BMW X5

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BMW X5
2019 BMW X5 M50d Automatic 3.0.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerBMW
Production1999–present
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size luxury crossover SUV
Body style5-door SUV
LayoutFront-engine, four-wheel-drive
Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive

The BMW X5 is a mid-size luxury crossover SUV produced by BMW.[1] The X5 made its debut in 1999 as the E53 model. It was BMW's first SUV. At launch, it featured all-wheel drive and was available with either a manual or automatic gearbox. The second generation was launched in 2006, and was known internally as the E70. The E70 featured the torque-split capable xDrive all-wheel drive system mated to an automatic gearbox. In 2009, the X5 M performance variant was released as a 2010 model.[2]

BMW marketed the X5 officially as a "Sports Activity Vehicle" (SAV),[3] rather than an SUV, to indicate its on-road handling capability despite its large dimensions.[4] The X5 signaled a shift away from the utilisation of body-on-frame construction, in favour of more modern monocoque chassis construction. Although the Mercedes-Benz M-Class was introduced more than a year prior to the X5, the X5 was the first to utilise a monocoque chassis. The M-Class used body-on-frame construction until its second generation.[5][6]

The X5 is primarily manufactured in North America, at BMW Group Plant Spartanburg. Assembly operations also take place in Russia by Avtotor, along with operations in India, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand. The X5 is also modified for armoured security versions, at the BMW de México Toluca plant.[7]

The automaker's SAV series, which was created by the X5, has expanded with derivations of other number-series BMWs. This began in 2003 with the X3, and continued in 2008 with the X6 (which shares its platform with the X5).

First generation (E53 ; 1999)[edit]

BMW X5 Sport
BMW X5 E53 (police variant)

The E53 X5 was manufactured between 1999 and 2006. It was developed shortly after BMW Group's acquisition of British off-road vehicle manufacturer Land Rover. BMW vehicles in turn benefitted significantly from Land Rover's technology.[8] The first generation X5 shares many components with the Range Rover (L322) model (specifically the hill descent control and off-road engine management systems). The engine and electronic systems were shared with the BMW E39 5 Series.

A series of petrol inline-6 and V-8 engines were offered, along with diesel engines. Engine displacement ranged from 3.0 to 4.8 litres.

Production for the 2004 model year facelift began in late 2003.

Second generation (E70 ; 2006)[edit]

BMW X5 (E70)

The E70 X5 is the second generation of the X5. It debuted in July of 2006 for the 2007 model year. The second generation featured key improvements, including BMW's iDrive system as standard across models, and an optional third row of seats for increased seven-passenger capacity.

Trim and engine level nomenclature for the X5 after 2008 follows the same nomenclature used for other BMW vehicles. The X5 3.0si was renamed the X5 xDrive30i, and the X5 4.8i was renamed the X5 xDrive48i. In 2010 BMW replaced the DVD-based CCC system (which powered iDrive) with a CIC hard drive system.

BMW X5 3.0d

In 2009, the diesel xDrive35d variant became available in Canada and the United States, along with the BMW 335d 3-Series sedan.[9]

The M Performance variant was unveiled at the New York Auto Show in April of 2009, and went on sale in September of 2009 (2010 model year). Sharing its drivetrain with the X6 M, the X5 M featured BMW's first turbocharged M Power V-8, producing 555 bhp (414 kW) and 500 lb⋅ft (680 N⋅m) of torque.

The E70 received a facelift for the 2011 model year, known as the LCI.

For the 2011 model year, the X5 became BMW's 3rd best-selling model, after the best-selling 3 Series (E90), and second best-selling 5 Series (F10).[10]

Third generation (F15, F85 ; 2013)[edit]

BMW X5 (F15)
BMW X5 (F15) (Rear)

The F15 X5 (or F85 for the X5 M) is the third generation of the X5, and was first unveiled to the public on 30 May, 2013. It officially debuted in November of 2013.

It shared the same chassis and wheelbase as the E70, and introduced a choice of three engines. The range included the xDrive50i (petrol V-8 producing 450 bhp), the xDrive30d (turbocharged inline-6 diesel producing 258 bhp), and the M50d Performance (turbocharged inline-6 diesel producing 381 bhp). In December of 2013, additional engine options became available. This included the six-cylinder xDrive40d and xDrive35i models, as well as the four-cylinder xDrive25d (all-wheel drive) and sDrive25d (rear-wheel drive) models. BMW added a Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle model (the xDrive40e), wich was powered by a turbocharged four-cylinder engine. The xDrive40e's electric motor achieves a peak power output of 83 kW, and a continuous output of 55 kW with the 9kWh 351V Li-ion battery pack.

Fourth generation (G05 ; 2018)[edit]

BMW X5 (G05) (Front)
BMW X5 (G05) (Rear)

The G05 X5 is the fourth (and current) generation of the X5. It was unveiled to the public online, on 6 June, 2018. It officially debuted in November of 2018. It is based on the BMW Group's new Cluster Architecture (CLAR) chassis.

All 2019 model year X5s were equipped with xDrive all-wheel drive. An sDrive (rear-wheel drive) variant was added to the US model lineup for 2020. The 2020 X5 sDrive was powered by BMW's inline-6 petrol B58 engine (the sDrive40i).


Another 2020 model year addition was the xDrive45e PHEV. It also has the firm's B58 engine, mated with an 82 kW electric motor. The result is a combined power output of 290 kW from its larger 24 kWh battery pack.

