African Group

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Group of African States
Emblem of the United Nations.svg
AbbreviationGAFS
Formation1964; 57 years ago (1964)
TypeRegional group
Legal statusActive
A coloured voting box.svg Politics portal

The Group of African States, or African Group, is one of the five United Nations regional groups and is composed of 54 Member States from the African continent. The African Group is the largest regional group, and compose 28% of all United Nations members

The Group, as with all the regional groups, is a non-binding dialogue group where subjects concerning regional and international matters are discussed. Additionally, the Group works to help allocates seats on United Nations bodies by nominating candidates from the region.[1][2]

Role[edit]

The Group, as with all the regional groups, plays a major role in promoting the region's interests. It provides a forum for Member States to exchange opinions on international issues, carry out follow-up on the topics that are being discussed in international organisations, build common positions on complex issues and prepare statements reflecting the joint position of the Group.[3][4]

However, most importantly, the Group allows for the discussion and coordination of support for candidates for different United Nations organisations from the region.[1]

Member States[edit]

The following are the Member States of the African Group:[5][6]

Representation[edit]

Security Council[edit]

The African Group currently holds three seats on the Security Council, all non-permanent. The current members of the Security Council from the Group are:[7][8]

Country Term
 Kenya 1 January 2021 — 31 December 2022
 Niger 1 January 2020 — 31 December 2021
 Tunisia 1 January 2020 — 31 December 2021

Economic and Social Council[edit]

The African Group currently holds 14 seats on the United Nations Economic and Social Council. The current members of the Economic and Social Council from the Group are:[9][10]

Country Term
 Liberia 1 January 2021 – 31 December 2023
 Libya
 Madagascar
 Nigeria
 Zimbabwe
 Angola 1 January 2019 — 31 December 2021
 Egypt
 Ethiopia
 Kenya
 Mali
 Benin 1 January 2020 — 31 December 2022
 Botswana
 Congo
 Gabon

Human Rights Council[edit]

The African Group currently holds 13 seats on the United Nations Human Rights Council. The current members of the Economic and Social Council from the Group are:[11][12]

Country Term
 Ivory Coast 1 January 2021 — 31 December 2023
 Gabon
 Malawi
 Senegal
 Burkina Faso 1 January 2019 — 31 December 2021
 Cameroon
 Eritrea
 Somalia
 Togo
 Libya 1 January 2020 — 31 December 2022
 Mauritania
 Namibia
 Sudan

Presidency of the General Assembly[edit]

Every five years in the years ending in 4 and 9, the African Group is eligible to elect a president to the General Assembly.[13]

The following is a list of presidents from the Group since its official creation in 1963:[14]

Year Elected Session Name of President Country Note
1964 19th Alex Quaison-Sackey  Ghana
1969 24th Angie E. Brooks  Liberia
1974 29th Abdelaziz Bouteflika  Algeria
1979 34th Salim A. Salim  United Republic of Tanzania Also chaired the 6th and 7th emergency special, and 11th special sessions of the General Assembly
1984 39th Paul J. F. Lusaka  Zambia
1989 44th Joseph Nanven Garba  Nigeria Also chaired 16th, 17th and 18th special sessions of the General Assembly
1994 49th Amara Essy  Côte d'Ivoire
1999 54th Theo-Ben Gurirab  Namibia Also chaired the 22nd, 23rd and 24th special sessions of the General Assembly
2004 59th Jean Ping  Gabon
2009 64th Ali Abdussalam Treki  Libya Also chaired the 29th special session of the General Assembly
2014 69th Sam Kahamba Kutesa  Uganda
2019 74th Tijjani Muhammad-Bande  Nigeria
Future
2024 79th TBA TBA
2029 84th TBA TBA
2034 89th TBA TBA

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Agam, Hasmy; Sam Daws; Terence O'Brien; Ramesh Takur (26 March 1999). What is Equitable Geographic Representation in the Twenty-First Century (PDF) (Report). United Nations University. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  2. ^ Volger, Helmut, ed. (2010). "Archived copy" (PDF). A Concise Encyclopedia of the United Nations (2nd ed.). Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. ISBN 978-90-04-18004-8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 February 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Colombia. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Colombia. n.d. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Group of Latin American and Caribbean Countries in the United Nations (GRULAC)". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. n.d. Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  5. ^ "United Nations Regional Groups of Member States". United Nations Department for General Assembly and Conference management. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  6. ^ "United Nations Handbook 2018–19" (PDF). United Nations Handbook : An Annual Guide for Those Working within the United Nations (56 ed.). Wellington: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of New Zealand: 15–17. 2018. ISSN 0110-1951.
  7. ^ "Current Members". United Nations Security Council. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  8. ^ "General Assembly Elects Estonia, Niger, Saint Vincent and Grenadines, Tunisia, Viet Nam as Non-Permanent Members of Security Council for 2020-2021". United Nations Meetings Coverage & Press Releases. United Nations. 7 June 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  9. ^ "Members". United Nations Economic and Social Council. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  10. ^ "General Assembly Elects 19 Economic and Social Council Members to Terms Beginning 1 January 2020, Adopts Resolution Commemorating Signing of United Nations Charter". United Nations Meetings Coverage & Press Releases. United Nations. 14 June 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  11. ^ "Current Membership of the Human Rights Council, 1 January - 31 December 2019 by regional groups". United Nations Human Rights Council. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  12. ^ "General Assembly Elects 14 Member States to Human Rights Council, Appoints New Under-Secretary-General for Internal Oversight Services". United Nations Meetings Coverage & Press Releases. United Nations. 17 October 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  13. ^ Wanza, Serah N. (27 November 2017). "What Are The Five Regional Groups of the United Nations?". Worldatlas. Worldatlas. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Past Presidents". United Nations General Assembly. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved 27 February 2019.