All Eyez on Me

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

All Eyez on Me
Alleyezonme.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedFebruary 13, 1996 (1996-02-13)
RecordedOctober 1995
StudioCan-Am Studios (Tarzana, Los Angeles)
Genre
Length132:20
Label
Producer
2Pac chronology
Me Against the World
(1995)
All Eyez on Me
(1996)
The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory
(1996)
Singles from All Eyez on Me
  1. "California Love"
    Released: December 3, 1995
  2. "2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted"
    Released: May 7, 1996
  3. "How Do U Want It"
    Released: June 4, 1996
  4. "I Ain't Mad at Cha"
    Released: September 15, 1996

All Eyez on Me is the fourth studio album by American rapper 2Pac and the last to be released during his lifetime. Released on February 13, 1996, by Death Row and Interscope Records, the album features guest appearances from Dr. Dre, Snoop Doggy Dogg, Redman, Method Man, Nate Dogg, Kurupt, Daz Dillinger, E-40, K-Ci & JoJo, and the Outlawz, among others.

The album features productions by Shakur alongside a variety of producers including DJ Quik, Johnny "J", Dr. Dre, DJ Bobcat, Dat Nigga Daz, DJ Pooh, DeVante Swing, among others. It was the only Death Row/Interscope release that was distributed through PolyGram in the United States.

A gangsta rap album, 2Pac raps about his experiences of living in poverty and in luxury; critics particularly note that 2Pac widely diverges from the social and political consciousness of 2Pacalypse Now (1991) and Strictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z... (1993). The album includes the Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles "How Do U Want It" (featuring K-Ci and JoJo) and "California Love" (with Dr. Dre, featuring Roger Troutman) and the hip-hop ballad "I Ain't Mad at Cha", along with the Snoop Doggy Dogg collaboration "2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted" as a promotional single. It featured four singles in all, the most of any of Shakur's albums. Moreover, All Eyez on Me made history as the first ever double-full-length hip-hop solo studio album released for mass consumption globally.

All Eyez on Me was the second album by 2Pac to chart at number one on both the Billboard 200 and the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums charts, selling 566,000 copies in the first week. Seven months later, 2Pac was fatally wounded in a drive-by shooting. The album won the 1997 Soul Train Music Award for Rap Album of the Year posthumously, and was also posthumously nominated for Best Rap Album at the 39th Grammy Awards in 1997.[4][5] Shakur also won the award for Favorite Rap/Hip-Hop Artist at the American Music Awards of 1997.

Upon release, All Eyez on Me received instant critical acclaim, and it has been ranked by critics as one of the greatest hip hop albums, as well as one of the greatest albums of all time. It was certified Diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) in 2014,[6] with shipments of over 5 million copies (each disc in the double album counted as a separate unit for certification), and in 2020 was ranked 436th on Rolling Stone's updated list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.

Background[edit]

In October 1995, Suge Knight and Jimmy Iovine paid the $1.4 million bail necessary to get Shakur released from jail on charges of sexual abuse. At the time, Shakur was broke and thus unable to make bail himself. All Eyez on Me was released following an agreement between Knight and Shakur which stated Shakur would make three albums under Death Row Records in return for them paying his bail. Fulfilling part of Shakur's brand new contract, this double-album served as the first two albums of his three-album contract.[7][8]

Euthanasia was the initial title of the album until it was changed to All Eyez on Me during the recording process. Shakur explained to MTV's Bill Bellamy in December 1995 saying:

It's called All Eyez on Me. That's how I feel it is. I got the police watching me, the Feds. I got the females that want to charge me with false charges and sue me and all that. I got the females that like me. I got the jealous homeboys and I got the homies that roll with me. Everybody's looking to see what I'mma do now so All Eyez on Me.[9]

All Eyez on Me was originally intended for a Christmas 1995 release but was pushed back as Shakur continued to record music and shoot music videos for the album.[9]

Recording and production[edit]

