The Apo myna (Basilornis mirandus) is a species of starling in the starling family Sturnidae. The species is also known as the Mount Apo starling or the Mount Apo king starling. The specific name is Latin for wonderful or strange.
Distribution and habitat
The Apo myna is a long-tailed starling, 30 cm (12 in) long and weighing around 110 g (3.9 oz). The plumage is mostly glossy black, except for the lower back which is white. The feathers on the head are degenerate and form a floppy crest. There is a large patch of bare yellow skin around the eye and on the cheek creating a distinctive mask. The bill and legs are yellowish. Both the sexes are alike. Juvenile birds resemble adults but have less glossy plumage and have a buff edge to the feathers.
Little is known about the behaviour of this species. It east berries and insects, and forages singly, as pairs or in small groups. Two nests have been found for this species, both in the holes excavated by woodpeckers into trees. One of these nests was 15 m (49 ft) off the ground and made of twigs and leaves.
Status and conservation
The Apo myna is becoming rare due to habitat loss. It is common in some protected areas, but it has a small and fragmented range, and is becoming rare across some of its range. It is safe for the moment, as its habitat is remote and rugged, but that situation could change. Because of this it is listed as near threatened by the IUCN.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Basilornis mirandus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2012: e.T22710968A38243834. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012-1.RLTS.T22710968A38243834.en. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
- Jobling, J. A. (2017). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2017). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com).
- Craig, A. & Feare, C. (2017). Apo Myna (Basilornis mirandus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/60815 on 19 March 2017).