Selizharovsky District

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Selizharovsky District
Селижаровский район (Russian)
Tver-oblast-Selizharovo.png
Location of Selizharovsky District in Tver Oblast
Coordinates: 56°51′N 33°27′E / 56.850°N 33.450°E / 56.850; 33.450Coordinates: 56°51′N 33°27′E / 56.850°N 33.450°E / 56.850; 33.450
Flag of Selizharovsky rayon (Tver oblast).png
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Tver Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of 2013)
Administrative center urban-type settlement of Selizharovo[1]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 10
Inhabited localities:[2]
Urban-type settlements 1
Rural localities 370
Municipal structure (as of May 2013)
Municipally incorporated as Selizharovsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[4]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 10
Statistics
Area 3,098 km2 (1,196 sq mi)[5]
Population (2010 Census) 12,722 inhabitants[6]
- Urban 52.9%
- Rural 47.1%
Density 4.11/km2 (10.6/sq mi)[7]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[8]
Official website
Selizharovsky District on WikiCommons

Selizharovsky District (Russian: Селижа́ровский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion), one of the thirty-six in Tver Oblast, Russia. It is located in the western central part of the oblast and borders with Ostashkovsky District in the north, Kuvshinovsky District in the northeast, Staritsky District in the east, Rzhevsky District in the southeast, Oleninsky District in the south, Nelidovsky District in the southwest, Andreapolsky District in the west, and with Penovsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 3,098 square kilometers (1,196 sq mi).[5] Its administrative center is the urban locality (an urban-type settlement) of Selizharovo.[1] Population: 12,722 (2010 Census);[6] 15,125 (2002 Census);[9] 18,092 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Selizharovo accounts for 52.9% of the district's total population.[6]

Geography[edit]

Selizharovsky District is located at the southern outskirts of the Valdai Hills. The whole area of the district belongs to the drainage basin of the Volga River. The Volga itself crosses the district, with a part of its course being Lake Volgo. Below Lake Volgo, the dam of Upper Volga Reservoir has been built. The main tributaries of the Volga within the district are the Zhukopa (right) and the Selizharovka (left). The Selizharovka is the outflow of lake Seliger. The southern part of the district belongs to the basin of the Tudovka River, a right tributary of the Volga.

History[edit]

Since the Middle Ages, the area was at the border between the Novgorod Republic and the Principality of Smolensk, later at the border between the Lithuania and the Grand Duchy of Moscow. Eventually, it was transferred under control of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, and in 1547 Tsar Ivan the Terrible gave it to the Simonov Monastery which was located in Moscow. Selizharovo was first mentioned in 1504.[11]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanlandia Governorate (since 1710 known as Saint Petersburg Governorate), and in 1727 Novgorod Governorate split off. In 1772, Ostashkov was granted town status, and Ostashkovsky Uyezd of Novgorod Governorate was established, with the seat in Ostashkov. Almost all of area of the district was included into Ostashkovsky Uyezd, with the exception of the southeast of the district which belonged to Rzhevsky Uyezd. In 1775, Tver Viceroyalty was formed from the lands which previously belonged to Moscow and Novgorod Governorates, and the area was transferred to Tver Viceroyalty, which in 1796 was transformed to Tver Governorate.[12]

On 12 July 1929, governorates and uyezds were abolished, and Selizharovsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Selizharovo was established. It belonged to Rzhev Okrug of Western Oblast.[13][12] On August 1, 1930 the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were subordinated directly to the oblast. On January 29, 1935 Kalinin Oblast was established, and Selizharovsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast.[13][14] In 1936, Selizharovsky District was renamed Kirovsky District. In 1937, Selizharovo was granted urban-type settlement status.[11] During World War II, in 1941—1942, a considerable part of the district, including Selizharovo, was occupied by German troops. In February 1963, during the abortive administrative reform by Nikita Khrushchev, Kirovsky and Penovsky Districts were merged into Ostashkovsky District. On January 12, 1965 Selizharovsky District (which occopied the area of Kirovsky District) was re-established.[14] In 1990, Kalinin Oblast was renamed Tver Oblast.[12]

