Skaun

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Skaun kommune
View of the local Skaun Church
View of the local Skaun Church
Official logo of Skaun kommune
Trøndelag within
Norway
Skaun within Trøndelag
Skaun within Trøndelag
Coordinates: 63°16′53″N 10°03′19″E / 63.28139°N 10.05528°E / 63.28139; 10.05528Coordinates: 63°16′53″N 10°03′19″E / 63.28139°N 10.05528°E / 63.28139; 10.05528
CountryNorway
CountyTrøndelag
DistrictOrkdalen
Established1 Jan 1890
Administrative centreBørsa
Government
 • Mayor (2003)Jon P. Husby (Sp)
Area
 • Total224.21 km2 (86.57 sq mi)
 • Land213.11 km2 (82.28 sq mi)
 • Water11.10 km2 (4.29 sq mi)  5%
Area rank320 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total8,142
 • Rank134 in Norway
 • Density38.2/km2 (99/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
28.7%
Demonym(s)Skauning [1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5029
Official language formNeutral [2]
Websiteskaun.kommune.no

Skaun is a municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Orkdalen region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Børsa. Other villages include Buvika, Eggkleiva, Melby, Skaun, and Viggja.

Skaun is predominantly rural, but is nonetheless situated only 25 kilometres (16 mi) from Norway's third largest city, Trondheim. Most inhabitants, except agricultural and public sector workers, work outside of Skaun in Trondheim, Orkanger, or Melhus. The European route E39 runs east to west across the northern part of the municipality and Norwegian County Road 709 runs north and south through the municipality.

The 224-square-kilometre (86 sq mi) municipality is the 320th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Skaun is the 134th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 8,142. The municipality's population density is 38.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (99/sq mi) and its population has increased by 28.7% over the last decade.[3][4]

General information[edit]

View of the municipal centre of Børsa
View of the northern shores of Skaun
Stones that inspired the coat-of-arms of Skaun

The municipality of Børseskognen was established on 1 January 1890 when it was separated from the municipality of Børsa. The initial population was 1,410. In 1930, the name was changed to Skaun. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1965, the three neighboring municipalities of Skaun (population: 1,251), Børsa (population: 1,476), and Buvik (population: 1,267) were merged to form a new, larger municipality of Skaun.[5] On 1 January 2018, the municipality switched from the old Sør-Trøndelag county to the new Trøndelag county.

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was (also) Skaun. The name comes from the Old Norse word "skinr", meaning "to shine". This is believed to refer to the lake Laugen.[6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was adopted on 9 January 1987. The silver and blue colored arms are based on the four large, old standing stones found in the municipality. The four stones are most likely associated with a large grave site dating back to around 500-1000 AD.[7]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Skaun. It is part of the Orkdal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Skaun
Parish (sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Buvik Buvik Church Buvika 1819
Børsa Børsa Church Børsa 1857
Skaun Skaun Church Skaun 1183

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Skaun, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[8] The municipality falls under the Sør-Trøndelag District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Skaun is made up of 23 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Skaun Kommunestyre 2020–2024 [9]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Buvik List (Buviklista)2
Total number of members:23
Skaun Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Joint list of the Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)
and the Liberal Party (Venstre)
1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Buvik List (Buviklista)2
Total number of members:23
Skaun Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Buvik List (Buviklista)2
Total number of members:21

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Skaun lies on the south side of the Gaulosen, an arm of the Trondheimsfjord. The river Mora flows north into the lake Laugen and the river Børselva flows north out of the lake Laugen up to the fjord. The lake Malmsjøen is located in the southeastern part of the municipality.

Skaun has three neighboring municipalities: Orkdal to the west, Melhus to the south and east, and Trondheim to the north across the Gaulosen.

Notable residents[edit]

Fictional residents[edit]

  • Kristin Lavransdatter, who was the key character in a trilogy written by the Nobel Prize winner in literature, Sigrid Undset. There is a celebration of this every year the second week-end in August. It takes place at Husaby, where Sigrid Undset lived while writing the second book, Husfrue ("Houselady"). The books also have large parts of their storyline from Husaby.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-03-23.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-03-23.
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1901). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Trondhjems amt (in Norwegian) (14 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 291.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-03-23.
  8. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  9. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Trøndelag". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-20.
  10. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Sør-Trøndelag". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-20.

External links[edit]