Telangana Rashtra Samithi

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Telangana Rashtra Samithi
తెలంగాణ రాష్ట్ర సమితి
Chairperson K. Chandrashekar Rao
Leader in Lok Sabha A. P. Jithender Reddy
Leader in Rajya Sabha K. Keshava Rao
Founded April 27, 2001
Headquarters Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, Telangana,India
Newspaper Namasthe Telangana
Ideology Telangana regionalism
ECI Status State Party[1]
Alliance UPA(2004–2006)
Seats in Lok Sabha
10 / 545
[2]
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 250
Seats in Legislative Assembly
65 / 119
Website
www.trspartyonline.org
Politics of India
Political parties
Elections

Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) is a regional political party in the Southern Indian state of Telangana.[3] which is currently running the government in the newly created state of Telangana, carved out of Andhra Pradesh on 2 June 2014.

Ideology[edit]

Telangana Region as it existed before the formation of Andhra Pradesh State in 1956. K. Chandrashekar Rao (KCR), the founder and president of Telangana Rashtra Samithi, was a member of the Telugu Desam Party until he quit the party due to differences with Nara Chandrababu Naidu and formed the TRS in 2001 at Siddipet, India Hyderabad.[4] He quit the Membership of AP Legislative Assembly and the post of Deputy Speaker of AP Legislature while floating the Party. The party initially won one third of Mandal Parishad Territorial Constituencies (MPTC) and one quarter of Zilla Parishad Territorial Constituencies (ZPTC) in Siddipet within sixty days of the formation of the party.[5]

Politics[edit]

In the 2004 assembly elections, the TRS formed an alliance with Congress (I) and won 26 state assembly seats. The party also won 5 parliament seats at the national level. It joined the governments at both state and central level. In September 2006 the party withdrew support for the central government on the grounds of indecision by the government over the delivery of its electoral promise to create Telangana. On Sept 4th 2011, Wikileaks revealed some sensational cables related to the then resignation of the TRS members for the formation of a separate state. The actual grounds on which they have resigned is due to life-threat to the TRS party members from the Maoists of the Telangana region. The question that arises is that, how can a party with an adhering alliance with the Indian National Congress contest in elections and then break the bonding within a short span of 6 months? Despite being offered several Minister posts to the TRS party members.[6]

The party repeatedly assured the people of Telangana that the formation of the new state was on the cards and could happen 'any moment.' When the Central government failed to deliver Telangana, the party withdrew support from the government.[7] On 13 September 2006, Rao triggered a by-election in his Lok Sabha constituency of Karimnagar, claiming provocation from one of the Congress MLA. He won the subsequent by-election with a strong majority.

All TRS MLAs and MPs resigned their positions in April 2008 when the Central government did not meet their demand for a separate state in its latest budget session for the 5 year term. The by-election was held on May 29, 2008.[8] In the by-elections, 2008, TRS won 7 out of the 16 assembly segments and 2 out of the 4 loksabha segments, a significant defeat for the party. TRS Chief K. Chandrasekhar Rao offered to resign after he lost a number of seats in by-elections but was convinced to remain in office.

TRS and the "Grand Alliance"[edit]

On January 31, 2009, it was announced that TRS officially joined the "Grand Alliance" headed by Telugu Desam Party and including the Third Front and various left parties, in upcoming Assembly and Lok Sabha elections. At the same time, it was announced that the Talli Telangana, led by actress Vijayshanti, had merged into the TRS.[9] However, after the elections in Andhra Pradesh were completed, but before the counting of votes, TRS switched allegiance to the NDA, with Rao proclaiming that his party had been stabbed in the back by Congress after giving them oxygen in the 2004 elections.[10] TRS lost 16 of its 26 seats in the Assembly, falling to fourth place with less than 4% of the statewide Assembly vote; and lost three of its five seats in the Lok Sabha, dropping to 6.14% of the LS vote.

On June 19, 2009, Mr.Rao submitted his resignation to the party General Secretary Sirikonda Madhusudhana Chary and was away from party for a short period of time after personal attacks made against him by dissident TRS leaders in wake of the party's electoral defeat.[11]

2014 Elections[edit]

In the 2014 Assembly and National Elections, TRS did not align with NDA or UPA and fought the elections on its own. TRS, which led the campaign for a separate State for more than a decade, emerged victorious by winning 11 of the 17 Lok Sabha seats and 63 of the 119 Assembly seats, and emerged as the party with the largest vote share in Telangana. The TRS’ campaign had no other stars except KCR who addressed over 300 public meetings, heli-hopping around and often addressing more than 10 meetings in a single day. The TRS not only retained its north Telangana stronghold but also made inroads in south Telangana, a Congress bastion. Later two mla's from BSP joined TRS increasing its strength to 65. [12]

Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao, taking oath as the first Chief Minister of the new state of Telangana on June 2, 2014.

Chief Minister[edit]

Election Results[edit]

Assembly Election Results

Year Election Seats Won Seats Contested Forfeited Deposits
2004 Assembly 26 54 17[13]
2008 Assembly (Bye) 7 16 2[14]
2009 Assembly 10 45 13[15]
2010 Assembly (Bye) 11 11 0
2011 Assembly (Bye) 1 1 0
2012 Assembly (Bye) 4 5 0
2012 Assembly (Bye) 1 1 0
2014 Assembly 65 119 0[16]

Parliament Election Results

Year Election Seats Won Seats Contested Forfeited Deposits
2004 Parliament 5 22[17] 17
2008 Parliament (Bye) 2 4 0
2009 Parliament 2 9 1[18]
2014 Parliament 11 17 0[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013". India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Sixteenth Lok Sabha Party-wise". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  3. ^ Telangana
  4. ^ The Hindu : Telangana finds a new man and moment. Hinduonnet.com (2001-05-19). Retrieved on 2013-07-28.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ WikiLeaks: US felt Telangana 'surrender' harmed Congress' image. NDTV.com (2011-09-04). Retrieved on 2013-07-28.
  7. ^ Telangana isn’t scary. Hindustan Times. Retrieved on 2013-07-28.
  8. ^ "TRS MPs, MLAs to resign over Telangana issue". The Times Of India. 2 March 2008. 
  9. ^ Siddique, Mohammed. "TRS joins TDP-led Grand Alliance in Andhra". rediff.com 31 January 2009
  10. ^ Pandher, Sarabjit (11 May 2009). "TRS joins NDA". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  11. ^ Telangana Rashtra Samithi Chief Resigns
  12. ^ "TRS wins Telangana". Hyderabad, India: Deccan-Journal. 28 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 
  13. ^ http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/SE_2004/StatisticalReports_AP_2004.pdf
  14. ^ Front Page : TRS receives a setback in by-polls. The Hindu (2008-06-02). Retrieved on 2013-07-28.
  15. ^ http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/AE2009/Statistical_Report_AP2009.pdf
  16. ^ http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/AE2009/Statistical_Report_AP2009.pdf
  17. ^ http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/LS_2004/Vol_I_LS_2004.pdf
  18. ^ http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/archiveofge2009/Stats/VOLI/13_PerformanceOfStateParty.pdf
  19. ^ http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/archiveofge2009/Stats/VOLI/13_PerformanceOfStateParty.pdf

External links[edit]