List of tallest buildings in Pittsburgh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

A view of a city nestled at the point where two rivers merge. There are yellow bridges crossing the rivers and a large fountain at the point where they meet. The city steps back from a park surrounding this fountain.
Skyline of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh skyline 2015 from Mount Washington

Pittsburgh, the second-largest city in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, is home to over 125 completed high-rise buildings of at least 115 feet (35 m),[1] 32 of which exceed 300 feet (91 m). The tallest building in Pittsburgh is the 64-story U.S. Steel Tower, which rises 841 feet (256 m), was completed in 1970,[2] and is also the fifth tallest building in Pennsylvania. The second-tallest skyscraper in the city is BNY Mellon Center, which rises 725 feet (221 m).[3]

The history of skyscrapers in Pittsburgh began with the 1895 completion of the Carnegie Building; this structure, rising 13 floors, was the first steel-framed skyscraper to be constructed in the city.[4][5] It never held the title of tallest structure in the city, however, as it did not surpass the 249-foot (76 m) tower of the Allegheny County Courthouse, which was completed in 1888.[6] The Carnegie Building was later demolished in 1952 to make way for an expansion of a Kaufmann's (now Macy's) department store.[7] Pittsburgh experienced a large building boom from the late 1960s to the late 1980s. During this time, 11 of the city's 20 tallest buildings were constructed, including the city's three tallest structures, the U.S. Steel Tower, BNY Mellon Center, and PPG Place. As of January 2020 the entire city had 10 completed skyscrapers that rise at least 492 feet (150 m), which ranks Pittsburgh's skyline 14th in the United States and 90th in the world, with two skyscrapers exceeding 700 feet (213 m).[8][A]

Unlike many other major American cities, Pittsburgh was the site of relatively few skyscraper construction projects in the first two decades of the 21st century. Only two skyscrapers over 300 feet (91 m) have been completed since 2000. The 361-foot (110 m) Three PNC Plaza was completed in 2010,[11] and the 545-foot (166 m) Tower at PNC Plaza was completed in 2015, making it the city's most recently completed skyscraper.[12] Overall, as of January, 2020, there were no high-rise buildings over 300 feet (91 m) under construction and one proposed for construction in Pittsburgh.[13]

Tallest buildings[edit]

This list ranks completed and topped out Pittsburgh skyscrapers that stand at least 300 feet (91 m) tall, based on standard height measurements. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. An asterisk (*) indicates that the building is still under construction, but has been topped out. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

