BMW 3 Series (F30)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
BMW 3 Series
(F30/F31/F34/F35)
BMW 316i (F30) registered May 2013 1598cc 02.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer BMW
Production November 2011—present[1]
Assembly Germany: Munich
Germany: Regensburg
Brazil: Araquari[2]
China: Shenyang (BBA)[3]
Egypt: 6th of October City (BAG)
India: Chennai[4]
Indonesia: Jakarta
Malaysia: Kulim (Inokom)[5]
Mexico: Toluca (BMW Mexico)
Russia: Kaliningrad (Avtotor)
South Africa: Rosslyn
Thailand: Rayong (BGMT)[6][7]
Designer F30: Christopher Weil[8]
F31: Michael de Bono[9]
Body and chassis
Class Compact executive car (D)
Body style 4-door sedan (F30/F35)
5-door Touring (F31)
Layout FR layout,
F4 layout (xDrive models)
Related 3 Series Gran Turismo (F34)
4 Series (F32/F33/F36)
Powertrain
Engine Petrol:
1.5 L B38 I3 turbo
1.6 L N13 I4 turbo
2.0 L N20/B48 I4 turbo
3.0 L N55/B58 I6 turbo
Diesel:
2.0 L N47/B47 I4 turbo
3.0 L N57 I6 turbo
Dimensions
Wheelbase F30: 2,810 mm (110.6 in)
F31: 2,810 mm (110.6 in)
F35: 2,920 mm (115.0 in)
Length F30: 4,624 mm (182.0 in)
F31: 4,624 mm (182.0 in)
F35: 4,734 mm (186.4 in)
Width 1,811 mm (71.3 in)
Height 1,429 mm (56.3 in)
Curb weight F30: 1,475–1,737 kg (3,252–3,829 lb)[10]
F31: 1,545–1,770 kg (3,406–3,902 lb)[11]
Chronology
Predecessor BMW 3 Series (E90/E91)
Successor BMW 3 Series (G20)

The BMW F30/F31/F34/F35 series is the sixth generation of the BMW 3 Series range of compact executive cars. It was launched in late 2011 as the successor to the E90 3 Series. The body styles of the sixth generation 3 Series range are:

For the sixth generation, the coupe and convertible models were spun off to create the new BMW 4 Series nameplate. BMW also introduced a separate hatchback model under the 3 Series nameplate called the Gran Turismo.

The F30 is the first generation of 3 Series to be powered by a range of turbocharged engines exclusively and electric power steering[12] (replacing the hydraulic power steering systems used previously). The F30 also marked the 3 Series' first use of a three-cylinder engine in its 2015 facelift. A new plug-in hybrid F30 model was also introduced in 2016.[13]

The M3 version (designated F80) was released in 2014 and is powered by the S55 twin-turbo straight-6 engine.

Body styles[edit]

Sedan (F30)[edit]

Pre-facelift BMW 320d Luxury Line sedan (Australia)

The F30 sedan was unveiled in 2012 Geneva Motor Show.[14] It was released in early 2012, making it the first of the sixth generation 3 Series models to go on sale.

The 320i, 318d, and 316d sedans were added in March 2012,[15] and the 320i EfficientDynamics Edition and 316i were added in autumn of 2012.[16]

The BMW 320d Efficient Dynamics was the most widely used vehicle in the London 2012 Olympics due to BMW's official partnership.[17]

The arrival of the four-cylinder models in the US was the first 3 Series to be sold with a four-cylinder petrol engine in this market since the E36 318i of the late 1990s.[18] Early models included the 328i and 335i. The 328i xDrive and 335i xDrive went on sale in the summer of 2012.[19]

Estate / Sports Wagon (F31)[edit]

BMW 330d Touring (F31)

The station wagon body style (marketed as "Estate", "Sports Wagon" or "Touring") was unveiled in 21st Auto Mobil International Leipzig 2012.[20] This body style is designated as F31, and the launch models consisted of the 328i, 320d and 330d.[21] The 320i, 316d and 318d models were added in autumn of 2012.[16]

Gran Turismo (F34)[edit]

