Mountains, rice fields and pile houses near Palu
|Motto(s): Maliu Ntinuvu (Palu) |
(Unites All The Elements and The Potential that Exists)
Location of Central Sulawesi in Indonesia
|• Governor||Drs. H. Longki Djanggola, M.Si (Gerindra)|
|• Vice Governor||Vacant|
|• Total||61,841.29 km2 (23,877.06 sq mi)|
|• Density||46/km2 (120/sq mi)|
|• Ethnic groups||Buton (23%) |
|• Religion||Islam (76.6%) |
Roman Catholicism (3.2%)
|• Languages||Indonesian (official)|
|Time zone||WITA (UTC+8)|
|HDI rank||25th (2014)|
Central Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Tengah) is a province of Indonesia located at the centre of the island of Sulawesi. Its capital and largest city is Palu. The 2010 census recorded a population of 2,633,420 for the province, while the latest official estimate (for January 2014) is 2,839,290.
Established in 1964, Central Sulawesi has an area of 61,841.29 km2 (23,877 sq mi). It is bordered by the provinces of Gorontalo to the north, West Sulawesi, South Sulawesi and South East Sulawesi to the south, by Maluku to the east, and by the Makassar Strait to the west.
There are over 400 granite megaliths in the area of the Lore Lindu National Park, of which around 30 represent human forms. They vary in size from a few centimetres to approximately 4.5 metres (15 ft). The original purpose of the megaliths is unknown. Other megaliths in the area are large stone pots (Kalamba) accompanied by stone lids (Tutu'na). Various archaeological studies have dated the carvings from between 3000 BC to 1300 AD.
Central Sulawesi Province has many caves, seven of which have ancient pictures and, based on 2011 research by a joint Indonesian and Australian team, the pictures are known to have been drawn at least 40,000 years ago (about the same age as pictures found in the Caves of Monte Castillo, Spain which are known as the oldest ancient pictures in Europe).
Some of the oldest bronze objects are discovered in Central Sulawesi. The Makassar Axe is a 1st-century AD bronze axes probably used as a valuable object in a ceremony. The Kulawi tribe of Central Sulawesi still practice the exchange of heirloom bronze object e.g. the taiganja, whose basic form has been discovered throughout the eastern part of Indonesia.
Islam reached the region in the 17th century, shortly after the Islamic avowal of Gowa, the powerful kingdom at the south part of the Sulawesi island. The Dutch colonial rule was established in the 18th century and began the protestantic missionary of the population. About a quarter of them are now Protestant, which is the highest percentage of the Indonesian archipelago. After the Japanese occupation in the Second World War, the region belonged to the Province North Sulawesi and separated in 1964 to the new formed Province Central Sulawesi.
Between 1999 and 2001 the region has been plagued by inter-religious violence between Muslims and Christians, where over 1,000 people were killed. The Malino II Accord was thus made in 2001. However, riots erupted again in September 2006 on the Christian dominated areas of Central Sulawesi, after the execution by firing squad of three Roman Catholics convicted of leading Christian militants during the violence of the early first decade of the 21st century. The riots appeared to be aimed at government authorities, not Muslims.
Central Sulawesi is divided into twelve regencies (kabupaten) and one city (kota), which are listed below with their populations at the 2010 Census and according to the latest (for January 2014) estimates.
|Palu (city)||395||269,083||335,297||362,621||Palu||0.791 (High)|
|Banggai Regency||9,573||271,725||323,872||348,715||Luwuk||0.671 (Medium)|
|Banggai Islands Regency||2,615||141,175||171,685||184,933||Salakan||0.623 (Medium)|
|Banggai Laut Regency||599||included in
|Buol Regency||4,044||98,005||132,381||142,589||Buol||0.654 (Medium)|
|Donggala Regency||4,275||732,126||277,236||299,143||Banawa||0.635 (Medium)|
|Morowali Regency||9,584||160,797||102,095||222,317||Bungku||0.679 (Medium)|
|North Morowali Regency||3,457||included in
|Parigi Moutong Regency||5,090||*||413,645||445,652||Parigi||0.622 (Medium)|
|Poso Regency||7,112||232,765||209,252||225,449||Poso||0.676 (Medium)|
|Sigi Regency||5,196||*||214,700||231,700||Sigi Biromaru||0.646 (Medium)|
|Tojo Una-Una Regency||5,721||#||137,880||148,494||Ampana||0.611 (Medium)|
|Toli-Toli Regency||4,080||173,525||211,283||227,677||Toli-Toli||0.619 (Medium)|
|Total Province||61,841||2,175,993||2,633,420||2,839,290||Palu||0.664 (Medium)|
- * The 2000 Census populations for Parigi Moutong Regency and Sigi Regency are included in the figure for Donggala Regency.
