BMW 5 Series (E60)

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BMW 5 Series (E60/E61)
2003 BMW 520i SE 2.2 Front.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerBMW
Production2003–2010
Assembly
Body and chassis
ClassExecutive car (E)
Body style
Layout
RelatedBMW 6 Series (E63)
Powertrain
Engine
  • Petrol:
  • 2.0 L N46 I4
  • 2.2–3.0 L M54/N52/N53 I6
  • 3.0 L N54 I6 turbo
  • 4.0–4.8 L N62 V8
  • 5.0 L S85 V10
  • Diesel- turbocharged:
  • 2.0 L M47/N47 I4
  • 2.5–3.0 L M57 I6
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,890 mm (113.8 in)
Length4,843 mm (190.7 in)
Width1,850 mm (72.8 in)
Height1,470–1,491 mm (57.9–58.7 in)
Curb weight1,545–1,830 kg (3,406–4,034 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorBMW 5 Series (E39)
SuccessorBMW 5 Series (F10)

The fifth generation of the BMW 5 Series consists of the BMW E60 (sedan version) and BMW E61 (wagon version, marketed as 'Touring') executive cars. The E60/E61 generation was produced by BMW from 2003 to 2010 and is often collectively referred to as the E60.

The E60 generation introduced various new electronic features, including the iDrive infotainment system, head-up display, active cruise control, active steering, adaptive headlights, night vision, lane departure warning and voice control. The E60 was the first 5 Series to be available with a turbocharged petrol engine, a 6-speed automatic transmission and regenerative braking.

The M5 model was introduced in 2005 and is powered by the BMW S85 V10 engine. It was sold in the sedan and wagon body styles, with most cars using the 7-speed SMG III transmission. It was the first and only M5 model to be sold with a V10 engine.

In January 2010, the BMW 5 Series (F10) began production as the successor to the E60.[1]

Development and launch[edit]

The development programme for the E60 began in 1997, concluding in 2002. The lead designer was Boyke Boyer.[2] The final design, developed by Davide Arcangeli[3] under BMW Design Director Chris Bangle,[4][5] was approved in 2000 and German design patents filed on 16 April 2002.[6]

The sedan was launched on 5 July 2003 in Europe and in October 2003 in North America.[7][8][9] In late 2004, the Touring models were introduced.

Body styles[edit]

The body of the E60 was made using aluminium for the front of the car, and steel for the passenger cabin and rear. Kerb weights are 1,545–1,725 kg (3,406–3,803 lb) for the sedan[10][11] and 1,675–1,830 kg (3,693–4,034 lb) for the wagon.[12][13] The weight distribution of the sedan models was 50:50.[14]

Interior / Equipment[edit]

Interior (pre-facelift)
Head-up display

The iDrive infotainment system— first introduced in the E65 7 Series— was fitted to all E60 models. The standard iDrive system included a 6.5-inch LCD screen, Weather Band radio, a single-disc CD/MP3 player, Bluetooth for phone calls (available only on later-build 2004 models, and standard on all 2005 and newer models), basic voice control,[15] and vehicle settings. Optional features included an 8-inch LCD screen, GPS navigation, Sirius Satellite Radio (on North American-spec models), and DVD video playback. iPod and USB integration, HD Radio (on North American-spec models), an auxiliary audio input jack (standard on 2008 and newer models), full voice control, and a multi-disc CD/MP3/DVD changer (mounted in the glove compartment). On North American-spec models, a ten-speaker premium audio system with dual under-seat subwoofers and an amplifier was standard equipment, with a thirteen-speaker Harman Kardon "Logic 7" premium surround sound audio system available as an option on all models.

An emergency hotline feature (BMW Assist) was also available for the E60. The BMW Assist system could also use the phone network to notify the driver and their preferred BMW dealership when servicing was due. This feature was standard on all E60 models sold in the United States.

