Oppdal

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Oppdal kommune
Municipality
Oppdal as seen from the Almann Mountain in August 2008
Oppdal as seen from the Almann Mountain in August 2008
Coat of arms of Oppdal kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Oppdal kommune
Trøndelag within
Norway
Oppdal within Trøndelag
Oppdal within Trøndelag
Coordinates: 62°34′25″N 09°36′32″E / 62.57361°N 9.60889°E / 62.57361; 9.60889Coordinates: 62°34′25″N 09°36′32″E / 62.57361°N 9.60889°E / 62.57361; 9.60889
Country Norway
County Trøndelag
District Dovre Region
Established 1 Jan 1838
Administrative centre Oppdal
Government
 • Mayor (2015) Kirsti Welander (Ap)
Area
 • Total 2,274.11 km2 (878.04 sq mi)
 • Land 2,201.51 km2 (850.01 sq mi)
 • Water 72.60 km2 (28.03 sq mi)  3.2%
Area rank #21 in Norway
Population (2017)
 • Total 6,973
 • Rank #151 in Norway
 • Density 3.2/km2 (8/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 6.8%
Demonym(s) Oppdaling[1]
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code NO-5021
Official language form Neutral
Website oppdal.kommune.no

About this sound Oppdal  is a municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Dovre region and the traditional district of Orkdalen. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Oppdal. Other villages in the municipality include Lønset, Vognillan, Fagerhaug, and Holan. The Oppdal Airport, Fagerhaug is located in the northeastern part of the municipality.

The 2,274-square-kilometre (878 sq mi) municipality is the 21st largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Oppdal is the 151st most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 6,973. The municipality's population density is 3.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (8.3/sq mi) and its population has increased by 6.8% over the last decade.[2]

General information[edit]

View of the village of Oppdal in a valley surrounded by mountains
View of Oppdal Church also known as "Marit Vang" (by Daniel Northall – 28 Dec 2005)

Oppdal was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The municipal boundaries have not changed since then.[3] On 1 January 2018, the municipality switched from the old Sør-Trøndelag county to the new Trøndelag county.

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Oppdal farm, since that is where the historic Oppdal Church was located. The Old Norse form of the name was Uppdalr. The first element is upp which means "upper" and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". Historically, the name was also spelled Opdal.[4]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms is from modern times. They were granted on 19 February 1982. The blue and white arms represent a junction, since Oppdal is a major centre of commerce and transportation. Three important roads going to Trondheim, Dombås, and Sunndalsøra cross here, and historically the area was used for gatherings, because of this fact.[5]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Oppdal. It is part of the Gauldal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Oppdal
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Fagerhaug Fagerhaug Chapel Fagerhaug 1921
Lønset Lønset Chapel Lønset 1863
Oppdal Oppdal Church Oppdal 1651
St. Mikael's Chapel south of Holan 2012

History[edit]

Oppdal is an alpine community which dates back to the Norwegian Iron Age. It is located at a crossroads for traffic from Trondheim, the Dovrefjell mountain range, and Sunndal on the west coast. This is reflected in the three rays in the coat-of-arms.

Oppdal was first settled sometime before 600 CE. By then there were about 50 farms in the area, and this number grew by about 20 more in the Viking Era. There are remnants of over 700 Pagan grave mounds from the time at Vang, in which jewelry and other pieces from the British Isles were found. This indicates that the area was relatively affluent and participated in the Viking trade. Much of the affluence was likely derived from the availability of game, both in the area and from nearby mountain ranges. Several game traps can still be seen in mountains around Oppdal, particularly ditches for reindeer. There have been more than 80 finds of at least two different types of arrowheads in the area.[6]

Archeological finds in Oppdal indicate that there were less pronounced economic disparities than elsewhere in Norway. Communal efforts to hold off famine and share burdens appear to have been common throughout several centuries.

During the Christian era, Pagan shrines and grave mounds were replaced by churches and chapels. Five rural churches were built in Oppdal at the time, in Vang, Ålbu, Lønset, Lo, and Nordskogen. The Oppdal Church, built to replace an earlier stave church in 1653, stands to this day.[7]

Oppdal was a stop for pilgrims on their way to the St. Olav shrine at the Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim during the Middle Ages. As a result of the heavy stream of pilgrims who followed the Pilgrim's Route prior to the Reformation, King Eystein erected mountain stations where the pilgrims could find food and shelter. Kongsvoll, located on the Driva River along the route where pilgrims passed from the Gudbrandsdal valley into Oppdal was one of these stations, and is still an inn today. Drivstua, further north, was another.[7][8]

Oppdal was particularly affected by the Black Plague, which led to the abandonment of a number of farms. With a worsening of the climate, the community hadn't recovered 170 years later, and there were only 35 farms and 350 people left. Only one church at Vang was still in use. As late as 1742, people in Oppdal died of hunger.

In the early 17th century, Oppdal's fortunes turned and population grew. By 1665, 2,200 people lived in Oppdal, and a new church was built at Vang, the Oppdal Church, which stands to this day. The Lønset Chapel and Fagerhaug Chapel have been re-established, and Oppdal houses several other religious communities. Since the 18th century, the inhabitants of Oppdal have made significant investments in education, leading to the establishment of several small rural schools and, recently, a high school.