2014 BMW 318d GranTurismo

The 5-door hatchback body style is designated F34 and was marketed as the 3 Series Gran Turismo, with styling similar to the 5 Series Gran Turismo. At 4,824 mm (190 in), the F34 is 200 mm (8 in) longer than the Sedan and Touring models. This extra length is partly facilitated by the 110 mm (4 in) longer wheelbase of the platform used by the F35. The F34 is also 79 mm (3 in) taller than the F30/F31.[22]

The vehicle was unveiled in the 83rd Geneva International Motor Show 2013.[23] Early models included 320i, 328i, 335i, 318d, 320d, with the later introduction of the 325d. Several models were available with "xDrive" all-wheel drive.

Long wheelbase sedan (F35)[edit]

BMW 3 Series F35 in China

A long-wheelbase sedan, designated F35, was produced for the Chinese market.[24] The wheelbase is increased by 110 mm (4.3 in), which increases rear knee room by 90 mm (3.5 in).[24] This vehicle was produced in BMW's Shenyang production plant, and chrome trim on the doors distinguishes it from the F30 sedans.[24]

The vehicle was unveiled in 2012 Auto China in Beijing. Initial models included the 320Li, 328Li and 335Li.[25] Post-facelift (LCI) models were the 316Li, 320Li, 328Li, 328Li xDrive and 335Li.[26]

Styling[edit]

Designed by Christopher Weil under design chief Adrian Van Hooydonk (till March 1, 2009), the F30/F31 has grown in all dimensions compared to its predecessor.[27][28] The styling is similar to previous generations with a sweeping bonnet, short front overhang and long wheelbase typical. Headlamps now connect to a wide kidney grill. Tail lamps sport a wide "L" shape design seen in many BMW models.

Interior[edit]

Luxury Line Interior

The traditional mechanical shift lever was replaced by a Shift by wire shifter, as introduced in the 2007 E70 X5[29] and the 2008 LCI update of the E60 5 Series.[30] The LCD and iDrive scroll button on the steering wheel[31] became standard equipment. GPS navigation and an 8.8 in (22.4 cm) widescreen display were included in the Technology and Navigation packages.[32][33] Other options include heated front seats and split-fold rear seats.[34] Rear headroom, leg room and shoulder room has increased, compared with its E90 predecessor.[35]

Options[edit]

Three trim options (called "lines" by BMW) have been available for the F30/F31: Modern line, Sports line and Luxury line.[36] These lines form the base packages upon which extra options could be specified.

The Modern line includes a matte-chrome finish for the grille and exhausts, unique wheels and textured wood trim in the interior.[37] The Modern line was discontinued in 2013.[38]

The Sport line is a replacement of the Sports Package previously offered on the E36, E46 and E90. The Sport line included 18" wheels, sports suspension, a Sport Plus driving mode, sports steering wheel and sports seats. Cosmetic features included contrasting stitching and piping, a contrasting "accent strip" and aluminium sill plates.[39]

The Luxury line includes chrome trim around the side windows, aluminium sill plates and a sports steering wheel.[36]

In the US, the lines were discontinued[when?] (therefore specifying a car reverted to selecting individual options), however the lines continued in other markets.[40]

Engines[edit]

BMW Inline-Four Engine (N20)

The petrol models initially used the 4-cylinder N13, 4-cylinder N20 and 6-cylinder N55 engines, which are all turbocharged. This meant that the 325i and 328i models (traditionally powered by naturally-aspirated 6-cylinder engines) now used the turbocharged 4-cylinder N20 engine.[41] For the 2016 facelift (LCI), the engines were updated to the 3-cylinder B38, the 4-cylinder B48 and the 6-cylinder B58.

The diesel models initially used the 4-cylinder N47 and 6-cylinder N57 turbocharged engines. For the 2016 facelift, the 4-cylinder models were updated to the B47 engine, while the 6-cylinder models retained the N57 engine.