Other features available in the E60 initially included active cruise control, Bi-Xenon headlights, run-flat tyres, active anti-roll bars,[16] head-up display[17] and active steering.[5] Safety-related items include Dynamic Stability Control (DSC), adaptive headlights and night vision.

In 2009, the iDrive system was upgraded from the first-generation "CCC" interface to the newer "CIC" interface. The audio system control panel added six multifunction preset buttons that could be programmed to store favorite radio stations and frequently-dialed telephone numbers for the Bluetooth hands-free system. The iDrive controller in the center console was also redesigned, and now integrated shortcut keys for frequently-used functions.

Over the E60's lifespan, the following features were added: Active Cruise Control with Stop & Go,[18] keyless entry ("comfort access"), LED taillights,[19] Lane Departure Warning[15] and Brake Force Display.[20][21]

The E60 was the first 5 Series in 22 years where the centre console was not angled towards the driver,[15][22] however the E60's successor returned to angling the centre console towards the driver.[1]

In 2003 a 6-speed SMG-II gearbox was offered as an option on the 525i, 530i, 545i and 550i in some markets.[23]

Engines[edit]

Petrol[edit]

At launch, the E60 used the previous generation E39 5 series' M54 straight 6 engine in the 520i, 525i and 530i models. The only petrol model with a new engine at launch was the 545i with the N62 V8. The M54 was phased out after the 2005 model years and replaced with the inline-4 N43 (in the 520i) and the inline-6 N52 engine. The model range was also expanded the same year to include a wider range of models like the 523i, 540i and 550i. In 2007, the only turbocharged E60 model was introduced, the 535i with the twin-turbo inline 6 N54 engine. This model was exclusive to the North American market and was not sold in Europe.

Model Years Engine Power Torque
520i 2003–2005 2.2 L M54B22
inline-6
125 kW (168 hp)
at 6,250 rpm
210 N⋅m (155 lb⋅ft)
at 3,500 rpm
2007–2010 2.0 L N46NB20
inline-4
115 kW (154 hp)
at 6,400 rpm
200 N⋅m (148 lb⋅ft)
at 3,500 rpm
2007–2010 2.0 L N43B20
inline-4
125 kW (168 hp)
at 6,700 rpm
210 N⋅m (155 lb⋅ft)
at 4,250 rpm
523i 2005–2007 2.5 L N52B25
inline-6
130 kW (174 hp)
at 5,800 rpm
230 N⋅m (170 lb⋅ft)
at 3,500 rpm
2007–2010 2.5 L N53B25
inline-6
140 kW (188 hp)
at 6,100 rpm
240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft)
at 3,500 rpm
525i 2003–2005 2.5 L M54B25
inline-6
141 kW (189 hp)
at 6,000 rpm
237 N⋅m (175 lb⋅ft)
at 3,500 rpm
2005–2007 2.5 L N52B25
inline-6
160 kW (215 hp)
at 6,500 rpm
250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft)
at 2,750 rpm
2007–2010 3.0 L N53B30
inline-6
160 kW (215 hp)
at 6,100 rpm
270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft)
at 2,400 rpm
528i 2007–2010 3.0 L N52B30
inline-6
172 kW (231 hp)
at 6,500 rpm
270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft)
at 2,750 rpm
530i 2003–2005 3.0 L M54B30
inline-6
170 kW (228 hp)
at 5,900 rpm
300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft)
at 3,500 rpm
2005–2007 3.0 L N52B30
inline-6
190 kW (255 hp)
at 6,600 rpm
300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft)
at 2,500 rpm
2007–2010 3.0 L N53B30
inline-6
200 kW (268 hp)
at 6,700 rpm
320 N⋅m (236 lb⋅ft)
at 2,750 rpm
535i 2007–2010 3.0 L N54B30
inline-6 turbo
225 kW (302 hp)
at 5,800 rpm
400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)
at 1,300–5,000 rpm
540i 2005-2007 4.0 L N62B40

