2019 G20 Osaka summit

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2019 G20 Osaka summit
2019 G20 summit attendees

Front Row (L to R): Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, French President Emmanuel Macron, Indonesian President Joko Widodo, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, US President Donald Trump, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammand Bin Salman (Next Host 2020 summit), Shinzo Abe (Host), Argentinian President Mauricio Macri (Previous Host 2018 summit), Russian President Vladimir Putin, Chinese President Xi Jinping, South Korean President Moon jae-in, South African PM Cyril Ramaphosa, German Chancellor Angela Merkel

Middle Row (L to R): Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez, Egyptian President Abdel Fateh el-Sisi (Chairperson of the African Union), Jean-Claude Juncker (European Commission), Australian PM Scott Morrisson, British PM Theressa May, Indian PM Narendra Modi, Canadian PM Justin Trudeau, Italian PM Giuseppe Conte (Italy), Donald Tusk (EU council), Senegal PM Macky Sall (NEPAD Chair), Chile President Sebastian Pinera (APAC chair), Singapore PM Lee Hsien Loong

Last Row (L to R): Randal Quarles (FSB President), Roberto Azevêdo (WTO DG), Guy Ryder (ILO DG), José Ángel Gurría (OECD Sec-Gen), Mexican Secretary of Foreign Affairs Marcelo Ebrard, Thai PM Prayut Chan-O-cha (Chairperson of ASEAN), Dutch PM Mark Rutte, Vietnamese PM Nguyen Xuan Phuc, Antonio Guterres (UNSC Sec-Gen), Christine Lagard (IMF President), Takehiko Nakao (ADB President), Tedros Adhanom (WHO DG), David Malpass (World Bank President).
Host countryJapan
Date28–29 June 2019
MottoEnsure Global Sustainable Development
Venue(s)Intex Osaka
ParticipantsG20 members
ChairShinzō Abe, Prime Minister
Follows2018 G20 Buenos Aires summit
Precedes2020 G20 Riyadh summit[1]
G20 leaders at Osaka Castle

The 2019 G20 Osaka summit was the fourteenth meeting of the G20, a forum of 19 countries and the EU that together represent most of the world economy. It was held on 28–29 June 2019 at the International Exhibition Center in Osaka.[2][3] It was the first G20 summit to be hosted by Japan.[4] The dinner and cultural event on 28 June was held at the Osaka State Guest House.[5][6]

Participating leaders[edit]

Invited guests[edit]

International organization guests[edit]


The European Union–Mercosur Free Trade Agreement would form one of the world's largest free trade areas.
Japanese prime minister Abe Shinzō and his spouse Abe Akie welcoming Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro for dinner on 28 June at the Osaka State Guest House

The 2019 G20 Summit discussed eight themes to Ensure Global Sustainable Development.[9] The eight themes were "Global Economy", "Trade and Investment", "Innovation", "Environment and Energy", "Employment", "Women's Empowerment", "Development" and "Health".[10]

Regards to "Trade and Investment", support for the necessary reform of the World Trade Organization (WTO) was agreed.[11] WHO Director-General Roberto Azevêdo had been participating in the summit, welcomed the communique.[12]

Regards to "Innovation", necessity of respected and interoperable frameworks on Data Free Flow with Trust, both domestic and international, was discussed.[11]

Regards to "Environment and Energy", a common global vision, the "Osaka Blue Ocean Vision" which is aiming to reduce additional pollution by marine plastic litter to zero by 2050 through a comprehensive life-cycle approach was shared.[11]

Leaders' Special Event was also held, and "Digital Economy" and "Women’s Empowerment" were discussed. During the former event, "Osaka Declaration on Digital Economy" was issued,[13] in which those leaders declared the launch of the "Osaka Track", a process which demonstrates their commitment to promote efforts on international rule-making on digital economy, especially on data flow and electronic commerce.[14][15] Regards to the latter event, a press release compiling the messages from the leaders on their national measures and commitment regarding women's empowerment was issued after the event.[16]

Related topics[edit]

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China has issued a statement considering the Hong Kong Protests as China's internal affairs on June 24. The Chinese government wanted to delist the Hong Kong issue from the summit's agenda for the year, to avoid possible political and security confrontations between all G20 leaders (from outside China) and China. China has threatened to attack G20 nations suspected for “wrongfully” accusing China.[17] However, Japanese Prime Minister Abe had raised the issue to President Xi just before the official summit, while some Hong Kong citizens protested in places around the summit venue. Pro-independence leader Chan Ho-tin demonstrated with people from Chinese ethnic minorities like Rebiya Kadeer for Hong Kong, as well as Xinjiang issues.[18]

On June 29, President of the United States Donald Trump offered North Korea's Kim Jong-un a weekend meeting in the demilitarized zone,[19] and the 2019 Koreas–United States DMZ Summit was realized.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Saudi Arabia to host G20 summit in 2020". The National. July 8, 2017.
  2. ^ "Government picks Osaka as venue for G-20 summit in 2019: sources". The Japan Times. February 20, 2018. Archived from the original on February 20, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  3. ^ Johnston, Eric (May 27, 2019). "Concern grows over how G20 security preparations will impact Osaka". japantimes.co.jp.
  4. ^ "Japan to host G-20 summit in 2019 for 1st time". The Nikkei. July 9, 2017. Archived from the original on August 7, 2017. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
  5. ^ "Concept".
  6. ^ "The Republic of Türkiye Directorate of Communications".
  7. ^ "G20 summit in Osaka, Japan, 28-29/06/2019". European Union.
  8. ^ "What Is The G20 Summit?". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Archived from the original on June 30, 2019. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  9. ^ Dinesh, Singh. "G20 Summit 2019 Themes Ensures Sustainable Development". ABC Live India. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  10. ^ "Main Themes". G20 Osaka Summit 2019. Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Japan). Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  11. ^ a b c "G20 Osaka Leaders' Declaration". G20 Osaka Summit 2019. Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Japan). Retrieved August 2, 2020.
  12. ^ "Azevêdo welcomes G20 leaders' reaffirmation of commitment to WTO reform". WTO. June 29, 2019. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
  13. ^ "Osaka Declaration on Digital Economy" (PDF). G20 Osaka Summit 2019. Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Japan). Retrieved August 4, 2020.
  14. ^ "Leaders' Special Event". G20 Osaka Summit 2019. Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Japan). Retrieved August 2, 2020.
  15. ^ "Data Free Flow with Trust (DFFT): Paths towards Free and Trusted Data Flows". World Economic Forum. World Economic Forum. June 10, 2020. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
  16. ^ "Press Release: Leaders' Special Event on Women's Empowerment at G20 Osaka Summit" (PDF). G20 Osaka Summit 2019. Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Japan). Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  17. ^ "外交部:中方不允G20討論香港". Ming Pao. June 25, 2019.
  18. ^ INC, SANKEI DIGITAL (June 28, 2019). 亡命ウイグル人ら、中国の弾圧訴え抗議デモ. 産経ニュース (in Japanese). Retrieved June 28, 2019.
  19. ^ Lee, Joyce (June 29, 2019). "Trump offers North Korea's Kim weekend meeting in demilitarized zone". Reuters. Retrieved August 4, 2020.

External links[edit]