Bjugn

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Bjugn kommune
Lysoysund i bjugn.JPG
Flag of Bjugn kommune
Official logo of Bjugn kommune
Bjugn within Trøndelag
Bjugn within Trøndelag
Coordinates: 63°48′24″N 09°53′53″E / 63.80667°N 9.89806°E / 63.80667; 9.89806Coordinates: 63°48′24″N 09°53′53″E / 63.80667°N 9.89806°E / 63.80667; 9.89806
CountryNorway
CountyTrøndelag
DistrictFosen
Established1853
 • Preceded byØrland Municipality
Disestablished1 Jan 2020
 • Succeeded byØrland Municipality
Administrative centreBotngård
Area
 (upon dissolution)
 • Total383.80 km2 (148.19 sq mi)
 • Land355.83 km2 (137.39 sq mi)
 • Water27.97 km2 (10.80 sq mi)  7.3%
 • Rank#245 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total4,864
 • Rank#207 in Norway
 • Density13.7/km2 (35/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Increase +5.6%
DemonymBjugning[1]
Official language
 • Norwegian formBokmål
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5017

Bjugn is a former municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. The municipality existed from 1853 until its dissolution in 2020 when it was merged into Ørland Municipality. It was part of the Fosen region. The village of Botngård was the administrative centre of Bjugn municipality. Other villages in Bjugn included Høybakken, Jøssund, Lysøysundet, Nes, Oksvoll, and Vallersund.[3] Bjugn was on the Robek-list in 2015.[4]

At the time of its dissolution in 2020, the 384-square-kilometre (148 sq mi) municipality was the 245th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Bjugn was the 207th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 4,864. The municipality's population density was 13.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (35/sq mi) and its population had increased by 5.6% over the last decade.[5][6]

General information[edit]

The municipality of Bjugn was established in 1853 when it was separated from the large municipality of Ørland. Initially, Bjugn had 2,903 residents. On 26 March 1870, a royal resolution moved an unpopulated part of Aafjord to Bjugn. On 1 January 1899, the municipality of Bjugn was divided into three municipalities. The western district (population: 1,285) became the municipality of Nes. The southern district (population: 2,166) became the municipality of Skjørn. The rest of the municipality (population: 1,256) remained the (much smaller) municipality of Bjugn.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the neighboring municipalities of Nes (population: 1,107), Jøssund (population: 1,917), Bjugn (population: 1,240), and the northern part of the municipality of Stjørna (population: 676) were all merged to create a new, larger municipality called Bjugn. The population of Bjugn then increased from 1,240 to 4,940.[7]

On 1 January 2018, the municipality switched from the old Sør-Trøndelag county to the new Trøndelag county.

On 1 January 2020, the neighboring municipalities of Bjugn and Ørland merged to become a single municipality called Ørland with its administrative centre at Botngård.[8]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was (also) Bjugn. The name is derived from bjúgr which means "bent", probably referring to the bent form of the local fjord, the Bjugnfjorden.[9]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was granted on 17 February 1989. The arms show a yellow rudder on a blue background, representing the historic importance of fishing in the municipality.[10][11]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway had three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Bjugn. It was part of the Fosen prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Bjugn
Parish (sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Bjugn Bjugn Church west of Botngård 1956
Hegvik Church Høybakken 1858
Jøssund Jøssund Church Jøssund 1875
Nes Nes Church Nes 1878
Tarva Chapel Nordbuen, Tarva 1972

Geography[edit]

Bjugnfjorden with Bjugn church

The municipality of Bjugn is located on the Fosen peninsula on the mainland, plus many islands, including the Tarva islands. The Asenvågøy Lighthouse is located in the far north of the municipality. The Bjugnfjorden and Stjørnfjorden both are located partially in Bjugn.

Neighboring Bjugn were the municipality of Ørland to the southwest, Rissa to the south and southeast, and Åfjord to the northeast.

There are five nature reserves in Bjugn. Hildremsvatnet Nature Reserve is the largest at 23,441 decares (23.441 km2; 9.051 sq mi) and includes several nature types, among these are 9 localities identified as boreal rainforest (see Scandinavian coastal conifer forests).[12]

Sports[edit]

The Fosenhallen are an indoor multi-use ice rink. The Fosenhallen was used to host the 2014 World Junior Speed Skating Championships.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Bjugn, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. They are governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[13] The municipality fell under the Fosen District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Bjugn was made up of 21 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Bjugn kommunestyre 2016–2019 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Local list in Bjugn (Bygdalista i Bjugn)1
Total number of members:21
Bjugn kommunestyre 2012–2015 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Local list in Bjugn (Bygdalista i Bjugn)2
Total number of members:21
Bjugn kommunestyre 2008–2011 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local list in Bjugn (Bygdelista i Bjugn)2
Total number of members:29
Bjugn kommunestyre 2004–2007 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Coastal Party (Kystpartiet)1
 Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local list in Bjugn (Bygdalista i Bjugn)2
Total number of members:29
Bjugn kommunestyre 2000–2003 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local list (Bygdeliste)2
Total number of members:29
Bjugn kommunestyre 1996–1999 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:29
Bjugn kommunestyre 1992–1995 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Bjugn Democratic Election Association (Bjugn Demokratiske Valgforbund)3
Total number of members:29
Bjugn kommunestyre 1988–1991 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Bjugn Democratic Election Association (Bjugn Demokratiske Valgforbund)1
Total number of members:29
Bjugn kommunestyre 1984–1987 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Workers', farmers', and fishermens' liste (Arbeidere, jordbrukere og fiskeres liste)3
Total number of members:29
Bjugn kommunestyre 1980–1983 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:29
Bjugn kommunestyre 1976–1979 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)11
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Free Voters List (Frie Velgeres Liste)1
Total number of members:29
Bjugn kommunestyre 1972–1975 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:29
Bjugn kommunestyre 1968–1971 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:29
Bjugn kommunestyre 1964–1967 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)14
Total number of members:29
Bjugn herredsstyre 1960–1963 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:13
Bjugn herredsstyre 1956–1959 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:13
Bjugn herredsstyre 1952–1955 [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:12
Bjugn herredsstyre 1948–1951 [28]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:12
Bjugn herredsstyre 1945–1947 [29]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)4
Total number of members:12
Bjugn herredsstyre 1938–1941* [30]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)5
Total number of members:12
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Haugen, Morten, ed. (2017-06-17). "Bjugn". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  4. ^ "(+)– Dette løfter oss ut av Robek". 23 February 2016.
  5. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-03-12.
  6. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-03-12.
  7. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  8. ^ "Kommunesammenslåing mellom Bjugn og Ørland" (in Norwegian). Ørland kommune. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  9. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1901). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Trondhjems amt (in Norwegian) (14 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 33.
  10. ^ "Bjugns kommunevåpen" (in Norwegian). Bjugn kommune. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2008-10-25.
  11. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-03-12.
  12. ^ "Hildremsvatnet" (in Norwegian). Direktoratet for naturforvaltning. Archived from the original on 2012-07-10.
  13. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  14. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  15. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Sør-Trøndelag". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  19. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  20. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  29. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  30. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-04-14.

External links[edit]