Petrol engines[edit]

Model Years Engine Power Torque
316i 2012-2015 N13B16 100 kW (134 bhp)
@ 4,350 rpm
220 N·m (162 lb·ft)
@ 1,350 rpm
318i 2015- B38A15M0 100 kW (134 bhp)
@ 4,350 rpm
220 N·m (162 lb·ft)
@ 1,250 rpm
320i[42] 2012-2015 N20B20 135 kW (181 bhp)
@ 5,000 rpm
270 N·m (199 lb·ft)
@ 1,250-4500 rpm
2015- B48B20A 135 kW (181 bhp)
@ 5,000 rpm
270 N·m (199 lb·ft)
@ 1,250-4,500 rpm
320i ED 2012-2015 N13B16 125 kW (168 bhp)
@ 4,800 rpm
250 N·m (184 lb·ft)
@ 1,500 rpm
328i[43] 2011-2015 N20B20 180 kW (241 bhp)
@ 5,000–6,000 rpm
350 N·m (260 lbf·ft)
@ 1,250-4800
330i LCI 2015- B48B20B 185 kW (248 bhp)
@ 5,200–6,500 rpm
350 N·m (258 lb·ft)
@ 1,450-4,800 rpm
335i 2011-2015 N55B30M0 225 kW (302 bhp)
@ 5,800–6,000 rpm
400 N·m (295 lb·ft)
@ 1,200-5,000 rpm
340i LCI 2015- B58B30 240 kW (322 bhp)
@ 5,800–6,500 rpm
450 N·m (332 lb·ft)
@ 1,380-5,000 rpm
ActiveHybrid 3[44] 2012-2015 N55B30 with
electric motor
250 kW (335 bhp) 450 N·m (332 lb·ft)
330e 2015- B48 with
electric motor
185 kW (248 bhp) 420 N·m (310 lb·ft)

Diesel engines[edit]

Model Years Engine Power Torque
316d 2012-2015 N47D20 85 kW (114 bhp)
@ 4,000 rpm
260 N·m (192 lb·ft)
@ 1,750-2,500 rpm
2015- B47D20 85 kW (114 bhp)
@ 4,000 rpm
270 N·m (199 lb·ft)
@ 1,250-2750 rpm
318d 2012-2015 N47D20 105 kW (141 bhp)
@ 4,000 rpm
320 N·m (236 lb·ft)
@ 1,750-2,500 rpm
2015- B47D20 110 kW (148 bhp)
@ 4,000 rpm
320 N·m (236 lb·ft)
@ 1,500-3,000 rpm
320d 2012-2015 N47D20 135 kW (181 bhp)
@ 4,000 rpm
380 N·m (280 lb·ft)
@ 1,750-2,750 rpm
2015- B47D20 140 kW (188 bhp)
@ 4,000 rpm
400 N·m (295 lb·ft)
@ 1,750-2,500 rpm
320d ED[45] 2012-2015 N47D20 120 kW (161 bhp)
@ 4,000 rpm
380 N·m (280 lb·ft)
@ 1,750-2,750 rpm
2015- B47D20 120 kW (161 bhp)
@ 4,000 rpm
400 N·m (300 lbf·ft)
@ 1,750-2,500 rpm
325d 2013-2015 N47D20O1 160 kW (215 bhp)
@ 4,400 rpm
450 N·m (332 lb·ft)
@ 1,500-2,500 rpm
2015- B47D20O1 160 kW (215 bhp)
@ 4,400 rpm
450 N·m (332 lb·ft)
@ 1,500-2,500 rpm
328d* 2014-2015 N47D20O1 135 kW (181 bhp)
@ 4,000 rpm
380 N·m (280 lb·ft)
@ 1,750-2,750 rpm
330d 2012- N57D30 190 kW (255 bhp)
@ 4,000 rpm
560 N·m (413 lb·ft)
@ 1,500-3,000 rpm
335d 2013- N57D30T1 230 kW (308 bhp)
@ 4,000 rpm
630 N·m (465 lb·ft)
@ 1,500-2,500 rpm

* In North America, 328d models used the 4-cylinder engine from the European-specification 320d models.

Drivetrain[edit]

The available transmissions are:

Performance[edit]

Note: Figures in brackets are for automatic (including dual clutch) transmissions.