X5 M[edit]

The X5 M is the high-performance variant of the X5. The following generations of the X5 M have been produced to date.

Production and sales[edit]

Year Production Sales
Europe[11] U.S.[12]
1999 73 1,312[13]
2000 38,282[14] 8,036 26,720
2001 82,645[14] 26,950 40,622[15]
2002 54,555 38,650 42,742[16]
2003 105,554[14] 42,457 40,715[17]
2004 104,988[14] 50,736 35,225[18]
2005 101,537[14] 45,347 37,598
2006 75,321[14] 29,774 26,798[19]
2007 120,617[20] 50,782 35,202[21]
2008 116,489[22] 49,453 31,858
2009 88,851[23] 32,886 27,071
2010 102,178[24] 29,224 35,776[25]
2011 104,827 26,625 40,547[26]
2012 198,544 21,300 44,445[27]
2013 107,231[28] 16,643 39,818[29]
2014 147,381 38,229 47,031[30]
2015 168,143[31] 38,230 54,997[32]
2016 166,219 37,097 47,641[33]
2017 180,905[34] 34,641 50,815
2018 155,575[35] 30,590 45,013
2019 165,537[36] 54,595
2020 50,642

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "BMW X5 Prices, Reviews, and Pictures | Edmunds". Edmunds.com. 23 September 2020.
  2. ^ "All BMW X5 generations. A work of progress. F15, E70, E53". 5 June 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  3. ^ "BMW SAVs and SACs | Discover BMW". discover.bmw.co.uk. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  4. ^ "BMW SAVs and SACs | Discover BMW". discover.bmw.co.uk. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  5. ^ Michael Harley. "Review: 2009 BMW X5 xDrive35d delivers obsolescence to. . .. gasoline-powered sibling". Autoblog.com. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  6. ^ "BMW Reviews". Autoblog. Archived from the original on 30 March 2013. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  7. ^ "BMW X5 Security: Your body-guard Made-In-Mexico". Autoarabia.org. Archived from the original on 10 March 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  8. ^ Stephen Pullen. British Leyland. Heritage Commercials. ISBN 978-1-906167-69-1.
  9. ^ Ulrich, Lawrence (24 May 2009). "Behind the Wheel – 2009 BMW 335d and X5 xDrive 35d – A Dose of Diesel Medicine Without the Nasty Aftertaste". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 20 July 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2011.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 July 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "BMW X5 European sales figures". carsalesbase.com. 27 January 2014. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  12. ^ "BMW X5 US car sales figures". carsalesbase.com. 30 October 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  13. ^ "BMW Delivers Strongest Sales Success Ever in 2000. – Free Online Library". Thefreelibrary.com. 3 January 2001. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  14. ^ a b c d e f "BMW (Rover) Sales & Production Databook". Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
  15. ^ "2003 BMW X5 Reviews by Cars.com Experts and Consumers". Cars.com. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2009.
  16. ^ "2003 BMW X5". Autoblog.com. Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  17. ^ "BMW Group Shatters All Past Annual Sales Records in 2004". Theautochannel.com. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2009.
  18. ^ "BMW Group Sets All-Time Annual Sales Record, Highest Sales Month Ever in 2005". Theautochannel.com. 4 January 2006. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2009.
  19. ^ "BMW Group Reports 2006 – Strongest Year Ever". Theautochannel.com. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2009.
  20. ^ "Annual Report 2007". BMW Group. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  21. ^ "BMW Group U.S. Division Reports December Sales". Reuters. 5 January 2009. Archived from the original on 3 August 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2009.
  22. ^ "Annual Report 2008". BMW Group. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  23. ^ "Annual Report 2009". BMW Group. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  24. ^ "BMW Group". BMW Group. Archived from the original on 14 April 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  25. ^ "BMW Group U.S. Reports December 2010 Sales – WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Jan. 4, 2011 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey. PR Newswire. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  26. ^ "BMW Group Achieves Second Best Sales Year Ever in the U.S. – WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Jan. 5, 2012 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey. PR Newswire. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  27. ^ LLC, BMW of North America. "BMW Group Achieves Best Sales Year Ever in the U.S." www.prnewswire.com. Archived from the original on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  28. ^ "BMW Group blijft op koers in 2013". www.press.bmwgroup.com. Archived from the original on 8 April 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  29. ^ LLC, BMW of North America. "BMW Group U.S. Reports December and 2013 Sales". www.prnewswire.com. Archived from the original on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  30. ^ LLC, BMW of North America. "BMW Group U.S. Reports December and 2014 Sales". www.prnewswire.com. Archived from the original on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  31. ^ "BMW achieved record profits in 2015". BMW Group. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  32. ^ "BMW Group U.S. Reports December and 2015 Sales". BMW Group U.S. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  33. ^ "Vehicle Sales BMW of North America, LLC, December 2016". Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  34. ^ "BMW Group Annual Report 2017". www.press.bmwgroup.com. Archived from the original on 8 April 2019. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  35. ^ "Home". annual-report2018.bmwgroup.com. Archived from the original on 23 May 2019. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  36. ^ BMW Group Annual Report 2019 (PDF) (Report). Retrieved 17 March 2021.

Bibliography[edit]

General[edit]

Workshop manuals[edit]

  • BMW X5 Service Manual: 3.0i, 4.4i, 4.6is, 4.8is, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006. Cambridge, MA, USA: Bentley Publishers. 2007. ISBN 9780837616438.

External links[edit]