List of Chief Ministers of Jharkhand

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Chief Minister of Jharkhand
Photo of Raghubar Das
Incumbent
Raghubar Das

since 28 December 2014
Appointer Governor of Jharkhand
Inaugural holder Babulal Marandi
Formation 15 November 2000

The Chief Minister of Jharkhand, a east Indian state, is the head of the Government of Jharkhand. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Jharkhand is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Since Jharkhand's creation in 2000, when it was carved out from the hilly southern districts of Bihar, six people have served as the state's chief minister, half of whom belong to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), including Babulal Marandi, the inaugural officeholder. His party-mate Arjun Munda is the longest-serving chief minister—over five years, across three terms. Two chief ministers come from the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM), namely Shibu Soren and his son Hemant Soren. The state has also been governed by an independent, Madhu Koda. In between their reigns, the state has also been under President's rule thrice.

The BJP's Raghubar Das is the incumbent chief minister, following his swearing-in on 28 December 2014.

Chief Ministers of Jharkhand[edit]

Colour key for parties
Jharkhand's longest-serving chief minister, Arjun Munda, has held office for over five years, across three terms.
The President Standard. President's rule has been imposed in Jharkhand on three occasions, the latest ending in 2013.
Jharkhand's fifth chief minister, Hemant Soren
No Name
(constituency)
Term Party[a] Assembly composition
1 Babulal Marandi
Ramgarh
15 November 2000 – 17 March 2003
(852 days)
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP: 32
JMM: 12
INC: 11
RJD: 9
JD(U): 8
Others: 9
2 Arjun Munda
Kharsawan
18 March 2003 – 2 March 2005
(715 days)
3 Shibu Soren 2 March 2005 – 12 March 2005
(10 days)
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Total: 80
BJP: 30
JMM: 17
INC: 9
RJD: 7
JD(U): 6
Others: 12
(2) Arjun Munda
Kharsawan
12 March 2005 – 14 September 2006
(555 days)
Bharatiya Janata Party
4 Madhu Koda
Jaganathpur
14 September 2006 – 23 August 2008[2]
(709 days)
Independent
(3) Shibu Soren 27 August 2008 – 18 January 2009
(144 days)
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
19 January 2009 – 29 December 2009
(344 days)
N/A
(3) Shibu Soren 30 December 2009 – 31 May 2010
(152 days)
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha BJP: 18
JMM: 18
INC: 13
JVM(P): 11
AJSU: 6
RJD: 5
Others: 10
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
1 June 2010 – 11 September 2010
(102 days)
N/A
(2) Arjun Munda
Kharsawan
11 September 2010 – 18 January 2013
(860 days)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
18 January 2013 – 12 July 2013
(175 days)
N/A
5 Hemant Soren
Dumka
13 July 2013 – 28 December 2014
(533 days)
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
6 Raghubar Das 28 December 2014
(153 days)
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP: 37
AJSU: 5
JMM: 19
INC: 6
JVM(P): 8
Others: 6

Notes and References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[3]
References
  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Jharkhand as well.
  2. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/News-Feed/archived-stories/Koda-resigns-Soren-may-take-over-today/Article1-333154.aspx
  3. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.