Model 0–100 km/h
(seconds)
Urban
(L/100 km)
Extra-urban
(L/100 km)
Combined
(L/100 km)
316i 8.9 (9.2) 7.7 (7.6) 4.8 (4.9) 5.9 (5.9)
318i LCI 8.9 (8.6) 7.7 (7.6) 4.8 (4.9) 5.9 (5.9)
320i 7.3 8.6 (8.1) 5.0 (4.9) 6.3 (6.0)
320i EfficientDynamics
Edition
7.6 7.0 4.4 5.3
320i xDrive 7.4 (7.5) 8.8 (8.4) 5.6 (5.4) 6.8 (6.5)
328i 5.9 (6.1) 8.5 (8.1) 5.1 (5.2) 6.4 (6.3)
328i xDrive 5.7 (5.8) 9.0 (8.7) 5.5 (5.5) 6.8 (6.7)
330i 5.9 (5.8) 8.5 (8.1) 5.1 (5.2) 6.4 (6.3)
335i 5.1 (4.8) 11.1 (10.2) 6.1 (5.5) 7.9 (7.2)
335i xDrive 5.0 (4.7) 11.6 (10.8) 6.3 (5.8) 8.2 (7.6)
340i 5.2 (5.1) 10.2 (8.8) 6.0 (5.4) 7.6 (6.7)
340i xDrive 5.0 (4.9) 10.6 (9.5) 6.2 (5.8) 7.8 (7.1)
316d 10.9 (11.2) 5.5 (5.4) 3.9 (3.9) 4.5 (4.4)
318d 9.0 (9.2) 5.5 (5.4) 3.9 (3.9) 4.5 (4.5)
320d 7.5 (7.6) 5.8 (5.4) 3.8 (3.9) 4.6 (4.5)
320d LCI 7.3 (7.2) 5.8 (5.4) 3.8 (3.9) 4.6 (4.5)
320d EfficientDynamics
Edition
8.0 (7.9) 5.2 (5.0) 3.5 (3.6) 4.1 (4.1)
320d xDrive 7.5 (7.4) 6.3 (5.8) 4.1 (4.2) 4.9 (4.8)
325d 6.8 (6.5) 6.2 (5.7) 4.2 (4.2) 4.9 (4.8)
325d LCI 6.6 (6.1) 6.2 (5.7) 4.2 (4.2) 4.9 (4.8)
330d   –   (5.6)   –   (6.0)   –   (4.3)   –   (4.9)
330d xDrive   –   (5.3)   –   (6.4)   –   (4.6)   –   (5.2)
335d xDrive   –   (4.8)   –   (6.4)   –   (4.9)   –   (5.4)

M3 version[edit]

The M3 version (designated F80, the first time an M3 has used a separate model code) was released in 2014. It is powered by the S55 twin-turbo straight-6 engine.

Special models[edit]

ActiveHybrid 3[edit]

BMW ActiveHybrid 3 at the 2012 Paris Motor Show.

Based on the 335i Sedan, the ActiveHybrid 3 includes a 40 kW (54 hp) synchronous electric motor, a lithium-ion battery integrated underneath the luggage area and a 2-zone climate control system with stationary air conditioning. The electric motor produces 210 N·m (150 lb·ft). The maximum all-electric driving range is 4 km (2.5 mi), with top speed of 75 km/h (47 mph).[49][50]

The BMW ActiveHybrid 3 was unveiled at the North American International Auto Show in January 2012.[51]

The US EPA rated the 2013 ActiveHybrid 3 with a combined fuel economy of 28 mpg‑US (8.4 l/100 km), with 25 mpg‑US (9.4 l/100 km) in the city, and 33 mpg‑US (7.1 l/100 km) .[52]

330e iPerformance[edit]

BMW 330e iPerformance plug-in hybrid.

