From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

2016 BMW X5 xDrive40d M Sport Automatic 3.0 Front.jpg
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size luxury SUV
Body style5-door SUV
LayoutFront-engine, four-wheel-drive
Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive

The BMW X5 is a mid-size luxury SUV produced by BMW. The first generation of the X5, with the chassis code E53, made its debut in 1999. It was BMW's first SUV and it also featured all-wheel drive and was available with either manual or automatic transmission. In 2006, the second generation X5 was launched, known internally as the E70, featuring the torque-split capable xDrive all-wheel drive system mated to an automatic transmission, and in 2009 the X5 M performance variant was released as a 2010 model[1].

BMW branded the X5 as a Sport Activity Vehicle (SAV) rather than an SUV, to emphasize its on-road ability despite its size. Like the Lexus RX 300, the X5 heralded the shift from light truck-based body-on-frame SUVs to crossovers underpinned by unibody car platforms that would come to fruition in the late 2000s. Among German luxury automakers, while the Mercedes-Benz M-Class had beaten the X5 to the market by a year, the X5 was the first to use a unibody chassis whereas the M-Class used a light truck platform until its second generation. While the Lexus RX is based on the Toyota Camry mass market sedan, the X5 shares its underpinnings with the BMW 5 Series performance luxury sedan.[2][3]

X5s are manufactured in Greer, South Carolina at the Spartanburg BMW plant and modified for armoured, security versions in Mexico at the BMW de México Toluca plant.[4] Since July 2009, some assembly operations are also performed in Kaliningrad, Russia by Avtotor.

Starting with the X5, BMW's "SAV" series has since expanded with derivatives of other BMW number-series models, first in 2003 with the BMW X3 compact luxury crossover, and then in 2008 with the BMW X6 midsize coupe luxury crossover which shares its platform with the X5.

First generation (E53; 1999–2006)[edit]

BMW X5 Sport

The BMW E53 X5 crossover was manufactured between 1999 and 2006. It was developed while BMW owned Land Rover and benefitted from company technology.[5] It shared the Range Rover HSE's Hill Descent System and Off Road Engine Management system, and the engine and electronic system of the BMW E39 5 series. As a result, the earlier X5 models can be upgraded with newer BMW technologies (e.g. Bluetooth phone connectivity).[6]

A range of petrol (gasoline) inline-6s, V8s and diesel engines was offered.

A facelifted version was released for the 2004 model year, with production starting in late 2003.

Second generation (E70; 2006–2013)[edit]

BMW X5 3.0d

The BMW E70 is the second generation X5 crossover. It replaced the BMW X5 (E53) in November 2006. The second generation X5 features many new technological advancements including BMW's iDrive system as standard equipment and, for the first time in a BMW, an optional third row seat raising passenger capacity to seven.

The branding for the X5 from late 2008 onwards follows the new BMW nomenclature scheme, for example the X5 3.0si is now called the X5 xDrive30i, and the X5 4.8i is called the X5 xDrive48i. In 2010 BMW added the new CIC hard drive iDrive system, replacing the DVD based CCC system.

In 2009, the xDrive35d diesel engine variant of the X5 was made available for sale in Canada and the United States, along with the BMW 335d sedan.[7]

The BMW X5 M high performance variant was introduced to the press at the New York Auto Show in April 2009, and started appearing in BMW dealerships in September 2009 as a 2010 model. Sharing the same powertrain as the BMW X6 M, the X5 M features the first M Power V-8 Turbo, 555 hp (414 kW) and 500 lb⋅ft (680 N⋅m) of torque, and comes with M Dynamic Performance Control for impressive handling.

The E70 X5 received a facelift for the 2011 model year known as the LCI update.

For the 2011 model year, the BMW X5 (E70) was BMW's 3rd best-selling model after the first place BMW 3 Series (E90) and BMW 5 Series (F10), respectively.[8]

Third generation (F15; 2013–2018)[edit]

BMW X5 xDrive35i

The BMW F15 is the third generation X5 crossover, unveiled on 30 May 2013 and launched in November 2013.

It features the same chassis and same wheelbase of previous generation and launched with an initial choice of three engines: a 450 hp V8 petrol engine (xDrive50i) and two six-cylinder in-line diesel units, producing 258 hp with one turbo (xDrive30d) and 381 hp with three turbos (M50d M Performance), respectively. In December 2013, further engine options will become available: xDrive40d, xDrive35i and, for the first time on the X5 model, two four-cylinder engines xDrive25d and sDrive25d (with two-wheel transmission). In their later years, BMW added a PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle) a xDrive40e with twin turbo inline 4 cylinders. Also in the xDrive40e an electric 83kW motor peak, 55kW continuous use with 9kWh 351V Lithium-ion battery pack.