The album features guest spots from 2Pac's regulars, such as former-Thug Life members and The Outlawz, as well as Dr. Dre, Snoop Doggy Dogg, Tha Dogg Pound, Nate Dogg, George Clinton, Rappin' 4-Tay, The Click, Method Man, and Redman among others.[10] The song "Heartz of Men" samples a portion of Richard Pryor's comedy album That Nigger's Crazy. Most of the album was produced by Johnny "J" and Daz Dillinger, with help from Dr. Dre on the songs "California Love", which he himself appeared in also as an album guest spot, and "Can't C Me", which was Clinton's appearance. DJ Quik also produced, mixed and made an appearance on the album, but had to use his real name on the credits because his contract with Profile Records prevented him from using his stage name.

Lyrical themes[edit]

The songs on All Eyez on Me are, in general, unapologetic celebrations of living the "Thug Lifestyle". Though there is the occasional reminiscence about past and present friends, it is a definite move away from the social and political consciousness of 2Pacalypse Now and Strictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z....[11] The songs on the album along with the name of the album itself, allude to the feeling of being watched. With songs like "Can't C Me" and "All Eyez on Me", 2Pac makes it known that he feels the presence of surveillance, most notably by the police. The album also references the fact that 2Pac is under the attention of many fans, being his fourth studio album.[12]

Singles[edit]

The first single, "California Love" featuring Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman was released, December 3, 1995.[13] This is perhaps 2Pac's best-known song and his most successful, reaching number one on the Billboard Hot 100 for eight weeks (as a double A-side single with "How Do U Want It") and 12 weeks at number one in New Zealand. The song was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group (with Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman) in 1997.[14] A remix version also produced by Dr. Dre appeared on the album. The song has since been certified 2× platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.[15]

Rapper Snoop Doggy Dogg made an appearance on the album's second single "2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted"

"2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted" featuring rapper Snoop Doggy Dogg, was released as a promotional single on, May 7, 1996.[16] The video was directed by one of 2Pac's production partners, Gobi M. Rahimi and was filmed four months prior to the September 1996 shooting of 2Pac. The prelude for the song shows a parody of Biggie Smalls ("Piggie") and Puff Daddy ("Buff Daddy") in discussion with Shakur about the November 1994 shooting. The beginning of the scene where Tupac is speaking to Biggie is in reference to the scene in the film Scarface in which Tony Montana speaks to his alleged killer before shooting him.[17] The song peaked at number 46 on the US Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay chart.[18]

The second single, "How Do U Want It" featuring R&B duo K-Ci & JoJo, was released, June 4, 1996.[19] It was paired with "California Love" as a double A-side single, with 2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted and the non-album track, Hit 'Em Up serving as the B-sides. The song reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100. There were three videos filmed for the song: two in the same set for the single in April 1996. The video was directed by Ron Hightower and produced by Tracy D. Robinson. These two are distinguished by MPAA rating (one is certified adult material). The video portrays a wild sex party with Jacuzzi, mechanical bull riding, cage dancing and pole stripping. All actors and actresses are dressed in Renaissance-era costumes, though all clothes are removed for the nude clip. The adult-material video also features numerous porn stars, including Nina Hartley, Heather Hunter, and Angel Kelly.[20] The limousine segment seen in the clean version is the same except no nudity.[21] The third one is the concert version, mostly them performing on stage. There are cameo appearances by K-Ci & JoJo, and fellow group member of Digital Underground Shock G both in the concert and studio segments.[22]

"I Ain't Mad at Cha" featuring singer Danny Boy, was released in Europe and parts of Oceania shortly after Shakur's death as the final single from the album, on September 15, 1996. For the video the song was re-recorded with a live band. The new track was recorded at Can-Am Studios by Conley Abrams. The video was shot weeks before Shakur's death.[23]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic[24]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music[25]
Entertainment WeeklyB+[26]
Los Angeles Times[27]
NME9/10[28]
Pitchfork9.4/10[29]
Q[30]
The Source (2010)5/5 [31]
Rolling Stone[32]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide[33]
Spin7/10[34]
USA Today[35]
XXL5/5 [36]

