Palu

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Palu
Palu Bay
Palu Bay
Official seal of Palu
Seal
Palu is located in Sulawesi
Palu
Palu
Location of Palu in Sulawesi
Palu is located in Indonesia
Palu
Palu
Palu (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 0°53′42″S 119°51′34″E / 0.89500°S 119.85944°E / -0.89500; 119.85944Coordinates: 0°53′42″S 119°51′34″E / 0.89500°S 119.85944°E / -0.89500; 119.85944
Country Indonesia
Province Central Sulawesi
Incorporated27 September 1978
City Status22 July 1994
Government
 • MayorHidayat
 • Vice MayorSigit Purnomo Syamsuddin Said
Area
 • Total395.06 km2 (152.53 sq mi)
Elevation
118 m (387 ft)
Population
(2010)
 • Total335,297
 • Density850/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (Indonesia Central Time)
Area code(+62) 451
Websitewww.palukota.go.id

Palu is a chartered city on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, 1,650 kilometres (1,030 miles) northeast of Jakarta, at the mouth of the Palu River. It is the capital of the province of Central Sulawesi, situated on a long, narrow bay. Because of its sheltered position between mountain ridges, the climate is unusually dry. At the 2010 census Palu had a population of around 336,300, not including those living in neighboring regencies.[1] On 28 September 2018, the city suffered a large number of casualties due to a tsunami, where at least 2,256 people lost their lives, while many others are still buried under the rubble and presumed dead.[2]

Administration[edit]

The city was divided at 2010 into four districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.[3]

Name Population
Census 2010
Palu Barat
(West Palu)
98,739
Palu Selatan
(South Palu)
122,752
Palu Timur
(East Palu)
75,967
Palu Utara
(North Palu)
39,074

History[edit]

The palace of the princes of Palu
The Dutch controleur's residence in the 1930s

The town was part of the Dutch Empire until Indonesia won independence in 1945–49. The Dutch controleur's house survives as a testament of that era.

CIA air raids[edit]

In April 1958 during the Permesta rebellion in North Sulawesi, the USA supported and supplied the rebels. Pilots from a CIA Taiwan-based front organisation, Civil Air Transport, flying CIA B-26 Invader aircraft, repeatedly bombed and machine-gunned targets in and around Palu; destroying vehicles, buildings, a bridge and a ship.[4]

2005 earthquake[edit]

On 24 January 2005 at 04:10 (UTC+8), an earthquake with a magnitude of 6.2 occurred in the city. According to the local meteorological office, the epicenter of the earthquake was around 1.249° S, 119.922° E, some 16 kilometres (10 miles) southeast of Palu at the depth of 30 kilometres (19 miles) of Bora Village's hot spring, Biromaru sub-district, Donggala Regency. Panic ensued as most people sought refuge in the highlands for fear of a repeat disaster like the tsunami as occurred in Aceh. The earthquake killed one person, injured four others, and destroyed 177 buildings.[5][6]

2005 market bombing[edit]

On 31 December 2005 at about 07:35 (UTC +8) a bomb blast,[7] described as a nail bomb or similar,[8] detonated around 07:00 in a butcher's market mostly frequented by Christian Minahasa shopping for New Year's Eve celebrations, killing eight people and wounding another 53.[8][9][10]

2018 tsunami[edit]

On 28 September 2018, Palu was hit by a 5-metre-high tsunami shortly after a magnitude 7.5 earthquake occurred 80 km north of the city. The earthquake killed 1,705 people, with 1,549 injured and 832 missing in the city. Other cities were also struck by the tsunami.[11][12] As of 23 October, the death toll has jumped to 2,256 as reported by the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management, over 4 places that were hit by the tsunami.[13]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Palu
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38
(100)
37
(99)
37
(99)
37
(99)
35
(95)
37
(99)
37
(99)
37
(99)
38
(100)
37
(99)
37
(99)
38
(100)
38
(100)
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
Average low °C (°F) 24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
Record low °C (°F) 22
(72)
21
(70)
18
(64)
20
(68)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
20
(68)
20
(68)
17
(63)
21
(70)
21
(70)
17
(63)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 101
(4)
88
(3.5)
90
(3.5)
102
(4)
130
(5.1)
157
(6.2)
158
(6.2)
147
(5.8)
164
(6.5)
109
(4.3)
110
(4.3)
76
(3)
1,274
(50.2)
Average precipitation days 7 8 9 9 10 12 11 9 8 7 9 7 106
Average relative humidity (%) 75 76.5 75.5 76 75.5 76.5 77 74 74.5 73 73 74.5 75
Source #1: weatherbase[14]
Source #2: climate-data[15]

Transport[edit]

Palu is served by Mutiara Sis Al-Jufri Airport, which is located outside the city center.

Military[edit]

Palu is the site of an Indonesian Navy base, and the planned home of the Indonesian Navy's submarines.[16] A quay wall and environmental shelter covering the submarine berthing area were destroyed in the 2018 Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami.[16]

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Indonesia Open Paragliding Championship[edit]

Landscape around Palu in the 1980s

Indonesia Open Paragliding Championship is one of the world championship series which it was the first Indonesia Open held in the region on 19–25 June 2011. 78 paragliders taking part in the championship from Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Russia, South Korea and Switzerland competed at Wayu village (the Matantimali hills, 800 masl) about 30 kilometres (19 miles) from Palu.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "HASIL SENSUS PENDUDUK 2010 SULAWESI TENGAH". Archived from the original on 18 February 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  2. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Central Sulawesi quake, tsunami inflicted US$911 million in losses: Govt". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  3. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ Conboy, Kenneth; Morrison, James (1999). Feet to the Fire CIA Covert Operations in Indonesia, 1957–1958. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. pp. 101, 105, 116, 118, 121. ISBN 1-55750-193-9.
  5. ^ "Indonesian quake causes panic". BBC News. 24 January 2005.
  6. ^ "EO Natural Hazards: Earthquake in Sulawesi".
  7. ^ "Indonesia bomb leaves eight dead". BBC News. 31 December 2005.
  8. ^ a b "Bombing kills eight at Indonesian market". USA Today. Associated Press. 31 January 2005. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
  9. ^ "At least eight killed in Indonesia market blast". CTV.ca News. 31 December 2005. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
  10. ^ "Indonesian police detain man after market bombing". ABC Australia. Reuters. 1 January 2006. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
  11. ^ (in English) "Tsunami hits Indonesia's Palu after strong earthquake". BBC News. 28 September 2018.
  12. ^ "BREAKING: Video shows tsunami hitting Palu after 7.7-magnitude quake". The Jakarta Post. 28 September 2018.
  13. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Central Sulawesi quake, tsunami inflicted US$911 million in losses: Govt". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  14. ^ "PALU, INDONESIA". weatherbase.com. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  15. ^ "CLIMATE TABLE // HISTORICAL WEATHER DATA". climate-data.org. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  16. ^ a b "Indonesia Submarine Quay and Pier Damaged During Tsunami". bellingcat. October 5, 2018. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  17. ^ Maruli, Aditia (18 June 2011). "Indonesia hosts paragliding open championship in Palu". Antara News.

External links[edit]