As with the previous model, it is assembled at BMW's Spartanburg plant in South Carolina, United States.

Fourth generation (G05; 2019–present)[edit]


The new 2018 G05 X5 is the fourth and current generation X5 model and was unveiled online on June 6, with a planned November 2018 launch date. It is based on the new Cluster Architecture (CLAR) platform shared with other BMW models. All models are xDrive all-wheel drive only, and initial engines include turbocharged 6-cylinder petrol, V8 petrol, and 6-cylinder diesel models.

It is produced in Spartanburg, South Carolina.[9]

X5 M Models[edit]

The BMW X5 M is a high-performance derivative of the X5. The following generations of the X5 M have been produced:

Production and sales[edit]

Year Production EU sales US sales
1999 73 1,312[10]
2000 38,282[11] 8,036 26,720
2001 82,645[11] 26,950 40,622[12]
2002 54,555 38,650 42,742[13]
2003 105,554[11] 42,457 40,715[14]
2004 104,988[11] 50,736 35,225[15]
2005 101,537[11] 45,347 37,598
2006 75,321[11] 29,774 26,798[16]
2007 120,617[17] 50,782 35,202[18]
2008 116,489[19] 49,453 31,858
2009 88,851[20] 32,886 27,071
2010 102,178[21] 29,224 35,776[22]
2011 104,827 26,625 40,547[23]
2012 198,544 21,300 44,445[24]
2013 107,231[25] 16,643 39,818[26]
2014 147,381 38,229 47,031[27]
2015 168,143[28] 38,230 54,997[29]
2016 166,219 37,097 47,641[30]
2017 180,905[31] 34,641 50,815
2018 155,575 [32] 30,590 45,013
Total: 2,219,842 647,723 751,946‬


  1. ^ All BMW X5 generations. A work of progress. F15, E70, E53
  2. ^ Michael Harley RSS feed. "Review: 2009 BMW X5 xDrive35d delivers obsolescence to. . .. gasoline-powered sibling". Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  3. ^ "BMW Reviews". Autoblog. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  4. ^ "BMW X5 Security: Your body-guard Made-In-Mexico". Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  5. ^ Stephen Pullen. "British Leyland". Heritage Commercials. ISBN 978-1-906167-69-1.
  6. ^ "Bimmernav". Bimmernav. Archived from the original on 25 September 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
  7. ^ Ulrich, Lawrence (24 May 2009). "Behind the Wheel – 2009 BMW 335d and X5 xDrive 35d – A Dose of Diesel Medicine Without the Nasty Aftertaste". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 August 2011.
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ BMW teases new X5 ahead of 2018 debut Viknesh Vijayenthiran. Motor Authority May 24, 2018
  10. ^ "BMW Delivers Strongest Sales Success Ever in 2000. – Free Online Library". 3 January 2001. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  11. ^ a b c d e f BMW (Rover) Sales & Production Databook
  12. ^ "2003 BMW X5 Reviews by Experts and Consumers". Retrieved 25 September 2009.
  13. ^ "2003 BMW X5".
  14. ^ "BMW Group Shatters All Past Annual Sales Records in 2004". Retrieved 25 September 2009.
  15. ^ "BMW Group Sets All-Time Annual Sales Record, Highest Sales Month Ever in 2005". 4 January 2006. Retrieved 25 September 2009.
  16. ^ "BMW Group Reports 2006 – Strongest Year Ever". Retrieved 25 September 2009.
  17. ^ "Annual Report 2007". BMW Group. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  18. ^ "BMW Group U.S. Division Reports December Sales". Reuters. 5 January 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2009.
  19. ^ "Annual Report 2008". BMW Group. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  20. ^ "Annual Report 2009". BMW Group. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  21. ^ "BMW Group". BMW Group. Archived from the original on 14 April 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  22. ^ "BMW Group U.S. Reports December 2010 Sales – WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Jan. 4, 2011 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey. PR Newswire. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  23. ^ "BMW Group Achieves Second Best Sales Year Ever in the U.S. – WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Jan. 5, 2012 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey. PR Newswire. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  24. ^ BMW Group Achieves Best Sales Year Ever in the U.S
  25. ^ BMW Group blijft op koers in 2013
  26. ^ BMW Group U.S. Reports December and 2013 Sales
  27. ^ BMW Group U.S. Reports December and 2014 Sales
  28. ^ "BMW achieved record profits in 2015". BMW Group. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  29. ^ "BMW Group U.S. Reports December and 2015 Sales". BMW Group U.S. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  30. ^ Vehicle Sales BMW of North America, LLC, December 2016
  31. ^ "BMW Group Annual Report 2017". Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  32. ^

External links[edit]