All Eyez on Me received widespread critical acclaim. Spin magazine gave it 7 out of 10 and said: "As long as you don't expect philanthropy from Tupac, you'll find honesty and some pleasurably twisted scenarios."[34] The record ranked No. 3 on Entertainment Weekly's list of Top 10 albums of 1996.[37] AllMusic stated, "Maybe it was his time in prison, or maybe it was simply his signing with Suge Knight's Death Row label. Whatever the case, 2Pac re-emerged hardened and hungry with All Eyez on Me, the first double-disc album of original material in hip-hop history. With all the controversy surrounding him, 2Pac seemingly wanted to throw down a monumental epic whose sheer scope would make it an achievement of itself. But more than that, it's also an unabashed embrace of the gangsta lifestyle, backing off the sober self-recognition of Me Against the World. Sure, there are a few reflective numbers and dead-homiez tributes, but they're much more romanticized this time around. Despite some undeniable filler, it is easily the best production 2Pac's ever had on record".[24]

In the Los Angeles Times, Cheo Hodari Coker praised the album: "All Eyez on Me, a 27-song, 133-minute gangster's paradise, finds the rapper even more venomous than he was before his 11-month incarceration for sexual abuse. He displays no remorse for his tough life, and even less feeling for his enemies. The only thing jail time did for 2Pac was make his creative fires burn even hotter—he raps here with a passion and skill matched in gangsta rap only by Snoop Doggy Dogg and the Notorious B.I.G. And with such producers as DJ Pooh, DJ Quik, Dr. Dre and Johnny J laying down the tracks, he finally has a musical team worthy of his talent."[27]

Jon Pareles of the New York Times considered the album typical gangsta-rap fare, but with superior production. "Standard images of ghetto desperation turn up...but far more of 2Pac's rhymes are about living in luxury: driving a plush car, drinking cognac, smoking weed and having all the women he wants." Pareles notes that, "while 2Pac used to show some sympathy for women, he has returned to hard-line gangsta machismo, with women as either gold-digging 'bitches' or heavy-breathing, pliant 'hos'."[38] The Guardian gave the album two stars out of five, declaring it "one of these angry recriminatory discs would have been more than enough, thanks." finding that "too much of the two hours is consumed by self-justifying rants like Only God Can Judge Me and Skandalouz."[39] The review concluded that "There is some delicious g-funk here [...] but 2Pac's attitude sours the whole thing."[39]

"It's like a Cali thug-life version of Pink Floyd's The Wall – pure gangsta ego run amok over two CDs," complained Rolling Stone. "At that length, the album's all-hard-all-the-time tone approaches caricature."[40] Nonetheless, the album was included in the magazine's essential recordings of the 1990s.[41]

Accolades[edit]

  • The information regarding accolades attributed to All Eyez on Me is adapted from Acclaimed Music.[42]
  • Asterisk (*) signifies unordered lists.
Publication Country Accolade Year Rank
FNAC France The 1000 Best Albums of All Time[43] 2008 461
Rock & Folk The Best Albums from 1963 to 1999[44] 1999 *
Babylon Greece The 50 Best Albums of the 1990s 48
Hip-Hop Connection United Kingdom The 100 Greatest Rap Albums 1995–2005 2005 35
The New Nation Top 100 Albums by Black Artists 64
Q The Ultimate Music Collection *
90 Albums of the 90s 1999 *
rap.About.com United States 100 Greatest Hip Hop Albums[45] 2008 80
Best Rap Albums of 1996[46] 1
Tom Moon 1000 Recordings to Hear Before You Die *
Entertainment Weekly The 100 Best Albums from 1983 to 2008 87
Ego Trip Hip Hop's 25 Greatest Albums by Year 1980–98 1999 14
Rolling Stone The Essential Recordings of the 90s *
100 Best Albums of the Nineties[47] 2010 50
The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time[48] 2020 436
Complex The 90 Best Rap Albums of the '90s 2014 10

Commercial performance[edit]

All Eyez on Me debuted at number-one on both the US Billboard 200 and the US Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums charts, selling 566,000 copies in its first week, becoming 2Pac's second number one album on the chart.[49][50] The album was eventually certified diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).[51] As of September 2011, All Eyez on Me has sold 5,887,630 in the United States, making it 2Pac's highest-selling album.[52] It has charted on the Billboard 200 for 105 weeks in total.

