BMW 3 Series (F30)

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BMW 3 Series
(F30/F31/F34)
2013 BMW 328i (F30) M Sport sedan (2018-11-02) 01.jpg
Overview
Production2011—2019
AssemblyGermany, South Africa, India, China, Brazil, Egypt
Body and chassis
ClassCompact executive car (D)
Body style
Layout
RelatedBMW 4 Series (F32/F33/F36)
Powertrain
Engine
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,810 mm (111 in)
Length4,620–4,624 mm (182–182 in)
Width1,811 mm (71 in)
Height1,430 mm (56 in)
Chronology
PredecessorBMW 3 Series (E90)
SuccessorBMW 3 Series (G20)

The sixth generation of the BMW 3 Series consists of the BMW F30 (sedan version), BMW F31 (wagon version, marketed as 'Touring') and BMW F34 (fastback version, marketed as 'Gran Turismo') compact executive cars. The F30/F31/F34 generation was produced from 2011 to 2019 and is often collectively referred to as the F30.

For the sixth generation, the coupé and convertible models were spun off to create the new BMW 4 Series nameplate. BMW also introduced a separate hatchback model under the 3 Series nameplate called the '3 Series Gran Turismo'.

The F30 is the first generation of 3 Series to be powered by a range of turbocharged engines exclusively and electric power steering (replacing the hydraulic power steering systems used previously).[1] The F30 also marked the 3 Series' first use of a three-cylinder engine in its 2015 facelift. A new plug-in hybrid F30 model was also introduced in 2016.[2] A long-wheelbase sedan version (model code F35) was sold in China.

The M3 model (designated F80) was released in 2014 and is powered by the S55 twin-turbo straight-six engine.

In March 2019, the BMW 3 Series (G20) began production as the successor to the F30.

Development and launch[edit]

The exterior designer for the F30 sedan was Christopher Weil[3] and exterior designer for the F31 Touring was Michael de Bono.[4]

The F30 was unveiled in Munich on 14 October 2011[5] and the launch event was held on 11 February 2012.[6]

Body styles[edit]

Sedan (F30)[edit]

The F30 sedan debuted at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show in March 2012[7] and was the first of the sixth generation 3 Series models to go on sale.[8] Early models included the 328i and 335i. The 320i, 318d, and 316d sedans were added in March 2012,[9] and the 320i EfficientDynamics Edition and 316i were added in autumn of 2012.[10]

In the United States, the arrival of the four-cylinder models marked the first time a 3 Series was sold with a four-cylinder petrol engine, since the E36 318i of the late 1990s.[11] The 328i xDrive and 335i xDrive went on sale in the summer of 2012.[12]

Touring (F31)[edit]

The wagon/estate body style (marketed as "Touring")[13] was unveiled in 21st Auto Mobil International Leipzig 2012.[14] This body style is designated as F31, and the launch models consisted of the 328i, 320d and 330d.[15] The 320i, 316d and 318d models were added in autumn of 2012.[10]

Gran Turismo (F34)[edit]

The 5-door fastback body style is designated F34 and is marketed as the 3 Series Gran Turismo, with styling similar to the 5 Series Gran Turismo. At 4,824 mm (190 in), the F34 is 200 mm (8 in) longer than the Sedan and Touring models. This extra length is partly facilitated by the 110 mm (4 in) longer wheelbase of the platform used by the F35. The F34 is also 79 mm (3 in) taller than the F30/F31.[16]

The vehicle was unveiled at the 83rd Geneva International Motor Show in 2013.[17] Early models included 320i, 328i, 335i, 318d, 320d, with the later introduction of the 325d. Several models were available with "xDrive" all-wheel drive.