The BMW 330e iPerformance is a plug-in hybrid unveilled at the IAA in Frankfurt in September 2015. Retail sales began in Europe and North America in 2016.[53] Sales in the American market are slated for mid-2016, with a price starting at US$44,695 before any applicable government incentives.[54] The car was initially name 330e Plug-in Hybrid, however, in February 2016 BMW announced the introduction of the "iPerformance" model designation, which will be given to all BMW plug-in hybrid vehicles from July 2016. The aim is to provide a visible indicator of the transfer of technology from BMW i to the BMW core brand.[54][55]

The 330e features a four-cylinder gasoline engine and an 88-hp electric motor. It produces a total of 252 hp and 310 lb-ft of torque.[53] Under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) tests, the BMW 330e has an all electric range of 14 mi (23 km), with some gasoline consumption, so the actual all-electric range is rated between 0 to 14 mi (0 to 23 km).[56]

The EPA, under its five-cycle tests, rated the 2016 model year 330e energy consumption in all-electric mode at 47 kWh per 100 miles, which translates into a combined city/highway fuel economy of 72 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPG-e) (3.3 L/100 km; 86 mpg-imp gasoline equivalent). When powered only by the gasoline engine, EPA's official combined city/highway fuel economy is 31 mpg‑US (7.6 L/100 km; 37 mpg‑imp).[56]

The first units were registered in Europe by late 2015. A total of 68 units were sold in the Netherlands by the end of 2015.[57]

Model year changes[edit]

2013[edit]

  • 335i wagon added in spring 2013
  • all-wheel drive became available with the wagon body style for 320i, 328i and 330i models
  • US sales of wagon body style begin in the Spring of 2013. Models included 328i, 328i xDrive, as well as the 328d xDrive, using the same engine tuning as the 320d elsewhere in the world.[58]
  • US sales of 320i and 320i xDrive sedans begin late-Spring 2013.[59]

2014[edit]

  • 328d is the first four-cylinder diesel BMW to be sold in the United States.[60]

2015 Facelift (LCI)[edit]

BMW 318d (UK; facelift)
BMW 320i (US; facelift)

For the 2015 model year, the facelift ("Life Cycle Impulse") versions were released.[61][62] Unlike the previous E46 E90 3 Series, the LCI facelift did not make any physical changes to the shape of the body.

  • 340i[63] models (using the B58 engine) replace the 335i models (using the N55 engine).
  • B47 engine replaces the N47 engine for the 4-cylinder diesel models.
  • 318i engine changes to the 3-cylinder B38 (therefore, for the first time in its 40-year history, the 318i model is not powered by a 4-cylinder engine)
  • Other 4-cylinder petrol engines (320i, 328i) are updated to the B48 engine in some markets; in the US, the N20 engines continue to be used.
  • ActiveHybrid 3 discontinued
  • Self Leveling LED headlamps without a projector with thicker and brighter U-shaped Corona headlight rings or "angel eyes", serving as day time running lights, and a horizontal LED turn signal "eyebrow" above the "angel eyes". Headlights moved further apart to get a wider look.
  • Tail lamps have thicker, brighter, round shaped light rods with LED brake lamps behind them. A narrow strip of LED turn signals changes from red to amber when in use.
  • In the US and Canada, 330i models (using the B48 engine) replace the 328i models (using the N20 engine)
  • Apple CarPlay, WiFi Hotspot, and Wireless Smartphone Charging added as options
  • 330e iPerformance plug-in hybrid model added
  • Back seat buckles moved one cm to fit child seat better.
  • Chrome around air vents, seat adjustment, window controls.
  • Better cup holder with sliding lid.
  • New front struts with five upper anchor points. (Three previously).
  • New rear dampner technology.
  • Updated DSC.
  • Retuned suspension to reduce roll and improve direction stability.
  • Updated idrive.
  • Center console comes in high gloss black.
  • New ambient lightning.
  • Trim finishing extends to doors.
  • Front and back slightly changed on all versions.
  • 8 speed automatic transmission 8HP45 replaced by second generation 8HP50. The 8HP50 got 3% better fuel efficency and less vibration.
  • Redesigned electric power steering.

