United Nations laissez-passer
|United Nations laissez-passer|
The front cover of a blue machine-readable United Nations laissez-passer.
|Issued by||United Nations and the International Labour Organization|
|Type of document||laissez-passer|
|Eligibility requirements||UN officials and officials of certain other international organizations|
A United Nations laissez-passer (UNLP or LP) is a travel document issued by the United Nations under the provisions of Article VII of the 1946 Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations in its offices in New York and Geneva, as well as by the International Labour Organization (ILO). As of 30 April 2010[update] there were 35,577 UNLPs outstanding. The UNLP is issued to UN and ILO staff as well as staff members of international organizations such as the WHO, the IAEA, the World Tourism Organization, the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization Preparatory Commission, the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), the World Trade Organization, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank. The document is written in English and French.
The UNLP is a valid travel document, which can be used like a national passport (in connection with travel on official missions only). However, UNLP holders often encounter immigration officials who are unfamiliar with the document and require them to show a national passport in addition. As with national passports, some countries/regions accept it for entry without the need for a visa (e.g., Kenya, United Kingdom, Schengen Area, Lebanon, etc.), while other countries may require a visa before it can be accepted for entry to the country (depending on the nationality of the UNLP holder).
Most officials hold a blue UNLP (up to D-1 level), which is similar in legal status to a service passport (however, diplomatic status may be conferred on the holder if the visa issued in the UNLP is a diplomatic visa). A red UNLP is issued to particularly high officials (D-2 and above), and depending on their rank, this may confer diplomatic privileges and the red UNLP may therefore be similar to a diplomatic passport.
Name and signature page
A data page has a visual zone and a machine-readable zone. The visual zone has a photograph of the holder, data about the passport, and data about the LP holder much similar to a normal passport. The nationality and place of birth of the passport holder is not mentioned in a UNLP, but the UN is used in fields similar to issuing country.
- Type [of document, which is "LP" for "laissez-passer"]
- Code [of the issuing organization, which is "UNO/UNA" for "United Nations Organization/Agency"]
- Laissez-passer No.
- Given Name(s)
- Title [Job Title]
- Date of Birth
- Official of [UNO/UNA for United Nations Organization/Agency]
- Date of Issue
- Date of Expiry
- Authority [United Nations/Nations Unies followed by the code of the issuing city, e.g. GVA for Geneva]
- Signature (on the opposite page)
The first line of a machine-readable zone (which is at the bottom of the page) of the passport contains a letter to denote the type of travel document (which is despite the laissez-passer status, it is "P" for passport), followed by the code normally used for the citizenship of the passport holder (but here: "UNO/UNA" for "United Nations Organization/Agency"), and the name (surname first, then given name or names) of the passport holder. When visa are placed in a UNLP, the same practice should be followed, and in the nationality field, UNO/UNA should be placed. This guideline however is often not observed.
Effective 3 September 2012, all applicants for new LPs received by the UN Office in Geneva (UNOG) will be issued the new "e-UNLPs" and there will be no renewal of current UNLPs. The new "e-UNLP" is fully compliant with international standards established by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). These include the use of bio-chip technology, facial recognition identification and employs strict photographic standards for passport documents. All "e-UNLPS" will be issued with a five-year fixed duration, regardless of contract expiration and will not contain dependents. The validity period of the new e-UNLP cannot be extended and additional visa pages cannot be added. Existing LPs will retain the validity date stipulated in the document.
Limitations of a laissez-passer compared to a passport
Most countries do not accept a UNLP as a travel document, unless a visa has been added. The necessary visa procedures eat up 30 minutes up to 2 hours depending on the countries' requirements. The USA do not allow the UNLP to be used for any travel in the country. A UNLP does not automatically grant permission to travel to a country, on mission for the UN. Duty travel with UNLP to Iceland, Ireland, Kenya, Morocco, United Kingdom, Swaziland and Zimbabwe requires an attestation which confirms that the traveller is on mission, in addition to eventual visa requirements. It remains unclear what the remaining added value of an UNLP is, in view of the restrictions imposed by different countries.
- "Convention on the privileges and immunities of the United Nations" (PDF). United Nations. 1946. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- W. Münch, G. Tang and MD. Wynes (2005). "Review of the Management of the United Nations Laissez-passer" (PDF). Joint Inspection Unit, UN. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- Munch 2011, p. 269
- Munch 2011, p. 271
- "Doc 9303 part 2 (visa)" (PDF). International Civil Aviation Organization.
- "Apply for an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)". Government of Canada. 2015-11-18. Retrieved 2015-12-09.
- Munch, Wolfgang (2011). "The UN Laissez Passer: Legal Reflections and Managerial Issues". From Bilateralism to Community Interest: Essays in Honour of Bruno Simma. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199588817.