LWB sedan (F35)[edit]

BMW F35

A long-wheelbase sedan, designated F35, was produced for the Chinese market.[18] The wheelbase is increased by 110 mm (4.3 in) to 2,920 mm (115.0 in); this increases rear knee room by 90 mm (3.5 in)[18] and results in an overall length of 4,734 mm (186.4 in). The vehicle was produced in BMW's Shenyang production plant, and has chrome trim on the doors to distinguish it from the regular F30 sedans.[18]

The vehicle was unveiled at 2012 Auto China in Beijing. Initial models included the 320Li, 328Li and 335Li.[19] Post-facelift (LCI) models were the 316Li, 320Li, 328Li, 328Li xDrive and 335Li.[20]

Exterior styling[edit]

The F30/F31 has grown in all dimensions compared to its predecessor.[21] The styling is similar to previous generations with a sweeping bonnet, short front overhang, and long wheelbase. Headlamps now connect to a wide kidney grill. Tail lamps also sport a wide "L" shape design seen in many BMW models.

Interior and equipment[edit]

Sports line (pre-facelift)
Luxury line (pre-facelift)

In the sedan models, the rear headroom, leg room and shoulder room has increased, compared with its E90 predecessor.[22]

Options include heated front seats, split-fold rear seats, satellite navigation and a widescreen display in the centre console.[23][24][25] The traditional mechanical shift lever was replaced by a shift by wire shifter (first used by BMW in the 2007 E70 X5).[26]

In some markets, three 'trim lines' were available for the F30/F31: Modern line, Sports line and Luxury line.[27] These lines form the base packages upon which extra options could be specified.

Engines[edit]

BMW inline-four engine (N20)

The petrol models initially used the turbocharged 4-cylinder N13, 4-cylinder N20 and 6-cylinder N55 engines. This meant that the 325i and 328i models (traditionally powered by naturally-aspirated 6-cylinder engines) now used the turbocharged 4-cylinder N20 engine.[28] For the 2016 facelift (LCI), the engines were updated to the 3-cylinder B38, the 4-cylinder B48 and the 6-cylinder B58.

The diesel models initially used the 4-cylinder N47 and 6-cylinder N57 turbocharged engines. For the 2016 facelift, the 4-cylinder models were updated to the B47 engine, while the 6-cylinder models retained the N57 engine.

Petrol[edit]

Model[29][30][31] Years Engine Power Torque
316i 2012–2015 N13B16
4-cyl turbo
100 kW (134 bhp)
at 4,350 rpm
220 N⋅m (162 lb⋅ft)
at 1,350–4,500 rpm
318i 2015–2019 B38A15M0
3-cyl turbo
100 kW (134 bhp)
at 4,400–6,000 rpm
220 N⋅m (162 lb⋅ft)
at 1,250–4,300 rpm
320i 2012–2015 N20B20
4-cyl turbo
135 kW (181 bhp)
at 5,000–6,250 rpm
270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft)
at 1,250–4,500 rpm
2015–2019 B48B20A
4-cyl turbo
135 kW (181 bhp)
at 5,000–6,500 rpm
290 N⋅m (214 lb⋅ft)
at 1,350–4,250 rpm
320i ED 2012–2015 N13B16
4-cyl turbo
125 kW (168 bhp)
at 4,800 rpm
250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft)
at 1,500–4,500 rpm
328i 2011–2015 N20B20
4-cyl turbo
180 kW (241 bhp)
at 5,000–6,500 rpm
350 N⋅m (260 lb⋅ft)
at 1,250–4,800 rpm
330i 2015–2019 B48B20B
4-cyl turbo
185 kW (248 bhp)
at 5,200–6,500 rpm
350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft)
at 1,450–4,800 rpm
335i 2011–2015 N55B30M0
6-cyl turbo
225 kW (302 bhp)
at 5,800–6,000 rpm
400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)
at 1,200–5,000 rpm
340i 2015–2019 B58B30
6-cyl turbo
240 kW (322 bhp)
at 5,500–6,500 rpm
450 N⋅m (332 lb⋅ft)
at 1,380–5,000 rpm
ActiveHybrid 3 2012–2015 N55B30
6-cyl turbo
with electric
motor
250 kW (335 bhp)
at 5,800 rpm
450 N⋅m (332 lb⋅ft)
at 1,200–5,000 rpm
330e 2015–2018 B48B20A
4-cyl turbo
with electric
motor
185 kW (248 bhp)
at 5,000–6,500 rpm
420 N⋅m (310 lb⋅ft)
at 1,450–3,700 rpm

