Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System

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The Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System (CYGNSS) is a system being developed by NASA with the aim of improving hurricane forecasting by better understanding the interactions between the sea and the air near the core of a storm. In June 2012 NASA sponsored the project with $152 million with the University of Michigan leading its development.[1] [2] Other participants in CYGNSS' development include the Southwest Research Institute of Texas, Surrey Satellite Technology of Colorado and NASA Ames Research Center.[3] The plan is to build a constellation of eight micro-satellites that can be launched into low Earth orbit.[2] [4] The program plans to launch in three years and then observe two hurricane seasons.[5] NASA plans to carry the satellites in a single launch vehicle.[6] CYGNSS is the second of NASA's Earth Venture-class missions (a part of the NASA Pathfinder program), but the first one that is spaceborne;[3] the previous EV-1 grant was divided among five airborne remote sensing missions. CYGNSS is slated to be launched in October 2016[7] for a five-year run.[8]


  1. ^ "U-M To Lead $152M NASA Satellite Project". Associated Press. June 19, 2012. Retrieved June 22, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Clark, Stephen (June 21, 2012). "NASA funds satellite mission to measure hurricane winds". SpaceflightNow. Retrieved June 22, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "NASA Selects Low Cost, High Science Earth Venture Space System". NASA. June 18, 2012. Retrieved June 24, 2012. 
  4. ^ Aldridge, James (June 21, 2012). "NASA taps SwRI on research effort to map hurricanes". San Antonio Business Journal. Retrieved June 22, 2012. 
  5. ^ Kozlowski, Kim (June 22, 2012). "University of Michigan, NASA team up for hurricane satellite project". The Detroit News. Retrieved June 22, 2012. 
  6. ^ "U-M to Lead $150M NASA Hurricane Prediction Project". Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences. Retrieved June 22, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Missions - CYGNSS". NASA. 2013-04-30. Retrieved 2013-09-08. 
  8. ^ Leone, Dan (June 19, 2012). "NASA To Fund Wind-monitoring Smallsat Constellation". Space News. Retrieved June 22, 2012.