On 12 July 1929 Molodotudsky District, with the center in the selo of Molodoy Tud was created as well. It was a part of Rzhev Okrug of Western Oblast. On January 29, 1935 Molodotudsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast. On 22 August 1958 Molodotudsky District was abolished and split between Kirovsky, Oleninsky, and Rzhevsky Districts.[14]

Another district created on 12 July 1929 was Lukovnikovsky District, with the center in the selo of Lukovnikovo. It was a part of Rzhev Okrug of Western Oblast. On January 29, 1935 Lukovnikovsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast. On 14 November 1960 Lukovnikovsky District was abolished and split between Kirovsky, Novotorzhsky, Staritsky, and Rzhevsky Districts.[14]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

There are enterprises of timber and food industries in the district, all of them located in Selizharovo.[15]

Agriculture[edit]

The main agricultural specialization of the district is cattle breeding with meat and milk production.[15]

Transportation[edit]

A railway line which connects Likhoslavl with Soblago via Torzhok and Kuvshinovo crosses the area of the district from east to west and passes Selizharovo. It is served by infrequent passenger traffic.

A paved road connecting Ostashkov and Rzhev crosses the district from north to south passing Selizharovo. There are also local roads with bus traffic originating from Selizharovo.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains eighty-three cultural heritage monuments of federal significance (four of them in Selizharovo) and additionally seven objects (one of them in Selizharovo) classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. The federally protected monuments include the Resurrection Church in Selizharovo, the Nativity Church in the selo of Pesochnya, the ensemble of the Church of the Virgin of Smolensk in the selo of Okovtsy, as well as two archeological sites.[16]

Selizharovo hosts a local museum, which has expositions on the history of the area.[17]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 28 250», в ред. изменения №259/2014 от 12 декабря 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 28 250, as amended by the Amendment #259/2014 of December 12, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b Law #34-ZO stipulates that the borders of the administrative divisions of the district match those of the municipal formations the corresponding municipal district is subdivided into. Law #45-ZO contains the list of the municipal formations of Selizharovsky Municipal District. The counts of inhabited localities are per OKATO.
  3. ^ a b Law #4-ZO
  4. ^ Law #45-ZO
  5. ^ a b "Селижаровский район Тверской области" (in Russian). Selizharovsky District Administration. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  7. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  8. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "Историческая справка" (in Russian). Selizharovsky District Administration. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  12. ^ a b c Малыгин, П. Д.; Смирнов, С. Н. (2007). История административно-территориального деления Тверской Области (PDF). Tver. p. 14-15. ISBN 5-94205-049-7. 
  13. ^ a b Воробьёв, М. В. (1993). Г. В. Туфанова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Смоленской области (in Russian). Государственный архив Смоленской области. pp. 118–133. 
  14. ^ a b c d Справка об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Тверской губернии - Калининской области (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "Инфраструктура района" (in Russian). Selizharovsky District Administration. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  16. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved February 12, 2015. 
  17. ^ "Селижаровское муниципальное учреждение «Музей»" (in Russian). Selizharovsky District Administration. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №34-ЗО от 17 апреля 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области», в ред. Закона №66-ЗО от 1 октября 2014 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 18 Закона Тверской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №17 (специальный выпуск), 19 апреля 2006 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #34-ZO of April 17, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast, as amended by the Law #66-ZO of October 1, 2014 On Amending Article 18 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №4-ЗО от 18 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов», в ред. Закона №65-ЗО от 24 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 2 Закона Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №3, 21–27 января 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #4-ZO of January 18, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, as amended by the Law #65-ZO of July 24, 2012 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №45-ЗО от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Селижаровский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №36-ЗО от 4 июня 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Приложение №1 к Закону Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Селижаровский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №10, 11–17 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #45-ZO of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Selizharovsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements, as amended by the Law #36-ZO of June 4, 2014 On Amending Appendix No. 1 to the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Selizharovsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).