Diesel[edit]

Model[32] Years Engine Power Torque
316d 2012–2015 N47D20
4-cyl turbo
85 kW (114 bhp)
at 4,000 rpm
260 N⋅m (192 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,500 rpm
2015–2019 B47D20
4-cyl turbo
270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft)
at 1,250–2,750 rpm
318d 2012–2015 N47D20
4-cyl turbo
105 kW (141 bhp)
at 4,000 rpm
320 N⋅m (236 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,500 rpm
2015–2019 B47D20
4-cyl turbo
110 kW (148 bhp)
at 4,000 rpm
320 N⋅m (236 lb⋅ft)
at 1,500–3,000 rpm
320d 2012–2015 N47D20
4-cyl turbo
135 kW (181 bhp)
at 4,000 rpm
380 N⋅m (280 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,750 rpm
2015–2019 B47D20
4-cyl turbo
140 kW (188 bhp)
at 4,000 rpm
400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,500 rpm
320d ED 2012–2015 N47D20
4-cyl turbo
120 kW (161 bhp)
at 4,000 rpm
380 N⋅m (280 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,750 rpm
2015–2019 B47D20
4-cyl turbo
120 kW (161 bhp)
at 4,000 rpm
400 N⋅m (295 lbf⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,250 rpm
325d 2013–2015 N47D20O1
4-cyl turbo
160 kW (215 bhp)
at 4,400 rpm
450 N⋅m (332 lb⋅ft)
at 1,500–2,500 rpm
2015–2019 B47D20O1
4-cyl turbo
165 kW (221 bhp)
at 4,400 rpm
450 N⋅m (332 lb⋅ft)
at 1,500–3,000 rpm
328d* 2014–2015 N47D20O1
4-cyl turbo
134 kW (180 bhp)
at 4,000 rpm
380 N⋅m (280 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,750 rpm
330d 2012–2019 N57D30
3.0 L 6-cyl turbo
190 kW (255 bhp)
at 4,000 rpm
560 N⋅m (413 lb⋅ft)
at 2,000–2,750 rpm
335d 2013–2019 N57D30T1
6-cyl turbo
230 kW (308 bhp)
at 4,400 rpm
630 N⋅m (465 lb⋅ft)
at 1,500–2,500 rpm

* In North America, only 328d models are available and use the 4-cylinder engine from the European-specification 320d models.

Transmissions[edit]

The available transmissions are:

M3 model[edit]

F80 M3 (front)
F80 M3 (rear)

The M3 version (designated F80, the first time an M3 has used a separate model code) was released in 2014. It is powered by the S55 twin-turbo straight-six engine. It had been rumored that production would end in May 2018, but BMW stated that production will continue until the new model is launched, which is expected in 2020.[37]

Special models[edit]

ActiveHybrid 3[edit]

ActiveHybrid 3

Based on the 335i Sedan, the ActiveHybrid 3 includes a 40 kW (54 hp) synchronous electric motor, a lithium-ion battery positioned underneath the luggage area and a 2-zone climate control system with stationary air conditioning. The electric motor produces 210 N⋅m (150 lb⋅ft) of torque. The maximum all-electric driving range is 4 km (2.5 mi), with top speed of 75 km/h (47 mph).[38][39]

The BMW ActiveHybrid 3 was unveiled at the North American International Auto Show in January 2012.[40]

The US EPA rated the 2013 ActiveHybrid 3 with a combined fuel economy of 28 mpg‑US (8.4 L/100 km), with 25 mpg‑US (9.4 L/100 km) in the city, and 33 mpg‑US (7.1 l/100 km) on the highway.[41]

330e iPerformance[edit]

BMW 330e iPerformance

The BMW 330e iPerformance is a plug-in hybrid unveiled at the IAA in Frankfurt in September 2015. The first units were registered in Europe by late 2015 and North American sales began in 2016.[42][43][44]