In the United Kingdom, the British Phonographic Industry certified the album silver on January 1, 1997, followed by gold on July 22, 2013, and platinum on November 14, 2014, for sales of over 300,000 copies in the United Kingdom.[53]

It was re-released in 2001 as enhanced CDs containing the "California Love" music video. Both discs contained the same data track. It was also re-released as a Dual-Disc in 2005.

Lawsuit[edit]

Civil rights activist and fierce rap critic C. Delores Tucker sued 2Pac's estate in federal court, claiming that lyrics in "How Do U Want It" and "Wonda Why They Call U Bitch" inflicted emotional distress, were slanderous, and invaded her privacy.[54] The case was later dismissed.[55]

Track listing[edit]

Disc 1: Book 1
No.TitleWriter(s)Producer(s)Length
1."Ambitionz az a Ridah"Dat Nigga Daz4:39
2."All Bout U" (featuring Snoop Doggy Dogg, Nate Dogg, Dru Down)4:37
3."Skandalouz" (featuring Nate Dogg)
  • Shakur
  • Arnaud
Dat Nigga Daz4:09
4."Got My Mind Made Up" (featuring Dat Nigga Daz, Kurupt, Redman and Method Man)Dat Nigga Daz5:13
5."How Do U Want It" (featuring K-Ci & JoJo)
  • Shakur
  • Jackson
Johnny "J"4:47
6."2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted" (featuring Snoop Dogg)
Dat Nigga Daz4:07
7."No More Pain"
DeVante Swing6:15
8."Heartz of Men"
  • Shakur
  • David Blake
DJ Quik4:44
9."Life Goes On"
  • Shakur
  • Jackson
Johnny "J"5:02
10."Only God Can Judge Me" (featuring Rappin' 4-Tay)
  • Shakur
  • Doug Rasheed
  • Doug Rasheed
  • Harold Scrap Freddie
4:57
11."Tradin' War Stories" (featuring Dramacydal, C-Bo and Storm)
  • Shakur
  • Mike Mosley
5:30
12."California Love" (featuring Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman)
6:25
13."I Ain't Mad at Cha" (featuring Danny Boy)
  • Shakur
  • Arnaud
Dat Nigga Daz4:54
14."What'z Ya Phone #" (featuring Danny Boy)
  • Shakur
  • Jackson
  • Johnny "J"
  • 2Pac
5:08
Total length:70:27
Disc 2: Book 2
No.TitleWriter(s)Producer(s)Length
1."Can't C Me" (featuring George Clinton)
  • Shakur
  • Young
Dr. Dre5:31
2."Shorty Wanna Be a Thug"
  • Shakur
  • Jackson
Johnny "J"3:52
3."Holla at Me"
  • Shakur
  • Bobby Ervin
Bobby "Bobcat" Ervin4:55
4."Wonda Why They Call U Bitch"
  • Shakur
  • Jackson
4:19
5."When We Ride" (featuring Outlaw Immortalz)
  • Shakur
  • DJ Pooh
DJ Pooh5:09
6."Thug Passion" (featuring Jewell, Dramacydal and Storm)
  • Shakur
  • Jackson
  • Johnny "J"
  • 2Pac
5:08
7."Picture Me Rollin'" (featuring Danny Boy, Syke and CPO)
Johnny "J"5:15
8."Check Out Time" (featuring Kurupt and Syke)
  • Shakur
  • Jackson
  • Himes
  • Brown
  • Johnny "J"
  • 2Pac
4:39
9."Ratha Be Ya Nigga" (featuring Richie Rich)
  • Shakur
  • Rasheed
Doug Rasheed4:14
10."All Eyez on Me" (featuring Syke)
Johnny "J"5:08
11."Run tha Streetz" (featuring Michel'le, Mutah and Storm)
  • Shakur
  • Jackson
  • Johnny "J"
  • 2Pac
5:17
12."Ain't Hard 2 Find" (featuring E-40, B-Legit, C-Bo and Richie Rich)Shakur
  • Mike Mosley
  • Rick Rock
4:29
13."Heaven Ain't Hard 2 Find"QDIII3:58
Total length:61:54
Original UK edition bonus track
No.TitleWriter(s)ProducerLength
14."California Love" (short radio edit; featuring Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman)
  • Shakur
  • Young
  • R. Troutman
  • L. Troutman
  • Durham
  • Cunningham
Dr. Dre4:01
Total length:136:21