  Was Pennsylvania's tallest building upon completion
Rank Name Image Height
ft (m)
Floors Year Notes
1 U.S. Steel Tower a black tower with a triangular floor plan. You can see two of the sides with the acronym "UPMC" sits at the top of each side. 841 (256) 64 1970 58th-tallest building in the United States, 5th tallest in Pennsylvania. Has been the tallest building in the city since 1970, and was the tallest building in the state from 1970 until the 1987 completion of One Liberty Place in Philadelphia. Tallest building constructed in Pittsburgh in the 1970s. Known as the USX Tower between 1986 and 2000.[2][14] Corporate headquarters of U.S. Steel[15] and UPMC.[16]
2 BNY Mellon Center A tall beige building with the word "Mellon" in glowing green letters on the top. 725 (221) 54 1983 Tallest building constructed in Pittsburgh in the 1980s. Formerly known as One Mellon Center during its period as corporate headquarters of Mellon Financial.[3][17] Bank of New York Mellon currently has its largest concentration of employees in the facility.[18]
3 One PPG Place an all glass building with no other tall buildings around it. It is topped off by a glass spire on each corner and is surrounded by much shorter but similarly Gothic glass buildings. 635 (194) 40 1984 Corporate headquarters of PPG Industries and co-headquarters of Kraft Heinz.[19][20][21]
4 Fifth Avenue Place Fifth Avenue Place.jpg 616 (188) 32 1987 Corporate headquarters of Highmark.[22][23][24]
5 One Oxford Centre Oxford Center Pittsburgh.jpg 615 (187) 45 1983 Corporate headquarters of Oxford Development.[25][26][27]
6 Gulf Tower Pittsburgh-gulf-tower-2007.jpg 582 (177) 44 1932 Tallest building constructed in Pittsburgh in the 1930s.[28][29] Name references structure's status as former headquarters of Gulf Oil, although the site has functioned as a multi-tenant building since 1982.[30]
7 Tower at PNC Plaza Tower at PNC Plaza, Pittsburgh, 2015-06-13.jpg 544 (166) 33 2015 Part of PNC Financial Services corporate headquarters.[12][31][32]
8 Cathedral of Learning CathoLearn.jpg 535 (163) 42 1936 Second-tallest university building in the world, behind the main building of Moscow State University. Tallest building in the city located outside of Downtown. Landmark structure of the University of Pittsburgh.[33][34]
9 525 William Penn Place 525 William Penn Place Pittsburgh.JPG 520 (158) 41 1951 Tallest building constructed in Pittsburgh in the 1950s.[35][36] Originally housed corporate headquarters of both U.S. Steel and Mellon Financial. Signage rights belong to largest tenant Citizens Financial Group.[37]
10 K&L Gates Center KL Gates Center.jpg 511 (156) 39 1968 Tallest building constructed in Pittsburgh in the 1960s. Originally known as One Oliver Plaza and formerly named for lead tenants FreeMarkets and later Ariba.[38][39] Corporate headquarters of K&L Gates.[40]
11 Grant Building Grant Building Pittsburgh.jpg 485 (148) 40 1930 Signage rights belong to largest tenant Huntington Bancshares.[41][42][43]
12 Koppers Tower Kopperspgh.JPG 475 (145) 34 1929 Tallest building constructed in Pittsburgh in the 1920s.[44][45] Corporate headquarters of Koppers.[46]
13 Two PNC Plaza Two and Three PNC Plaza, Pittsburgh.jpg 445 (136) 34 1975 Part of PNC Financial Services corporate headquarters.[47][48]
14 EQT Plaza Eqttower2011.jpg 430 (131) 32 1987 Corporate headquarters of EQT. Formerly named for CNG and Dominion Energy before these entities were acquired via merger.[49][50][51]
15 One PNC Plaza PNC Building Pittsburgh.jpg 424 (129) 30 1972 Part of PNC Financial Services corrporate headquarters.[52][53]
16 The Residences at the Alcoa Building Alcoabuilding.jpg 410 (125) 30 1953 First skyscraper with an all-aluminum facade. Formerly the corporate headquarters of Alcoa before its relocation to a low-rise structure. Then known as the Regional Enterprises Tower during a period of multi-tenant occupancy.[54][55] Converted to the city's tallest residential structure in 2016.[56]
17 Federated Tower FederatedTowerPgh.JPG 358 (109) 27 1982 Corporate headquarters of Federated Investors.[57][58]
18 11 Stanwix Street 11 Stanwix Street Pittsburgh.jpg 355 (108) 23 1970 Former corporate headquarters of Westinghouse Electric Corporation.[59] Signage rights owned by largest tenant KeyBank.[60][61][62]
19 Oliver Building HenryW.OliverBuilding.jpg 347 (106) 25 1910 Tallest existing building constructed in Pittsburgh in the 1910s[63][64] In 2015, one-third of the structure's floor space was converted from office to hotel use.[65]
20= Three PNC Plaza 3 pnc plaza.jpg 344 (105) 23 2010 Part of PNC Financial Services corporate headquarters. Signage rights owned by largest tenant Reed Smith.[11][66][67][68]
20= Three Gateway Center 3gatewaycenter.jpg 344 (105) 24 1952 [69][70]
22 Centre City Tower CentreCityTower-Pittsburgh-2019.jpg 341 (104) 26 1971 Signage rights owned by largest tenant Huntington Bancshares.[71][72][73]
23 William S. Moorhead Federal Building Pghfedbldg.jpg 340 (104) 23 1964 [74][75]
24 Verizon Building Bell Telephone Bldg Pittsburgh jeh.jpg 339 (103) 21 1931 [76][77]
25 Wyndham Grand Pittsburgh Downtown Pittsburgh Hilton 2008.jpg 333 (101) 22 1959 Tallest all-hotel building in the city. Formerly operated as a Hilton property.[78][79]
26 Frick Building FrickBuildingPittsburgh.jpg 330 (101) 20 1902 Tallest existing building constructed in Pittsburgh in the 1900s.[80][81]
27 Four Gateway Center Four Gateway Center in Pittsburgh in 2016.jpg 305 (93) 22 1960 [82][83]
28= City View Washington Plaza, Pittsburgh.jpg 300 (91) 24 1964 Apartment structure. Formerly known as Washington Plaza.[84][85]
28= Commonwealth Building Commonweath Bank 4th Av to Wood St jeh.jpg 300 (91) 21 1906 Conversion to apartment building began October 2019.[86][87][88]
28= The Carlyle Unionbankpgh.jpg 300 (91) 22 1906 Converted to condominiums in 2006.[89] While serving as an office building, was named for Union National Bank and, later, its successor Integra Bank.[90][91]

Tallest approved or proposed[edit]

Skyscrapers approved or proposed in Pittsburgh that are planned to be at least 300 feet (91 m) tall, and are not yet under construction:

Name Height
ft (m)
Floors Year*
(est.)
Status Notes
FNB Financial Center 26 2022 Proposed [92]
1501 Penn
Former Wholey Warehouse Building
318.5 (97) 22 - Proposed [93]

* Table entries with dashes (—) indicate that information regarding building dates of completion has not yet been released.

