BMW 3 Series (F30/F31)

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BMW 3-Series
(F30/F31)
2012 BMW 320d (F30 MY13) Luxury Line sedan (2015-07-24) 01.jpg
Pre facelift 320d
Overview
Manufacturer BMW
Production October 28, 2011—present
Assembly Munich, Germany
Toluca, Mexico (BMW Mexico)
Araquari, Brazil[1]
Regensburg, Germany
Rosslyn, Gauteng, South Africa
6th of October City, Egypt(BAG)
Sunter, Jakarta, Indonesia (CKD)[2]
Kaliningrad, Russia
Shenyang, PRC(BMW Brilliance)[3]
Chennai, India(BMW India)[4]
Selangor, Malaysia (CKD) [5][6]
Designer Christopher Weil (F30)[7]
Michael de Bono (F31)[8]
Body and chassis
Class Compact executive car (D)
Body style 4-door sedan (F30/F35)
5-door touring (F31)
Layout FR layout,
F4 layout (xDrive models)
Related 3 Series Gran Turismo (F34)
4 Series Coupe(F32)
4 Series Cabriolet(F33)
4 Series Gran Coupé(F36)
Powertrain
Engine Petrol:
1.5 L B38 (I3 turbo)
1.6 L N13 (I4 turbo)
2.0 L N20 (I4 turbo)
2.0 L B48 (I4 turbo)
3.0 L N55 (I6 turbo)
3.0 L B58 (I6 turbo)
Diesel:
2.0 L N47 (I4 turbo)
2.0 L B47 (I4 turbo)
3.0 L N57 (I6 turbo)
Transmission 6-speed Getrag GS6-17BG manual
8-speed ZF 8HP45 automatic
8-speed ZF 8HP50 automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase F30: 2,810 mm (111 in)
F31: 2,810 mm (111 in)
F35: 2,920 mm (115 in)
Length F30: 4,624 mm (182 in)
F31: 4,624 mm (182 in)
F35: 4,734 mm (186 in)
Width 1,811 mm (71 in)
Height 1,429 mm (56 in)
Chronology
Predecessor BMW 3 Series (E90/E91)
Successor BMW G20

The BMW F30/F31 series is the sixth generation of the BMW 3 Series, which began production 2011 in the sedan body style. The model range was later expanded to include the station wagon, long wheelbase sedan (Chinese market only) and 5-door hatchback ("Gran Turismo") body styles.

For the sixth generation, the coupe and convertible models were split from the 3 Series and sold as the BMW 4 Series. The 5-door hatchback was marketed as the 3 Series Gran Turismo with the model code F34.

The F30/F31 was the first time that the entire 3 Series range used turbocharged engines. In 2016, a plug-in hybrid drivetrain was first used in the 3 Series, in the 330e model.[9] Also in 2016, a 3-cylinder engine was used for the first time in a 3 Series.

The M3 version (designated F80) was released in 2014 and is powered by the S55 twin-turbo straight-6 engine.

Body styles[edit]

Sedan (F30)[edit]

Rear view of an F30 sedan

The F30 sedan was unveiled in 2012 Geneva Motor Show,[10] It was released in early 2012, making it the first of the sixth generation 3 Series models to go on sale.

The 320i, 318d, and 316d sedans were added in March 2012,[11] and the 320i EfficientDynamics Edition and 316i were added in autumn of 2012.[12]

The BMW 320d Efficient Dynamics was the most widely used vehicle in the London 2012 Olympics due to BMW's official partnership.[13]

The arrival of the four-cylinder models in the USA was the first 3 Series to be sold with a four-cylinder petrol engine in this market since the E36 318i of the late 1990s.[14] Early models included the 328i and 335i. The 328i xDrive and 335i xDrive went on sale in the summer of 2012.[15]

Estate / Sports Wagon (F31)[edit]

BMW 320d Touring (F31)

The station wagon body style (marketed as "Estate" or "Sports Wagon") was unveiled in 21st Auto Mobil International Leipzig 2012.[16] This body style is designated as F31, and the launch models consisted of the 328i, 320d and 330d.[17] The 320i, 316d and 318d models were added in autumn of 2012.[12]

Gran Turismo (F34)[edit]

2014 BMW 318d GranTurismo

The 5-door hatchback body style is designated F34 and was marketed as the 3 Series Gran Turismo, with styling similar to the 5 Series Gran Turismo. At 4,824 mm (190 in), the F34 is 200 mm (8 in) longer than the Sedan and Touring models. This extra length is partly facilitated by the 110 mm (4 in) longer wheelbase of the platform used by the F35. The F34 is also 79 mm (3 in) taller than the F30/F31.[18]

The vehicle was unveiled in the 83rd Geneva International Motor Show 2013.[19] Early models included 320i, 328i, 335i, 318d, 320d, with the later introduction of the 325d. Several models were available with "xDrive" all-wheel drive.