In the 19th century, increased fertility and reduced mortality led to population growth that could not be sustained by agricultural resources. Many became tenant farmers, and eventually a large proportion of people from Oppdal emigrated to the United States. The population decreased until 1910, when the railroad from Oslo to Trondheim via Dovre (the Dovre Line) created employment and opened the area for tourism. In 1952, the first ski lift opened, and with further expansions Oppdal now offers one of Norway's largest downhill networks.

In 2013, NRK said that a Labour Party politician was fighting against the establishment of a refugee center.[9]

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Oppdal, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipality falls under the Sør-Trøndelag District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Oppdal is made up of 25 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[10]

Oppdal Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet9
 Progress PartyFremskrittspartiet1
 Conservative PartyHøyre4
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti1
 Centre PartySenterpartiet6
 Liberal PartyVenstre4
Total number of members:25

Geography[edit]

Almannberget in Oppdal
View of Vangslia in Oppdal, with the main church, known locally as "Marit Vang"

Oppdal is bordered by one municipality in Trøndelag county (Rennebu to the northeast), three municipalities in Møre og Romsdal county (Surnadal to the north and Rindal and Sunndal to the west), two municipalities in Hedmark county (Tynset to the east and Folldal to the south), and one municipality in Oppland county (Dovre to the south).

European route E6 passes straight through the commercial center of Oppdal going north and south, and Norwegian National Road 70 connects Oppdal to Kristiansund in the west.[7]

The southeastern part of Trollheimen mountain range is located in the municipality. The municipality covers an area equal to the entire county of Vestfold. The administrative centre is at 545 metres (1,788 ft) above sea level. In 2001, its drinking water was named the best in Norway.[11]

Most of Oppdal's area is mountainous, with large areas above the treeline. At an elevation of 1,985 metres (6,512 ft), Storskrymten is the highest mountain in the county. Other mountains include Blåhøa and Allmannberget. The Speilsalen tunnel was a glacial formation near Blåhøa.

In the valleys there are creeks and rivers which are surrounded by spruce and pine woods; closer to the treeline, birches dominate. There are several lakes in the municipality, the most famous being Gjevilvatnet, a particularly scenic lake with hiking and cross-country skiing trails around it. The lake Fundin is located in the southern part of the municipality.

Heather and alpine meadows provide grazing for sheep in the summer. About 1,161 square kilometres (448 sq mi) of the mountains has been held since time immemorial as a collective (almenning) by farmers in the area, giving them the right to hunt, fish, and rent cabins.

Climate[edit]

The climate is harsh, even by Norwegian standards. Among other things, snakes have never made it to Oppdal, and snow is not unusual on the 17 May National Day celebrations.

The climate is slightly continental with an average annual precipitation of only 500 millimetres (20 in). Even so, the winters are not extremely cold; the January average temperature is −6.5 °C (20.3 °F) and July's average is 11.5 °C (52.7 °F) at an average altitude of 543 metres (1,781 ft).[12]

Economy[edit]

The main industries in Oppdal today are agriculture, tourism, and some light manufacturing. It has the largest sheep population of any municipality in Norway, with 45,000 head of sheep put out to graze in the mountains every year. It is one of Norway's best ski resorts and is surrounded by national parks. A slate quarry exists.[13]

Notable residents[edit]

  • The writer Inge Krokann was born in Oppdal, and the area is central to his work.
  • The composer Harald Sæther was born in Oppdal and lives there.
  • Einar Ingvald Haugen; (1906–1994) was a Norwegian-American linguist, author, and professor at University of Wisconsin–Madison and Harvard University. Haugen was born in Sioux City, Iowa, to Norwegians from Oppdal.
  • The woodcarver Bård Bjorndalseter lives and works there. He partook in the carving of the organ in the historical Oppdal Church.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-08. 
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1901). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Trondhjems amt (in Norwegian) (14 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 178. 
  5. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 26 October 2008. 
  6. ^ Haugland, Kjell (2002). Oppdals historie – Hovudlinjer og tidsbilde. Oppdal historielag. ISBN 82-7083-269-3. 
  7. ^ a b c Welle-Strand, Erling (1996). Adventure Roads in Norway. Nortrabooks. ISBN 82-90103-71-9. 
  8. ^ Stagg, Frank Noel (1953). The Heart of Norway. George Allen & Unwin, Ltd. 
  9. ^ Ap-politiker: – Asylmottak kan føre til knivstikking
  10. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 
  11. ^ "Kommunefakta" (in Norwegian). Oppdal kommune. 
  12. ^ "Temperaturnormaler for Oppdal i perioden 1961 – 1990" (in Norwegian). Meteorologisk institutt. 
  13. ^ Oppdals gull. Skifer fra Oppdal bekler hytta til Zlatan Ibrahimović, Formel 1-profilen David Coulthard og museer, hoteller og butikker verden over.

External links[edit]