- # The 2000 Census population for Tojo Una-Una Regency is included in the figure for Poso Regency.
The decennial 2010 census recorded a population of 2,633,420 for the province, of which 1,349,225 are male and 1,284,195 are female. The population grew an average of 1.94% annually from the previous census. There is some sort of religion interaction problems[vague] in this area Most of the population are Muslims (77.7% in the 2010 census[update]).
Average annual population growth between 1990 and 2000 was 2.57% and 1.96% from 2000 to 2010.
|Source: Badan Pusat Statistik 2010 and 2014|
Morowali Regency, Central Sulawesi, is projected to be the biggest seaweed producer in Indonesia for the near future. The seaweed farming types are glaciria. In 2010, Central Sulawesi produced nearly 800,000 tons of seaweed.
- Lore Lindu National Park is in the highlands south of Palu, Sigi Regency
- Pokekea Megalithic Site
- Nokilalaki Mountain, Sigi Regency
- Paragliding VayuMatantimali, Sigi Regency
- Rano Bungi Riverside, Sigi Regency
- Maleo Habitat Sites, Saluki, Sigi Regency
- Hot Springs Mantikole, Sigi Regency
- Fishing Area Kotapulu, Sigi Regency
- Wera Waterfall, Sigi Regency
- Cultural Heritage Bangga, Sigi Regency
- Rafting Pakuli, Sigi Regency
- Pine forest, Ngatapapu Sigi Regency
- Traditional Village Toro, Sigi Regency
- Hotsprings Bora, Sigi Regency
- Cultural Heritage Loru, Sigi Regency
- Hanging Bridge Lariang, Sigi Regency
- Soeharto Hill Ngatabaru, Sigi Regency
- Megalithic Park Vatu Nonju, Sigi Regency
- Lake Lindu, Lindu Sigi Regency
- Lake Tambing, Sigi Regency
- Rafting, Sungai Lariang, Sigi Regency
- Tanjung karang Beach Donggala Regency
- Pusentasi (Pusat Laut) Towale, Donggala Regency
- Cultural tourism, Making Saroong Donggala, Salubomba Village, Watusampu, Kolakola,Tosale, Limboro, Loli, Kabonga Kecil, Wani
- Taipa Beach, Donggala Regency
- Sivalenta Beach Sirenja, Donggala Regency
- Kaluku Beach Limboro, Donggala Regency
- Enu Beach, Donggala Regency
- Wera Waterfall, Donggala Regency
- Mangrove forest, Kabonga Besar Donggala Regency
- Pasoso Island Balaesang, Donggala Regency
- Lake Dampelas, Donggala Regency
- Kaledo (soup)
- Togean Island National Park, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Kadidiri Island Tojo, Una-Una
- Batudaka Island
- Matako Beach, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Cave Tuo Mulangke, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Toliba Waterfall, Tojo Una-una Regency
- Marowo hotspring, Tojo Una-una Regency
- Keke Beach, Tojo Una-una Regency
- Sansarino Waterfall, Tojo Una-una Regency
- Kakar cave, Tojo Una-una Regency
- Bath Place Alami Malotong, Tojo Una-una
- Bath Place Alami Uefuntu, Tojo Una-una Regency
- Buka-buka Island, Tojo Una-una Regency
- Tampo Beach, Tojo Una-una Regency 
- Bongka River, Tojo Una-una Regency
- Dataran Bulan, Tojo Una-una Regency
- Taupan Island, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Capatana Beach, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Tipae Beach, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Poya Island, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Tangkubi Island, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Lindo Beach, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Taipi Island, Tojo Una-una Regency