Long wheelbase sedan (F35)[edit]

BMW 3 Series F35 in China

A long-wheelbase sedan, designated F35, was produced for the Chinese market. The wheelbase is increased by 110 mm (4.3 in), which increases rear knee room by 90 mm (3.5 in).[citation needed] This vehicle was produced in BMW's Shenyang production plant, and chrome trim on the doors distinguishes it from the F30 sedans.[citation needed]

The vehicle was unveiled in 2012 Auto China in Beijing. Initial models included the 320Li, 328Li and 335Li.[20] Post-facelift (LCI) models were the 316Li, 320Li, 328Li, 328Li xDrive and 335Li.[21]

M3 version[edit]

F80 M3
Main article: BMW M3 § F80 M3

The M3 version (designated F80, the first time an M3 has used a separate model code) was released in 2014. It is powered by the S55 twin-turbo straight-6 engine.

Special models[edit]

ActiveHybrid 3[edit]

BMW ActiveHybrid 3 at the 2012 Paris Motor Show.

Based on the 335i Sedan, the ActiveHybrid 3 includes a 40 kW (54 hp) synchronous electric motor, a lithium-ion battery integrated underneath the luggage area and a 2-zone climate control system with stationary air conditioning. The electric motor produces 210 N·m (150 lb·ft). The maximum all-electric driving range is 4 km (2.5 mi), with top speed of 75 km/h (47 mph).[22][23]

The BMW ActiveHybrid 3 was unveiled at the North American International Auto Show in January 2012.[24]

The US EPA rated the 2013 ActiveHybrid 3 with a combined fuel economy of 28 mpg-US (8.4 l/100 km), with 25 mpg-US (9.4 l/100 km) in the city, and 33 mpg-US (7.1 l/100 km) .[25]

330e iPerformance[edit]

BMW 330e iPerformance plug-in hybrid.

The BMW 330e iPerformance is a plug-in hybrid unveilled at the IAA in Frankfurt in September 2015. Retail sales are scheduled to begin in Europe and North America in 2016.[26] Sales in the American market are slated for mid-2016, with a price starting at US$44,695 before any applicable government incentives.[27] The car was initially name 330e Plug-in Hybrid, however, in February 2016 BMW announced the introduction of the "iPerformance" model designation, which will be given to all BMW plug-in hybrid vehicles from July 2016. The aim is to provide a visible indicator of the transfer of technology from BMW i to the BMW core brand.[27][28]

The 330e features a four-cylinder gasoline engine and an 88-hp electric motor. It produces a total of 252 hp and 310 lb-ft of torque.[26] Under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) tests, the BMW 330e has an all electric range of 14 mi (23 km), with some gasoline consumption, so the actual all-electric range is rated between 0 to 14 mi (0 to 23 km).[29]

The EPA, under its five-cycle tests, rated the 2016 model year 330e energy consumption in all-electric mode at 47 kWh per 100 miles, which translates into a combined city/highway fuel economy of 72 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPG-e) (3.3 L/100 km; 86 mpg-imp gasoline equivalent). When powered only by the gasoline engine, EPA's official combined city/highway fuel economy is 31 mpg-US (7.6 L/100 km; 37 mpg-imp).[29]

The first units were registered in Europe by late 2015. A total of 68 units were sold in the Netherlands by the end of 2015.[30]

Styling[edit]

Luxury Line Interior

Designed by Christopher Weil under design chief Adrian Van Hooydonk (till March 1, 2009), the F30/F31 has grown in all dimensions compared to its predecessor.[31][32] The styling is similar to previous generations with a sweeping bonnet, short front overhang and long wheelbase typical.

There are 3 trim options: Sport Line, Luxury Line and Modern Line. Black trim highlights are used for the Sport Line, satinated aluminium for the Modern Line and high gloss chrome for the Luxury Line.

Engines[edit]

BMW Inline-Four Engine (N20)

The petrol models initially used the 4-cylinder N13, 4-cylinder N20 and 6-cylinder N55 engines, which are all turbocharged. This meant that the 325i and 328i models (traditionally powered by naturally-aspirated 6-cylinder engines) now used the turbocharged 4-cylinder N20 engine.[33] For the 2016 facelift (LCI), the engines were updated to the 3-cylinder B38, the 4-cylinder B48 and the 6-cylinder B58.