Notes

  • "All Bout U" features additional vocals from Hussein Fatal and Yaki Kadafi
  • "Life Goes On" features vocals from Stacey Smallie and Nanci Fletcher.
  • "California Love (Remix)" features background vocals from Barbara Wilson, Nanci Fletcher, and Danette Williams. The full original version can only be found on promo vinyl versions.
  • "Can't C Me" features additional vocals from Nanci Fletcher
  • "Got My Mind Made Up" originally was a Dogg Pound song featuring Wu-Tang Clan member Inspectah Deck, The Lady Of Rage & RBX, but their vocals were removed when Daz gave 2Pac the song for his album.
  • "Wonder Why They Call U Bytch" originally featured former Bad Boy Records singer Faith Evans, but her vocals were replaced.
  • "Check Out Time" features background vocals from Natasha Walker.
  • "Ratha Be Ya Nigga" features background vocals from Stacey Smallie.

Leftover and extra tracks[edit]

Most of the songs on the list were remixed on posthumous 2Pac albums Still I Rise, Until the End of Time, Better Dayz and Pac’s Life.

Sample credits[edit]

Personnel[edit]

Credits for All Eyez on Me adapted from AllMusic and CD booklet.[57]

  • 2Pac – associate producer, composer, producer, vocals
  • Suge Knight – executive producer
  • Norris Anderson – production manager
  • Delmar "Daz" Arnaud – composer
  • Dave Aron – engineer, mixing
  • Big Syke – vocals
  • Larry Blackmon – composer
  • David Blake – composer, mixing, producer, talk box
  • B-Legit – vocals
  • Bobcat – composer
  • Calvin Broadus – composer
  • R. Brown – composer
  • C-BO – vocals
  • Larry Chatman – associate producer
  • Rick Clifford – engineer
  • G. Clinton, Jr. – composer
  • George Clinton – composer, vocals
  • Nanci Fletcher – vocals
  • Dorothy Coleman – background vocals
  • W. Collins – composer
  • Kenn Cox – composer
  • CPO – vocals
  • Woody Cunningham – composer
  • Tommy D. Daugherty – engineer
  • Danny Boy – vocals
  • Dat Nigga Daz – producer, vocals
  • Robert Diggs – composer
  • DJ Pooh – composer, mixing, producer
  • Dr. Dre – composer, mixing, producer, vocals
  • Tha Dogg Pound – vocals
  • Nate Dogg – vocals
  • Dramacydal – vocals
  • Dru Down – vocals
  • Norman Durham – composer
  • E-40 – vocals
  • Ebony – background vocals
  • Bobby Ervin – composer, producer
  • Fatal – vocals
  • Brian Gardner – mastering
  • Michael Geiser – associate engineer
  • Yaki Kadafi – vocals
  • Nathaniel Hale – composer
  • C. Haskins – composer
  • Johnny Jackson – composer
  • Jewell – vocals
  • Johnny "J" – mixing, producer
  • Puff Johnson – background vocals
  • Jojo the Elf – vocals
  • E. Jordan – composer
  • Kurupt – vocals
  • Alvin McGill – associate engineer, engineer
  • Method Man – vocals
  • Michel'le – vocals
  • Mike Mosley – assistant engineer, composer, mixing, producer
  • Nanci Fletcher – vocals
  • Shirley Murdock – composer
  • Ken Nahoum – photography
  • Outlawz – vocals
  • J.P. Pennington – composer
  • Prince – composer
  • George Pryce – art direction, design
  • QD3 – composer
  • Rappin' 4-Tay – vocals
  • Doug Rasheed – composer, producer
  • Danny Ray – background vocals
  • Redman – vocals
  • Richie Rich – vocals
  • Rick Rock – producer
  • Patrick Shevelin – associate engineer
  • Carl "Butch" Small – percussion
  • Stacey Smallie – background vocals
  • C. Smith – composer
  • Henry "Hendogg" Smith – illustrations
  • Snoop Doggy Dogg – vocals
  • Troy Staton – engineer
  • D. Stevens – composer
  • E. Stevens – composer
  • D. Stewart – composer
  • The Storm – vocals
  • DeVanté Swing – composer, mixing, producer
  • Roy Tesfay – production co-ordination
  • Rahiem Prince Thomas – composer
  • S. Thomas – composer
  • Sean "Barney" Thomas – keyboards
  • Larry Troutman – composer
  • Roger Troutman – composer, vocals, talk box
  • Natasha Walker – background vocals
  • Carlos Warlick – engineer, mixing
  • Barbara Warren – stylist, unknown contributor role
  • Bruce Washington – composer
  • Danette Williams – background vocals
  • Barbara Wilson – background vocals
  • Nanci Fletcher – background vocals
  • Keston Wright – engineer