V8

225 kW (302 hp)

at 6,300 rpm

390 N⋅m (288 lb⋅ft)

at 3,500 rpm

545i 2003–2005 4.4 L N62B44
V8
245 kW (329 hp)
at 6,100 rpm
450 N⋅m (332 lb⋅ft)
at 3,600 rpm
550i 2005–2010 4.8 L N62B48
V8
270 kW (362 hp)
at 6,300 rpm
490 N⋅m (361 lb⋅ft)
at 3,400 rpm
M5 2005–2010 5.0 L S85B50
V10
373 kW (500 hp)
at 7,750 rpm
520 N⋅m (384 lb⋅ft)
at 6,100 rpm

Diesel[edit]

The only diesel mode available at launch was the 530d, which used an updated "TU" version of the M57 engine found in the previous generation E39 5 series. In 2004 the 535d and 525d was added to the model range which also used different versions of the M57 straight-6 turbo engine. In 2005, the only 4 cylinder diesel model E60 was added to the model range, the 520d using the older M47 engine at first, and later the new N47 engine from 2007.

Model Years Engine Power Torque
520d 2005–2007 2.0 L M47TU2D20
inline-4 turbo
120 kW (161 hp)
at 4,000 rpm
350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–3,000 rpm
2007–2010 2.0 L N47D20
inline-4 turbo
130 kW (174 hp)
at 4,000 rpm
350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,500 rpm
525d 2004–2007 2.5 L M57D25TU
inline-6 turbo
130 kW (174 hp)
at 4,000 rpm
400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)
at 2,000 rpm
2007–2010 3.0 L M57D30TU2
inline-6 turbo
145 kW (194 hp)
at 4,000 rpm
400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)
at 1,300–3,250 rpm
530d 2003–2005 3.0 L M57D30TU
inline-6 turbo
160 kW (215 hp)
at 4,000 rpm
500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)
at 2,000 rpm
2005–2007 3.0 L M57D30TU2
inline-6 turbo
170 kW (228 hp)
at 4,000 rpm
500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750 rpm
2007–2010 3.0 L M57D30TU2
inline-6 turbo
173 kW (232 hp)
at 4,000 rpm
500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–3,000 rpm
535d 2004–2007 3.0 L M57D30TU TOP
inline-6 turbo
200 kW (268 hp)
at 4,400 rpm
560 N⋅m (413 lb⋅ft)
at 2,000–2,250 rpm
2007–2010 3.0 L M57D30TU2 TOP
inline-6 turbo
210 kW (282 hp)
at 4,400 rpm
580 N⋅m (428 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,250 rpm

Transmissions[edit]

Available transmissions are:

M5 model[edit]

M5 sedan (E60)

The M5 model of the E60 generation was introduced in 2005 and produced in sedan and wagon body styles. The E60 M5 is powered by the BMW S85 V10 engine, which produces 373 kW (500 hp) at 7,750 rpm, 520 N⋅m (384 lb⋅ft) at 6,100 rpm and has a redline of 8,250 rpm.[26][27] The 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) acceleration time is 4.7 seconds.[28]

The majority of M5s were sold with a 7-speed automated manual transmission ("SMG III"),[29][30] however a 6-speed manual was also available in some markets.

Total production of the M5 was 20,548 units, consisting of 19,523 sedans and 1,025 wagons.[31]

Special models[edit]

Alpina B5[edit]

Alpina B5 S

Introduced in February 2005, the Alpina B5 and Alpina B5 S were built in sedan and wagon body styles and powered by the 4.4 L (269 cu in) BMW N62 petrol V8 engine (as used by the 545i) with the addition of a centrifugal supercharger. The rated power outputs are 368 kW (493 hp) for the B5[32] and 390 kW (523 hp) for the B5 S. Both models used the ZF 6HP26 6-speed hydraulic automatic transmission shared with the regular E60 models.

