Greek National Road 73: Kratygos (Lesbos)MytileneThermi (Lesbos)
GR-EO-74.svg Greek National Road 74: PyrgosOlympiaTripoli
GR-EO-75.svg Greek National Road 75: KardamylaVrontadosKallimasia
GR-EO-76.svg Greek National Road 76: KrestenaAndritsainaMegalopoli
GR-EO-77.svg Greek National Road 77: ChalcisMantoudi - Istiaia - Aidipsos
GR-EO-79.svg Greek National Road 79: MalakasaSkala Oropou
GR-EO-81.svg Greek National Road 81: AfidnesKalamos
GR-EO-82.svg Greek National Road 82: PylosKalamataSparti
GR-EO-83.svg Greek National Road 83: AnoixiMarathonRafina
GR-EO-85.svg Greek National Road 85: RafinaLavrio
GR-EO-86.svg Greek National Road 86: KrokeesMonemvasia
GR-EO-87.svg Greek National Road 87: PalliniSpata
GR-EO-89.svg Greek National Road 89: Markopoulo MesogaiasLavrio
GR-EO-90.svg Greek National Road 90: KissamosChaniaRethymnoHeraklionAgios NikolaosSitia
GR-EO-91.svg Greek National Road 91: VouliagmeniSounio
GR-EO-95.svg Greek National Road 95: Rhodes (city)Lindos
GR-EO-97.svg Greek National Road 97: HeraklionTympaki
GR-EO-99.svg Greek National Road 99: HeraklionArkalochori
  • Additional National Roads according to the register of the National Roads 1998
GR-EO-8a.svg Greek National Road 8A: AthensCorinthPatras new road (partly motorway)
GR-EO-16a.svg Greek National Road 16A: Greek National Road 16Polygyros
GR-EO-empty.svg Greek National Road 34A: VolosPortaria - Horefto
GR-EO-111.svg Greek National Road 111: Agia TriadaLambia - Lalas - Ancient Olympia

Current construction projects in Greece[edit]

Currently, there are several construction projects all over Greece.

  • Olympia Odos is about to be built in December 2015 at a total cost of 2,2 bn euros.
  • Central Greece Motorway is about to expected to be finished in December 2015, costing a total 1,4 bn euros.
  • Ionia Odos will open in December 2015 at a total cost of 1,118 bn euros.
  • Moreas Motorway will be completed in December 2014, costing a total of 1 bn euros.
  • Motorway 1 (Greece) will open in December 2015, costing 1,3 bn euros. The final construction points are the Malian Gulf and the Tempe Valley.
  • Motorway 25 (Greece) will open in December 2014, costing 147 millions euros.

Correlation with European routes[edit]

This is a list of European routes that shows which parts of them run through Greece.

Major routes:

European Road 55 number DE.svg GR-EO-18.svg Autokinetodromos A5 number.svg PrevezaRio - Autokinetodromos A8 number.svgPatras - GR-EO-9.svg - Pyrgos - GR-EO-7.svgKalamata
European Road 65 number DE.svg GR-EO-3.svg Medžitlija-Níki (border with the Republic of Macedonia) – FlorinaAutokinetodromos A27 number.svg FlorinaKozani - GR-EO-3.svg KozaniElassonaLarissaLamia - GR-EO-27.svg AmfissaGalaxidi - GR-EO-48.svg GalaxidiAntirio - Autokinetodromos A8 number.svg RioCorinth - Autokinetodromos A7 number.svg CorinthKalamata - GR-EO-90.svg KissamosChania
European Road 75 number DE.svg Autokinetodromos A1 number.svg border with the Republic of MacedoniaThessalonikiAthens - GR-EO-90.svg ChaniaAghios Nikolaos (will be replaced by Autokinetodromos A90 number.svg)
European Road 79 number DE.svg Autokinetodromos A25 number.svg Bulgarian border – Serres through GR-57, SerresThessaloniki
European Road 85 number DE.svg GR-EO-51.svg Greek National Road 51
European Road 86 number DE.svg GR-EO-2.svg Albanian border at KristalopigiFlorinaEdessaGiannitsaGefyra (west of Thessaloniki
European Road 90 number DE.svg Autokinetodromos A2 number.svg Egnatia Odos or Via Egnatia, Igoumenitsa - Thessaloniki - border with Turkey
European Road 92 number DE.svg GR-EO-6.svg Greek National Road 6 (will be replaced by Autokinetodromos A4 number.svg)
European Road 92 number DE.svg Autokinetodromos A6 number.svg Attiki Odos - Autokinetodromos A8 number.svg AthensCorinth

Other routes:

European Road 853 number DE.svg Kakavia (Albanian border) - GR-EO-20.svg
European Road 951 number DE.svg GR-EO-5.svg Greek National Road 5 (will be replaced by Autokinetodromos A5 number.svg)
European Road 952 number DE.svg GR-EO-5.svg Preveza-Amfilochia - GR-EO-38.svg KarpenisiLamia
European Road 961 number DE.svg GR-EO-39.svg Greek National Road 39
European Road 962 number DE.svg GR-EO-3.svg ElefsinaThiva (will be replaced by Autokinetodromos A13 number.svg)

Note: When certain highways that carry European routes are replaced with motorways, the European routes will be reassigned to the new motorways. For example, GR-7 carries the E65 from Tripoli to Kalamata. When the CorinthTripoliKalamata motorway is complete, E65 will run through it and not through GR-7 any more.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]