||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2013)|
|3rd Chief Minister of Jharkhand|
30 December 2009 – 31 May 2010
|Preceded by||President's rule|
|Succeeded by||President's rule|
27 August 2008 – 18 January 2009
|Preceded by||Madhu Koda|
|Succeeded by||President's rule|
2 March 2005 – 12 March 2005
|Preceded by||Arjun Munda|
|Succeeded by||Arjun Munda|
11 January 1944 |
|Spouse(s)||Roopi Soren Adivasi|
|Children||3 sons and 1 daughter|
|As of 25 September, 2006
Shibu Soren (born 11 January 1944) is an Indian politician who was Chief Minister of Jharkhand, a state in India, from 2008 to 2009 and again from 2009 to 2010. Soren was the first serving Union minister to be convicted for murder. He allegedly did so to cover up a case of corruption and sodomy. He was sworn in as the third Chief Minister of Jharkhand on 30 December 2009 after winning the Jharkhand Assembly elections. He resigned on 30 May 2010 after failing to obtain coalition support from the Bharatiya Janata Party, his national party partner. He previously represented the Dumka constituency of Jharkhand in the 14th Lok Sabha, and is the President of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) political party, a constituent of the UPA.
On 9 January 2009, Soren was defeated in the by-election for the Tamar assembly constituency by political novice Gopal Krishan Patar, alias Raja Peter, of the Jharkhand Party by a margin of over 9,000 votes. After the Assembly elections Soren once again formed the Government along with the BJP, and was sworn in as Chief Minister of Jharkhand on 30 December 2009.
He was the Minister for Coal in the Union Cabinet in November 2006, when a Delhi district court found him guilty in the murder of his private secretary Shashi Nath Jha in 1994. He has also been indicted in the past on other criminal charges.
Soren was born in Nemra village of Ramgarh district, in what was, at the time, Bihar state, India. He completed his schooling in the same district. During his schooling his father was murdered by "mahajans" (money lenders). He started selling wood as a small business. He got married to Roopi Kisku. He has three sons Durga, Hemant, and Basant and a daughter, Anjali.
Soren began his political career in the early 1970s and quickly became known as a tribal leader. On 23 January 1975, he allegedly incited a campaign to drive away "outsiders", or the 'non-tribal' people. At least eleven people were killed. Soren and numerous others were charged with various crimes related to this incident. After extended legal proceedings, Soren was acquitted on 6 March 2008. However, possibly related incitement charges—dating from two earlier deaths in 1974—remain pending.
He lost his first Lok Sabha election in 1977. He was first elected to the Lok Sabha in 1980. An arrest warrant was issued against him. He was subsequently elected to the Lok Sabha in 1989, 1991 and 1996 as well. In 2002, he was elected to the Rajya Sabha. He won the Dumka Lok Sabha seat in a by-election the same year and resigned his Rajya Sabha seat. He was re-elected in 2004.
He became the Union Coal Minister in the Manmohan Singh government, but was asked to resign following an arrest warrant in his name in the thirty-year-old Chirudih case. He was one of the main accused amongst 69, with allegations to kill 10 people (including 9 Muslims) on 23 January 1975, in a clash between tribals and Muslims. After the warrant was issued, he initially went underground. He resigned on 24 July 2004. He was able to secure bail after spending over a month in judicial custody; released on bail on 8 September, he was re-inducted into the Union Cabinet and given back the coal ministry on 27 November 2004, as part of a deal for a Congress-JMM alliance before assembly elections in Jharkhand in February/March 2005.
On 2 March 2005, after much political bargaining and quid pro quo he was invited to form the government in Jharkhand by the Governor of Jharkhand. He resigned as Chief Minister nine days later, on 11 March, following his failure to obtain a vote of confidence in the assembly.
