Agdenes

Coordinates: 63°32′05″N 09°42′04″E / 63.53472°N 9.70111°E / 63.53472; 9.70111
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Agdenes Municipality
Agdenes kommune
Trøndelag within Norway
Trøndelag within Norway
Agdenes within Trøndelag
Agdenes within Trøndelag
Coordinates: 63°32′05″N 09°42′04″E / 63.53472°N 9.70111°E / 63.53472; 9.70111
CountryNorway
CountyTrøndelag
DistrictOrkdalen
Established1 Jan 1896
 • Preceded byØrland Municipality
Disestablished1 Jan 2020
 • Succeeded byOrkland Municipality
Administrative centreSelbekken
Area
 (upon dissolution)
 • Total317.29 km2 (122.51 sq mi)
 • Land296.52 km2 (114.49 sq mi)
 • Water20.77 km2 (8.02 sq mi)  6.5%
 • Rank#270 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total1,684
 • Rank#344 in Norway
 • Density5.7/km2 (15/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Decrease −4.2%
DemonymsAgdenesing
Lensvikbygg[1]
Official language
 • Norwegian formBokmål
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5016[3]

Agdenes is a former municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. The 317-square-kilometre (122 sq mi) municipality existed from 1896 until its dissolution in 2020 when it became part of Orkland Municipality. It was part of the Fosen region. The administrative centre was the village of Selbekken. Other villages in the municipality included Ingdalen, Lensvik, Vassbygda, Vernes, and Leksa.[4] The Brekstad–Valset Ferry connected Agdenes to the town of Brekstad in Ørland municipality on the other side of the Trondheimsfjorden.

At the time of its dissolution, the 317-square-kilometre (122 sq mi) municipality is the 270th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Agdenes is the 344th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,684. The municipality's population density is 5.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (15/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 4.2% over the last decade.[5][6]

General information[edit]

The municipality of Værnes was established on 1 January 1896 when it was separated from the large municipality of Ørland which originally included land on both sides of the mouth of the Trondheimsfjorden. The new municipality of Værnes encompassed the area along the south side of the Trondheimsleia and Trondheimsfjorden and it initially had a population of 1,412. The name was changed to Agdenes on 17 May 1897 by a royal resolution. The administrative centre was originally at the village of Værnes where the Agdenes Church is located.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the western part of Agdenes (Ytre Agdenes) was separated from the rest of the municipality and it was merged with the neighboring municipalities of Snillfjord (population: 681) and Heim (population: 724) to form the new municipality of Snillfjord. On the same date, the rest of Agdenes municipality (population: 858) was merged with the neighboring municipalities of Lensvik (population: 1,136) and the Ingdalen area of Stadsbygd (population: 171) and together, they formed a new, larger municipality of Agdenes.

On 1 January 1995, the Moldtun area (population: 21) was transferred from Agdenes to the neighboring municipality of Snillfjord. This transfer was approved because the area had been without an outside road connection, and so the only connection was by boat which made it very close to the village of Vernes in Agdenes. When the road was built, it was built to the west, connecting it to Snillfjord, not Agdenes. Therefore, it was logical for the residents to vote to change municipalities.[7]

On 1 January 2018, the municipality switched from the old Sør-Trøndelag county to the new Trøndelag county. On 1 January 2020, the municipalities of Agdenes, Orkdal, and Meldal along with the majority of Snillfjord were merged to form the new municipality of Orkland.[8]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Agdenes farm (Old Norse: Agðanes), since the first Agdenes Church was built there. The meaning of the first element is unknown (but it is probably the same meaning as in the name Agder) and the last element is nes which means "headland".[9]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was granted on 30 August 1991 and it was in use until the dissolution of the municipality on 1 January 2020. The official blazon is "Ermine, a chief gules" (Norwegian: I hermelin et rødt skjoldhode). This means the arms have a field (background) that has a tincture of ermine, a type of fur design that mimics the winter coat of a stoat. The chief has a tincture of red. The ermine field symbolizes the fur farming industry in the municipality. As ermine is also a royal symbol, it symbolises the fact that in historical times the local overlords (jarls) and kings have resided in the village. The red chief across the top was chosen to represent the importance of strawberry farming in the municipality, although another interpretation is to represent the blood from the axe of the 10th-century King Eric Bloodaxe. The arms were designed by Einar Skjervold.[10][11][12]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway had one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Agdenes. It is part of the Orkdal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Agdenes
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Agdenes Agdenes Church Vernes 1857
Lensvik Church Lensvik 1863
Ingdal Chapel Ingdalen 1960