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[86] Gold 35,000^
Canada (Music Canada)[87] Platinum 100,000^
Denmark (IFPI Danmark)[88] Platinum 20,000double-dagger
New Zealand (RMNZ)[89] Platinum 15,000double-dagger
United Kingdom (BPI)[90] Platinum 300,000^
United States (RIAA)[91] Diamond 5,887,630[52]

^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.
double-dagger Sales+streaming figures based on certification alone.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Echevarria, Joe (February 13, 2019). "Tupac Shakur Drops 'All Eyez On Me' Album – Today in Hip-Hop". XXL. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
  2. ^ "The Best Tupac Songs". Complex. Retrieved June 1, 2021. the lush g-funk of All Eyez On Me
  3. ^ "Makaveli & Riskie: A Conversation with Death Row Graphic Artist Ronald "Riskie" Brent". HipHopDX. November 5, 2015. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
  4. ^ "Maxwell, Tupac Top Soul Train Awards". E! Online. March 7, 1997. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
  5. ^ "2Pac ♥ Wins "R&B/Soul or Rap Album of the Year" [Soul Train Music Awards March 14, 1997]". YouTube. Archived from the original on January 9, 2015. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
  6. ^ "Gold & Platinum". RIAA. Archived from the original on January 4, 2013. Retrieved April 14, 2016.
  7. ^ David Drake; Erik Ross; Lauren Nostro; Ted Simmons; Insanul Ahmed (April 5, 2013). "16 Label Changes That Shocked The Rap Game". Complex. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
  8. ^ San Miguel, Danielito (February 8, 2012). "Tupac's official contract with Death Row Records. Confirmed by David Kenner and Suge Knight". Truth About Tupac. Archived from the original on December 1, 2016. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
  9. ^ a b Namikas, Michael (February 11, 2016). "All Eyez on Him: Celebrating 2Pac's Magnum Opus". HipHopDX. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
  10. ^ "Rare Tupac interview on Luke's Peepshow 1996 2Pac". YouTube. Archived from the original on December 14, 2021. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
  11. ^ "Tupac Interview by Bill Bellamy 1996 (HQ)". YouTube. Archived from the original on August 20, 2013. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
  12. ^ Nielson, Erik. ""Can't C Me": Surveillance and Rap Music." Journal of Black Studies 40.6 (2010): 1254-274. Web.
  13. ^ "2Pac - California Love". AllMusic. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
  14. ^ "39th Grammy Awards - 1997 held February 26, 1997". Rock On The Net. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
  15. ^ "2Pac - How Do U Want It / California Love". RIAA. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
  16. ^ "2Pac / Snoop Dogg - 2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted". AllMusic. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
  17. ^ Death Row Records (November 13, 2009). "2Pac - "2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted"". YouTube. Archived from the original on December 14, 2021. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
  18. ^ "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay – Issue Date: 1996-06-08". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Archived from the original (requires registration) on January 15, 2013. Retrieved June 3, 2012.
  19. ^ "2Pac - How Do U Want It". AllMusic. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
  20. ^ DJ Vlad (March 18, 2016). "Heather Hunter Cries When Asked About 2Pac, "How Do You Want It" Video". YouTube. Archived from the original on December 14, 2021. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
  21. ^ "2Pac - How Do You Want It XXX". YouTube. Archived from the original on February 7, 2017. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
  22. ^ "2Pac - How Do You Want It (Concert Version)". YouTube. Archived from the original on August 12, 2010. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
  23. ^ Death Row Records (April 18, 2010). "2Pac Featuring Danny Boy - I Ain't Mad At Cha - Official Death Row Upload". YouTube. Archived from the original on December 14, 2021. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