Timeline of tallest buildings[edit]

This lists buildings that once held the title of tallest building in Pittsburgh.

Name Image Street address Years as tallest Height
ft (m)
Floors Reference
Trinity Episcopal Cathedral 328 Sixth Avenue 1872–1888 200 (61) N/A [94]
Allegheny County Courthouse 436 Grant Street 1888–1902 249 (76) 5 [6]
Farmers Bank Building[B] 301 Fifth Avenue 1902–1910 344 (105) 25 [95]
Oliver Building 535 Smithfield Street 1910–1912 347 (106) 25 [63]
First National Bank Building[C] 511 Wood Street at Fifth Avenue 1912–1929 387 (118) 26 [96]
Koppers Tower Kopperspgh.JPG 436 7th Avenue 1929-1930 475 (145) 34 [44]
Grant Building 330 Grant Street 1930–1932 485 (148) 40 [41]
Gulf Building 707 Grant Street 1932–1970 582 (177) 44 [28]
U.S. Steel Tower 600 Grant Street 1970–present 841 (256) 64 [2]

Tallest destroyed[edit]

This table lists buildings in Pittsburgh that were demolished and at one time stood at least 300 feet (91 m).

Name Height
feet (m)
Floors Year
Completed
Year
Destroyed
Notes
First National Bank Building 387 (118) 26 1912 1970 Demolished to make room for One PNC Plaza.[96][97]
Farmers Bank Building 344 (105) 25 1902 1997 Demolished to construct Lazarus department store.[95][98]

See also[edit]

Explanatory notes[edit]

  1. ^ The comparison uses the current standard criteria as a continuously habitable high-rise building that has over 40 floors, and is taller than approximately 492 feet (150 m).[9][10] See also Skyscraper for more details on how the definition has evolved over time.
  2. ^ This building was demolished in 1997 due to lack of tenants.
  3. ^ This building was demolished in 1970 to make room for One PNC Plaza.

References[edit]

Specific[edit]

