Syrian Resistance

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Not to be confused with Syrian opposition.
Syrian Resistance
(المقاومة السورية)
Participant in Syrian Civil War
Syrian Resistance SSI.svg
Syrian Resistance Flag.svg
Syrian Resistance SSI and flag
Active 2011[1] – present
Ideology Syrian nationalism
Leaders Mihraç Ural
Headquarters Latakia
Area of operations Latakia Governorate, Homs Governorate,[2] Jisr al-Shughur District, Ariha District, Azaz District[3]
Strength 2,000[4]
Allies Syrian Armed Forces
National Defence Force
Opponents Free Syrian Army
Al-Nusra Front
Islamic State of Iraq and Levant
Battles and wars

Syrian Civil War

The Syrian Resistance (Muqāwamat al-Sūriyah Arabic: المقاومة السورية‎ or TSR, formerly known as the Popular Front for the Liberation of the Liwa of Iskandarun (الجبهة الشعبية لتحرير لواء اســكندرون), is a pro-government Syrian armed group operating in Northwest Syria, claiming a Marxist–Leninist ideology.[3]


The movement is led by Mihraç Ural, a Turkish Alawite who has Syrian citizenship.[5] According to Today's Zaman, Ural was the leader of a clandestine insurgent cell in Hatay Province called the Turkish Peoples' Liberation Party-Front Acilciler ("The Urgent Ones"). Zaman further alleged that Ural's group has sought to agitate Hatay's sizable Alawite population into confrontation with the Turkish authorities and has also recruited local Alawites to fight in Syria on behalf of the government.[6]

Though the group openly espouses a broadly-inclusive platform of Syrian nationalism in addition to secular leftism, it has been claimed that its primary focus is the defence of the Alawite and Twelver Shi’a religious minorities in the country.[3] The Syrian Resistance has been accused by the Syrian opposition of being a sectarian Alawite militia, and of having carried out bombings in Turkey and attacks on villages in Syria.[7][8] However, Sheikh Muwaffaq al-Ghazal, a member of the Islamic Alawi Council, claims it has an inclusive national line.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Lund, Aron (23 July 2013). "Gangs of Latakia: The Militiafication of the Assad Regime". Syria Comment. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Fadel, Leith. "Syrian Army Captures Final Oil Well at Al-Sha’ar; Nusra Losing Ground in Idlib". Al Masdar News. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad. "A Case Study of "The Syrian Resistance," a Pro-Assad Militia Force". Syria Comment. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  4. ^ Albayrak, Aydin. "Mihraç Ural, a man with a long history of terrorism". Today's Zaman. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  5. ^ "Mihraç Ural, a man with a long history of terrorism". 14 May 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "Group tries to recruit Hatay Alevis into Assad army". Today's Zaman. 3 September 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "Rise of the militias". 17 May 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  8. ^ Josh Landis, Syria Comment, May 13,2013
  9. ^ "Syria: Secularism Takes a Backseat in Latakia". Al Akhbar English. 11 May 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 

External links[edit]