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Location of Madaripur in Bangladesh
|• Total||1,144.96 km2 (442.07 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BST (UTC+6)|
History of Madaripur
Madaripur subdivision was established in 1854 under the district of Bakerganj. In 1873 it was separated from Bakerganj and annexed to Faridpur district. Madaripur subdivision was turned into a district in 1984. Madaripur district was named after Sufi saint Badruddin Shah Madar (15th century). He was one of the Sufi saints who came to Bangladesh from some Middle Eastern country in the 15th century to propagate Islam in Bengal. Shah Madar's dargah or tomb on the bank of the Arial Kha is visited every year by countless people seeking the blessings of the saint. The Madaripur Sadar was established by Ishan Chandra Sen, the Sengupta family. His son Ramesh Sen was head of the Madaripur Municipality later. Ramesh Sen's son was a freedom fighter from Madarpur. His son-in-law Gangacharan Dasgupta led the National University movement.
One of the most important historical events that took place in Madaripur is the Faraizi Movement led by Haji Shariatullah (1781–1840). During the War of Liberation many direct encounters were held between the freedom fighters and the Pakistan army in Madaripur. The freedom fighters of Madaripur captured 40 Pakistani soldiers including a major and a captain.
The total population is 1212198, among them: male 50.29% and female 49.71%. The religion of the majority of the people is Islam, but there are Hindus also. The specifications are: Muslim 75.67%, Hindu 23.72% and others 0.61%. Mosques 1844, temples 553 and churches 1.
Faridpur District and Padma River are on the north of the Madaripur district. Barisal is on the south, Shariatpur and Meghna River are on the east. Gopalgong District and Padma River are to its west. Madaripur (Town) consists of 9 wards and 33 mahallas. The area of the town is 34.81 square kilometres (13.44 sq mi). A few years before Madaripur was famous for Jute business and Jute industry, This was initiated before 1970 by one of the wealthiest Person A.R Howlader. After the independence of Bangladesh, government seized all large private industries and formed BJMC. The industry then became sick. Local political leaders are generated by that Jute mill. Because of the jute industries in Madaripur, it attracted many businessmen. It provided many jobs and comfort to the local peoples. After its success just before 2000, the business started to lose its profits.
Literacy and educational institutions
The average literacy rate of Madaripur is 65.6%; among them: male 52% and female 48.9%. Among educational institutions, there are 17 colleges, 117 high schools, 437 government primary schools, 262 non-government primary schools, 6 kindergarten schools, 1 primary training institute, 1 vocational institute and 60 madrasas.
Madaripur is divided into 4 Thanas
The largest city of the district is Madaripur Municipality
Main occupations Agriculture 33.32%, fishing 1.1%, agricultural labourer 23.53%, wage labourer 3.87%, industry 1%, commerce 11.98%, transport 1.93%, construction 1.19%, service 10.14%, others 11.94%.
Madaripur is famous for date molasses (pataligur). It is best in the country. It is sweet is also famous. There is a jute mill (AR Howlader Jute Mills)there. That jute mill is now abolished due to political crisis of the place and now it the safety zone for great monkeys. The Municipality graveyard, a mosque, an office of local police and RAB office is now in that place. A.R. Howlader is called as the founder of modern Madaripur.
The total measurements of all kinds of roads are: metal 163 kilometres (101 mi), semi-metal 154 kilometres (96 mi) and mud 4,010 kilometres (2,490 mi).
All the national NGOs Like ASA, Brac, TMSS, Proshika, CLG, Jagoroni Chakra Foundation are working in Madaripur. Among the local NGOs Aungkur Palli Unnayan Kendra is working intensively for the betterment of the local disadvantaged communities in the field of Water and Sanitation, Education, Micro-credit Program for income generating activities, Good Governance, Social Forestry, Sustainable Agriculture Development Program etc. Madaripur Leagal Aid Association is also a leading organization in Madaripur implementing initiatives to ensure legal services especially for the disadvantaged peoples.
Madaripur Nari Unnayan Sangstha (MANUS) is working intensively for the improvement of the ultra poor marginalized under privileged woman to improve their socioeconomic condition trough income generating activity, enterprise management, business skill development, saving, health and hygiene.
Places of interest
The main places of public interests in Madaripur are Dargah of Shah Madar (Rh), Bajitpur Pronabanda Temple, Kadambari Ganesh Pagol Temple, Khalia Rajaram Roy's House, Kabirajpur Mia Bari (Zamindar bari), Mostafapur Parbat's Garden, Arial Khan River, etc. In the middle of the town, there is a large lake. This lake is one of the biggest lakes in Bangladesh. The Madaripur Lake (Shakuni Lake) has a great view. Madaripur district's mosque, Chowdhury clinic, Niramoy clinic, Madaripur Municipality, M.M. Hafiz Memorial Public Library, Officer's Club, Post Office, Madaripur Shilpakala Academy, Law College and District Shaheed Minar all are around the lake. During winter, the crop fields covered with yellow mustard flowers give a refreshing view, essence and the music of humming bees. The honey after the season, "mustard honey," is unique to the area. Also a lot of birds from many parts of the world spend the winter here, so the local lakes may be a good place to visit during that time.
- Mira Rani Devi : Aristocrat born in Madaripur, moved to Calcutta to become an author and reformer
- Late Abidur Reza Khan, Freedom Fighter, Senior Lawyer of Bangladesh Supreme Court, Ex MNA, Ex MP, Former Governor of Madaripur District.
- Dhaynath Bibi : Eminent Zamindar (Jalalpur Porgona) lived in Kabirajpur,Rajoir, Madaripur
- Golam Imam Chowdhury: Zamindar ( Jalalpur Porgona ) lived in Kabirajpur
- Golam Hayder Chowdhury : Zamindar (Jalalpur Porgona) son of Golam Imam Chowdhury
- Habibunnesa Chowdhurani: Zamindar (Jalalpur Porgona) Husband: Golam Hyder Chowdhury
- Golam Motin Chowdhury (M.A) : Zamindar (Jalalpur Porgona) and former district board vice chairman, former Head Master of Kala Mridha Govinda High School, former U.P Chairman, Kabirajpur, Rajoir, Madaripur and son of Golam Hyder Chowdhury
- Haji Shariatullah
- Mohammad Moslem Uddin Sardar(Former union council Chairman, Shahebrampur Union Council)
- Mohsin Uddin Dudu Mia
- Dr. Ghulam Maula
- Iskandar Ali Khan
- Steward Mujibur Rahman
- Ishan Chandra Sen--
- Syed Abul Hossain
- Md. Abdul Hakim, CSP, Ex-Secretory, People Republic of Bangladesh.
- Engineer Aminuddin Ahmad, Chief Engineer, Power & Development Board, People Republic of Bangladesh.
- Abdus Sobhan Golap
- Sahjahan Khan
- Basher Mahmud
- Professor Dr. Eusuf Ali Mollah
- A.T.M. Kamaluzzaman
- Colonel (Retd) Professor Dr. Md. Mosharrof Hossain
- Md. Abdul Malek Mia, Prominent Banker ( General Manager for 7 years, Sonali Bank & Karmasangsthan Bank, Bangladesh)
- Engr. Lekhon Mahmud
- Professor Nurul Amin Bepari, Department of Political Science, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Also established Nurul Amin College in Shibchar, Madaripur.
- Shahidul Haq (2012). "Madaripur District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- Mohammad Moslem Uddin Sardar(Former union council Chairman,shahebrampur Union Council,President of the Rural Electrification Madaripur Founder President Ander char High School, Secretary 1965 Zubo Kollayan Shongo)