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP[edit]

Euro NCAP test results
BMW 3 Series (2012)[64]
Test Points %
Overall: 5 /5 stars
Adult occupant: 34 95%
Child occupant: 41 84%
Pedestrian: 28 78%
Safety assist: 6 86%

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS)[edit]

IIHS scores[65]
Small overlap frontal offset Good
Moderate overlap frontal offset Good
Side impact Good
Roof strength Good
Headlights
Halogen Poor
LED Poor
Adaptive LED Acceptable

NHTSA[edit]

2013 328i sedan NHTSA scores[66]
Overall: 5/5 stars
Frontal Driver: 4/5 stars
Frontal Passenger: 5/5 stars
Side Driver: 5/5 stars
Side Passenger: 5/5 stars
Side Pole Driver: 5/5 stars
Rollover: 5/5 stars

Production[edit]

BMW ActiveHybrid 3 is produced at BMW Plant Munich. The Gran Turismo is produced in the 5 and 7 series plant in Dingolfing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2012 BMW F30 3-series Production Begins November 2011, as 335i and 328i models". www.bimmerpost.com. Retrieved 18 March 2017. 
  2. ^ "Groundbreaking ceremony for new BMW Group plant in Brazil". bmwgroup.com. 
  3. ^ "Brilliance Auto". Brilliance Auto. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  4. ^ "BMW to manufacture more cars in India, announces new prices for locally produced models". indianexpress.com. 9 July 2015. Archived from the original on 5 January 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2017. 
  5. ^ Danny Tan (3 January 2016). "BMW Malaysia prices up for 2017 – certain models costlier by up to RM6k, 330i M Sport dropped". Driven Communications. Archived from the original on 3 January 2017. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "BMW Group Manufacturing Thailand announces 1.1 billion baht Rayong plant expansion". pattayamail.com. 9 September 2015. Archived from the original on 3 January 2017. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  7. ^ Gerard Lye (15 April 2016). "BMW Thailand aims to export 10,000 cars this year". Driven Communications. Archived from the original on 3 January 2017. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "The new BMW 3 Series Sedan, Christopher Weil - Exterior Designer (10/2011)". Retrieved 10 March 2013. 
  9. ^ https://www.press.bmwgroup.com/global/photoDetail.html?title=exterior-sketch-of-the-bmw-3-series-touring-designer-michael-de-bono-05-2012&docNo=P90092619
  10. ^ "BMW 3 Series Sedan: Technical data". BMW. Retrieved 2017-02-18. 
  11. ^ "BMW 3 Series Touring: Technical data". BMW. Retrieved 2017-02-18. 
  12. ^ "A Chassis Rig Reveals Why the E90 and F30 Feel So Different". www.caranddriver.com. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  13. ^ "2016 BMW 330e Plug-In Hybrid First Drive". 
  14. ^ "BMW at the 82nd Geneva Motor Show 2012". www.bmwgroup.com. 
  15. ^ "BMW model year update measures for March 2012". www.bmwgroup.com. 
  16. ^ a b "BMW model upgrading in autumn 2012". www.bmwgroup.com. 
  17. ^ "London Olympics Fleet". Bimmerpost. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  18. ^ "3 Series Revealed". Autoguide. Retrieved 27 April 2012. [permanent dead link]
  19. ^ Introducing The All-New 6th Generation BMW 3 Series Sedan Dynamic, Efficient and Luxurious
  20. ^ BMW at the 21st Auto Mobil International Leipzig 2012.
  21. ^ "The new BMW 3 Series Touring: Dynamic flair and practicality wrapped in a sporty and elegant design". www/bmwgroup.com. 
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 July 2014. Retrieved 2015-05-04. 
  23. ^ "BMW at the 83rd Geneva International Motor Show 2013". www.bmwgroup.com. 
  24. ^ a b c W.E. Ning (6 April 2012). "BMW 3Li is Out in China". carnewschina.com. Retrieved 5 January 2017. 
  25. ^ "BMW at Auto China 2012 in Beijing". www.bmwgroup.com. 
  26. ^ "F35 LCI model selection". www.realoem.com. 
  27. ^ "BMW chooses the design for the next generation 3 Series". Bmwblog.com. 2009-03-03. Retrieved 2012-08-14. 
  28. ^ "Exclusive Interview: Christopher Weil – BMW 3 Series Exterior Designer". Bmwblog.com. 2012-02-02. Retrieved 2012-08-14. 