BMW 5 Series Security[edit]

The E60 was available as 'Security' models, a factory armoured version which was unveiled at the 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show.[33] Built with ballistic steel, aramid, polyethylene and 21mm polycarbonate layered glass[34] it was certified at VR4 level of VPAM's Bullet Resistant Vehicle guidelines (1999).[35] The armoured areas include the entire passenger cell, battery terminals and Engine Control Unit. As standard they included an intercom system and panic alarm.

The Security models were built using the mechanicals of the 530i or the 550i, with upgraded suspension and braking systems.[36] Production of the Security models began alongside the series model at BMW's Dingolfing plant, with armouring prepared before being shipped to a specialist facility in Toluca, Mexico, where the vehicles complete the final assembly stage.[34]

Long-wheelbase sedan (China only)[edit]

A long-wheelbase (LWB) version of the E60 5 Series was offered in China. Models included the 520Li, 523Li, 525Li, and 530Li.[37] The wheelbase was increased to 3,030 mm (119.3 in) from the original wheelbase of 2,890 mm (113.8 in). Meaning a 140 mm (5.5 in) increase.[citation needed]

BMW 5 Series Authority Vehicle[edit]

The 5 Series Authority Vehicle is designed for police forces, fire services, and emergency rescue services. It has a firearm bracket in the rear center armrest.[38]

Safety[edit]

section view- front
section view- side

Initially the 5 Series received a three-star rating for adult occupants.[39] However changes were made to the steering column, footrest, door trims, door latch, airbags and electronic software and the car was retested achieving its four-star rating. BMW claims the modifications improved the car's EuroNCAP score, not the vehicle's safety; consequently BMW chose not to recall the earlier-built cars.[40]

The American Insurance Institute of Highways Safety (IIHS) gives the 5 Series a "Good" overall rating in frontal collisions but a "Marginal" overall rating for side impact collisions.[41][42] The IIHS reported their side impact test would likely cause driver related rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries. The IIHS tests were conducted on models built after May 2007; these models had modifications to improve side impact safety.

Euro NCAP scores (2004 sedan)[43]
Adult Occupant: 4/5 stars
Child Occupant: 4/5 stars
Pedestrian: 1/4 stars
NHTSA scores (2008 sedan)[44]
Frontal Driver: 3/5 stars
Frontal Passenger: 5/5 stars
Side Driver: 5/5 stars
Side Rear Passenger: 5/5 stars
Rollover: 4/5 stars

2007 facelift[edit]

The 'Life Cycle impulse' (LCI) models were introduced in September 2007 (for the 2008 model year). Styling changes were relatively subtle, and included revised headlights, tail lights and front bumper.[19] The interior was significantly revised. The iDrive system was upgraded with programmable "favourite" shortcut buttons (for late 2008 models), a revised menu system, preset buttons for the audio system and the switch from DVD to hard disk based storage.[45]

Mechanically, the 5 Series gained the new engines and transmissions from the E70 X5. On automatic transmission models, a shift by wire shifter replaced the mechanical version and shift paddles were available for the first time on a 5 Series model besides the M5.[19]

The active cruise control was upgraded to bring the vehicle to a complete stop and accelerate from stationary (called" Stop & Go"). Other changes include adaptive headlights, LED rear lights, Lane Departure Warning,[46] night vision[47] and Brake Force Display. The E60 LCI was the first BMW to feature regenerative braking.[18]

Production[edit]

Production of the E60/E61 occurred at the BMW Group Plant Dingolfing in Germany[48] and at the BMW Brilliance plant in China.[49]

Complete knock-down assembly of German-produced kits took place in Thailand,[50] Egypt,[51] Russia[52] and Malaysia.[53]

Yearly production figures[54]
Year Total Sedan Touring Notes
2003 70,522 70,522 - Sedan launched in July.
2004 229,598 191,361 31,342 Touring model launched in May.
2005 228,389 177,719 50,670
2006 232,193 182,539 49,654
2007 230,845 181,534 49,311
2008 202,287 156,825 45,462
2009 175,983 135,944 36,987
Total 1,369,817 1,096,444 263,426

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