In enzymology, a 1-phosphatidylinositol-5-phosphate 4-kinase (EC 18.104.22.168) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction
- ATP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 5-phosphate ADP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate
Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 5-phosphate, whereas its two products are ADP and 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate.
This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those transferring phosphorus-containing groups (phosphotransferases) with an alcohol group as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is ATP:1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol-5-phosphate 4-phosphotransferase. This enzyme is also called type II PIP kinase. This enzyme participates in 3 metabolic pathways: inositol phosphate metabolism, phosphatidylinositol signaling system, and regulation of actin cytoskeleton.
- Rameh LE, Tolias KF, Duckworth BC, Cantley LC (1997). "A new pathway for synthesis of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate". Nature. 390 (6656): 192–6. doi:10.1038/36621. PMID 9367159.