  24. ^ a b Huey, Steve. "All Eyez on Me – 2Pac". AllMusic. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  25. ^ Larkin, Colin (2011). "2Pac". The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th concise ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-85712-595-8.
  26. ^ Browne, David (March 8, 1996). "All Eyez on Me". Entertainment Weekly. New York. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  27. ^ a b Coker, Cheo Hodari (February 11, 1996). "2Pac: Bitter, Remorseless, Brilliant". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
  28. ^ Morton, Roger (March 2, 1996). "2Pac – All Eyez On Me". NME. London. Archived from the original on August 17, 2000. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
  29. ^ Thompson, Paul A. (January 28, 2018). "2Pac: All Eyez on Me". Pitchfork. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  30. ^ "2Pac: All Eyez on Me". Q. London (178): 130. July 2001.
  31. ^ Kazeem (August 4, 2010). "The Complete List Of 5 Mic Hip-Hop Classics". The Source. Retrieved on December 23, 2010.
  32. ^ Jamison, Laura (April 4, 1996). "All Eyez on Me". Rolling Stone. New York. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
  33. ^ Tate, Greg (2004). "2Pac/Tupac Shakur". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Simon & Schuster. pp. 830–32. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
  34. ^ a b Cummings, Sue (May 1996). "2Pac: All Eyez on Me". Spin. New York. 12 (2): 106–07. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
  35. ^ "2Pac keeps controversial 'Eyez' on the ball". Pqasb.pqarchiver.com. February 12, 1996. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  36. ^ "Retrospective: XXL Albums". XXL Magazine. December 2007.
  37. ^ Entertainment Weekly (12/27/96-1/3/97, p. 146) – Ranked #3 on Entertainment Weekly's list of the Top 10 Albums And Singles Of 1996.
  38. ^ Jon Pareles. "Pop CD's: Prison Makes Rap Tougher." New York Times, Late Edition (East Coast); 13 February 1996, Section C, Page 13.
  39. ^ a b CS (March 1, 1996). "This week's Pop CD Releases". The Guardian. p. 10.
  40. ^ Rolling Stone Yearbook, 26 December 1996–9 January 1997
  41. ^ Rolling Stone (May 13, 1999, p. 74) – Included in Rolling Stone's Essential Recordings of the 90s.
  42. ^ "All Eyez on Me". Acclaimed Music. Archived from the original on October 21, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  43. ^ "La discothèque idéale de la Fnac en 1000 disques". Le Soir. November 27, 2008. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  44. ^ "Disco 2000 : 1963–1999 Les albums indispensables (décembre 1999)". Rock&Folk. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  45. ^ Adaso, Henry. The Greatest Hip-Hop Albums of all Time. about.com. Retrieved September 6, 2010.
  46. ^ Adaso, Henry. Best Rap Albums of 1996. about.com. Retrieved September 6, 2010.
  47. ^ Hudak, Joseph. "2Pac, 'All Eyez on Me' - 100 Best Albums of the Nineties". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 14, 2016.
  48. ^ "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time - Rolling Stone". Rolling Stone. September 22, 2020. Retrieved September 29, 2020.
  49. ^ "All Eyez on Me - 2Pac". AllMusic. February 13, 1996. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
  50. ^ Jerry, Crowe (November 14, 1996). "All Eyes on Shakur's 'Don Killuminati'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
  51. ^ Lamarre, Carl (August 1, 2014). "Tupac's 'All Eyez on Me' Goes Diamond". XXL. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  52. ^ a b "Tupac Month: 2Pac's Discography". XXL. September 16, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  53. ^ "Certified Awards". BPI. Input All Eyez on Me as the keyword, using the drop-down lists below switch the parameters as follows [from top]: Title, All, Album, then tick the Exact match checkbox and click Search.
  54. ^ "Rap critic sues Shakur's estate for defamation". Los Angeles Times. August 1997.