Economy[edit]

The industrial density of Agdenes is above the national average, and the primary sector is the biggest. Most of the inhabitants work within the milk or forest industry. The growth of strawberries and the breeding of fur animals are important industries as well.

The growth of strawberries has been a major industry in Agdenes for the past 100 years, started by the farmer Lars H. Selbæk in 1886 by planting some strawberry flowers and then giving them away to neighbouring farms. The most common varieties of strawberry grown here are Korona, Sephyr, Senga Sengana, and Bounty. Today, strawberry collection is performed by foreign workers, which are mainly from Poland and Lithuania. In the initial stages, the Norwegian youth were the main workforce, but after the 1970s, it became less attractive for them to pick strawberries in a field.

Government[edit]

While it existed, this municipality was responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. During its existence, this municipality was governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elected a mayor.[13] The municipality fell under the Trøndelag District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Agdenes is made up of 17 representatives that are elected every four years. The party breakdown of the final municipal council is as follows:

Agdenes kommunestyre 2015–2019 [14]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 3
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 2
 Common list for rural development (Felleslista for bygdeutvikling)10
Total number of members:17
Agdenes kommunestyre 2011–2015 [15]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 3
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 2
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 2
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister) 4
 Common list for rural development (Felleslista for bygdeutvikling)5
Total number of members:17
Agdenes kommunestyre 2007–2011 [14]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 3
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet) 1
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 1
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 2
 Cross-party list (Tverrpolitisk liste)4
 Common list for rural development (Felleslista for bygdeutvikling)5
Total number of members:17
Agdenes kommunestyre 2003–2007 [14]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 2
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet) 1
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 1
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 2
 Cross-party list (Tverrpolitisk liste)4
 Common list for rural development (Felleslista for bygdeutvikling)6
Total number of members:17
Agdenes kommunestyre 1999–2003 [14]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 2
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 2
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 2
 Cross-party list (Tverrpolitisk liste)4
 Common list for rural development (Felleslista for bygdeutvikling)6
Total number of members:17
Agdenes kommunestyre 1995–1999 [16]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 2
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 4
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 5
 Cross-party list (Tverrpolitisk liste)5
Total number of members:17
Agdenes kommunestyre 1991–1995 [17]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 3
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 4
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 6
 Lensvik and Ingdalen's common list (Lensvik og Ingdalens fellesliste)1
 Cross-party list (Tverrpolitisk liste)2
Total number of members:17
Agdenes kommunestyre 1987–1991 [18]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 5
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 4
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 4
 Cross-party list (Tverrpolitisk liste)2
Total number of members:17
Agdenes kommunestyre 1983–1987 [19]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 5
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 3
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 4
 Farmers and fur-farmers' list (Jordbrukernes og pelsdyroppdretternes liste)1
 Non-party common list (Upolitisk Fellesliste)2
Total number of members:17
Agdenes kommunestyre 1979–1983 [20]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 3
  Conservative Party (Høyre) 2
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 5
 Farmers and fur-farmers' list (Jordbrukernes og pelsdyroppdretternes liste)2
 Non-party common list (Upolitisk Fellesliste)3
Total number of members:17
Agdenes kommunestyre 1975–1979 [21]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 3
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 6
 Farmers and fur-farmers' list (Jordbrukernes og pelsdyroppdretternes liste)2
 Non-party common list (Upolitisk Fellesliste)4
Total number of members:17
Agdenes kommunestyre 1971–1975 [22]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 5
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 3
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 5
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister) 4
Total number of members:17
Agdenes kommunestyre 1967–1971 [23]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 5
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 4
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister) 6
Total number of members:17
Agdenes kommunestyre 1963–1967 [24]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 6
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti) 1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet) 4
  List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders (Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste) 1
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister) 4
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister) 1
Total number of members:17
Agdenes herredsstyre 1959–1963 [25]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 5
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister) 12
Total number of members:17
Agdenes herredsstyre 1955–1959 [26]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 7
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister) 10
Total number of members:17
Agdenes herredsstyre 1951–1955 [27]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 5
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister) 7
Total number of members:12
Agdenes herredsstyre 1947–1951 [28]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 5
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister) 7
Total number of members:12
Agdenes herredsstyre 1945–1947 [29]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 5
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister) 4
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister) 3
Total number of members:12
Agdenes herredsstyre 1937–1941* [30]  
Party name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) 4
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister) 8
Total number of members:12
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.