- Una-Una Island, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Bambu Beach, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Pengempa Island, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Bolilanga Island, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Bakau Bridge, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Malange Island, Tojo Una-una Regency
- Tiga Island, Tojo Una-una Regency
- Dolong Village, Tojo Una-una Regency
- Tanjung Keramat, Tojo Una-una Regency
- Tanjung Api, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Gunung Colo, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Bath Place Malotong, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Lake Mariana, Tojo Una-Una Regency
- Lake Banana, Tojo Una-Una
- Lake Poso, Poso Regency
- Saluopa Waterfall, Poso Regency
- Sulewana Waterfall, Poso Regency
- Talise Beach, Palu
- Gawalise Mountain, Palu
- Palu Bridge, Palu City
- Vatulemo Park, Palu City
- Anjungan Nusantara, Palu
- Tumbelaka Beach, Palu
- Taman Ria, Palu City
- Bulu Masomba camping area Kavatuna, Palu
- Porame camping ground, Palu
- Horse Racing circuit Tondo, Palu
- Mamboro Beach, Palu
- Paneki camping ground, Palu
- Loli Indah Park, Palu
- The Patunonju Archeological Park
- Kampung Nelayan, Palu
- Monument of Peace, Palu
- Morowali Regency National Park
- Sakita Waterfall, Morowali Regency
- Buleleng Waterfall, Marowali Regency
- Sanbori Island Marowali Regency
- Langala Island, Marowali Regency
- Lambolo petasa, North Marowali
- Kayangan Island, Marowali
- Bath Place, Bohoruru Marowali
- Mount tingkat, Marowali
- Koko Island sombong, Marowali
- Muara Bajoe, North Morowali Regency 
- Menduru Waterfall, North Morowali Regency
- Bath place Panapa, North Morowali Regency
- Lake Tiu, North Morowali Regency
- Lake Lowo, North Morowali Regency
- Cave Tamanoa, North Morowali Regency
- Lalong Bay Banggai Regency
- Niagara Cup, Banggai Regency
- Kilo 5 Beach, Banggai Regency
- Keles Hills, Banggai Regency
- Paumarang Waterfall, Banggai Regency
- Salodik Waterfall, Banggai Regency
- Dua Island, Banggai Islands Regency
- Molino Tontonan, Banggai Islands Regency
- Tembang Waterfall, Banggai Islands Regency
- Lake Alani, Banggai Islands Regency
- Lake Tendetung, Banggai Islands Regency
- Pasir Putih Beach, Banggai Laut Regency
- Kelapa Lima Beach, Banggai Laut Regency
- Bongo Beach, Banggai Laut Regency
- Pasir Timbul, Banggai Laut Regency
- Bakakan Island, Banggai Laut Regency
- Bandang Island, Banggai Laut Regency
- Bone Baru, Banggai Laut Regency 
- Togong Potil, Banggai Laut Regency
- Lamopilogot, Banggai Laut Regency
- Tolobundu Island, Banggai Laut Regency
- Mbuang-Mbuang Island, Banggai Laut Regency
- Bath Place Tirta Ria, Buol Regency 
- Bath Place Kumaligon, Buol Regency
- Negeri Lama Beach, Buol Regency
- Busak Beach, Buol Regency
- Bodi Waterfall, Buol Regency
- Pinamula Waterfall, Buol Regency
- Njinea Waterfall, Parigi Moutong Regency
- Likunggavali Waterfall and Mountain side, Parigi Moutong Regency
- Onggomojolo Waterfall, Parigi Moutong Regency
- Maleo Bird, Sausu Parigi Moutong Regency
- Tugu Khatulistiwa, Parigi Moutong Regency
- Sidoan Beach, Parigi Moutong Regency
- Hot Springs Sidoan, Parigi Moutong Regency
- Sidoan Waterfall, Parigi Moutong Regency
- Tingkulang Cave, Parigi Moutong Regency
- Tinombala Mount, Parigi Moutong Regency
- Lutungan Island, Toli-Toli Regency 
- Tanjung Matop, Toli-Toli Regency
- Sigelang Waterfall, Toli-Toli Regency
- Sojol Mount, and Toli-Toli Regency
- Lindu, a group of four indigenous communities
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