Bahnar language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bahnar
Bana
Native toVietnam
EthnicityBahnar people
Native speakers
160,000 in Viet Nam (1999 census)[1]
Latin
(adapted Vietnamese)
Language codes
ISO 639-3bdq
Glottologbahn1262

The Bahnar language or Ba-Na language (Vietnamese pronunciation: [βəna:]) is a Central Bahnaric language. It has nine vowel qualities and phonemic vowel length.

Subdivisions[edit]

Đào (1998)[2] lists the following subgroups of Bahnar and their respective locations.

Bùi (2011:5-6)[3] lists the following subgroups of Bahnar and their respective locations.

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
preglottal ʔb ʔd ʔdʑ
Nasal plain m n ɲ ŋ
preglottal ʔm ʔn ʔɲ ʔŋ
Fricative s h
Rhotic r
Approximant plain w l j
preglottal ʔw ʔl ʔj
Final consonants
Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive p t k ʔ
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Aspirate jh* h
Rhotic r
Approximant w l j

*-In the final sequence /jh/, /h/ is not pronounced and /j/ is pronounced phonetically as a short vowel /i/.[4]

Vowels[edit]

Front Central Back
Close i iː ɨː u uː
Mid ə əː
Open ɛ ɛː a aː ɔ ɔː

Also used in Vietnam[edit]

Other minor groups include the Kon Kđe, Bơ Nơm, and A Roh subgroups in Kông Chro District and K'Bang District of Gia Lai Province (Bùi 2011:6).

Ethnologue lists the following dialects of Bahnar.

  • Tolo
  • Golar
  • Alakong (A-La Cong)
  • Jolong (Gio-Lang, Y-Lang)
  • Bahnar Bonom (Bomam)
  • Kontum
  • Krem

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bahnar at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Đào Huy Quyền. 1998. Nhạc khí dân tộc Jrai và Bahnar [Musical instruments of the Jrai and Bahnar]. Hanoi: Nhà xuất bản trẻ.
  3. ^ Bùi Minh Đạo. 2011. The Bahnar people in Viet Nam. Hanoi: Thế Giới Publishers. ISBN 978-604-77-0319-7
  4. ^ Banker, John & Elizabeth; Mo', Siu (1979). Bahnar Dictionary, Plei Bong-Mang Yang Dialect. Huntingdon Beach, Summer Institute of Linguistics. pp. vi–xii.

External links[edit]