  1. ^ "Buildings in Pittsburgh (existing)". Emporis.com. Archived from the original on January 31, 2020. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "U.S. Steel Tower". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on April 11, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "BNY Mellon Center". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on May 15, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  4. ^ "Steel City - Manufacturing Metropolis: 1876-1945". Pittsburgh History Series. WQED Pittsburgh. Archived from the original on March 18, 2008. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
  5. ^ "History of Pittsburgh Pennsylvania". Archived from the original on June 1, 2008. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
  6. ^ a b "Allegheny County Courthouse". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on May 14, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  7. ^ "Carnegie Building". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on January 30, 2020. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  8. ^ "Cities Ranked by Total Number of Completed Buildings". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  9. ^ The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Skyscraper". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on January 7, 2020. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  10. ^ Ambrose, Gavin; Harris, Paul; Stone, Sally (2008). The Visual Dictionary of Architecture. Switzerland: AVA Publishing SA. p. 233. ISBN 978-2-940373-54-3.
  11. ^ a b "Three PNC Plaza". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on August 8, 2017. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  12. ^ a b "The Tower at PNC Plaza". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on July 17, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  13. ^ "Pittsburgh". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on August 24, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  14. ^ "US Steel Tower". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on November 6, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  15. ^ "Corporate Headquarters Pittsburgh, PA". United States Steel Corporation. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  16. ^ Belko, Mark. "U.S. Steel Tower, Pittsburgh's tallest building, could sell for $350 million". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on December 6, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  17. ^ "One Mellon Center". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on August 18, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  18. ^ "About Our Pittsburgh Office". BNY Mellon. Archived from the original on January 31, 2020. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  19. ^ "One PPG Place". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on April 9, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  20. ^ "One PPG Place". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  21. ^ "About Our Pittsburgh Office". PPG. Archived from the original on February 1, 2020. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  22. ^ "Fifth Avenue Place". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on July 20, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  23. ^ "Fifth Avenue Place". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  24. ^ "Geographic Footprint". Highmark Health. Archived from the original on August 12, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  25. ^ "One Oxford Centre". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on October 12, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  26. ^ "One Oxford Centre". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  27. ^ "Contact Us". Oxford Development. Archived from the original on January 15, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  28. ^ a b "Gulf Tower". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on August 14, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  29. ^ "Gulf Building". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on August 14, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  30. ^ "Loss of Gulf would be costly in Pittsburgh". Beaver County Times. Archived from the original on February 1, 2020. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  31. ^ "The Tower at PNC Plaza". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  32. ^ Belko, Mark. "PNC shows off tower, its crown jewel". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on October 13, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  33. ^ "Cathedral of Learning". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on May 15, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  34. ^ "Cathedral of Learning". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on January 2, 2020. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  35. ^ "Three Mellon Center". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on January 2, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  36. ^ "Three Mellon Center". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  37. ^ Patricia Sabatini. "BNY Mellon to sell historic 525 William Penn Place". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  38. ^ "K & L Gates Center". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on September 11, 2017. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  39. ^ "FreeMarkets Center". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  40. ^ "K&L Gates Pittsburgh". K&L Gates. Archived from the original on July 30, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  41. ^ a b "Grant Building". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on February 1, 2020. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  42. ^ "Grant Building". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  43. ^ "Huntington Announces New Headquarters in the Grant Building". Whirl Magazine. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  44. ^ a b "Koppers Building". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on February 1, 2020. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  45. ^ "Koppers Building". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  46. ^ "Global Headquarters". Koppers. Archived from the original on July 10, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  47. ^ "Two PNC Plaza". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  48. ^ "Two PNC Plaza". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  49. ^ "EQT Plaza". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on January 26, 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  50. ^ "EQT Plaza". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  51. ^ "About EQT". EQT. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  52. ^ "One PNC Plaza". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  53. ^ "One PNC Plaza". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  54. ^ "Regional Enterprise Tower". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on February 2, 2020. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  55. ^ "Regional Enterprise Tower". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  56. ^ Libbie Katsev. "Buying Here: Alcoa building apartments combine modernity and history". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  57. ^ "Federated Tower". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  58. ^ "Federated Tower". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  59. ^ Chriss Swaney. "Another Familiar Name Quits Downtown Pittsburgh". New York Times. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  60. ^ "Westinghouse Tower". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  61. ^ "Westinghouse Tower". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  62. ^ "11 Stanwix is a 23-story Class A office tower, containing 467,843 square feet of rentable area, as well as 444 striped parking spaces and an additional 89 stacked parking spaces". M&J Wilkow. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  63. ^ a b "Henry W Oliver Building". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on February 2, 2020. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  64. ^ "Oliver Building". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 4, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  65. ^ Mark Belko. "David L. Lawrence Convention Center hotel idea fading". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  66. ^ "Locations". ReedSmith. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  67. ^ "Press Kit: Three PNC Plaza". PNC. Archived from the original on March 1, 2012. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  68. ^ "3 PNC Plaza". Oxford Development. Archived from the original on June 20, 2019. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  69. ^ "Three Gateway Center". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on February 2, 2020. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  70. ^ "Three Gateway Center". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on June 26, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  71. ^ "Center City Tower". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  72. ^ "Center City Tower". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 4, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  73. ^ Tim Schooley. "Sources: 26-story Smithfield Street building going up for sale". Pittsburgh Business Times. Archived from the original on February 12, 2015. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  74. ^ "William S. Moorhead Federal Building". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  75. ^ "William S. Moorhead Federal Building". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on June 26, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  76. ^ "Verizon Building". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on February 2, 2020. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  77. ^ "Verizon Building". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on June 26, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  78. ^ "Pittsburgh Hilton & Towers". Emporis.com. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  79. ^ "Hilton Pittsburgh & Towers". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  80. ^ "Frick Building". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on August 14, 2019. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  81. ^ "Frick Building". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on August 14, 2019. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  82. ^ "Four Gateway Center". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on February 2, 2020. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  83. ^ "Four Gateway Center". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on June 26, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  84. ^ "Washington Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  85. ^ "Washington Plaza". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  86. ^ "Commonwealth Building". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on February 2, 2020. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  87. ^ "Commonwealth Building". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  88. ^ "Franjo Starts Commonwealth Building Renovation". Franjo Construction. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  89. ^ Gretchen McKay. "Lofty Living: Downtown living now offers many different possibilities". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  90. ^ "The Carlyle". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on February 2, 2020. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  91. ^ "The Carlyle". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  92. ^ "FNB 2019 Annual Report". F.N.B. Corporation. Retrieved April 3, 2020.
  93. ^ "1501 Penn" (PDF). 1501 Penn Owner, LLC. August 17, 2020. Retrieved August 22, 2020.
  94. ^ "Trinity Episcopal Cathedral". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  95. ^ a b "Farmers Bank Building". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on January 31, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  96. ^ a b "First National Bank Building". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Archived from the original on April 30, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  97. ^ "First National Bank". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on October 27, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  98. ^ "Farmers Bank Building". Skyscraper Source Media. Archived from the original on November 29, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2020.

General[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]