Asayish (Syria)

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Asayish (Asayîş)
Active 2012–present
Country Syria
Allegiance Afrin Canton (Rojava)
Kobanî Canton (Rojava)
Jazira Canton (Rojava)
Type police
Role Security and policing
Size 4,000 (October 2013 claim)[1]
Website http://www.asayish.com/
Commanders
Co-commander Ciwan Ibrahim[1]
Co-commander Aitan Farhad[2]

The Asayîş or Asayish (Arabic: الأسايش‎‎, Kurdish for security[3]) is the police force of the autonomous cantons within the Federation of Northern Syria – Rojava. Formed in the early stages of the Syrian Civil War, it had initially been established to police areas controlled by the Kurdish Supreme Committee.

Structure[edit]

Under the Constitution of Rojava, policing is a competence of the cantons. Overall, the Asayish forces of the cantons are composed of 26 official bureaus that aim to provide security and solutions to social problems. The six main units of Rojava Asayish are Checkpoints Administration, Anti-Terror Forces Command (HAT), Intelligence Directorate, Organized Crime Directorate, Traffic Directorate and Treasury Directorate. 218 Asayish centers were established and 385 checkpoints with 10 Asayish members in each checkpoint were set up. 105 Asayish offices provide security against ISIS on the frontlines across Rojava. Larger cities have general directorates that are responsible for all aspects of security including road controls. Each Rojava canton has a HAT command and each Asayish center organizes itself autonomously.[4]

Gender equality[edit]

As with other Rojavan institutions, the Asayîş is striving for a force based on gender equality. An estimated 25% of Asayîş forces are women. The organization is co-led by a man and woman, Ciwan Ibrahim and Aitan Farhad. In addition to protecting civilians from armed attacks, the Asayîş has created a special branch composed solely of women which is dedicated to gender-based violence, family disputes between women and protection of women during protests, and public celebrations. Their objective is to take care of every case in which a woman gets involved, from gender-based violence to a bank robbery. Female members of the force face additional risk from attacks by radical Islamists.[2]

Citizen-led policing[edit]

The Rojavan government is working towards providing all citizens with Asayîş training. The ultimate hope is that once the vast majority of citizens have been trained, security can be maintained amongst the citizens and the Asayîş itself can be dissolved.[5]

Training[edit]

In addition to the use of weapons, Asayîş members are also trained in "mediation, ethics, the history of Kurdistan, imperialism, the psychological war waged by popular culture and the importance of education and self-critique."[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Kurds Build Bridges At Last". Inter Press Service. 13 October 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Barbarani, Sofia (2015-04-20). "Syrian Kurdish female leader Aitan Farhad about life as an Islam State target". Ekurd Daily. Retrieved 2015-06-10. 
  3. ^ Miller, Judith (1993-01-03). "Iraq Accused: A Case of Genocide". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-04-25. 
  4. ^ "Rojava Asayish: Security institution not above but within the society". ANF. 2016-06-06. Retrieved 2016-06-06. 
  5. ^ a b "A revolution in daily life". Peace in Kurdistan. Retrieved 11 June 2015.