  29. ^ "2007 BMW X5 - First Drive Review". Car and Driver. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  30. ^ "2008 BMW 5-Series". Top Speed. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  31. ^ "Steering thumb wheel vs iDrive knob". www.bimmerfest.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017. 
  32. ^ "Autocar: 3-series LCI Chatter". www.bimmerpost.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017. 
  33. ^ "328xi – Technology package vs. Navigation". www.bimmerfest.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017. 
  34. ^ "2012 BMW 328i Sport Line Manual - Long-Term Road Test". www.caranddriver.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017. 
  35. ^ "Photo Comparison: F30 BMW 3 Series vs. E90 3 Series". www.bmwblog.com. Retrieved 18 March 2017. 
  36. ^ a b "F30 3 Series Sport, Modern, and Luxury Lines detailed and compared". www.bimmerpost.com. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  37. ^ "Test Driven: 2013 BMW 328i Modern Line, Al's Take". Mind Over Motor. 16 November 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  38. ^ "2014 BMW 3 Series Model Year Changes". BMW Blog. 17 October 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  39. ^ "2014 BMW 328i Sport Line review (video) | PerformanceDrive". PerformanceDrive. 31 March 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  40. ^ "3 Series sedan : introduction". www.bmw.com.au. Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  41. ^ "BMW 3 Series Press Release". BMW. 
  42. ^ BMW Group. "The new BMW 3 Series Gran Turismo". Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  43. ^ BMW Group. "Specifications of the new BMW 3 Series Sedan, 07/2012". Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  44. ^ BMW Group. "The BMW ActiveHybrid 3: Intelligence breeds efficiency". Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  45. ^ BMW Group. "The new BMW 3 Series Sedan". 
  46. ^ "3' F30 335i manual transmission". www.realoem.com. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  47. ^ "3' F30 316i Diagram Selection". www.realoem.com. 
  48. ^ "3' F30 LCI 340i automatic transmission". www.realoem.com. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  49. ^ Frank Markus (2012-07-25). "2013 BMW ActiveHybrid 3 First Drive". Motor Trend. Retrieved 2012-09-29. 
  50. ^ Jeremy Korzeniewski (2012-07-06). "BMW ActiveHybrid 3 is an efficient use of 340 hp". Autoblog. Retrieved 2012-09-29. 
  51. ^ Jeff Sabatini (2012-01-09). "2012 BMW ActiveHybrid 3 nav system uses altitude to optimize hybrid efficiency". Autoblog. Retrieved 2012-09-29. 
  52. ^ "Hybrid Vehicles: Compare side-by-side". www.fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2012-09-29. 
  53. ^ a b MW 330e hybrid debuts at the 2015 Frankfurt Auto Show
  54. ^ a b Blanco, Sebastian (2016-03-22). "BMW 330e iPerformance brings new name to $44,695 PHEV". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2016-03-22. 
  55. ^ "BMW at the 86th Geneva International Motor Show 2016" (Press release). Munich: BMW Group PressClub Global. 2016-02-12. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  56. ^ a b U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2016-03-18). "2016 BMW 330e". Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2016-03-20. 
  57. ^ Jose, Pontes (2016-01-07). "Netherlands December 2015". EVSales.com. Retrieved 2016-03-13. 
  58. ^ All-New BMW 3 Series Sports Wagon
  59. ^ The New BMW 320i Sedan.
  60. ^ Hauter, David (July 2014). "Diesel 4 for the 3". Roundel. 46 (7): 49–51. ISSN 0889-3225. 
  61. ^ "2015 BMW 3 Series Facelift – Exterior and Interior Changes". www.bmwblog.com. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  62. ^ "BMW 3 Series Sedan (F30) LCI". autoevolution.com. 
  63. ^ "BMW 3er Gran Turismo (F34 LCI, Facelift 2016) 340i (326 Hp) xDrive Steptronic". 
  64. ^ "Euro NCAP results for BMW 3 Series" (PDF). euroncap.com. 2012. 
  65. ^ "IIHS-HLDI: BMW 3 series". Iihs.org. Retrieved 2017-01-28. 
  66. ^ "2013 BMW 328 I 4 DR RWD | Safercar - NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 2012-08-14. 

External links[edit]