The diesel models initially used the 4-cylinder N47 and 6-cylinder N57 turbocharged engines. For the 2016 facelift, the 4-cylinder models were updated to the B47 engine, while the 6-cylinder models retained the N57 engine.

Petrol engines[edit]

Model Years Engine code Power Torque
316i 2012-2015 N13B16 100 kW (134 hp)@4350 220 N·m (162 lb·ft)@1350
318i LCI 2015- B38A15M0 100 kW (134 hp)@4350 220 N·m (162 lb·ft)@1250
320i[34] 2012-2015 N20B20 135 kW (181 hp)@5000 270 N·m (199 lb·ft)@1250-4500
320i EfficientDynamics
Edition
2012-2015 N13B16 125 kW (168 hp)@4800 250 N·m (184 lb·ft)@1500
320i LCI 2015- B48B20A 135 kW (184 hp)@5000 270 N·m (199 lb·ft)@1250-4500
328i [35] 2011-2015 N20B20 180 kW (241 hp)[36]@5000-6500 350 N·m (258 lb·ft)@1250-4800
330i LCI 2015- B48B20B 185 kW (248 hp)@5200-6500 350 N·m (258 lb·ft)@1450-4800
335i 2011-2015 N55B30 225 kW (302 hp)@5800-6000 400 N·m (295 lb·ft)@1200-5000
340i LCI 2015- B58B30 243 kW (326 hp)@5500-6500 450 N·m (332 lb·ft)@1380-5000
ActiveHybrid 3[37] 2012-2015 N55B30 with
electric motor
250 kW (335 hp) 450 N·m (332 lb·ft)

Diesel engines[edit]

Model Years Engine code Power Torque
316d 2012-2015 N47D20 85 kW (114 hp)@4000 260 N·m (192 lb·ft)@1750-2500
316d 2015- B47D20 85 kW (114 hp)@4000 270 N·m (199 lb·ft)@1250-2750
318d 2012-2015 N47D20 105 kW (141 hp)@4000 320 N·m (236 lb·ft)@1750-2500
318d 2015- B47D20 110 kW (148 hp)@4000 320 N·m (236 lb·ft)@1500-3000
320d 2012-2015 N47D20 135 kW (181 hp)@4000 380 N·m (280 lb·ft)@1750-2750
320d 2015- B47D20 140 kW (188 hp)@4000 400 N·m (295 lb·ft)@1750-2500
320d EfficientDynamics
Edition[38]
2012-2015 N47D20 120 kW (161 hp)@4000 380 N·m (280 lb·ft)@1750-2750
320d EfficientDynamics
Edition
2015- B47D20 120 kW (161 hp)@4000 400 N·m (295 lb·ft)@1750-2500
325d 2013-2015 N47D20O1 160 kW (215 hp)@4400 450 N·m (332 lb·ft)@1500-2500
325d 2015- B47D20O1 160 kW (215 hp)@4400 450 N·m (332 lb·ft)@1500-2500
328d* 2014-2015 N47D20O1 135 kW (181 hp)@4000 380 N·m (280 lb·ft)@1750-2750
330d 2012- N57D30 190 kW (255 hp)@4000 560 N·m (413 lb·ft)@1500-3000
335d 2013- N57D30T1 230 kW (308 hp)@4000 630 N·m (465 lb·ft)@1500-2500

* North American 328d models used the 4-cylinder engine from the European-specification 320d models.

Drivetrain[edit]

The transmission options are a 6-speed Getrag GS6-17BG manual or 8-speed ZF 8HP45 automatic.[39]

Performance[edit]

Note: Figures in brackets are for automatic (including dual clutch) transmissions.