Mayors[edit]

The mayors of Agdenes:[31]

  • 1896–1900: Olaus Tyskø (V)
  • 1900–1919: John O. Bjørgan (V)
  • 1920–1933: Johan Wingan (V)
  • 1933–1934: Anton E. Lystad (Bp)
  • 1935–1943: Kristian Vatn (V)
  • 1943–1945: Lorentz Bjørgan (NS)
  • 1945-1945: Kristian Vatn (V)
  • 1946–1947: Knut Langnes (Ap)
  • 1948–1955: Thomas Valseth (V)
  • 1956–1957: Arne F. Fjorden (V)
  • 1958–1959: Oskar S. Selvli (H)
  • 1960–1963: Arne F. Fjorden (V)
  • 1964–1967: Arne Utnes (Sp)
  • 1968–1975: Ole K. Tøndel (Sp)
  • 1976–1983: Jens G. Singstad (Sp)
  • 1984–1987: Audun Selbæk (Sp)
  • 1988–1995: Anne Marie Grymyr Sterten (Sp)
  • 1995–2019: Oddvar Indergård (H)

Geography[edit]

View of the lighthouse in the Trondheimsfjord

The municipality is situated at the south end of the mouth of the Trondheimsfjord where it meets the Trondheimsleia. It includes several islands including Leksa. The municipality borders the municipalities of Hitra, Ørland, Indre Fosen, Orkdal, and Snillfjord. The lake Øyangsvatnet is located in the west central part of the municipality. The Agdenes Lighthouse sits on the edge of the Trondheimsfjord.

Birdlife[edit]

The municipality of Agdenes has a rich and varied birdlife. One of the better places is Litlvatnet. Fully protected since 1983, this nature reserve comprises shallow water with extensive reed beds. The lake is surrounded by farm land, which in its own right provides food and shelter for several species. Formed during the last ice age when sea levels dropped leaving exposed areas of land and trapped water from the melting ice, today's Litlvatnet is a remnant of this.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Bolstad, Erik; Thorsnæs, Geir, eds. (2023-01-26). "Kommunenummer". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget.
  4. ^ Haugen, Morten, ed. (2017-10-19). "Agdenes". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-02-10.
  5. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-03-18.
  6. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-03-18.
  7. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  8. ^ "Nye Orkland: Kommunene" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  9. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1901). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Trondhjems amt (in Norwegian) (14 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 42.
  10. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2023-02-06.
  11. ^ "Agdenes, South Trøndelag (Norway)". Flags of the World. Retrieved 2023-02-06.
  12. ^ "Godkjenning av våpen og flagg". Lovdata.no (in Norwegian). Norges kommunal- og arbeidsdepartementet. 1991-08-30. Retrieved 2023-02-06.
  13. ^ Hansen, Tore; Vabo, Signy Irene, eds. (2022-09-20). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  14. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  15. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Sør-Trøndelag". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  19. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  20. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  29. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  30. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  31. ^ Ørland kommune gjennem hundrede år 1837–1937. Agdenes kommune 1896–1937. I anledning kommunelovens hundreårsjubileum (in Norwegian). Trondheim, Norge. 1937. pp. 117–121.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)

External links[edit]