Bengalis in Pakistan
|Regions with significant populations|
|Bengali · Urdu · English (Pakistani English)|
Migration from East Pakistan
Many of the people are migrants from East Pakistan, settled in the present day West Pakistan, and remained loyal to Pakistan, while others immigrated from Bangladesh later. Much of the Bangladeshi-origin population also includes the thousands of stateless Biharis, Stranded Pakistanis, who were allowed resettlement in Pakistan. Surur Hoda was actively involved in issues relating to Bihari refugees in Bangladesh. Surur Hoda organised a delegation, headed by Ennals and Ben Whitaker, which contributed to nearly 200,000 refugees returning to Pakistan.
Suppression under Bhutto's Rule
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By 1995 however, continuous migration led it to cross the 2,500,000 mark. During the administration of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, some top advisers became concerned with the large Bangladeshi migrant population, afraid they could become second largest group in Karachi after Urdu-speaking Muhajir people and disturb sensitive demographics. Accordingly, Bhutto ordered a crackdown and deportation on Bangladeshi immigrants. Benazir Bhutto action strained and created tensions in Bangladesh–Pakistan relations, with Khaleda Zia, who was in power in Dhaka during the time, refusing to accept the deportees and reportedly sending two planeloads back towards Pakistan and Muslim political parties in Pakistan also criticised Bhutto and dubbing the crackdown as anti-Islamic. She was ultimately forced to abandon the order.
According to the community leaders and social scientists there are over 100,000 Bengalis and up to 40,000 Rohingyas living in Karachi. There are numerous Bengali colonies in Karachi, often called "Mini Bangladesh" (or East Pakistan Colony, in memorandum), such as Machar Colony, Musa Colony and Chittagong Colony.
The Bengali communities in Pakistan are also adopting Urdu and are assimilating with Muhajirs. When one walks through these colonies, one can see the colorful Bengali signboards, Bhashani caps, lungis and kurtas. The Chittagong Colony has a bazaar, which was famous throughout Pakistan as the center for Dhaka cloth. In more recent times, the Bengali population has seen a decline as the perilous journey from Bangladesh has been fraught with danger and tense borders. Furthermore, given the tense ethnic rivalries and lack of social welcome in Pakistan Bengalis have now been traveling elsewhere.
Culture and education
- Munni Begum
- Habibullah Bahar Chowdhury
- Zaib-un-Nissa Hamidullah
- Alamgir (pop singer)
- Jalaludin Abdur Rahim
- Roopa Farooki – British writer (half Pakistani, half Bangladeshi)
- Ikram Sehgal
- McRobie, George (30 June 2003). "Surur Hoda". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2011-07-08.
- INDO-BANGLADESH STANDOFF
- Bengali and Rohingya leaders gearing up for LG polls
- Tohid, Owais; Mahmud, Arshad (29 November 1995). "Homeless In Karachi". Outlook. Retrieved 2010-03-02.
- Naqvi, Abbas (17 December 2006). "Falling back". Daily Times. Retrieved 19 January 2010.
- "Official Website of Department of Bengali". University of Karachi. Retrieved 2014-01-22.
- Bangladeshi migrants struggle in Karachi slum (video)
- You Can't Get There From Here: Bengali immigrants in Pakistan now wish they'd never left Bangladesh
- Bengali immigrants in Karachi polarised over violence in Bangladesh
- Bengalis afraid of losing their identity and rights
- The Bengal Borderland: Beyond State and Nation in South Asia
- Too many mouths to feed in Karachi’s slum fishermen’s colony