Model 0–100 km/h
(seconds)
Urban
(L/100 km)
Extra-urban
(L/100 km)
Combined
(L/100 km)
316i 8.9 (9.2) 7.7 (7.6) 4.8 (4.9) 5.9 (5.9)
316i LCI 8.9 (8.6) 7.7 (7.6) 4.8 (4.9) 5.9 (5.9)
320i 7.3 8.6 (8.1) 5.0 (4.9) 6.3 (6.0)
320i EfficientDynamics
Edition
7.6 7.0 4.4 5.3
320i xDrive 7.4 (7.5) 8.8 (8.4) 5.6 (5.4) 6.8 (6.5)
328i 5.9 (6.1) 8.5 (8.1) 5.1 (5.2) 6.4 (6.3)
328i xDrive 5.7 (5.8) 9.0 (8.7) 5.5 (5.5) 6.8 (6.7)
330i 5.7 (5.5) 8.5 (8.1) 5.1 (5.2) 6.4 (6.3)
335i 5.5 (5.2) 11.1 (10.2) 6.1 (5.5) 7.9 (7.2)
335i xDrive 5.2 (4.9) 11.6 (10.8) 6.3 (5.8) 8.2 (7.6)
340i 5.2 (5.1) 10.2 (8.8) 6.0 (5.4) 7.6 (6.7)
340i xDrive 5.0 (4.9) 10.6 (9.5) 6.2 (5.8) 7.8 (7.1)
316d 10.9 (11.2) 5.5 (5.4) 3.9 (3.9) 4.5 (4.4)
318d 9.0 (9.2) 5.5 (5.4) 3.9 (3.9) 4.5 (4.5)
320d 7.5 (7.6) 5.8 (5.4) 3.8 (3.9) 4.6 (4.5)
320d LCI 7.2 (6.9) 5.8 (5.4) 3.8 (3.9) 4.6 (4.5)
320d EfficientDynamics
Edition
8.0 (7.9) 5.2 (5.0) 3.5 (3.6) 4.1 (4.1)
320d xDrive 7.5 (7.4) 6.3 (5.8) 4.1 (4.2) 4.9 (4.8)
325d 6.8 (6.5) 6.2 (5.7) 4.2 (4.2) 4.9 (4.8)
325d LCI 6.6 (6.2) 6.2 (5.7) 4.2 (4.2) 4.9 (4.8)
330d   -   (5.6)   -   (6.0)   -   (4.3)   -   (4.9)
330d xDrive   -   (5.3)   -   (6.4)   -   (4.6)   -   (5.2)
335d xDrive   -   (4.8)   -   (6.4)   -   (4.9)   -   (5.4)

Model year changes[edit]

2013[edit]

  • 335i wagon added in spring 2013
  • all-wheel drive became available with the wagon body style for 320i, 328i and 330i models
  • USA sales of wagon body style begin in the Spring of 2013. Models included 328i, 328i xDrive, as well as the 328d xDrive, using the same engine tuning as the 320d elsewhere in the world.[40]
  • USA sales of 320i and 320i xDrive sedans begin late-Spring 2013.[41]

2014[edit]

  • 328d is the first four-cylinder diesel BMW to be sold in the United States.[42]

2016 Facelift (LCI)[edit]

For the 2016 model year (beginning production September 2015), the facelift ("Life Cycle Impulse") versions were released.[43]

  • 340i[44] models (using the B58 engine) replace the 335i models (using the N55 engine).
  • B47 engine replaces the N47 engine for the 4-cylinder diesel models.
  • 318i engine changes to the 3-cylinder B38 (therefore, for the first time in its 40-year history, the 318i model is not powered by a 4-cylinder engine)
  • other 4-cylinder petrol engines (320i, 328i) are updated to the B48 engine in some markets; in the US, the N20 engines continue to be used.
  • ActiveHybrid 3 discontinued

2017[edit]

  • In the US and Canada, 330i models (using the B48 engine) replace the 328i models (using the N20 engine)
  • Apple CarPlay, WiFi Hotpot, and Wireless Smartphone Charging added as options
  • 330e iPerformance added

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP[edit]

Euro NCAP test results
BMW 3 Series (2012)[45]
Test Points %
Overall: 5 /5 stars
Adult occupant: 34 95%
Child occupant: 41 84%
Pedestrian: 28 78%
Safety assist: 6 86%

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS)[edit]

IIHS scores[46]
Moderate overlap frontal offset Good
Small overlap frontal offset Marginal
Side impact Good
Roof strength Good

NHTSA[edit]

2013 328i sedan NHTSA scores[47]
Overall: 5/5 stars
Frontal Driver: 4/5 stars
Frontal Passenger: 5/5 stars
Side Driver: 5/5 stars
Side Passenger: 5/5 stars
Side Pole Driver: 5/5 stars
Rollover: 5/5 stars

Production[edit]

BMW ActiveHybrid 3 is produced at BMW Plant Munich. The Gran Turismo is produced in the 5 and 7 series plant in Dingolfing.

References[edit]

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  40. ^ All-New BMW 3 Series Sports Wagon
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External links[edit]