Life imprisonment and acquittal
On 28 November 2006, Soren was found guilty in a twelve-year-old case involving the kidnapping and murder of his former personal secretary Shashinath Jha. It was claimed that Jha was abducted from the Dhaula Kuan area in Delhi on 22 May 1994 and taken to Piska Nagari village near Ranchi where he was killed. The CBI chargesheet stated that Jha's knowledge of the reported deal between the Congress and the JMM to save the Narasimha Rao government during the July 1993 no-confidence motion and an act of sodomy was the motive behind the murder. The charge-sheet asserted that: "Jha was aware of the illegal transactions and also expected and demanded a substantial share out of this amount from Soren." . Indian Public at large considers him as a true example of crime organizer under the umbrella of Jharkhand Mukti Morcha.
Soren resigned from his post of Union Minister for Coal after Prime Minister Manmohan Singh demanded that he do so in the wake of the verdict. This is the first case of a Union Minister of the Government of India being found guilty of involvement in a murder. On 5 December 2006, Shibu Soren was sentenced to life imprisonment. A Delhi court rejected his bail plea, stating: 'We cannot overlook the fact that the appellant (Soren) has been convicted after a detailed and elaborate trial only in November 2006 and sentenced in December 2006.
The bench also noted that he was also being tried in a number of other cases, including the case of mass murder in Jharkhand.
The Delhi High Court on 23 August 2007 overruled the District Court and acquitted Soren,  stating that "The trial court's analysis is far from convincing and not sustainable."
The five men convicted by the Tis Hazari court were held guilty of criminal conspiracy, abduction and murder primarily on the basis of forensic evidence provided by a post-mortem report of a body discovered in Jharkhand, namely a skull superimposition test and skull injury report. This was in addition to eyewitness accounts and some circumstantial evidence.
- "Shibu Soren sworn in as Jharkhand CM". Rediff. Retrieved 30 December 2009.
- "Shibu Soren vs Cbi on 10 March, 1999". IndianKanoon. Retrieved 10 March 1999. Check date values in:
- "Shibu Soren, four others convicted in murder case". TimesofIndia. Retrieved 28 November 2006.
- "Jharkhand CM Shibu Soren wins trust vote". Retrieved 2008-08-29.
- "Shibu Soren resigns; trust vote today". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 31 May 2010.
- PTI (28 November 2006). "Shibu Soren guilty in murder case, quits cabinet". rediff.com. Retrieved 2007-05-12.
- Soren acquitted in Chirudih massacre case Thaindian News. 6 March 2008. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- Verdict in murder case involving Soren 15 June Thaindian News. 3 June 2010. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- Verdict in murder case involving Soren on 15 June Hindustan Times 3 June 2010. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- "1975 Chirudih massacre: Past catches up with Shibu Soren, arrest warrant issued". m.indiatoday.in. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
- Soren back in Union Cabinet The Hindu. 28 November 2004. Retrieved 22 August 2007.
- "Criminal minds and organised motives.". Karjalan Sanomat (Karjalan Sanomat).
- "Shibu Soren's bail plea rejected". 14 March 2007. Retrieved 13 May 2007.
- "Shibu Soren escapes bomb attack". India Abroad News Service IANS. 25 June. Retrieved 26 July 2007. Check date values in:
- Abhinav Garg (29 May 2007). "HC slams CBI for failing to counter Soren challenge". Times of India. Retrieved 3 August 2007.
- Shibu Soren’s aquittal [sic] on expected lines Hindustan Times. 23 August 2007.[dead link]
- Controversies have always tailed Shibu Soren - 123bharath.com article dated 20 July 2004
- Jharkhand cops chasing Union minister with arrest warrant - rediff.com article dated 21 July 2004
- Shibu Soren goes underground - Mid Day article dated 21 July 2004
- PM asks Shibu Soren to resign - Indian Express article dated 24 July 2004
- Shibu Soren resigns after arrest warrant - Yahoo! India News story dated 24 July 2004
- Shibu Soren: from farmer's son to fugitive minister - 123bharath.com article dated 24 July 2004
- Shibu Soren appointed as Chief Minister of Jharkhand - Indiainfo.com article dated 2 March 2004
- Shibu Soren sworn in as Jharkhand CM - rediff.com article dated 2 March 2004
- Home Page on the Parliament of India's Website
- News timeline for Shibu Soren
|Party political offices|
||Leader of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Party in the 16th Lok Sabha