  55. ^ "C. Delores Tucker; William Tucker, Her Husbandv.richard Fischbein; Belinda Luscombe; Newsweek Magazine; Johnnie L. Roberts; Time Inc.c. Delores Tucker; William Tucker, Appellants, 237 F.3d 275 (3d Cir. 2001)".
  56. ^ All Eyez on Me (booklet). Death Row, Interscope. 1996.
  57. ^ "All Eyez on Me - 2Pac | Songs, Reviews, Credits". Allmusic. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  58. ^ "Australiancharts.com – 2Pac – All Eyez on Me". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  59. ^ "Ultratop.be – 2Pac – All Eyez on Me" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  60. ^ "Ultratop.be – 2Pac – All Eyez on Me" (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  61. ^ "Top RPM Albums: Issue 2897". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  62. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – 2Pac – All Eyez on Me" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  63. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – 2Pac – All Eyez on Me" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  64. ^ "Charts.nz – 2Pac – All Eyez on Me". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  65. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – 2Pac – All Eyez on Me". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  66. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – 2Pac – All Eyez on Me". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  67. ^ "Swisscharts.com – 2Pac – All Eyez on Me". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  68. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  69. ^ "Official R&B Albums Chart Top 40". Official Charts Company. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  70. ^ "2Pac Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  71. ^ "2Pac Chart History (Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  72. ^ a b "Chart Log UK: Numerals". Zobbel.de. Retrieved December 8, 2011.
  73. ^ "Lescharts.com – 2Pac – All Eyez on Me". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  74. ^ "GFK Chart-Track". Chart-track.co.uk. Archived from the original on August 11, 2014. Retrieved April 14, 2016.
  75. ^ "2Pac Chart History (Catalog Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
  76. ^ "2Pac Chart History (Vinyl Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
  77. ^ "Billboard 200 (29/12/2018)". Billboard. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
  78. ^ "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  79. ^ "Top Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 1996". Billboard. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
  80. ^ "Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums – Year-End 1996". Billboard. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
  81. ^ "Top Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 1997". Billboard. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
  82. ^ "Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums – Year-End 1997". Billboard. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
  83. ^ "Canada's Top 200 R&B; albums of 2002". Jam!. Archived from the original on November 6, 2003. Retrieved March 28, 2022.
  84. ^ "Top 100 rap albums of 2002 in Canada". Jam!. Archived from the original on October 12, 2003. Retrieved March 28, 2022.
  85. ^ Mayfield, Geoff (December 25, 1999). "1999 The Year in Music Totally '90s: Diary of a Decade - The listing of Top Pop Albums of the '90s & Hot 100 Singles of the '90s". Billboard. Retrieved October 15, 2010.
  86. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 1997 Albums" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association.
  87. ^ "Canadian album certifications – 2 Pac – All Eyez on Me". Music Canada.
  88. ^ "Danish album certifications – 2 Pac – All Eyez On Me". IFPI Danmark.
  89. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – 2Pac – All Eyez on Me". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved November 26, 2022.
  90. ^ "British album certifications – 2 Pac – All Eyez on Me". British Phonographic Industry.
  91. ^ "American album certifications – 2_Pac – All Eyez on Me". Recording Industry Association of America.

External links[edit]