Amdavad Municipal Corporation

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About The Corporation

IntroductionAhmedabad is a historical and industrial city of Gujarat. After acquiring the status of a mega city, its rate of growth and development has surprisingly increased.The Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation or the AMC, established in July 1950 under the Bombay Provincial Corporation Act, 1949, is responsible for the civic infrastructure and administration of the city of Ahmedabad.

Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation
Type
Type
History
Founded1873
Leadership
Kirit Parmar
Mukesh Kumar
Deputy Mayor
Gitaben Patel
Chairperson of Standing Committee
Hitesh Barot
Leader of Opposition
Dinesh Sharma[1]
Structure
Seats192
Gujarat AMC 2021.svg
Political groups
  •   BJP (159)
  •   INC (25)
  •   AIMIM (7)
  •   IND (1)
Motto
Handwork, Self-help, Service
Meeting place
Sardar Patel Bhavan Ahmedabad
Website
www.ahmedabadcity.gov.in

The Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation, or the AMC, established in July 1950 under the Bombay Provincial Corporation Act (1949), is responsible for the civic infrastructure and administration of the city of Ahmedabad.

History[edit]

On 21 April 1831, the collector of the city, Mr. Bordel formed 'Town Wall Fund Committee' comprising the citizens of Ahmedabad with aim of raising fund to repair and renovate the fort of Ahmedabad damaged in floods. The committee levied 1% tax on the sale of various commodities such as ghee. It raised 2 lakh rupees and repaired the fort.[2]

The Ahmedabad Municipality was founded in 1873.[3] The British Government nominated Ranchhodlal Chhotalal as the first president of the municipality on 15 September 1885. The republic municipality was formed on 1 April 1915. Bhaishankar Nanabhai was the first elected president of the municipality.[2]

Ahmedabad Borough Municipality came into existence in 1925-26.[2][3] In 1935, the city celebrated the centenary of Ahmedabad municipality.[2]

Ahmedabad Municipality was upgraded to Amdavad Municipal Corporation in July 1950 under the Bombay Provincial Corporation Act, 1949.[2][3] The designation of the mayor was formed instead of president. Chinubhai Chimanlal was the last president and the first mayor of the city.[2]

Responsibilities[edit]

As per section 63 and 66 of the Bombay Provincial Municipal Corporation Act, the AMC is responsible for certain obligatory and discretionary services.

Obligatory services[edit]

  • Erection of boundary of city defining city limits.
  • Watering, Scavenging and Cleansing of all public streets and places
  • Sewage services
  • Drainage services
  • Fire services
  • Health & Medical services
  • Street Lighting services
  • Maintenance of a monuments & open spaces
  • Identification of streets & houses
  • Regulation and abatement of offensive and dangerous trades or practices
  • Maintenance of burial houses and funeral homes
  • Construction or acquisition of public markets and slaughter houses
  • Construction or acquisition of cattle-pounds
  • Primary education services
  • Health and hygiene services
  • Construction, maintenance and alternation of bridges
  • Water supply services
  • Preventing and checking the spread of dangerous diseases
  • The securing or removal of dangerous buildings and places
  • Construction of conservancy staff quarters
  • Maintenance of relief works in scarcity

Discretionary services[edit]

  • Construction and maintenance of maternity homes & infant welfare houses
  • Maintenance of central laboratories
  • Swimming pool and other public health services
  • Tree plantation on road sides
  • Construction and maintenance of public parks and gardens
  • The holding of exhibition, athletics or games
  • The maintenance of an ambulance services
  • Construction and maintenance of theaters, community halls and museums etc.
  • Building or purchase of staff quarters
  • Construction and maintenance of public transport facilities
  • Construction and maintenance of educational institutes
  • Construction and maintenance of infirmaries and hospitals
  • The destruction of animals and birds causing a nuisance
  • Construction and maintenance of factory for the disposal of sewage
  • The building or purchase and maintenance of suitable dwellings for the poor and working classes
  • Provision of shelter to homeless persons and poor relief
  • Surveys of buildings or lands
  • Measures to meet any calamity affecting the public in the city any measure to promote public safety, health, convenience or instruction

Administration[edit]

Organisational structure of the AMC

The corporation is headed by a Municipal Commissioner, an IAS officer who is appointed by the Government of Gujarat. He discharges the executive power of the house.

For administrative purposes, the city is divided into seven zones — Central, East, West, North, South, North West, South West. Each zone is further divided into wards totaling 48 wards in seven zones.[4][5] Each ward is represented by four corporators including minimum two women corporators. Thus 48 wards consist of 192 seats in total. An election is held to elect corporators to power. The mayor heads the party, with the largest number of corporators elected. The post of mayor is largely ceremonial, however.

List of zones and wards[4][5]
# Zone Wards Total Wards
1 Central Shahpur, Dariapur, Jamalpur, Khadia, Asarwa, Shahibaug 6
2 East Gomtipur, Odhav, Vastral, Bhaipura-Hatkeshwar, Amraiwadi, Ramol- Hathijan, Nikol, Viratnagar 8
3 North Bapunagar, India Colony, Thakkar Bapanagar, Saraspur, Sardarnagar, Naroda, Kubernagar, Saijpur Bogha 8
4 Northwest Gota, Chandlodiya, Ghatlodiya, Thaltej, Bodakdev 5
5 South Behrampura, Indrapuri, Khokhra, Maninagar, Danilimda, Lambha, Isanpur, Vatva 8
6 Southwest Sarkhej, Jodhpur, Vejalpur, Maktampura 4
7 West Ranip, Chandkheda-Motera, Sabarmati, Naranpura, Nava Vadaj, S. P. Stadium, Navrangpura, Paldi, Vasna 9
Total wards in all zones 48

Elections[edit]

Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation[6]
Party Seats won Vote % Swing
Bharatiya Janata Party 159 54.57% Increase 3.79%
Indian National Congress 25 29.26% Decrease 13.33%
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen 7 3.94% Increase 3.94%
Aam Aadmi Party 0 6.99% Increase 6.99%
Others 1 5.24% Decrease 1.39%

The general elections for the elected wing of the corporation is held every five years, the last election being held in February 2021. The Bharatiya Janata Party secured a majority, winning 159 seats, with the second-place Indian National Congress winning 25, seven seats by AIMIM and one seat by an independent candidate.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bus services opting for diesel over cleaner CNG". The Times of India. 21 December 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "About the Corporation :: Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation". ahmedabadcity.gov.in. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Cases in Financial Management, 2/E By Pandey & Bhat; pp-7
  4. ^ a b "CCRS". www.amccrs.com. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Delimitation order announced: Ahmedabad to have 48 wards". The Indian Express. 30 May 2015. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  6. ^ https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ahmedabad/municipal-polls-aap-bags-13-28-vote-share/articleshow/81199586.cms

External links[edit]