2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference

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United Nations Climate Change Conference
Date 30 November 2015 (2015-11-30)
11 December 2015 (2015-12-11)
Location Paris, France
Also known as COP21/CMP11
Participants UNFCCC member countries
Website Venue site
UNFCCC site

The United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP21 or CMP11 will be held in Paris, France in 2015.[1] The international climate conference will be held at the Le Bourget site from November 30 to December 11, 2015.[2] This will be the 21st yearly session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 11th session of the Meeting of the Parties (CMP 11) to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.[3] The conference objective is to achieve a legally binding and universal agreement on climate, from all the nations of the world. Leadership of the negotiations is yet to be determined.

Before this conference, a discussion took place about the Mediterranean sea during the MedCop21 in Marseilles, France on June 4-5, 2015.

Background[edit]

Shows the top 40 CO2 emitting countries and related in the world in 1990 and 2013, including per capita figures. The data is taken from the EU Edgar database.

Ban Ki-moon has directed attention toward this 2015 conference in Paris. A statement made by Ban Ki-moon forecast the climate change summit to be held in September 2014 and the Paris conference, but made no reference to the 2014 conference in Lima, Peru.[4]

According to the organizing committee, the objective of the 2015 conference is to achieve, for the first time in over 20 years of UN negotiations, a binding and universal agreement on climate, from all the nations of the world.[5]

Pope Francis published an encyclical called Laudato si' intended, in part, to influence the conference. The encyclical calls for action against human-caused climate change.

Location and participation[edit]

The location of UNFCCC talks are rotated by regions throughout United Nations countries. The 2015 conference will be held at Le Bourget from November 30 to December 11, 2015.[6]

Negotiations[edit]

The overarching goal of the Convention is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to limit the global temperature increase to 2 °C above pre-industrial levels.[7] However, Christiana Figueres acknowledged in the closing briefing at the 2012 Doha conference "the current pledges under the second commitment period of the Kyoto protocol are clearly not enough to guarantee that the temperature will stay below 2 °C and there is an ever increasing gap between the action of countries and what the science tells us."

During previous climate negotiations, countries agreed to outline actions they intend to take within a global agreement by March 2015. These commitments are known as Intended Nationally Determined Contributions or INDCs.[8]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rudd, Kevin (25 May 2015). "Paris Can't Be Another Copenhagen". New York Times. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  2. ^ France confirmed as host of 2015 Climate Conference (22.11.13)
  3. ^ "19th Session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC". International Institute for Sustainable Development. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "Statement by Ban Ki-moon at World Economic Forum in Davos". United Nations New Centre. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Issues and reasons behind the French offer to host the 21st Conference of the Parties on Climate Change 2015". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "France confirmed as host of 2015 Climate Conference". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 22 November 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Schedule of Events" (PDF). United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  8. ^ http://www.wri.org/indc-definition