The 330e features a four-cylinder petrol engine and an 66 kW (88 hp) electric motor. It produces a total of 188 kW (252 hp) and 420 N⋅m (310 lb⋅ft) of torque.[42] The United States EPA rated the 2016 BMW 330e energy consumption in all-electric mode at 47 kWh per 100 miles, which translates into a combined city/highway fuel economy of 72 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPG-e) (3.3 L/100 km petrol equivalent). When powered only by the petrol engine, EPA's official combined city/highway fuel economy is 31 mpg‑US (7.6 L/100 km).[45]

Model year changes[edit]

2013[edit]

  • All-wheel drive became available for the wagon body style in the 320i, 328i and 330i models

2014[edit]

  • 328d is the first four-cylinder diesel BMW to be sold in the United States.[46] The built in navigation system software was also redesigned.

2015 Facelift (LCI)[edit]

2016 BMW 320x xDrive (post-facelift)
2016 BMW 318i (post-facelift)

The facelift ("Life Cycle Impulse") versions were released in 2015 for the 2016 model year.[47][48] Changes include:

  • 340i[49] models (using the B58 engine) replace the 335i models (using the N55 engine).
  • 330i model (using the B48 engine) replaces the 328i model (using the N20 engine), except for the United States market
  • 320i engine changes to B48 from N20, except for the United States market
  • 318i engine changes to the 3-cylinder B38 (therefore, for the first time in its 40-year history, the 318i model isn't powered by a 4-cylinder engine)
  • B47 engine replaces the N47 engine for the 4-cylinder diesel models.
  • ActiveHybrid 3 model discontinued
  • 330e iPerformance plug-in hybrid model added[50]
  • Revised headlights and tail-lights, with LED replacing Xenon for the headlights[51][52]
  • Revised shock absorbers and front suspension mounts[53]
  • Revised electronic stability control (called "DSC" by BMW)[54]
  • Rev-matching (called "engine speed adaption" by BMW) for manual transmissions[55]
  • GPS-based gear selection (called "ConnectedShift" by BMW) for automatic transmissions[55]

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP[edit]

Euro NCAP test results
BMW 3 Series (2012)[56]
Test Points %
Overall: 5 /5 stars
Adult occupant: 34 95%
Child occupant: 41 84%
Pedestrian: 28 78%
Safety assist: 6 86%

IIHS[edit]

IIHS scores[57]
Small overlap frontal offset Good
Moderate overlap frontal offset Good
Side impact Good
Roof strength Good
Headlights
Halogen Poor
LED Poor
Adaptive LED Acceptable

NHTSA[edit]

2013 328i sedan NHTSA scores[58]
Overall: 5/5 stars
Frontal Driver: 4/5 stars
Frontal Passenger: 5/5 stars
Side Driver: 5/5 stars
Side Passenger: 5/5 stars
Side Pole Driver: 5/5 stars
Rollover: 5/5 stars

Marketing[edit]

The BMW 320d Efficient Dynamics was the most widely used vehicle in the London 2012 Olympics due to BMW's official partnership.[59]

Production[edit]

The sedan and wagon models were produced in Germany (Munich and Regensburg),South Africa (Rosslyn, up until 2018)[60] India (Chennai),[61] China (Shenyang)[62] and Brazil (Araquari).[63] The Gran Turismo models were produced at the BMW Dingolfing plant in Germany.

Local assembly of complete knock-down (CKD) kits was used for cars sold in Egypt,[64] Indonesia,[65] Malaysia,[66] Russia and Thailand.[67][68]

Production of the sedan body style began on 28 October 2011.[69]

Production ended in 2019 with the end of F31 Touring production in June.[70][71]

Sales[edit]

The following are the sales of the 3 Series, according to BMW's annual reports:[72][full citation needed]

Year Total
2012 406,752
2013 500,332
2014 480,214
2015 444,338
2016 411,844
2017 409,005
Total: 2,652,485

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